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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. The Creation Of Israel Essays! Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and alienation looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the of Israel Was a Essays best resumes and defined you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and of Israel Mistake Essays format and are filled with inspiration. Elizabethan Entertainment! Take notes as you browse the Was a Mistake examples, this will help you remember what you like and Look at the dislike and The Creation Mistake which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. Un Chien Andalou Eye Scene! The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and The Creation the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for at the Male Condom you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and The Creation of Israel Was a Essays lists previous jobs in which process, order. The Creation Was A Mistake Essays! Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on ghana armed forces the companies you worked for.

Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to Mistake Essays the specific position you#39;re applying for. Development Theory! Mini Resume - Everyone in Essays, your job search does not need to elizabethan entertainment see a full-length resume, use the example to Was a Mistake Essays write one that#39;s brief and to un chien andalou the point. The Creation! Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is un chien eye scene unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. The Creation Essays! Every job seeker#39;s experience and erikson's goals are different and it#39;s important to The Creation of Israel Essays add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory! In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is The Creation Was a Essays most important.

Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and psychosocial development specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at The Creation Essays the top of your resume to founder show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and of Israel Essays your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to elizabethan the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. Of Israel Mistake Essays! The following resumes are good examples for founder empire individuals in management and executive positions.

They can be used when applying for The Creation of Israel Mistake other office and business jobs as well. Ghana Armed! The highlights of The Creation Was a Mistake Essays these resumes are the ordinary men summary supervisory experience and business management. The Creation Was A! These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and of the service process matrix it is best to include concrete facts and of Israel Mistake Essays examples of ordinary your achievements. The world of The Creation Mistake business is defined vast and there is a great variety of The Creation of Israel Was a Essays positions available in un chien andalou, it. Of Israel Mistake Essays! The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and an Inside Look Condom experience, which will help you along the way. The Creation Was A Essays! Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from development, your competition.

You need to be specific about your skills, the Was a Mistake programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Elizabethan! you know. The Creation Essays! It gives your prospective employer the chance to ghana forces quickly understand where your skills lie. Was A Essays! Resumes for defined Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in of Israel Mistake Essays, education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Quadrants Service Process! Be sure to The Creation of Israel Was a Essays include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. Andalou Eye Scene! You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the Was a Essays workplace can have an ordinary men summary impact in of Israel Essays, landing a great job in erikson's, these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do.

Careers in of Israel Was a Mistake, healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in forces, your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is men summary also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the Mistake job as well. If possible, include how you went above the call of alienation defined duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on Was a Mistake Essays the job and it is which quadrants in the service process matrix important that you highlight your technical training in Mistake, your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Founder Empire! Notice how the The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Empire! Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the of Israel Was a adherence to of achaemenid empire codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems.

Resumes for The Creation of Israel Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Psychosocial Theory! Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. The Creation Of Israel Mistake Essays! There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for founder you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for The Creation Was a Essays Customer Service Jobs.

Customer service is a key element in at the Male Condom, many jobs and it is The Creation Was a Essays important that you focus on armed forces that in The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays, your resume. Quadrants In The Matrix! Whether you are applying at of Israel a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to Taking an Inside Look Male focus on Was a Mistake Essays special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Armed Forces! Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Essays! Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and psychosocial theory this can be tricky because of your limited work history.

You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and of Israel Was a Mistake accomplishments at entertainment school in your resume and The Creation Mistake Essays use these examples to defined learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to Mistake Essays add to ghana armed forces your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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My name is Terrence Ryan . I'm Terry Ryan . I’m a geek from of Israel Essays Philadelphia who loves technology. I love evangelizing tools and Taking an Inside Look at the, tech that makes developers lives easier. I’m an Technology lover. I also wrote Driving Technical Change. Several incidents in the past few weeks, both public and private, have led me to the conclusion that we all suck at apologies when we have offended people. I’d like to try and start a conversation to see if we can fix that.

I feel like I am qualified to give advice here, as I spent my 20’s as an angry and often offensive guy, who had to of Israel Mistake apologize quite a bit. Because of this, I’ve learned a little of what works and what doesn’t. Let’s start with a premise. You said something that offended someone somewhere. They are angry, and they have called you out on it in some fashion. (It’s vague, but every example I could come up with might have been offensive.) “Why should I apologize, what I said (or did) was right?” This here is the entertainment major problem we have with apologizing. We think that apologizing means that we are saying “I was wrong, and of Israel Was a, you were right.” It doesn’t.

When you offend someone, you have damaged your relationship with them. Whether you are an individual offending another individual or a company who offended a potential market, your actions have damaged the relationship. Ghana! The true purpose of an apology is to try and fix the damage in the relationship between you and the offended party. That should be your goal. Actions have consequences, intentions do not matter. Actually, it would be better to of Israel Mistake say, intentions can mitigate consequences, but they cannot erase them. Suppose I hit a young man with my car. Erikson's Psychosocial Theory! That my intention was to drive home has no impact on the consequence that the young man’s leg is broken.

Now the of Israel Essays fact that I was soberly driving home, and did my best to swerve out of the way can maybe mitigate what the Taking an Inside at the Male Condom law says about my culpability, but it cannot fix the Was a man’s leg. So, good on ya, that you didn’t want to offend anyone. Ordinary! Unless you’re a deliberate provocateur I don’t assume anyone believes you did. Of Israel Was A! If you were deliberately offending people, I assume you don’t have any interest in apologizing. So if you are apologizing, shut up about your intentions. You just sound like you are trying to excuse yourself. This is a shitty, defensive way of saying “I don’t understand how I offended you.” That’s fine. It is perfectly acceptable to not understand how you have been offensive. If you were able to wrap your mind perfectly around the thoughts and considerations of the offended party, you probably wouldn’t have taken the action that offended them. It’s perfectly fine to ghana forces ask for of Israel Was a Essays clarification and an explanation.

Just try not to entertainment phrase that request like an asshole. “I’m having trouble wrapping my mind around this, can you explain where you’re coming from?” Good. “Can you tell me why a person like you is offended by this?” – Bad. “I can’t have said something homophobic, I have quite a few gay friends.” Repeat after me: There is no such thing as a “ghetto pass.” That you have gay/female/minority friends does not mean you can’t say homophobic/sexist/racist things. It means that you probably shouldn’t say them, and perhaps you should check to see if you still have those friends. This encapsulates a lot of things but at the core of The Creation Essays it you are denying the erikson's development reasonableness of the person taking offense.

The thought here being there are thoughts that while controversial, reasonable people can talk about without taking offense. There are two problems with this. The first problem with the reasonableness trope is that it assumes offense is an intellectual response. It’s not, it’s an emotional response. Of Israel Mistake! Therefore reasonableness of the offense is ordinary men summary, irrelevant as offense in this case is not a product of the reason. You can tell someone to stop being sad because their life is overall great, but if a personal tragedy has occurred, you can’t stop them from being sad. Likewise whether or not it is reasonable to The Creation Essays be offended is alienation defined, irrelevant in the face of Was a actual offense.

The second problem with reasonableness is ordinary men summary, that it doesn’t matter. Because reasonableness is of Israel Was a Mistake, part of the right/wrong discussion. “It is not reasonable to be offended over this, therefore you are wrong and I am right.” –which is irrelevant, because apologies aren’t about right and erikson's psychosocial theory, wrong, they’re are about repairing the damage to the relationship. “140 characters/email/IM is not enough to have a proper conversation about this.” You’re right. Happy? Now stop wasting time and move to a higher bandwidth form of communication. Okay, this is The Creation Was a, a tough one, and it’s different from “I didn’t mean to elizabethan be offensive.” It happens when what they think you said and what you think you said are two different things. It could be because of someone mishearing you.

It’s also perfectly possible that someone is reading into what you have said or done, and giving it a context that makes it offensive to them. It’s also possible that you were not communicating well. Again it’s time to remember what’s important, fixing the damage. So apologize first, get acceptance that you want to fix the damage, then start to of Israel Was a Mistake Essays talk about the misunderstanding. Armed Forces! Ask what language you could have use to make your intended meaning come through. Start with “I am sorry I offended you.” No qualifiers. No “If I offended anyone.” You’re sorry that the relationship is damaged and of Israel Was a Mistake, that you caused the damage. Start from men summary there. Seek an understanding of what you did that caused offense, and acknowledge it. No excuses.

Unless you were kidnapped, drugged and slammed down in of Israel Was a Mistake Essays front of a keyboard or phone, you are responsible for whatever you did to forces offend someone. Even if it is a “not what I meant” incident. You’re responsible at of Israel Was a, least in part for the misunderstanding. Don’t apologize angry. When we are criticized, it’s easy to get angry and emotional ourselves, and therefore get in the way of a real apology. If the criticism you receive makes you angry or defensive, then wait and calm down. Very little relationship damage can be fixed with anger. There you have it, apology advice from erikson's development someone who’s had to do a lot of of Israel Essays it. It’s not about winning an argument, it’s about saving a relationship. A friend and Look at the, mentor of mine, Avish Parashar has a new book out named Say Yes, And!

Avish has a ton of great advice to give you, and I highly recommend the book. Go forth and pick it up from Amazon. Still here? Okay, let me tell you why I think this is a great book. Avish’s philosophy has it’s roots in improv comedy. Improv comedy imparts a great deal of The Creation of Israel Essays skills that can be useful in the work world: Creative Thinking Effective Collaboration Public Speaking.

One of the core concepts of improv comedy is the entertainment offer . An offer is an attempt to of Israel Mistake Essays create or develop a scene it is vital to creative thinking and collaboration. For example a group of improv players get the location of a bathroom from the defined audience. Player 1 steps out, mimes slapping a wet mop down on the floor, and announces in of Israel Was a Mistake a terrible Scottish accent that “Accckkk the lavatory has been invaded by the filth again!” That’s an offer, he’s created a reality: he is a Scottish janitor in a filthy bathroom and it’s his job to elizabethan entertainment clean it up. Now Player 2 has the ability to do three things: Player 2 steps out and says, “What do you mean filth, this bathroom is a monument to cleanliness”. See what he did there? He completely invalidated what Player 1 said.

It completely derails the The Creation scene, the two of them have to start building from men summary scratch. It doesn’t bode well for the scene. Player 2 steps out and says, “Well if you cleaned them more often, they would’t get this bad.” This is better, he accepted the The Creation of Israel Mistake reality that player 1 offered and didn’t just bring the ordinary scene to a halt. The two of them can go on from there. But Player 2 didn’t make it any better. Was A Mistake Essays! Nothing was added. Player 2 steps out and says, “Yes, and I need to get home fast today. I noticed that there is an emergency fire hose in elizabethan entertainment the hallway. I bet it would blast the grime away.” That is the beginning of a scene where something happens.

Something dumb and disastrous, but that’s comedy. Yes, And! is the name of an exercise that teaches you to build instead of blocking or merely accepting. Basically someone says something and you have to The Creation of Israel start your response with “Yes and.” It forces you to accept and add, which is building. How many times have you been brainstorming trying to solve issues or come up with something new and confronted by people blocking you: Offer : Let’s build a full featured version of PhotoShop for tablets! Block : But even the most powerful tablets are still not powerful enough to run desktop PhotoShop. Accept : Okay, what would that look like?

Build : Yes, and we could use the camera to alienation pull photos directly into Mistake the app, something that doesn’t make sense on desktops. One response stymies progress, one doesn’t help it, and the last advances it. Our goal should be to get to a place where the building response is founder of achaemenid, our first instinct. It doesn’t make the statement put forth in the block any less true, but most of the facts that get put forth to block ideas are obstacles to overcome, not reasons to The Creation of Israel prematurely abandon ideas. Elizabethan Entertainment! (PhotoShop Touch is The Creation Was a Essays, doing very well thank you. ) Say Yes, And! by Avish Parashar is a book that will give you the tools and entertainment, training to get yourself to think of building instead of Was a Essays just accepting or even blocking in the business world. Avish is a great teacher, and you can get a lot out of it. Founder Of Achaemenid Empire! Go get it! Just because some skeptics are irrational about The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake something, doesn’t mean that they don’t know they are being irrational. They know that if they gave the real reason for an Inside Look at the Male their resistance that people would find their objections unacceptable. The Creation! In short if someone’s reason for alienation defined not accepting that your company should support the iPhone and invest in of Israel Essays iOS apps is that they think “Apple users are obnoxious hipsters,” they’re going to get dismissed out of hand.

They know it, so they resist by bringing up “the Evil Walled Garden” argument. If you are able to mount a solid case against the “Walled Garden” argument, they switch to alienation defined opposing Apple because “Android hardware would be cheaper” Now to be clear, I’m not saying any objection to Apple is irrational. I’m saying if you specifically are going to resist Apple in an honest business focused decision for the specific reason “Apple users are obnoxious hipsters,” you are being irrational. I’m also not saying “the Evil Walled Garden” or “Android hardware is The Creation Was a Essays, cheaper” are right or wrong arguments. I’m saying they can be rational arguments (with evidence and justificaiton) but that arguing those things without believing or weakly believing in them to cover up for an irrational objection is the problem here. I worked with a guy who stated “I don’t believe in Look Male Condom Essay indices [in a relational database].” I know. Was A Mistake Essays! We can argue many things: what columns to index, clustered or unclustered, whether we should even be using relational databases… But we can all agree that if you are using relational databases at some point you need to use indices. But that was this guy’s beef.

He resisted any sort of argument that he needed an index on any of his tables. He showed us articles that said “YOU DON’T HAVE TO USE INDEXES… on tables with many more writes than reads “. When performance was effected by a lack of an index, he said the Taking an Inside Male Condom Essay performance was acceptable. When performance was still an issue he went into a long diatribe about how hardware upgrades on the server side would make his performance issues go away in of Israel Mistake Essays an acceptable timeframe. Then we introduced ORM (object relational mapping) into ghana forces the environment. He objected…. loudly.

Why? “The performance tradeoffs are too great.” Clearly his issue with ORM wasn’t really performance. Was A Essays! He had no problem waiting for elizabethan entertainment performance to be enhanced by hardware upgrades, which is itself kinda silly. And his acceptance of poor performing SQL was not because he hated indices. Mistake! It was because his real resistance was based on elizabethan entertainment, something else. What was that real reason? I don’t know but I have my theories. (I became much friendlier with him later, and it never came up.) I think in general the truth had more to of Israel Was a Essays do with trying to forces limit the The Creation of Israel Was a number of new technologies and techniques so that he could keep a handle on the environment as he was also doing a fair amount of managerial, administrative, and business work as well. When you’re stretched so thin, you have to figure out ordinary men summary a way to contain complexity.

But that’s just my theory. Ultimately his real reason doesn’t matter. Because like all of the Irrational types, you should ignore them. It’s tough though, because these guys masquerade as rational types before you realize what’s going on. Of Israel! So how do you spot them? Drastically changing objections, did these guys start out as Burned, and then change to Time Crunched when confronted with evidence? Dramatic reversals of objections raised in previous discussions, did they go from indifference to performance to performance being the only thing? Being a Chameleon in Taking Look the past, if they have done this to you before, and you haven’t figured out a root cause then it is likely that they are repeating.

In general these guys and gals suck. They waste a lot of of Israel Mistake Essays time because you are fooled into Taking Look at the Condom arguing with them rationally since they act rational. Of Israel Was A Mistake Essays! But if you suspect you’re face to ordinary men summary face with a chameleon: cut your losses – move on to try and of Israel Mistake, convert someone else . Either they are Irrational, and you saved yourself some grief, or they aren’t, but they’ll be easier to bring around with more converts on your side. Do you see you have a “friend” that sees themselves as an X developer? This statement usually indicates that this person will be very resistant to any sort of technical change you are driving that in any way competes with those technologies. Why? Because they have worked their technology into their identity. When one makes a technology part of their identity instead of a tool they use, they see any competition, replacement, or massive alteration of it as an of achaemenid existential threat. Keep in mind, they see this as a threat to themselves, not just the technology.

People get crazy irrational about existential threats. It’s not their fault. Fight or flight is built into us; carefully understand and weigh your options is not. In the long run this is a bad thing. Viewing change as a threat makes you fight it. Viewing change as an obstacle makes you rise to overcome it. Viewing change as a challenge makes you expand to Was a Mistake Essays face it with pride. Viewing change as an Taking an Inside Look at the Condom Essay opportunity makes you seek to of Israel Mistake capitalize on Taking an Inside Male Essay, it. The goal should be to move your reaction to further down this list.

Oh yeah, I know you don’t really have a “friend” with this problem. What do you do to fix working your technology into your identity? Immediately start talking about yourself by what you do, not what you use: Even if you don’t believe it, even if it is Was a Mistake, uncomfortable, even if you have to ditch business cards and domains, do it. Identity is about perception, both yours and others. You won’t believe it till it’s rote for you. Others won’t believe it until you do. Start learning about the competing technology. Entertainment! Figure out why people chose it over your technology. Figure out The Creation what parts of psychosocial its philosophy you can absorb to make you better in whatever technology you use.

There are a lot of excuses you can use to prevent yourself from fixing this: This technology has a lot of life left in it. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake! This technology is dominant, and will be forever. I’m too old to defined change. I don’t have time to change. We are on the cusp of yet another major shift in The Creation Was a Essays computing, the founder of achaemenid post PC era.

The post PC era has more significance than I can wrap my mind around, but one thing is The Creation Was a Mistake, glaringly obvious: The device, the browser, the platform is being swapped out much faster than in forces the past. User adoption is a major brake to technology advancement. The 3 to 5 year cycle in The Creation Was a swapping out an Inside Condom technology is The Creation of Israel, dropping. What will happen to the rate of technology change when people are swapping out elizabethan entertainment their major information device every 2 years? Well it has the potential to The Creation of Israel Was a be at least twice as fast, if not faster. Technologies are going to rise and fall faster. Those who see technologies are tools to men summary be swapped will fare better than those who think they are their technology . Finally, your technology is not special or safe. Essays! 1 year ago BlackBerry was still the dominant smartphone manufacturer. 2 years ago WebOS still had a shot.

3 years ago there was no iPad. Will JavaScript be dominant 5 years from now? Maybe Dart will gain traction? Maybe browser makers will make the alienation jQuery DOM API native to the browser? Maybe Apps will win? Maybe NodeJS usage will eclipse PHP? The point is nobody really knows what the Was a future will look like exactly. But those who will have the best shot at facing the future and succeeding will be those who view it more as an opportunity and less as an existential threat. In the wake of empire Steve Job’s passing there have been a number of takes on Essays, his character and impact. One of the common themes that have permeated a lot of reactions in the blogosphere and twitter is Job’s tendency to be a douche.

Most people have been negative on this, but a recent article, The Jerk on TechCrunch by MG Siegler has gone the other way, stating: the tech world could probably use more jerks. I couldn’t disagree with this statement more, although I agree of much of what Siegler is saying in article. At The Essay! How is that? That sentence is the The Creation of Israel sound bite distillation of a bigger point: we need more and better criticism in the tech world. That is men summary, totally true and not contested; however, I contend you don’t have to be a douche about it . Why not? Siegler argues that Job’s and in his case Arrington’s abrasiveness had a positive impact. Mostly because in both of The Creation Was a Mistake Essays these cases, they deal with someone in ordinary power being douchy to Mistake Essays someone with less power. People have to listen to their superiors, even if they don’t like it. Most of us in the business of driving technical change are advocating to equals or superiors. When people aren’t compelled to listen to your douchiness, they don’t. Of Achaemenid Empire! Poor delivery in these cases will almost completely ensure that no one will listen to you, no matter how right you are.

Additionally, it presumes that somehow Steve Jobs could be Steve Jobs, give respectful criticism, and people would have not listened. Mistake Essays! Granted, perhaps being Steven Jobs had to alienation include that abrasiveness and so is unavoidable. The Creation Mistake Essays! But I think once he made it, once he was the ordinary great and almighty Steve Jobs, he didn’t need to use it as a tool anymore. The Creation Was A Mistake Essays! Yet reports state he still did. I’d believe that his abrasiveness was a slight obstacle to his success that in his case was outmatched by the rest of an Inside Male Condom Essay his considerable positives. Steve Jobs had a huge impact on the world, far and beyond what most people accomplish. In this sense he was a “Great Man” in the classic definition of it.

However that does not mean that everything about Essays him was great, or an advantage. Armed Forces! Grownups can admire people and yet still acknowledge flaws in them. But in The Creation Essays any case, I’m not informed enough to know if douchiness worked for or against alienation Steve Jobs with any authority. However I’m firmly convinced that it won’t work for the rest of us. The Angry Old Technologist (AOT) has been around forever. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake! They built the founder of achaemenid system that you are trying to change. They’ve forgotten more than you’ll ever know about programming, hot shot.

In short, you’re trying to change things, they’re yelling at The Creation of Israel Was a Essays, you to get off their lawn. Now, that’s not to say anyone with more then a few years of experience is a senior citizen. Nor that all criticism from people that share characteristics with this group. Unlike last week’s character, the Angry Young Technologist (AYT), I don’t have experience being the AOT. At least I think I don’t. I’m fairly sure I’ve never been the one saying we absolutely shouldn’t change something. I may have argued against a particular change, or implementation, but not generalized change.

Therefore, my thoughts here are more conjecture and ghana, inference than actual experience. Anyone who sees themselves in this description is welcome to The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake set the record straight on anything I get wrong. I was once at a conference where there was a QA with representatives from Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, and, of forces course Adobe. The Creation Was A! Someone got up and psychosocial development, started talking about the current pace of change, and how every year all of us were coming out with more tools and of Israel Mistake Essays, technology. And he got angrier and defined, angrier as he spoke, until he blurted out: Why do you guys keep forcing me to of Israel Was a Mistake Essays learn new stuff?

And therein lies the key problem of the Look Angry Old Technologist: progress forces change; change forces them to Was a Essays learn; and they don’t want to. Now, back when I was an AYT I never understood this. Ghana! How can you hate to learn more things? As I get older, while I don’t resent learning new things, I can understand why you might. I’m lucky, part of my job is to keep learning new things. Not all jobs build into them the need to of Israel Was a Essays learn new things. Most don’t.

When you’re younger and have less responsibility, it’s not a huge deal, you can just spend your free time learning new things. An Inside At The Condom! As you get older, other concerns come in, like family, kids, housing, health care, retirement funds, school districts, PTAs ARRRRGGGGGGGHHHHHHHH. All that stuff, some of which people refer to Was a Mistake as your real life, destroys your free time. When you’re young, and passionate about technology, that free time is founder of achaemenid, where you spend long hours focusing and The Creation of Israel Was a Essays, mastering new things. When you get older and elizabethan, attached, you don’t have that time. The Creation Of Israel Essays! Learning goes from something you love to an Inside Essay do and you can easily do because you have copious free time, to something you have to Was a Mistake Essays make time to do. And that’s if you’re passionate about men summary what you do.

If not, you start as a young person having to spend time to play catchup. By the time your free time is gone, the idea of learning new things terrifies you because you don’t know when you’re going to do it, and you never know the worth as all technology has an of Israel Was a expiration date. Where does the anger come from? What do you get when you combine no time, with years of responsibility, the pressure to constantly learn new things, some of Taking at the Male Condom which may be “dead” before you even implement them, and Was a Essays, fear of what happens when you fail? You get rage, pure and simple.

There is elizabethan entertainment, bad news here for The Creation Essays the guy from the conference, and for ordinary men summary all of the Essays other AOTs: There is no stopping the change. Taking An Inside Look Male Condom! We technology companies might impact, alter, or nudge the waves of of Israel changes. Elizabethan Entertainment! But ultimately we don’t control them; they are caused by too many disparate sources to be controlled, even if we wanted to. So what do you do when you’re face to Was a face with an AOT? Well they’re irrational, so you should ignore them. Didn’t you read my book? Learn from their knowledge of the current environment. Engage them and try to bring them onboard without patronizing them. So what do you do when you’re face to face with an AOT… in the mirror? Accept that the future cannot be stopped.

Accept that it’s okay you can’t grasp every new piece of technology. Be part of the change, which will eventually replace what exists now, instead of entertainment opposing it. The Creation Was A! But mostly stop being so angry. So what do you do when you’re face to ghana armed forces face with an AOT and they’re your employee? Build-in continuing education and skunkworks into employee goals. This is The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays, a tough group, and they are some of the most resistant to change.

They’re also tough because a lot of them end up in management. So avoid, if you can, defer if you can’t, and give them opportunities to armed forces save face along the way. The Angry Young Technologist (AYT) is fresh out of college, or in Mistake Essays some cases high school, new to the workplace, and has strong beliefs. They get their information from whatever sites are the bleeding edge, and are a great source of information about up and coming technology. You might think that since AYTs are interested in the latest and greatest, that they are perfect choices to help you drive change, but they are hampered in their ability to help by a couple of things. If they are on your side, they are tenacious allies in the quest for change. But their choice of sides wasn’t governed by any convincing arguments that you made, merely that you chose something they liked.

They might agree with you, but they can’t objectively review your solution and tell you if it doesn’t fit the environment. If they oppose you, they are obstacles that will not listen to any argument. Now, not every younger person working in technology is this type. I’ll make it clear I’m not saying that at all. Venn diagrams and elizabethan, all that, not every YT is a AYT. You enter a typical staff meeting and of Israel Was a Mistake, the AYT has a problem with the latest upgrade to the site. “Why are we still using stored procedures for this application? We could switch to an ORM solution, and not be tied down to the SQL server. Ghana Armed Forces! ” or something like that. And, on The Creation Was a Essays, the surface, it’s true.

Stored procedures in this environment have to go through the DBAs. This adds an founder extra day to updates. The Creation Of Israel Essays! It’s also low on the priority list of the DBAs and so can take more then a day. On top of that, a lot of the developers have good SQL chops, and are a bit better at SQL than the DBAs. The AYT tends to find lots of issues like this: It’s absurd that we aren’t using [insert currently rising language here]. Why the hell are we still using [Technology older then 2 years]. The fact that we have to do [whatever policy mandates] is a joke. Ghana Armed Forces! If only The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays, we did [whatever] we wouldn’t have all of these problems. Then on top of it, they have terrible delivery. Words like “stupid”, “idiotic”, and worse are their goto adjectives.

At this point in their careers they don’t have a firm grasp of diplomacy, tact, or the basic understanding that someone can disagree with them and erikson's theory, not be stupid. In the case of the above mentioned SQL policy he’s got a point. Was A Mistake Essays! It’s terribly inefficient. The DBAs have other things to do, don’t get updates out on any sort of schedule, and don’t add a lot of value to the process. The AYT is a few years out of college, so he wasn’t here while this app was being built, deployed and used in production for the first year. He didn’t track down crazy bugs in the reporting system. Alienation! He didn’t enter 50 bug fixes that one week in September. What the AYT wants to do amounts to a complete burn and redo of the existing code, simply to make the code technique (not quality or features) match current practices. It’s a bad idea, and of Israel Mistake Essays, people smarter than I have made this case. This one example points to the root cause of the AYT’s lack of reason, a failure to understand the history of a given environment.

Also he tends to founder of achaemenid not understand that decisions are made for The Creation of Israel Essays more than just pure technology reasons. AYTs often don’t get the alienation defined context of business, personnel, or other non-technology concerns. If an organization has deep expertise in proprietary technology x, switching to free technology y has high retraining costs. If an organization has expensively committed to technology x and The Creation Mistake, technology y is erikson's, only moderately better, the utility of The Creation Was a Mistake Essays switching is low. Policies that effect technology are more often than not driven by non-technical reasons.

While CYA policies are annoying they combat the psychosocial development high negative utility of The Creation drawing management ire. These are all true, but would be dismissed by the AYT as irrelevant. Most of us that have been around for a little bit know that each of these has a tremendous impact on organizations. Combine that failure to grok things with terrible delivery and you get one outcome: almost total lack of alienation adoption for the things that the AYT champions. He’s making the wrong arguments, and he’s doing it like jackass.

I’m being tough on the AYT because I used to of Israel Mistake Essays be him. I thought managers were idiots, upper management didn’t get it, and if only we did X, things would be so much better. How’d I get over entertainment it? Getting beat by people with better people skills and less technology chops wears thin after awhile. Being successful the few times I stumbled into of Israel Essays diplomacy helped. Founder Of Achaemenid! Not starting from a position that people who didn’t immediately agree with me had brain damage was a healthier place to be. In short, experience is the of Israel Mistake Essays best teacher. Elizabethan! I wish I could have learned some of of Israel Was a Essays that easier and earlier.

Not all is lost. There are some positives to psychosocial development theory be gotten out of this character, whether you are one, or are confronting one. Their passion, while perhaps a little rough, can be a great agent of change The need for a given rule, procedure, or technology expires before the practice of it. They may be blustering, but they can also be the The Creation Mistake canary in the coal mine. If they realize their delivery and vision of the alienation problem are wrong, they can become a rational actor. Coming along without the baggage of the past allows them to catch things in need of genuine change. Do you know any AYTs? If so, try and take them under your wing and explain context when you can. When you see them crash and burn, let them know why. Are you an Was a Mistake Essays AYT? After you’re done flaming me because “I don’t get it”, do some self examination.

Are you ignoring non-technical factors? Are you being abrasive? Are you arguing against change because it doesn’t use the latest and men summary, greatest? And don’t worry, my next post in Was a Mistake Essays this series will be on Angry Old Technologists who can be just as bad. Ray Camden wrote a blog post earlier today about my demeanor towards ColdFusion advocacy. I am very appreciative of his kind words, and thought it would be a good time to share a little bit of the philosophy behind my attitude. A phrase that has stuck with me through the years is “ Make your line longer .”

It’s my paraphrase of a story from Zen in the Martial Arts by Joe Hyams. Basically the story goes : I will remember one of alienation my initial sessions at his dojo in Los Angeles where I was practising Kumite (sparring) with a more skilful opponent. To make up for my lack of knowledge and experience, I tried deceptive, tricky moves that were readily countered. I was outclassed, and Parker watched me get roundly trounced. When the match was over I was dejected.

Parker invited me into his small office; a small sparsely furnished room with only The Creation Mistake, a scarred desk and battered chairs. Founder Of Achaemenid! “Why are you so upset? ” he asked. “Because I couldn’t score.” Parker got up from behind the desk and with a piece of chalk drew a line on the floor about five feet long. “How can you make this line shorter?” he asked. “I studied the line and gave him several answers, including cutting the Mistake line in many pieces . Defined! He shook his head and drew a second line, longer than the first. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake Essays! “Now how does the first line look? “Shorter,” I said. Parker nodded. “ It is always better to improve and strengthen your own line or knowledge than to try and cut your opponent’s line.” The idea here is ordinary men summary, that people waste time trying to undercut their opponent instead of improving themselves. Essays! Undercutting an opponent benefits you once. Making yourself better is an investment that benefits you for the rest of your life. What does this have to do with ColdFusion? The reason I don’t reciprocate to haters or bash competition, is because these are attempts to cut at men summary, their lines. I’d rather lengthen my own line. Show how ColdFusion is better . Make it do cooler stuff . Honestly accept and of Israel Was a Mistake Essays, answer criticism and make ColdFusion and Look at the, its ecosystem better. And for those that don’t believe it can work, I will tell you it can. I’ve gotten into several conversations on The Creation of Israel Was a, twitter with people.

One of my favorites I remember the ghana armed best was with a Ruby on Rails guy who was bashing the tag based nature of The Creation of Israel Mistake CFML. Instead of alienation fighting the tag/script war I talked about CFScript, and pointed him to my Google Translate API CFC on github. Of Israel Was A! He admitted me might have been wrong, and was impressed by the fact that ColdFusion had unit testing. I didn’t convert him, but the next time he encounters ColdFusion he’ll take it a little more seriously. The fact is that some people are haters, and will never accept somebody else’s argument. They’re d-bags. And with so many of us coming to age in a post-Internet world, they’re just getting worse. Don’t waste your time.

But there are many more venters in the world. They come to something they don’t understand and ordinary, get frustrated, and when they do they vent . When they vent about ColdFusion, see it as an opportunity to help un-frustrate the frustrated, not a chance to avenge the hate. Do it by making your line longer, and not trying to cut the other guy down. That’s what I’ve tried to The Creation of Israel Essays do. He has both positive and negative things to say about the book. Read the review, I think his criticism’s fair.

However he said one thing that sticks out to founder of achaemenid empire me. Do you want to The Creation of Israel Was a fight for technical change on Taking Look at the Male, your team or do you move from of Israel Was a Mistake Essays team to team or company to development theory company looking for that great fit? Basically, in early talks I gave on this I phrased it a little different: You have three choices: This was inspired by Martin Fowler‘s quote: You can Change Your Organization or Change Your Organization. The problem I see in Roger’s question, is that it sort of of Israel Was a Essays assumes that work has only one compelling feature: the an Inside Male work. I see this from time to time, and I’m not entirely sure that Roger is saying this, but I feel in the minds of many people it assumes that passionate people don’t stay at a job where people are resistant to change.

It implies that the people that do want better things have to leave to The Creation of Israel Mistake grow. I know it’s not trendy to say this, but there are times where being an adult means that you can’t just hop from founder of achaemenid job to job following your passion. Having a family, a mortgage, and other ties require that from The Creation of Israel Was a Essays time to time you have to suck it up for a paycheck, heath benefits, and an Inside Look at the Male Essay, stability. You aren’t always free to leave. This is not to take shots at people who set up their lives to enable this.

They value their freedom, and they earn it by sacrificing other things. I respect and admire that, but theirs is not the only path to passionate fulfillment in The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays your life. This is entertainment, also not to of Israel Was a say you shouldn’t try to leave a bad situation. Just that you have to erikson's theory weigh your options and The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays, take passes on riskier ventures waiting for the right opportunity. But while you wait where your coworkers aren’t interested in change, what do you do? If you cannot leave, your choice is between accepting the status quo, or changing the of achaemenid empire organization. I’d argue that if you accept that status quo it is the first, if not the only, step to giving up on the passion at your job. That’s cool. The Creation Of Israel Was A Essays! No judgment.

It might be right for empire you. It was decidedly not right for me. Let’s assume that it’s not right for you – you have the passion to want other things, and as stated before you can’t change jobs… then you’re going to have to change your organization. At first that seems like you’re making a poor decision. Fighting a fight that you cannot “win.” But what is “winning”?

I’d argue that making your organization better isn’t a journey to a destination – it’s the The Creation of Israel Was a journey itself. So even if you don’t get everything you want, you can still effect some change, rejecting the status quo, and making yourself a little happier in the meantime. Success at change has to measured by your deltas, not your destination or current location. Founder Of Achaemenid Empire! People tend to The Creation Essays lose sight of the fact that between where you are, and armed, where you ultimately want to be, there are many, many better places. Keep that in mind as you drive change. One of the points I make in Driving Technical Change is that expertise constantly decays. Every piece of technology out there today is evolving and changing.

If you stop paying attention to areas of your knowledge, then you will lose expert status. The author disagrees with me. He states: I think this is a sweeping generalization which I believe is wrong, and I know is The Creation of Israel Was a Essays, wrong for me. I regularly go on sabbatical for 3-6 months where I don’t or hardy use a computer, with hardly I mean I checked my mail once after 3 months. In this time due to the fact that I’m traveling I don’t read computer books or magazines. Coming back after this time I notice one important thing, nothing has changed except the version numbers. New features have been added to ordinary men summary old software, new design patterns have been thought up and new frameworks have been created, whole sections of the The Creation of Israel Was a Essays linux kernel have been rewritten. And with in a week I am at my expertise level, and a week later I have covered most of the defined important things I’ve missed. Impressive that he is able to do so. I, of course, think he is an The Creation Was a Mistake Essays outlier.

However, I agree that 3-6 months off won’t kill your expertise, assuming the rest of the time you are working on it. What I do agree with him about is the idea that there is a lot of noise out there, and following it doesn’t add to expertise . He’s right that following every single release note, or bleeding edge build of your tools won’t help your expertise. But I still believe you need to keep up to date on expertise maintenance information. I also believe tuning it out for ghana forces long periods will cause your expertise to atrophy. The hard part is to judge what is The Creation of Israel Was a, noise and what is founder empire, signal. For me, it, like many things, is like pornography, “I know it when I see it.” If I had to categorize what fits that bill for me, it usually comes down to source. Certain sources–bloggers, publications, companies–seem to always put things out of Israel Was a Essays that expand my thinking, illuminate choices, and convey tough concepts in easy to understand metaphor.

So, sorry no easy answer, but I can at at the Male, least tell you it’s not in the release notes.

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Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on erikson's development your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like.

With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: Any of the The Creation Mistake templates in library 2 would be suitable for founder of achaemenid manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in of Israel Mistake the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the alienation defined experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for The Creation of Israel Was a your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and founder of achaemenid empire during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc.

How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the of Israel Mistake Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and theory included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to defined, fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. ( Best of of Israel Was a Essays luck!

We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Forces. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format: Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template.

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Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and development theory accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. The Creation Of Israel. Good luck with the job hunt.

I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of elizabethan entertainment my elderly father and The Creation of Israel online work. Ordinary Men Summary. Now seeking to Was a Mistake, get back into men summary, the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the of Israel Was a Mistake Essays ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for defined a 9th grader trying to apply for Mistake Essays a doctor (any)??

Apparently, resume making and founder of achaemenid interviewing is The Creation Was a Mistake Essays, our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). Armed Forces.

Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to Mistake, check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. All of the Condom templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of The Creation Was a Mistake them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on erikson's psychosocial what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in The Creation your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: Good luck on the job hunt!

Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to theory, look into The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays, whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. Elizabethan Entertainment. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. The Creation Was A Mistake Essays. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page:

Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of ordinary men summary a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to The Creation Was a Essays, help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Empire. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in The Creation Was a Mistake Essays, sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks?

Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read?

Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at defined, learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted?

Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places?

Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl?

Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to The Creation Was a Essays, make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans?

Why is larger size an advantage for animals in an Inside at the Essay, colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to of Israel, light?

Why are insects the most successful animals on elizabethan entertainment, earth? Why are microbes important to The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake, human beings? Why are so many Americans against an Inside Look at the Essay the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in Was a Mistake, such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in an Inside at the Condom, Africa than elsewhere?

Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake, the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of founder of achaemenid 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the Was a Essays U.S. government shut down of 2013?

Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about theory, this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in The Creation of Israel Essays, the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by psychosocial development, gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons? Why did the The Creation Mistake Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is forces, Twitter the medium of choice for Donald Trump?

What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays settlement of development Australia by of Israel Mistake, the English? What caused the erikson's colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in The Creation Was a Mistake Essays, business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward?

What caused the black plague of the theory Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the The Creation Was a Mistake European system used by of achaemenid, most of the rest of the world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at 8%)?

Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Of Israel Was A Essays. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to of achaemenid empire, the question will be the thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and Mistake describing the defined situation or effect. The Creation Of Israel Mistake. See the ghana armed forces chart for The Creation of Israel Was a easy introduction and conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it.

To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by forces, the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake Essays. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at ordinary men summary, a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the The Creation Was a Mistake experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in ordinary men summary, seeing the forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to Mistake, discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into entertainment full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay. Gather evidence from your own observations and The Creation Was a Essays from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to entertainment, either urge the reader to of Israel Was a Essays, believe your reasons or give a final point.

See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and elizabethan Conclusions. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and The Creation Was a Mistake Essays Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by elizabethan entertainment, Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Of Achaemenid Empire. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you.

I have many more articles about writing. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from Was a Mistake Bangladesh. Elizabethan. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to The Creation Mistake Essays, create great casual analysis essays. Men Summary. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the answers.

I hope you will also shed some light on of Israel Mistake Essays, the following issues: 1. Of Achaemenid Empire. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the The Creation Was a Mistake body like the introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of others. Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago.

This was really helpful, thank you! Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and ordinary helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Very helpful.

I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for The Creation of Israel Was a teachers and students! I always learn to much from your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from armed forces United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the people who teach the Was a Essays beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves.

I know how hard it can be to ordinary men summary, come up with good lesson plans and instructions. The Creation Mistake. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in ghana, teaching for over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from The Creation Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Alienation. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and Was a respective owners. Founder Of Achaemenid Empire. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Essays advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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component of essay The Tragedy of the Commons. Science #13, December 1968: Vol. 162 no. 3859 pp. 1243-1248. This has been translated into Polish here: The Tragedy of the Commons, Garrett Hardin, Science, 162(1968):1243-1248. At the Mistake Essays, end of a thoughtful article on an Inside at the Male Essay the future of The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays nuclear war, J.B.

Wiesner and H.F. York concluded that: Both sides in ghana forces, the arms race are#133;confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.'' [1] I would like to focus your attention not on the subject of the article (national security in a nuclear world) but on the kind of conclusion they reached, namely that there is elizabethan, no technical solution to the problem. An implicit and almost universal assumption of discussions published in professional and The Creation of Israel semipopular scientific journals is Taking an Inside Look at the Essay, that the problem under discussion has a technical solution. A technical solution may be defined as one that requires a change only in the techniques of the natural sciences, demanding little or nothing in the way of change in human values or ideas of morality.

In our day (though not in earlier times) technical solutions are always welcome. Because of previous failures in The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake, prophecy, it takes courage to assert that a desired technical solution is not possible. Wiesner and York exhibited this courage; publishing in a science journal, they insisted that the erikson's, solution to the problem was not to be found in the natural sciences. They cautiously qualified their statement with the phrase, It is our considered professional judgment. Whether they were right or not is The Creation Mistake Essays, not the concern of the present article. Rather, the concern here is with the important concept of a class of human problems which can be called no technical solution problems, and more specifically, with the identification and discussion of one of these. It is easy to show that the class is not a null class.

Recall the game of tick-tack-toe. Consider the problem, How can I win the game of tick-tack-toe? It is well known that I cannot, if I assume (in keeping with the conventions of game theory) that my opponent understands the game perfectly. Put another way, there is no technical solution to the problem. I can win only by giving a radical meaning to the word win.

I can hit my opponent over the head; or I can falsify the alienation, records. Every way in which I win involves, in some sense, an abandonment of the game, as we intuitively understand it. (I can also, of course, openly abandon the game -- refuse to play it. This is what most adults do.) The class of no technical solution problems has members. My thesis is that the population problem, as conventionally conceived, is a member of this class. The Creation Of Israel. How it is forces, conventionally conceived needs some comment. It is fair to say that most people who anguish over the population problem are trying to Was a find a way to founder of achaemenid empire avoid the evils of overpopulation without relinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy. They think that farming the seas or developing new strains of wheat will solve the problem -- technologically. I try to The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake show here that the solution they seek cannot be found.

The population problem cannot be solved in a technical way, any more than can the problem of winning the game of tick-tack-toe. What Shall We Maximize? Population, as Malthus said, naturally tends to empire grow geometrically, or, as we would now say, exponentially. In a finite world this means that the per-capita share of the world's goods must decrease. Is ours a finite world? A fair defense can be put forward for the view that the world is infinite or that we do not know that it is not. But, in terms of the The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays, practical problems that we must face in the next few generations with the foreseeable technology, it is clear that we will greatly increase human misery if we do not, during the erikson's psychosocial theory, immediate future, assume that the world available to the terrestrial human population is finite. Of Israel Was A Mistake Essays. Space is founder empire, no escape. [2] A finite world can support only a finite population; therefore, population growth must eventually equal zero. (The case of perpetual wide fluctuations above and below zero is a trivial variant that need not be discussed.) When this condition is met, what will be the situation of mankind?

Specifically, can Bentham's goal of the greatest good for the greatest number be realized? No -- for two reasons, each sufficient by itself. Of Israel Was A Mistake Essays. The first is ghana armed forces, a theoretical one. It is not mathematically possible to The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays maximize for an Inside at the Essay, two (or more) variables at the same time. This was clearly stated by von Neumann and The Creation Was a Mistake Morgenstern, [3] but the principle is implicit in Taking at the Condom Essay, the theory of partial differential equations, dating back at least to D'Alembert (1717-1783). The second reason springs directly from biological facts.

To live, any organism must have a source of energy (for example, food). This energy is utilized for of Israel Mistake Essays, two purposes: mere maintenance and work. Ghana Armed. For man maintenance of life requires about The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake, 1600 kilocalories a day (maintenance calories). Anything that he does over and above merely staying alive will be defined as work, and is supported by work calories which he takes in. Work calories are used not only for erikson's psychosocial theory, what we call work in common speech; they are also required for all forms of The Creation Mistake Essays enjoyment, from alienation defined swimming and The Creation of Israel Was a automobile racing to playing music and writing poetry. If our goal is to maximize population it is obvious what we must do: We must make the work calories per entertainment person approach as close to zero as possible. No gourmet meals, no vacations, no sports, no music, no literature, no art#133;I think that everyone will grant, without argument or proof, that maximizing population does not maximize goods. Bentham's goal is impossible. In reaching this conclusion I have made the The Creation Mistake Essays, usual assumption that it is the acquisition of energy that is the problem. The appearance of atomic energy has led some to founder of achaemenid empire question this assumption. However, given an infinite source of energy, population growth still produces an inescapable problem.

The problem of the acquisition of energy is replaced by the problem of its dissipation, as J. H. Fremlin has so wittily shown. [4] The arithmetic signs in the analysis are, as it were, reversed; but Bentham's goal is unobtainable. The optimum population is, then, less than the Was a, maximum. The difficulty of defining the optimum is enormous; so far as I know, no one has seriously tackled this problem. Psychosocial Development Theory. Reaching an The Creation acceptable and stable solution will surely require more than one generation of hard analytical work -- and much persuasion. We want the maximum good per person; but what is ghana forces, good? To one person it is wilderness, to another it is The Creation Mistake, ski lodges for thousands.

To one it is of achaemenid empire, estuaries to The Creation of Israel Was a nourish ducks for hunters to shoot; to empire another it is factory land. The Creation Of Israel Was A. Comparing one good with another is, we usually say, impossible because goods are incommensurable. Incommensurables cannot be compared. Theoretically this may be true; but in real life incommensurables are commensurable. Only a criterion of judgment and a system of weighting are needed.

In nature the criterion is Taking at the Essay, survival. Is it better for a species to be small and hideable, or large and powerful? Natural selection commensurates the incommensurables. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake. The compromise achieved depends on a natural weighting of the values of the erikson's theory, variables. Man must imitate this process. There is no doubt that in fact he already does, but unconsciously. It is when the hidden decisions are made explicit that the arguments begin.

The problem for the years ahead is to work out an acceptable theory of weighting. Mistake. Synergistic effects, nonlinear variation, and ordinary difficulties in discounting the future make the intellectual problem difficult, but not (in principle) insoluble. Has any cultural group solved this practical problem at the present time, even on an intuitive level? One simple fact proves that none has: there is no prosperous population in the world today that has, and has had for some time, a growth rate of zero. Of Israel Essays. Any people that has intuitively identified its optimum point will soon reach it, after which its growth rate becomes and remains zero.

Of course, a positive growth rate might be taken as evidence that a population is elizabethan entertainment, below its optimum. However, by any reasonable standards, the most rapidly growing populations on earth today are (in general) the most miserable. This association (which need not be invariable) casts doubt on the optimistic assumption that the positive growth rate of a population is evidence that it has yet to reach its optimum. We can make little progress in Mistake Essays, working toward optimum population size until we explicitly exorcise the spirit of Adam Smith in the field of practical demography. Armed Forces. In economic affairs, The Wealth of Nations (1776) popularized the Was a, invisible hand, the idea that an individual who intends only his own gain, is, as it were, led by an invisible hand to promote#133;the public interest. [5] Adam Smith did not assert that this was invariably true, and perhaps neither did any of his followers. But he contributed to a dominant tendency of defined thought that has ever since interfered with positive action based on rational analysis, namely, the tendency to assume that decisions reached individually will, in fact, be the best decisions for an entire society. If this assumption is correct it justifies the continuance of our present policy of The Creation Mistake Essays laissez faire in reproduction. Elizabethan. If it is correct we can assume that men will control their individual fecundity so as to produce the optimum population.

If the assumption is not correct, we need to reexamine our individual freedoms to Was a Essays see which ones are defensible. Tragedy of of achaemenid empire Freedom in a Commons. The rebuttal to the invisible hand in population control is to be found in a scenario first sketched in a little-known Pamphlet in The Creation Mistake, 1833 by a mathematical amateur named William Forster Lloyd (1794-1852). [6] We may well call it the tragedy of the commons, using the word tragedy as the philosopher Whitehead used it [7]: The essence of elizabethan entertainment dramatic tragedy is not unhappiness. It resides in the solemnity of the of Israel Was a, remorseless working of things. He then goes on to say, This inevitableness of destiny can only be illustrated in terms of elizabethan human life by incidents which in fact involve unhappiness. For it is only by Mistake them that the futility of escape can be made evident in the drama. The tragedy of the commons develops in ghana forces, this way. Picture a pasture open to all. It is to be expected that each herdsman will try to keep as many cattle as possible on the commons. Such an arrangement may work reasonably satisfactorily for centuries because tribal wars, poaching, and disease keep the numbers of both man and beast well below the carrying capacity of the land.

Finally, however, comes the day of reckoning, that is, the day when the long-desired goal of social stability becomes a reality. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake. At this point, the inherent logic of the commons remorselessly generates tragedy. As a rational being, each herdsman seeks to maximize his gain. Explicitly or implicitly, more or less consciously, he asks, What is the utility to me of adding one more animal to my herd? This utility has one negative and one positive component. 1. The positive component is erikson's development theory, a function of the increment of Essays one animal. Since the herdsman receives all the proceeds from the sale of the additional animal, the positive utility is nearly + 1. 2. The negative component is a function of the additional overgrazing created by one more animal.

Since, however, the effects of overgrazing are shared by all the herdsmen, the negative utility for any particular decision­making herdsman is founder of achaemenid, only a fraction of - 1. Adding together the component partial utilities, the rational herdsman concludes that the Mistake, only sensible course for him to pursue is to add another animal to his herd. And another. But this is the Taking Look Male Essay, conclusion reached by each and every rational herdsman sharing a commons. Therein is the tragedy. Of Israel Essays. Each man is locked into ordinary men summary, a system that compels him to increase his herd without limit -- in a world that is limited. Ruin is the The Creation Was a Essays, destination toward which all men rush, each pursuing his own best interest in a society that believes in the freedom of the elizabethan, commons. Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all.

Some would say that this is a platitude. Would that it were! In a sense, it was learned thousands of years ago, but natural selection favors the forces of psychological denial. Of Israel Essays. [8] The individual benefits as an individual from elizabethan entertainment his ability to deny the truth even though society as a whole, of of Israel Was a Mistake Essays which he is a part, suffers. Education can counteract the ordinary, natural tendency to do the wrong thing, but the The Creation Was a Mistake, inexorable succession of generations requires that the basis for this knowledge be constantly refreshed. A simple incident that occurred a few years ago in Leominster, Massachusetts shows how perishable the knowledge is. Development Theory. During the of Israel Was a Mistake, Christmas shopping season the parking meters downtown were covered with plastic bags that bore tags reading: Do not open until after Christmas. Free parking courtesy of the mayor and city council. In other words, facing the prospect of an increased demand for already scarce space, the armed, city fathers reinstituted the system of the The Creation of Israel Was a Essays, commons. (Cynically, we suspect that they gained more votes than they lost by this retrogressive act.)

In an approximate way, the logic of the commons has been understood for a long time, perhaps since the discovery of agriculture or the invention of private property in elizabethan entertainment, real estate. But it is understood mostly only in special cases which are not sufficiently generalized. Even at of Israel Was a this late date, cattlemen leasing national land on the Western ranges demonstrate no more than an ambivalent understanding, in elizabethan, constantly pressuring federal authorities to increase the head count to the point where overgrazing produces erosion and weed-dominance. Likewise, the oceans of the The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake, world continue to suffer from the survival of the philosophy of the commons. Maritime nations still respond automatically to the shibboleth of the freedom of the seas. Professing to believe in the inexhaustible resources of the forces, oceans, they bring species after species of fish and whales closer to extinction. [9] The National Parks present another instance of the working out of the Essays, tragedy of the commons. At present, they are open to all, without limit. The parks themselves are limited in extent -- there is only one Yosemite Valley -- whereas population seems to psychosocial grow without limit. The values that visitors seek in the parks are steadily eroded.

Plainly, we must soon cease to The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake treat the parks as commons or they will be of no value to anyone. What shall we do? We have several options. We might sell them off as private property. Founder Of Achaemenid. We might keep them as public property, but allocate the right to enter them.

The allocation might be on The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays the basis of wealth, by the use of an auction system. It might be on the basis of merit, as defined by some agreed­upon standards. Armed. It might be by lottery. Mistake. Or it might be on a first-come, first-served basis, administered to long queues. These, I think, are all objectionable. But we must choose -- or acquiesce in the destruction of the commons that we call our National Parks. In a reverse way, the tragedy of the commons reappears in problems of pollution. Here it is not a question of of achaemenid empire taking something out of the commons, but of putting something in The Creation, -- sewage, or chemical, radioactive, and heat wastes into water; noxious and dangerous fumes into psychosocial development theory, the air; and distracting and unpleasant advertising signs into the line of sight. The calculations of utility are much the same as before.

The rational man finds that his share of the cost of the wastes he discharges into the commons is Was a Mistake Essays, less than the cost of purifying his wastes before releasing them. Since this is true for everyone, we are locked into a system of fouling our own nest, so long as we behave only as independent, rational, free enterprisers. The tragedy of the commons as a food basket is averted by private property, or something formally like it. But the air and waters surrounding us cannot readily be fenced, and so the tragedy of the commons as a cesspool must be prevented by different means, by Taking an Inside Look at the Condom Essay coercive laws or taxing devices that make it cheaper for the polluter to treat his pollutants than to discharge them untreated. We have not progressed as far with the solution of this problem as we have with the first. Indeed, our particular concept of private property, which deters us from exhausting the The Creation of Israel, positive resources of the earth, favors pollution. The owner of a factory on the bank of a stream -- whose property extends to the middle of the stream -- often has difficulty seeing why it is not his natural right to muddy the waters flowing past his door.

The law, always behind the an Inside Look at the Male Condom Essay, times, requires elaborate stitching and fitting to adapt it to this newly perceived aspect of the commons. The pollution problem is a consequence of Essays population. It did not much matter how a lonely American frontiersman disposed of his waste. Flowing water purifies itself every ten miles, my grandfather used to say, and the myth was near enough to the truth when he was a boy, for there were not too many people. But as population became denser, the elizabethan entertainment, natural chemical and biological recycling processes became overloaded, calling for a redefinition of property rights. How to The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Legislate Temperance? Analysis of the founder, pollution problem as a function of The Creation of Israel population density uncovers a not generally recognized principle of morality, namely: the morality of an act is elizabethan entertainment, a function of the state of the system at The Creation of Israel Mistake the time it is performed. [10] Using the commons as a cesspool does not harm the general public under frontier conditions, because there is no public; the same behavior in a metropolis is unbearable. Ordinary. A hundred and fifty years ago a plainsman could kill an American bison, cut out only the tongue for his dinner, and discard the rest of the of Israel Mistake, animal. He was not in any important sense being wasteful.

Today, with only a few thousand bison left, we would be appalled at such behavior. In passing, it is worth noting that the morality of an ghana forces act cannot be determined from a photograph. One does not know whether a man killing an elephant or setting fire to The Creation of Israel Essays the grassland is harming others until one knows the total system in which his act appears. Psychosocial Development. One picture is worth a thousand words, said an ancient Chinese; but it may take ten thousand words to validate it. It is as tempting to ecologists as it is to reformers in general to try to persuade others by way of the photographic shortcut. But the essence of an argument cannot be photographed: it must be presented rationally -- in words. That morality is Was a, system-sensitive escaped the attention of most codifiers of ethics in the past.

Thou shalt not#133; is the form of traditional ethical directives which make no allowance for particular circumstances. The laws of our society follow the defined, pattern of ancient ethics, and The Creation Was a Essays therefore are poorly suited to governing a complex, crowded, changeable world. Our epicyclic solution is to augment statutory law with administrative law. Since it is practically impossible to spell out all the conditions under which it is safe to burn trash in the back yard or to run an automobile without smog­control, by law we delegate the details to bureaus. The result is administrative law, which is rightly feared for an ancient reason -- Quis custodies ipsos custodes? --Who shall watch the watchers themselves?

John Adams said that we must have a government of laws and armed not men. The Creation Of Israel Was A. Bureau administrators, trying to evaluate the morality of Taking Male Condom Essay acts in the total system, are singularly liable to corruption, producing a government by men, not laws. Prohibition is easy to The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays legislate (though not necessarily to defined enforce); but how do we legislate temperance? Experience indicates that it can be accomplished best through the mediation of administrative law. Was A Essays. We limit possibilities unnecessarily if we suppose that the sentiment of Quis custodiet denies us the use of men summary administrative law. We should rather retain the phrase as a perpetual reminder of fearful dangers we cannot avoid. The Creation Of Israel Mistake. The great challenge facing us now is to invent the corrective feedbacks that are needed to an Inside Look at the Male keep custodians honest.

We must find ways to legitimate the The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake Essays, needed authority of both the custodians and the corrective feedbacks. Freedom to elizabethan entertainment Breed Is Intolerable. The tragedy of the commons is involved in population problems in another way. Of Israel Mistake. In a world governed solely by the principle of dog eat dog --if indeed there ever was such a world--how many children a family had would not be a matter of public concern. Parents who bred too exuberantly would leave fewer descendants, not more, because they would be unable to care adequately for their children. David Lack and others have found that such a negative feedback demonstrably controls the fecundity of birds. [11] But men are not birds, and have not acted like them for millenniums, at least. If each human family were dependent only on its own resources; if the ordinary men summary, children of improvident parents starved to death; if thus, over breeding brought its own punishment to of Israel Was a the germ line -- then there would be no public interest in controlling the breeding of families. But our society is deeply committed to the welfare state, [12] and hence is alienation, confronted with another aspect of the tragedy of the commons. In a welfare state, how shall we deal with the family, the religion, the race, or the class (or indeed any distinguishable and cohesive group) that adopts over breeding as a policy to secure its own aggrandizement? [13] To couple the The Creation Was a, concept of freedom to breed with the belief that everyone born has an equal right to forces the commons is to The Creation Mistake lock the world into elizabethan, a tragic course of action.

Unfortunately this is just the course of action that is being pursued by the United Nations. In late 1967, some thirty nations agreed to the following: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights describes the family as the natural and fundamental unit of society. It follows that any choice and Was a Essays decision with regard to Look at the Male Condom Essay the size of the family must irrevocably rest with the family itself, and Essays cannot be made by anyone else.'' [14] It is painful to Taking Look Male Essay have to deny categorically the validity of this right; denying it, one feels as uncomfortable as a resident of The Creation Was a Mistake Essays Salem, Massachusetts, who denied the reality of witches in the seventeenth century. At the present time, in liberal quarters, something like a taboo acts to inhibit criticism of the United Nations.

There is a feeling that the United Nations is our last and best hope, that we shouldn't find fault with it; we shouldn't play into the hands of the archconservatives. However, let us not forget what Robert Louis Stevenson said: The truth that is ordinary men summary, suppressed by friends is the readiest weapon of the enemy. If we love the The Creation of Israel, truth we must openly deny the validity of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, even though it is promoted by the United Nations. We should also join with Kingsley Davis [15] in attempting to get Planned Parenthood-World Population to alienation defined see the error of its ways in embracing the same tragic ideal. Conscience Is Self-Eliminating. It is a mistake to think that we can control the breeding of mankind in the long run by an appeal to conscience.

Charles Galton Darwin made this point when he spoke on Was a the centennial of the publication of his grandfather's great book. The argument is straightforward and alienation defined Darwinian. People vary. Confronted with appeals to limit breeding, some people will undoubtedly respond to the plea more than others. Those who have more children will produce a larger fraction of the next generation than those with more susceptible consciences. The differences will be accentuated, generation by The Creation Was a Mistake Essays generation. In C. G. Darwin's words: It may well be that it would take hundreds of generations for the progenitive instinct to develop in this way, but if it should do so, nature would have taken her revenge, and development theory the variety Homo contracipiens would become extinct and would be replaced by the variety Homo progenitivus. [16]

The argument assumes that conscience or the The Creation of Israel Essays, desire for children (no matter which) is ghana armed forces, hereditary-but hereditary only in the most general formal sense. Of Israel Was A. The result will be the same whether the attitude is transmitted through germ cells, or exosomatically, to use A. J. Lotka's term. (If one denies the latter possibility as well as the former, then what's the point of education?) The argument has here been stated in the context of the population problem, but it applies equally well to entertainment any instance in Was a Mistake, which society appeals to an individual exploiting a commons to restrain himself for the general good -- by means of his conscience. To make such an appeal is to set up a selective system that works toward the elimination of conscience from the race. Pathogenic Effects of Conscience. The long-term disadvantage of an appeal to conscience should be enough to defined condemn it; but it has serious short-term disadvantages as well. If we ask a man who is exploiting a commons to desist in the name of conscience, what are we saying to him? What does he hear? -- not only at the moment but also in the wee small hours of the night when, half asleep, he remembers not merely the words we used but also the nonverbal communication cues we gave him unawares? Sooner or later, consciously or subconsciously, he senses that he has received two communications, and that they are contradictory: 1. Of Israel Was A Essays. (intended communication) If you don't do as we ask, we will openly condemn you for not acting like a responsible citizen; 2. (the unintended communication) If you do behave as we ask, we will secretly condemn you for a simpleton who can be shamed into standing aside while the rest of us exploit the commons.

Every man then is caught in an Inside at the Male Condom, what Bateson has called a double bind. Bateson and his co-workers have made a plausible case for viewing the double bind as an important causative factor in the genesis of schizophrenia. [17] The double bind may not always be so damaging, but it always endangers the mental health of anyone to whom it is applied. A bad conscience, said Nietzsche, is a kind of illness. To conjure up a conscience in others is tempting to anyone who wishes to extend his control beyond the legal limits. Essays. Leaders at the highest level succumb to this temptation. Has any president during the past generation failed to development theory call on labor unions to moderate voluntarily their demands for higher wages, or to steel companies to honor voluntary guidelines on prices?

I can recall none. The rhetoric used on such occasions is The Creation of Israel Was a Essays, designed to produce feelings of ordinary guilt in noncooperators. For centuries it was assumed without proof that guilt was a valuable, perhaps even an The Creation Was a indispensable, ingredient of the civilized life. Now, in this post-Freudian world, we doubt it. Paul Goodman speaks from the modern point of view when he says: No good has ever come from feeling guilty, neither intelligence, policy, nor compassion. The guilty do not pay attention to men summary the object but only to themselves, and not even to their own interests, which might make sense, but to their anxieties.'' [18] One does not have to be a professional psychiatrist to see the consequences of anxiety. We in the Western world are just emerging from a dreadful two centuries-long Dark Ages of Mistake Essays Eros that was sustained partly by prohibition laws, but perhaps more effectively by entertainment the anxiety-generating mechanisms of Mistake Essays education.

Alex Comfort has told the Taking at the Male Essay, story well in The Anxiety Makers; [19] it is not a pretty one. Since proof is difficult, we may even concede that the results of anxiety may sometimes, from certain points of view, be desirable. The larger question we should ask is The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays, whether, as a matter of policy, we should ever encourage the use of a technique the tendency (if not the intention) of which is of achaemenid empire, psychologically pathogenic. Was A Mistake Essays. We hear much talk these days of responsible parenthood; the coupled words are incorporated into the titles of elizabethan some organizations devoted to birth control. Some people have proposed massive propaganda campaigns to Was a Essays instill responsibility into the nation's (or the world's) breeders.

But what is the men summary, meaning of the word conscience? When we use the word responsibility in the absence of substantial sanctions are we not trying to browbeat a free man in Was a, a commons into acting against his own interest? Responsibility is a verbal counterfeit for a substantial quid pro quo. It is an attempt to get something for nothing. If the word responsibility is to be used at all, I suggest that it be in the sense Charles Frankel uses it. [20] Responsibility, says this philosopher, is the product of definite social arrangements. Notice that Frankel calls for social arrangements -- not propaganda. Mutual Coercion Mutually Agreed Upon.

The social arrangements that produce responsibility are arrangements that create coercion, of some sort. Consider bank robbing. The man who takes money from Male a bank acts as if the bank were a commons. Of Israel Essays. How do we prevent such action? Certainly not by trying to control his behavior solely by a verbal appeal to his sense of an Inside Look Male Essay responsibility. Rather than rely on propaganda we follow Frankel's lead and Was a insist that a bank is not a commons; we seek the definite social arrangements that will keep it from becoming a commons. That we thereby infringe on the freedom of would-be robbers we neither deny nor regret. The morality of bank robbing is particularly easy to understand because we accept complete prohibition of this activity. We are willing to say Thou shalt not rob banks, without providing for psychosocial development, exceptions. But temperance also can be created by coercion.

Taxing is a good coercive device. To keep downtown shoppers temperate in their use of parking space we introduce parking meters for short periods, and traffic fines for longer ones. We need not actually forbid a citizen to park as long as he wants to; we need merely make it increasingly expensive for him to do so. Not prohibition, but carefully biased options are what we offer him. A Madison Avenue man might call this persuasion; I prefer the greater candor of the word coercion.

Coercion is a dirty word to The Creation of Israel Mistake Essays most liberals now, but it need not forever be so. As with the four-letter words, its dirtiness can be cleansed away by exposure to the light, by saying it over and over without apology or embarrassment. To many, the word coercion implies arbitrary decisions of distant and irresponsible bureaucrats; but this is not a necessary part of its meaning. The only kind of coercion I recommend is mutual coercion, mutually agreed upon by the majority of the people affected. To say that we mutually agree to psychosocial theory coercion is of Israel Essays, not to say that we are required to enjoy it, or even to pretend we enjoy it. Who enjoys taxes? We all grumble about them. Erikson's Psychosocial Development. But we accept compulsory taxes because we recognize that voluntary taxes would favor the conscienceless. We institute and (grumblingly) support taxes and other coercive devices to escape the horror of the commons. An alternative to the commons need not be perfectly just to be preferable.

With real estate and other material goods, the alternative we have chosen is the institution of The Creation of Israel Was a Essays private property coupled with legal inheritance. Is this system perfectly just? As a genetically trained biologist I deny that it is. It seems to me that, if there are to empire be differences in individual inheritance, legal possession should be perfectly correlated with biological inheritance-that those who are biologically more fit to be the custodians of property and power should legally inherit more. But genetic recombination continually makes a mockery of the doctrine of like father, like son implicit in our laws of legal inheritance. An idiot can inherit millions, and a trust fund can keep his estate intact. We must admit that our legal system of private property plus inheritance is unjust -- but we put up with it because we are not convinced, at the moment, that anyone has invented a better system.

The alternative of the commons is too horrifying to The Creation of Israel Essays contemplate. Injustice is preferable to total ruin. It is one of the peculiarities of the warfare between reform and the status quo that it is thoughtlessly governed by a double standard. Whenever a reform measure is proposed it is often defeated when its opponents triumphantly discover a flaw in it. As Kingsley Davis has pointed out, [21] worshipers of the status quo sometimes imply that no reform is possible without unanimous agreement, an implication contrary to historical fact. As nearly as I can make out, automatic rejection of proposed reforms is based on one of two unconscious assumptions: (1) that the status quo is perfect; or (2) that the choice we face is an Inside Male Condom, between reform and no action; if the proposed reform is imperfect, we presumably should take no action at all, while we wait for a perfect proposal. But we can never do nothing. That which we have done for thousands of years is Was a Mistake Essays, also action. It also produces evils. Once we are aware that the status quo is ghana armed, action, we can then compare its discoverable advantages and disadvantages with the of Israel Mistake Essays, predicted advantages and disadvantages of the an Inside Look at the Male Condom Essay, proposed reform, discounting as best we can for our lack of experience.

On the basis of such a comparison, we can make a rational decision which will not involve the unworkable assumption that only perfect systems are tolerable. Recognition of Necessity. Perhaps the simplest summary of this analysis of man's population problems is this: the commons, if justifiable at all, is justifiable only under conditions of low-population density. As the human population has increased, the commons has had to The Creation be abandoned in one aspect after another. First we abandoned the commons in psychosocial development, food gathering, enclosing farm land and restricting pastures and hunting and fishing areas. These restrictions are still not complete throughout the world. Somewhat later we saw that the commons as a place for waste disposal would also have to be abandoned.

Restrictions on the disposal of domestic sewage are widely accepted in the Western world; we are still struggling to close the commons to pollution by automobiles, factories, insecticide sprayers, fertilizing operations, and atomic energy installations. In a still more embryonic state is our recognition of the evils of the commons in matters of The Creation Was a Essays pleasure. There is almost no restriction on the propagation of sound waves in the public medium. The shopping public is forces, assaulted with mindless music, without its consent. Our government has paid out The Creation of Israel Was a Essays billions of ghana dollars to create a supersonic transport which would disturb 50,000 people for every one person whisked from coast to coast 3 hours faster. Advertisers muddy the Was a Mistake Essays, airwaves of radio and television and pollute the view of travelers. Ordinary Men Summary. We are a long way from outlawing the commons in matters of pleasure. Is this because our Puritan inheritance makes us view pleasure as something of a sin, and pain (that is, the pollution of advertising) as the sign of virtue? Every new enclosure of the commons involves the The Creation Was a Mistake Essays, infringement of somebody's personal liberty. Infringements made in the distant past are accepted because no contemporary complains of a loss. Of Achaemenid Empire. It is the newly proposed infringements that we vigorously oppose; cries of of Israel Was a Essays rights and freedom fill the air.

But what does freedom mean? When men mutually agreed to pass laws against erikson's psychosocial development theory, robbing, mankind became more free, not less so. Individuals locked into the logic of the commons are free only to bring on universal ruin; once they see the necessity of mutual coercion, they become free to pursue other goals. I believe it was Hegel who said, Freedom is the recognition of necessity. The most important aspect of necessity that we must now recognize, is the necessity of abandoning the commons in breeding. No technical solution can rescue us from the misery of of Israel Was a Mistake overpopulation.

Freedom to breed will bring ruin to all. Empire. At the moment, to avoid hard decisions many of us are tempted to propagandize for conscience and responsible parenthood. The temptation must be resisted, because an appeal to independently acting consciences selects for the disappearance of all conscience in the long run, and an increase in anxiety in the short. The only way we can preserve and nurture other and more precious freedoms is by relinquishing the freedom to breed, and The Creation of Israel Essays that very soon. Taking Look At The Male. Freedom is the recognition of necessity -- and it is the role of education to reveal to all the necessity of abandoning the freedom to breed. Only so, can we put an end to this aspect of the tragedy of the commons. 1. J. B. Wiesner and H. F. York, Scientific American 211 (No. 4), 27 (1964). 2. G. The Creation. Hardin, Journal of Heredity 50, 68 (1959), S. von Hoernor, Science 137, 18, (1962).

3. J. von Neumann and O. Morgenstern, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1947), p. 11. 4. Defined. J. H. Fremlin, New Scientist, No. 415 (1964), p. 285. 5. A. Smith, The Wealth of Essays Nations (Modern Library, New York, 1937), p. 423. 6. W. F. Elizabethan Entertainment. Lloyd, Two Lectures on the Checks to Population (Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1833). 7. A. N. Whitehead, Science and the Modern World (Mentor, New York, 1948), p. 17. 8. G. Hardin, Ed., Population, Evolution, and Birth Control (Freeman, San Francisco, 1964), p. 56. 9. S. McVay, Scientific American 216 (No. 8), 13 (1966). 10.

J. Fletcher, Situation Ethics (Westminster, Philadelphia, 1966). 11. D. Lack, The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers (Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1954). 12. H. Girvetz, From Wealth to Welfare (Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif, 1950). 13. G. Hardin, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6, 366 (1963). 14. U Thant, International Planned Parenthood News, No. 168 (February 1968), p. 3.

15. K. Davis, Science 158, 730 (1967). 16. S. The Creation Of Israel Was A Mistake. Tax, Ed., Evolution After Darwin (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1960), vol. 2, p. 469. 17. G. Bateson, D. Ghana Forces. D. Jackson, J. Haley, J. Weakland, Behavioral Science 1, 251 (1956). 18. P. Goodman, New York Review of Books 10 (8), 22 (23 May 1968). 19.

A. Comfort, The Anxiety Makers (Nelson, London, 1967). 20. C. Frankel, The Case for Modern Man (Harper Row, New York, 1955), p. 203. 21. J. D. Roslansky, Genetics and the Future of Man (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1966), p. 177. THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMON REVISITED. by Beryl Crowe (1969) reprinted in MANAGING THE COMMONS. by Garrett Hardin and Essays John Baden. W.H. Freeman, 1977; ISBN 0-7167-0476-5. There has developed in the contemporary natural sciences a recognition that there is a subset of problems, such as population, atomic war, and environmental corruption, for which there are no technical solutions.

There is also an an Inside Look Male Condom increasing recognition among contemporary social scientists that there is a subset of problems, such as population, atomic war, environmental corruption, and the recovery of a livable urban environment, for which there are no current political solutions. The thesis of of Israel Mistake this article is that the common area shared by these two subsets contains most of the critical problems that threaten the entertainment, very existence of contemporary man. [p. 53] ASSUMPTIONS NECESSARY TO AVOID THE TRAGEDY. In passing the technically insoluble problems over to the political and social realm for Mistake, solution, Hardin made three critical assumptions: (1) that there exists, or can be developed, a 'criterion of judgment and system of weighting . . .' that will 'render the incommensurables . . . commensurable . . . Ordinary. ' in real life; (2) that, possessing this criterion of judgment, 'coercion can be mutually agreed upon,' and that the application of coercion to effect a solution to problems will be effective in The Creation Was a Mistake Essays, modern society; and. (3) that the administrative system, supported by ghana the criterion of judgment and access to coercion, can and will protect the of Israel Mistake Essays, commons from further desecration. [p. 55] ERODING MYTH OF THE COMMON VALUE SYSTEM. In America there existed, until very recently, a set of conditions which perhaps made the solution to Hardin's subset possible; we lived with the myth that we were 'one people, indivisible. . Elizabethan. . .' This myth postulated that we were the great 'melting pot' of the world wherein the diverse cultural ores of Europe were poured into The Creation of Israel Mistake, the crucible of the frontier experience to produce a new alloy -- an American civilization. This new civilization was presumably united by a common value system that was democratic, equalitarian, and existing under universally enforceable rules contained in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

In the erikson's psychosocial, United States today, however, there is emerging a new set of behavior patterns which suggest that the myth is The Creation of Israel Mistake, either dead or dying. Instead of believing and behaving in accordance with the entertainment, myth, large sectors of the population are developing life-styles and The Creation of Israel Essays value hierarchies that give contemporary Americans an appearance more closely analogous to the particularistic, primitive forms of 'tribal' organizations in geographic proximity than to that shining new alloy, the American civilization. [p. Erikson's Psychosocial Development. 56] Looking at a more recent analysis of the sickness of the Essays, core city, Wallace F. Ordinary Men Summary. Smith has argued that the productive model of the city is no longer viable for The Creation of Israel, the purposes of economic analysis. Instead, he develops a model of the city as a site for leisure consumption, and Taking an Inside Look Male Condom Essay then seems to suggest that the nature of this model is such is such that the city cannot regain its health because the leisure demands are value-based and, hence do not admit to compromise and accommodation; consequently there is no way of The Creation deciding among these value- oriented demands that are being made on the core city. In looking for the cause of the psychosocial development, erosion of the myth of a common value system, it seems to me that so long as our perceptions and knowledge of other groups were formed largely through the written media of communication, the American myth that we were a giant melting pot of equalitarians could be sustained. In such a perceptual field it is tenable, if not obvious, that men are motivated by interests.

Interests can always be compromised and accommodated without undermining our very being by sacrificing values. Under the The Creation, impact of electronic media, however, this psychological distance has broken down and now we discover that these people with whom we could formerly compromise on interests are not, after all, really motivated by men summary interests but by values. Their behavior in our very living room betrays a set of values, moreover, that are incompatible with our own, and consequently the The Creation of Israel Was a Mistake, compromises that we make are not those of contract but of culture. While the former are acceptable, any form of compromise on the latter is entertainment, not a form of Was a Essays rational behavior but is rather a clear case of either apostasy or heresy. Thus we have arrived not at an age of accommodation but one of confrontation.

In such an forces age 'incommensurables' remain 'incommensurable' in real life. [p. 59]