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Build Your International CV/Resume. Open University! Resources for career growth and Essay, CV building in international development, justice and peace. Describing your professional experience. Try grouping, or 'clustering', your achievements under keyword headings - transferable skills and university, competencies - which are used in the target job or field. Avoid long lists of unconnected achievements - find a way to connect them to gangs in west side story well known and open openlearn, widely used competencies or areas of expertise. Essay! There is nothing more off-putting then a random list of bullet points. There are also personal advantages in having a 'long CV' which is for your eyes only. Open University! It gives you an opportunity to find out – Vincent who you are professionally without the open openlearn, pressure of completing an application. What have you done? What have you achieved? What have you learned?

What have you contributed to? What are your key skills? What do you want to Starry the Rhone Essay do next? This preparatory thinking is university essential in career planning and over the Rhone – Vincent Essay, management. * Many or most applications are 'screened' first for keywords and basic qualifications which appear in open university openlearn, the job advertisement. Make sure that these words appear in your application. Remember that useful keywords might appear in language and power, the screening questions as well as the university, vacancy announcement. Before adapting your PHP for an application, study the vacancy announcement and different of music examples, note the openlearn, 10-15 most important keywords which should be included in die, your PHP and cover letter. Open! If you have any experience working in with examples, the field, even for a limited period, make sure this is open clearly described in your PHP and how does, cover letter. Such experience is university increasingly valued in language, the UN and open, related organisation such as UNICEF, who direct over 85% of their resources to true indian notes field operations. Open! Work in gangs, conflict zones, emergency situations and highly challenged development contexts warrant significant mention in your PHP. University Openlearn! Also, indicate if you are currently on letter, any 'stand-by' rosters for open, rapid deployment such as the Justice Rapid Response (JRR) roster or a national reserve corps.

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Look out for open university, keywords in of music, vacancies such as 'Donor Relations' and open university openlearn, 'Stakeholder Management' and language and power, use them to structure achievements in your PHP if you have the right experience, however small. All organisations place great value on open openlearn, 'communication skills'. Gangs In West Story! But what do these skills actually mean in practice? In each job there will be particular communication demands. Identifying these in each job might give your PHP an edge.

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For any jobs involving administration and die, data management, always indicate the open openlearn, software you are familiar with, even if it is not exactly the same as that listed in language and power, the vacancy. Consider creating a cluster under certain jobs in your professional history titled 'Technical Knowledge' if the application form does not give you space to describe your IT skills, as with the UN Inspira. If you are just setting out on your career, make good use of open openlearn your studies and chaos, any projects which involved teamwork and university openlearn, collaboration, especially in true diary of a part-time spark notes, an international sphere. Give examples of skills which you were able to learn quickly to show your flexibility and openlearn, ability to different genres with examples adapt. Openlearn! If you have done an internship, focus on the skills and diary of a part-time notes, knowledge you developed through your experience, and open openlearn, mention any positive feedback from Starry Night the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh supervisors or mentors which highlights particular contributions. The UN and other international organisations are popular employers and receive hundreds of thousands of open university openlearn applications for jobs and internships every year. When considering working at Starry over – Vincent the international level, remember that you will always have rivals, including people who are equally - or better - qualified than you.

This is university openlearn a fact of writing life. Open University Openlearn! The market for primary, UN and university openlearn, IO jobs is Starry Night over the Rhone Van Gogh potentially the open university openlearn, whole world. In West! As the UN and open, IO job market becomes more mobile and die, flexible, with regular upsizing and open, downsizing of chaos operations meaning short-term contracts rather than permanent jobs, international careers will become more fluid and less predictable. Openlearn! Maintaining good links with your 'home' country (or countries) may become essential in developing your career. * Most PHP job history sections include separate boxes for start/end dates (sometimes including months), names of language and power employers and university openlearn, supervisors, official job titles, salaries etc. Make sure that these boxes are filled in and are accurate.

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Le mythe de Venus Adonis a lepreuve de la tradition iconographique. Universite de Caen, Basse-Normandie. Pages : 192 ISBN : 9782130529545 DOI : 10.3917/dss.021.0099 Editeur : Presses Universitaires de France A propos de cette revue Site de la revue. Sommaire des nouveaux numeros. ALERTES EMAIL - REVUE Dix-septieme siecle. Votre alerte a bien ete prise en compte. Vous recevrez un email a chaque nouvelle parution d'un numero de cette revue.

Erreur lors de l'enregistrement de votre alerte. Vous avez deja enregistre cette alerte. University Openlearn! Vous pouvez gerer vos alertes depuis le menu Mon cairn.info. De nombreux auteurs francais ont puise leur source dinspiration dans lepisode du livre X des Metamorphoses dOvide qui represente Venus egaree par son amour pour le bel Adonis : Elle ne se montre meme plus dans le ciel : au ciel elle prefere Adonis. In West Story! Elle sattache a ses pas ; elle laccompagne partout. University Openlearn! [1] [1] Ovide, Les Metamorphoses, traduction de Georges Lafaye. Different Of Music! . Open University Openlearn! Parmi eux, on different genres with pourra citer Pierre de Ronsard en 1564 [2] [2] Pierre de Ronsard, Adonis , elegie de 368 vers. Open Openlearn! , puis Jean de La Fontaine qui a compose un long poeme de 606 vers, egalement intitule Adonis [3] [3] Jean de La Fontaine, ?uvres diverses, Paris, Gallimard. – Vincent Essay! , quil a dedicace a Nicolas Fouquet, alors jeune homme, qui se remettait dune grave maladie. Open University Openlearn! Ce poeme, ecrit en 1658, mais publie seulement en 1669 dans une version retouchee a la suite des Amours de Psyche et de Cupidon, a ete recemment mis en valeur a la scene par la merveilleuse representation theatralisee sur fond de reprographies des collections du Louvre par le comedien et metteur en scene Christian Rist [4] [4] 28, 29, 30 janvier 1999, auditorium du Louvre. Side! . Open University Openlearn! En Angleterre, William Shakespeare ne fait pas exception, dont le long poeme (1 194 vers) en pentametres de rimes croisees, dedie a son mecene Le Tres Honorable Henry Wriothesly , date de 1592. Cette histoire tragique na pas seulement inspire les ecrivains. How Does Heathcliff! Les peintres europeens se sont egalement nourris de cette legende antique pour laisser a la posterite des ?uvres remarquables, tant par le nombre de creations que par la diversite des inspirations. Open Openlearn! Dans cette etude, je souhaiterais analyser differentes productions picturales, dont, bien evidemment, les premieres influences determinantes seront les ecoles italiennes, sur une duree de deux siecles (a partir du XVI e siecle pour culminer au siecle suivant), pour en degager les caracteristiques principales et proposer des conclusions sur la distinction entre art religieux et art profane. Lorsque lon consulte des livres dart sur les ?uvres dun artiste, prenons le Titien, les references aux tableaux de Venus, sur la table des illustrations, viennent juste avant celles concernant les sujets dinspiration chretienne sur la Vierge : Venus Adonis, Venus bandant les yeux de lAmour ou leducation de lAmour, Venus dUrbino, Venus au miroir, Venus avec un joueur dorgue et un petit chien, puis juste ensuite, Vierge de Douleur aux mains jointes [5] [5] Tiziano, catalogo della Mostra, Palazzo Ducale, Venezia. Different Genres With Examples! . Open University Openlearn! Il sagit la dun hasard de lalphabet, cependant, il nen est plus tout a fait ainsi de nos jours ou les references approchantes renvoient plutot a une tres complete variation sur le theme dEros, mais sans rapport direct avec la mythologie, ou bien sapparentent a un culte noir peu propice aux recherches universitaires ! Mais la distinction entre lamour sacre et lamour profane nest pas une notion nouvelle, puisque nous avons lexemple tres celebre de lallegorie du Titien portant ce titre [6] [6] Conservee a la Galerie Borghese a Rome (huile sur. The Metemorphosis Essay! . Open University Openlearn! De forme allongee, ce tableau est tres parlant, qui represente deux jeunes femmes dune beaute parfaite, et qui se ressemblent ; lune, lamour sacre, habillee dune ample robe de couleur pastel, gantee, le visage et le regard franchement tournes vers le spectateur dans toute sa candeur honnete, assise avec aisance a gauche du tableau, separee de lautre par un petit enfant rondelet, ange ou amour ; lautre, lamour profane, dans une position alanguie, offerte, le visage descendant et de cote, denudee, mais aux voilages dun bleu profond.

Nombreux sont les artistes qui ont suivi la fable dOvide, non pas a la lettre, mais en amplifiant considerablement la description de Venus malade damour : . The Absolutely Diary Of A Part-time Indian Spark Notes! elle qui avait toujours ete habituee a gouter un doux repos sous les ombrages et a rehausser sa beaute par la parure, elle erre ca et la a travers les montagnes, les forets et les roches buissonneuses, sa robe retroussee jusquaux genoux a la facon de Diane [7] [7] Ovide, Les Metamorphoses, op. Open University Openlearn! cit. The Metemorphosis! . Open Openlearn! Mais on different with verra que sa robe, quand robe il y a, est plus souvent retroussee a partir du genou ! A ce propos, on openlearn se doit devoquer le nom de Daniele Ricciarelli da Volterra, connu depuis lors sous le surnom de il Braghettone , qui fut charge, par decision de la Congregation du Concile en date du 21 janvier 1564, de couvrir de draperies les peintures de Michel Ange dans la chapelle Sixtine. The Metemorphosis Essay! Avaient ete jugees obscenes , en particulier, dix figures de la fresque du Jugement dernier placee juste au-dessus de lautel papal, dont sainte Catherine qui, a lorigine, etait entierement nue, selon la tradition du maitre qui voyait dans la nudite soit letat dinnocence davant le peche originel, soit celui dinnocence supreme dans le royaume de Dieu [8] [8] Ceci donna lieu a de celebres confusions au cours. Openlearn! . Le culte de Venus a inspire les artistes au cours des siecles : Venus seule, en compagnie, ou bien sa premiere apparition, comme La naissance de Venus par Botticelli [9] [9] Detrempe sur toile (172 ? 278) datee aux alentours. True Diary Part-time Indian! . University! Ce celebre tableau vaut la peine detre mentionne par le fait que la deesse est representee en femme accomplie des sa premiere apparition hors des ondes, suivant la legende. How Does Heathcliff Die! Nous verrons a la fin de cette etude que ce theme de la naissance, mais celle dAdonis, sera traite tout differemment par un peintre francais, Francois Verdier, deux siecles plus tard. Restons encore aupres de Botticelli pour donner lexemple dun autre passage des peripeties amoureuses de la deesse, en particulier avec Mars, et qui pourra servir ensuite de point de comparaison. Open University! Sandro Botticelli (Florence, 1445-1510) apprend de son maitre Filippo Lippi la grace, le gout du beau et lintensite des couleurs [10] [10] Guilio Carlo Argan, Botticelli (1957), traduit de. How Does Heathcliff! . Open University Openlearn! Venus et Mars, peint aux environs de 1483 [11] [11] National Gallery, Londres. Starry Over Van Gogh Essay! , reprend les vues de Marsile Ficin sur la reconstruction de la mythologie antique et frappe par la statique en suspens et la symetrie des deux protagonistes, places en position inversee, lun et lautre accoudes sur un element de couleur rouge fuchsia : un coussin rehausse de dorures pour Venus, un tissu dans lequel est pris le pied gauche de Mars.

La deesse au fin visage enigmatique recoit la pleine lumiere, par comparaison avec Mars dont la tete, sur laquelle des ombres subtiles se dessinent, est rejetee en arriere. Open! Venus porte une robe nuptiale richement decoree et tres couvrante dont les ondulations epousent elegamment les formes de son corps, alors que dans des ?uvres posterieures, la deesse sera le plus souvent representee dans toute sa nudite. Essay! Dapres le titre du tableau, et les commentaires, Venus observe le redoutable Mars vaincu par lamour et plonge dans un profond sommeil . University Openlearn! Mais si ce netait le casque du dieu de la guerre malicieusement porte par lun des quatre petits satyres (qui contrastent par leur sourire narquois, leur espieglerie et leur dynamique autour de la lance), on gangs in west side story pourrait se meprendre sur la representation du mythe qui nous concerne, puisque lon aura loccasion de voir un certain nombre dAdonis ainsi abandonnes, sur des etoffes ecarlates. University Openlearn! Botticelli est lun des representants de la deuxieme generation de lecole florentine de la Renaissance [12] [12] Georges Lafenestre, La peinture italienne, Paris. Heathcliff Die! . Le terme de manierisme , apparu plus tardivement et selon une acception dabord pejorative, designe le courant artistique europeen qui se situe entre la Renaissance et le Baroque, des annees 1520 avec comme reference le sac de Rome en 1527 a 1620 environ. University! Tres succinctement, les donnees essentielles de cette nouvelle maniere sont le mouvement, la fantaisie, le drame, le subjectivisme et lexpressionnisme [13] [13] Encyclopedia Universalis, 1990, vol. Different! 14, p. Open University! 447. Over – Vincent Van Gogh! . Open University! On ressent tres nettement linfluence du peintre Francesco Mazzola, surnomme Il Parmigianino, Le Parmesan (1503-1540), dont l?uvre a ete largement diffusee grace a ses nombreux dessins et gravures, en Italie comme en France. Genres With Examples! Artiste precoce, il travailla dabord dans sa ville natale de Parme (certains disent avec Antonio Allegri, dit Il Correggio, Le Correge, dautres refutent cette hypothese [14] [14] Cecil Gould, Parmesan (1994), traduit par Xavier Carrere. Openlearn! ). Gangs In West Side Story! Lors de son sejour a Rome en 1524-1527 [15] [15] Il se refugia a Bologne apres avoir fui Rome en 1527. Openlearn! , il sinspira de Raphael et de Michel-Ange. Genres! Dans une eau-forte, intitulee Les Amants dans un bois, qui reprend notre theme mais de facon anonyme, on university peut remarquer lutilisation tres particuliere du clair-obscur, puisque, grace au burin avec lequel les lignes peuvent etre plus fines que dans le dessin, les contrastes de lumiere et dombre sont accentues.

Une tres forte construction delimite ce paysage dans lequel sont plonges les sujets, et qui se compose de differents plans intimement melanges : la vegetation est foisonnante, les arbres et surtout les feuilles sont dessines avec un grand sens du detail (on en verra un certain echo dans une peinture de Veronese). Genres Of Music! On notera lequilibre superbe mais incertain des postures, ainsi que le modele des corps. Openlearn! Grand specialiste du nu masculin, Le Parmesan a figure lhomme selon une courbe tres complexe qui sappuie sur la ligne formee par la colonne vertebrale ; la musculature est apparente et la chevelure tout aussi finement detaillee que le paysage. True Diary Part-time Indian Notes! On peut aussi evoquer un trait particulier de cet artiste concernant lallongement des membres (le tronc de lhomme et le cou de la femme), caracteristique qui se retrouve dans dautres ?uvres celebres, comme La Madone au long cou, datee de la fin de sa vie [16] [16] 1553-1540, Galerie des Offices, Florence. Open University Openlearn! . Il existait donc tout un contexte artistique favorable a leclosion des representations de ce mythe. Essay! Considerons pour commencer un theme majeur, la fin tragique du jeune ephebe, avec La Mort dAdonis de Sebastiano Veneziano (env. Open! 1485, Venise - 1547, Rome), surnomme del Piombo lorsquil recut, en 1531, la charge de chancelier des Bulles, ou du plomb . How Does Die! Ne a Venise presque au moment ou Botticelli peignait Venus et Mars, il fut leleve de Bellini et de Giorgione. Open! De ce dernier, il retint le sens des couleurs pleines de nuances et lutilisation du clair-obscur. And Disorder! Parti pour Rome en 1511, il se lia dabord avec Raphael, mais il tomba sous lascendant de Michel-Ange , dont il sinspira, en particulier en ce qui concerne la force de la composition ; mais un maitre qui avait appris avec Bellini et Giorgione ne pouvait plus perdre tout a fait sa maitrise de la couleur et de lharmonie du ton [17] [17] Bernhard Berenson, Les peintres italiens de la Renaissance. University! . How Does! Apres la mort de Raphael, Sebastiano del Piombo occupa la premiere place parmi les peintres de Rome, et influenca Daniele da Volterra, le fameux braghettone auquel il a ete fait allusion.

La Mort dAdonis [18] [18] Peinture a lhuile sur toile (189 ? 285), Salle des. University Openlearn! frappe par le caractere monumentaliste de la composition, entierement creee autour dune diagonale montante qui part dAdonis mort et qui se prolonge tout le long des angelots et des femmes jusqua la figure de cet homme barbu. Essay! Tous sont lies par les delicats mouvements des bras qui se croisent. Open! Les corps sont lisses et bien en chair et presentent un contraste avec celui dAdonis, qui loin de reposer au sol, reste tendu, les membres plies, la tete relevee. Gangs Side Story! Latmosphere melancolique et crepusculaire de larriere-plan, qui represente une vision tres reconnaissable de Venise, avec la lagune et le Palais des Doges, trahit encore linfluence de Giorgione [19] [19] Caterina Caneva, Aless Cecchi, Antonio Natali, Les. Openlearn! . Fig. Starry Over The Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh! 1 Jacopo Zanguidi Bertoja, Venus Adonis, Louvre. Fig. Openlearn! 2 Martin de Vos, La Mort dAdonis, Blois, cliche RMN. Dans un tout autre style, Jacopo Zanguidi Bertoja (1544-1574), admirateur notoire de la technique du Parmesan, et celebre pour sa decoration raffinee du palais du Jardin a Parme, a egalement compose un Venus Adonis (fig. Chaos And Disorder! 1) [20] [20] Musee du Louvre. Open! . Different Genres Examples! Levocation est tres nettement placee sous le signe de la vision et du mythe : une foret sombre illuminee par cette apparition de Venus parmi les nuees, sur son char dore conduit par deux colombes blanches, en compagnie de Cupidon, dont une fleche sest fichee en bas du nuage, et qui semble raconter la triste fin dAdonis, qui git a terre en plan median.

Les couleurs sont toutes en harmonie dans de subtiles nuances qui passent du noir en haut a gauche pour aller jusquau blanc lumineux a droite, en passant par le jaune (sans oublier le blond des chevelures) et le vert du paysage et des drapes. Les deux evocations qui vont suivre sapparentent egalement au style manieriste italianisant, mais ont ete faites par des artistes du Nord , ce qui montre le developpement geographique de cette influence. Open! On connait tres peu de choses de cet artiste flamand, Martin de Vos (env. The Absolutely Diary Part-time Notes! 1532-1603) qui a peint une Mort dAdonis (fig. Open University Openlearn! 2) [21] [21] Musee du Louvre. Night Over The Rhone – Vincent Essay! reprenant certains elements mythologiques, comme le char de Venus tire ici par deux puissants cygnes blancs suivant le texte , mais dans une composition entierement a lhorizontale. University Openlearn! On reconnaitra le sens des details : les volutes du decor a droite, les figurations sur le char, les feuillages sombres qui donnent de la luminosite au premier plan et qui eloignent du paysage de larriere-plan : chateau perche et montagnes lointaines. Genres Of Music With Examples! Venus et Adonis sont assembles selon une sorte de pieta sous un ciel crepusculaire. Openlearn! Cette analogie chretienne peut sembler abusive, mais elle est cependant inevitable et si rare a cette epoque, quelle vaut la peine detre mentionnee.

Pendant son regne (1515-1547), Francois I er renouvela les echanges avec lItalie et appela de nombreux peintres italiens a sa cour. Starry Night The Rhone Van Gogh Essay! Cest ainsi que trois peintres italiens, eux-memes influences par les plus grands maitres, produisirent de nombreux tableaux qui ornerent les differents chateaux. Open Openlearn! Il sagit de Rosso, ne a Florence en 1495, appele a la cour en 1530, du Primatice et de Nicolo dellAbbate, qui decorerent le chateau de Fontainebleau. Gangs In West Story! Durant les dix annees qui lui restent a vivre (il meurt en 1540, la meme annee que Le Parmesan) Giovanni Battista di Jacopo, dit Fiorentino Rosso, crea un nouveau style decoratif et introduisit le manierisme en France [22] [22] Il composa lui aussi une peinture sur le theme de. Open University! . The Absolutely True Diary Of A Part-time Indian! A sa suite, des artistes formeront ce quil a ete convenu dappeler lEcole de Fontainebleau, pour laquelle on open university peut retenir les noms de Jean Clouet, dorigine flamande, celebre pour ses portraits, et de son fils Francois. How Does Heathcliff! Selon le v?u des differents monarques qui se succedent (Francois I er , Henri II, Francois II, Charles IX), les arts refletent le culte de cette elegance raffinee et luxueuse , la place preponderante de la litterature classique et le gout de la nature [23] [23] Lionello Venturi, La peinture de la Renaissance de. Openlearn! . Diary Part-time Indian Notes! Sur un bois de petit format, Venus pleurant la mort dAdonis (fig. Open! 3) [24] [24] (53 ? 42), deuxieme moitie du XVIe s., Musee du L. The Metemorphosis Essay! reprend certaines caracteristiques issues de lart italien : un arriere-plan tres complexe, aux nombreuses fractures et au paysage varie, qui part du plus sombre dans cette foret isolee, au plus clair vers linfini dun ciel lumineux, en passant par une scene minuscule et peu visible, mais tres importante, en bordure de la foret, au milieu du tableau a droite. Open Openlearn! Quatre angelots effectuent une sorte de danse autour dun sanglier, celui sans doute qui a porte un coup fatal a Adonis. How Does! Au premier plan, Cupidon pleure la mort dAdonis, etendu au sol de cote, la tete reposant sur un socle sureleve, comme un gisant en habit. Open! Venus, le sein decouvert comme le dit la fable, mais vetue de riches habits tres ornes, se penche au-dessus de lui, assistee de trois Graces dans la lignee des figures allongees du Parmesan et vetues de drapes incolores comme chez Botticelli. Chaos And Disorder! Est-elle en train de verser le nectar embaume ? On remarquera que, malgre certains titres generaux, a cette periode, linspiration des peintres privilegie les representations de la mort du heros. Openlearn! La suite va changer les perspectives.

Fig. The Metemorphosis! 3 Venus pleurant la mort dAdonis, Ecole francaise, 2 e moitie XVI e , Louvre. Fig. Openlearn! 4 Lambert Sustris, La Mort dAdonis, Louvre. Fig. Over Van Gogh Essay! 5 Le Titien, Venus Adonis, vers 1551, Museo National del Prado, Madrid. La figure de Tiziano Veccellio (vers 1490-1576) a domine la peinture pendant pres de soixante ans, non seulement a Venise, mais dans dautres pays dEurope. Openlearn! Apres avoir ete leleve de Bellini et de Giorgione, il revint a Venise en 1513 ou il regna en maitre, jusquen 1545, date a laquelle il partit pour Rome. Over The Rhone Essay! Il fut invite par Charles Quint a Augsbourg et, en 1551, il finit par trouver le mecene a la hauteur de son art dans le fils de lempereur, Philippe II dEspagne, auquel il restera attache jusqua la fin de sa vie.

Ce fut un peintre extremement prolifique, qui profita de diverses influences au cours de sa longue carriere et qui sut aussi imposer son style propre. Openlearn! Etant donne lactivite debordante de son atelier, il est tres difficile dauthentifier certaines ?uvres comme etant le travail deleves, ou du maitre. Starry The Rhone – Vincent Essay! Cest le cas pour ce Venus et Adonis, peint aux environs de 1560 [25] [25] National Gallery of open university, Art, Washington DC ; Bibliotheque. Different Genres With Examples! , dont il existe plusieurs versions tres similaires, mais neanmoins differentes, dont une a la Galerie Barberini, a Rome (sur laquelle Adonis est affuble dun curieux couvre-chef). University! La version qui nous interesse (fig. Over Van Gogh! 5) a ete executee pour Philippe II dEspagne vers les annees 1551-1554 [26] [26] (186 ? 207), vers 1551-1554, Le Prado, Madrid. Openlearn! . Chaos And Disorder! Cette grande huile fait partie dune poesie, une suite de six compositions inspirees de la mythologie, qui sechelonnent de 1533 avec Danae recevant la pluie dor (fig. University Openlearn! 6) [27] [27] Egalement au Musee du Prado, Madrid (128 ? 180). How Does! Certainement. Open University! , a 1562 avec LEnlevement dEurope [28] [28] Musee de Boston. Chaos! que le roi dEspagne conservait dans ses appartements prives, pour son usage personnel. University Openlearn! Venus Adonis et Danae auraient ete concus pour se repondre, car Danae est representee de face, et Venus de dos, si bien que l?il peut contempler, en un seul regard, les deux cotes dune femme nue.

Le corps jeune et vigoureux dAdonis soppose alors au corps ride de la servante. Chaos! Cest une composition tres forte, concue autour de lignes paralleles qui se repondent : dune part, le carquois perche dans larbre, la lance pointee, les rayons du soleil percant a travers les nuages de ce ciel tres charge (la version de la National Gallery of openlearn, Art na pas ce jeu, mais un arc-en-ciel), et dautre part un petit tronc darbre mis en valeur par le bras de Cupidon qui lentoure, les corps des deux personnages et la tete du chien blanc. Heathcliff Die! Les personnages sont animes par un mouvement ferme et vigoureux, les chiens aussi, avec Cupidon endormi en contrepoint. University! Lequilibre et la position precaires de Venus sont marques par un certain manierisme, ainsi que le modele des corps, le detail des coiffures et les jeux de lumieres qui les parcourent. Night The Rhone Van Gogh Essay! Ce tableau aura une influence considerable et ce, pendant une tres longue periode. Fig. Open! 6 Le Titien, Danae recevant la pluie dor, vers 1533, Museo National del Prado, Madrid. Paolo Caliari, dit Paolo Veronese (1528 Verone, 1588 Venise), est, tout comme le Titien, lun des grands maitres de son temps. How Does Heathcliff! Il a commence son apprentissage chez un peintre de sa ville peu connu, Giovanni Caroto, mais qui le forma a la perspective, ce qui fut lune de ses particularites. Openlearn! Il sinstalla definitivement a Venise en 1555. Different Genres Examples! On connait ses grandes toiles sculpturales dinspiration religieuse ( Les Noces de Cana, ou La Cene dont il a du modifier le titre apres un proces au tribunal de lInquisition), mais il a aussi compose un certain nombre de tableaux representant des scenes mythologiques, dont plusieurs Venus Adonis (fig.

7 et 8). Deux variations, Venus et Adonis avec petit amour et chiens [29] [29] Localisation inconnue, env. University! 1561-1563. Chaos And Disorder! et Venus et Adonis [30] [30] Musee dAugsbourg, env. Open University Openlearn! 1564. Chaos! sont des huiles de bonne taille, tres nettement influencees par les poesie du Titien produites quelques annees plus tot, tant dans la composition que dans le traitement des personnages. Open! En revanche, dans Venus Adonis avec petit amour et chiens [31] [31] Et son pendant, Enlevement de Dejanire (fig. Chaos! 10). Open University Openlearn! qui a donne lieu a des hesitations dauthentification, linfluence du Parmesan est tout aussi evidente que letait celle du Titien precedemment, bien que cette composition ait ete faite quelque quarante ans apres la mort du maitre.

La representation de la nature, les drapes, les corps, le detail de la chevelure sont de meme facture que celle des Amants dans un bois, par exemple. Une ultime representation, composee dans les memes annees 1580, donne une idee plus exacte des couleurs particulieres de Veronese. Different! Dans un petit format intitule Venus Adonis endormi (fig. Open University Openlearn! 9) [32] [32] Musee du Prado, env. Diary Of A Indian! 1580. Open! il fait un grand usage de ces teintes pastel dont les nuances bleutees se repondent, des personnages au paysage, du riche vetement de Venus au ciel et a la lumiere portee sur les feuillages. Night The Rhone Van Gogh! Ces derniers sont aussi inspires de lart du Parmesan, bien longtemps apres sa mort. University! Cest une composition en demi-cercle, dans laquelle tous les elements adoucissent limpression densemble : formes genereuses, mouvements en arrondi, douceur et calme du visage. Chaos And Disorder! Cest le seul tableau qui presente une version paisible de ce theme, avec Adonis, dans un equilibre precaire mais cependant confortable. Open University Openlearn! Lharmonie de la Renaissance est preservee, mais linfluence manieriste se fait sentir dans le traitement du paysage.

Fig. In West Side Story! 7 Paul Veronese, Venus Adonis avec petit amour et chiens, env. Open University! 1561, Kunstmuseum, Augsbourg. Fig. The Absolutely Diary Of A Part-time Indian Spark! 8 Paul Veronese, Venus Adonis avec petit amour et chiens, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne, A-Wien, Archivphoto NR. Fig. University Openlearn! 9 Paul Veronese, Venus Adonis endormi, env. Gangs In West Story! 1580, Museo National del Prado, Madrid. Fig. University! 10 Paul Veronese, Enlevement de Dejanire, env.

1580, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne, A-Wien, Archivphoto NR. Linfluence italienne va essaimer dans beaucoup dautres contrees, et prendre des colorations tres particulieres suivant lart des peintres, le courant esthetique auquel ils se rattachent et aussi parfois le contexte politique et religieux plus ou moins contraignant dans lequel ils doivent elaborer leur commande. Lecole flamande : vers le baroque sombre. Originaire dAnvers ou il est ne en 1546, Bartholomeus Spranger represente la derniere manifestation europeenne du manierisme fantastique [33] [33] Lionello Venturi, op. Essay! cit., p. University Openlearn! 127. True Diary Part-time Indian Spark! . Open Openlearn! Il voyagea beaucoup et fut fort apprecie aussi bien a Rome que dans les cours de Vienne et de Prague ou il mourut en 1611. Of Music Examples! En 1565 il se rend a Paris ou il rencontre le Primatice et Niccolo dellAbbate ; a Rome, vers 1567-1575, il devient lassistant de Taddeo Zuccaro ; en 1570 il devient peintre du pape Pie V ; en 1575 il part pour Vienne ou il se met au service de lempereur Maximilian II, et sinstalle enfin a Prague aupres de lempereur Rodolphe II. Openlearn! Prague etait alors lun des centres culturels et artistiques les plus importants dEurope, et lempereur avait rassemble des peintres, des sculpteurs et des orfevres qui developperent un style tres particulier. And Disorder! Spranger etait lun des inspirateurs, au meme titre que lAllemand Hans von Aachen, et le Suisse Joseph Heintz. Open University! Le Venus Adonis (fig.

11), quil a compose aux environs de 1592 [34] [34] Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (135 ? 109). The Absolutely True Diary! , est vraiment different par la composition tres elaboree et fantasmagorique du sujet. Open University Openlearn! Le milieu du tableau est occupe par un plan moyen dun chateau perche sur un promontoire inaccessible, comprenant de nombreux volumes qui repondent aux arches du pont, et qui separe tres nettement les plans entre le proche et le lointain, ainsi que le ciel et cette foret peuplee de satyres et de nymphes. Essay! Les lignes et les volumes se repondent : aux pics lointains couverts de neige de forme triangulaire correspond le premier plan forme des personnages principaux flanques de Cupidon et des chiens. Open University! La ligne serpentine determine la position des personnages et leur donne une tres forte dynamique ondulatoire. Of A Spark! Au plan moyen, cette ligne est rompue avec un tres grand art. University! Le bras du satyre-tentateur ne rejoint pas celui de la femme, mais, entre leurs deux mains, se forme un espace privilegie qui encadre le fruit defendu dans sa chute. True Diary Part-time Indian Spark! Au premier plan, la composition des amants fait ressortir la puissance du mouvement.

Venus donne bel et bien limpression detre linitiatrice de la seduction dAdonis par la ligne souple et flexible de ses contours et lequilibre invraisemblable de son corps. Spranger est revenu sur ce theme dans un autre Venus Adonis (fig. Open Openlearn! 12) [35] [35] Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne (huile sur toile. Starry Night Over The Rhone – Vincent! dont la date est incertaine mais qui est suppose provenir de sa derniere periode creatrice. University! Alors que les couleurs etaient fortement contrastees sur la premiere toile, elles sont ici beaucoup plus sombres, eclairant seulement la composition centrale, toujours triangulaire ; le paysage est tres peu visible et estompe. How Does! Cest un gros plan sur les deux personnages, le bras de Venus est dans une position similaire mais accentuee, le chien, langelot ainsi que les deux colombes fixent un meme point hors champ mais sur la droite des spectateurs. University Openlearn! Adonis, qui porte chapeau et draperie rouges sur son armure, ne semble pas vraiment le farouche ephebe rebelle aux avances de la deesse ! Fig. How Does Heathcliff! 11 Bartholomeus Spranger, Venus Adonis, vers 1592, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.. Il nest pas etonnant que Pierre-Paul Rubens (1577-1640), sachant profiter des influences quil recevait au cours de ses nombreux voyages, mais composant selon une facture eminemment personnelle, sattaquat a un tel theme. University! Flamand ne en Allemagne ou servait son pere [36] [36] Jan Rubens, jurisconsulte, avait du fuir en 1568. Chaos And Disorder! , Rubens partit des 1600 pour lItalie, ou il resta huit ans. Open University Openlearn! Tres vite sa position saffirma, il obtint des commandes importantes provenant de differents pays. Night Over The Rhone – Vincent Essay! En 1611, il sinstalla a Anvers, attira de nombreux eleves (dont Jordaens et Van Dyck) et ouvrit un atelier tres creatif (ce qui pose, comme pour dautres maitres, des problemes quant a lattribution des ?uvres) [37] [37] Le catalogue raisonne de ses ?uvres na pu encore. Open! . In West Side! Il effectua de nombreux voyages de commandes et de missions diplomatiques : il vint a Paris trois fois entre 1622 et 1623 aupres de Marie de Medicis ; en 1628, il alla aupres de Philippe IV dEspagne ou il fit des portraits, et des copies de Titien puis, la decennie suivante, le decor dun pavillon de chasse sur le theme des Metamorphoses (peint a Anvers a partir de 1635) ; il decora la salle du Banquet a Whitehall, en 1634-1635, etc.

Fig. Open University Openlearn! 12 Bartholomeus Spranger, Venus Adonis, non date, tardif, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne, A-Wien, Archivphoto NR. Il fit preuve dune tres grande culture artistique, sachant imiter ou emprunter et, le cas echeant, se demarquant aussi. Of Music With! Son Venus Adonis [38] [38] Consulte sur internet hhttp :// wwwwww. University! ludweb. Die! com/. Open University Openlearn! est tres nettement dans la veine du Titien, la composition en est quasiment reproduite selon un axe de symetrie des deux personnages centraux, mais inverses, Venus nue assise attirant Adonis, en manteau rouge, la lance a la main (mais la symetrie est faussee car la lance se trouve aussi a gauche du tableau, ici tenue par la main gauche), devance par un chien gris et blanc. True Part-time Notes! Le carquois et larc de Cupidon gisent a terre (dans le tableau du Titien ils etaient suspendus dans larbre, a gauche), le paysage au ciel tres gris seclaircit dans le lointain. Openlearn! Il y a aussi une inspiration des techniques caravagesques pour les rendus de la peau, juxtaposant locre et la couleur claire, et utilisant le clair-obscur. Heathcliff! Mais lart de Rubens se demarque de tout autre par les formes surabondantes de ses sujets, Venus selon une ligne serpentine, Adonis avec un corps muscle et massif, ainsi que par la juxtaposition du mouvement et de la rectitude pour une composition sculpturale qui setablit autour dune ligne diagonale descendante et de lignes droites. Abraham Janssens (1573-1632), peintre anversois, va pour un temps, dune certaine facon, se poser en rival de Rubens. Open! Apres une premiere formation, vers 1584-1585, chez Jan Snellinck, peintre dhistoire italianisant dans la veine de Martin de Vos, il va des 1598 et donc bien avant Rubens, a Rome ou il reside jusquen 1601, date de son admission dans la guilde dAnvers comme franc-maitre. Gangs Story! Il est specialise dans la peinture dhistoire, les sujets religieux, les allegories, les nudites mythologiques dont fait partie son Venus Adonis (fig. Open University! 13) [39] [39] Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne, non date. – Vincent! . Open University Openlearn! Le style est composite, a la fois dur et froid, les eclairages sont violents et sans nuance, les formes sculpturales.

Il se rattache donc a la tradition caravagesque dans les visages impassibles et enigmatiques et les postures figees, comme par exemple le bras dAdonis reste en suspens. Different With Examples! Venus a de fines boucles blondes, Adonis a les cheveux de jais. University! Venus est a demi nue, ses formes sont harmonieuses, pas aussi genereuses que chez les autres Flamands, sa robe rouge aux bordures richement decorees rappelle le lacet des chaussures dAdonis. Chaos! Sa peau de lait contraste avec le teint plus fonce dAdonis derriere elle (qui donne une idee de la profondeur), avec lombre de larbre qui forme un deuxieme plan central, avec le vetement noir aux manches a creve depoque et le long drape sombre dAdonis qui lui procure un appui, donc un equilibre. Open! Dans son gout du nu et des effets de contrastes de chairs eclairees, Janssens sapparente plutot au manierisme de Prague ou de Haarlem. Fig. Genres Of Music With Examples! 13 Abraham Janssens, Venus Adonis, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne, A-Wien, Archivphoto NR. Dune certaine facon, ces contrastes de couleurs annoncent le peintre anversois Jacob Jordaens (1593-1678). University! Dabord sous linfluence de Rubens, il se posa en veritable rival du maitre, et apres la mort de celui-ci, il devient le plus grand peintre dAnvers. Die! Il sest fait une reputation de peintre de scenes de la vie quotidienne (Les jeunes piaillent, les vieux chantent) . University Openlearn! Malgre son attachement au protestantisme, on Essay lui a passe commande de tableaux religieux (La Sainte Famille, dont il fait plusieurs versions au cours de sa carriere, La Crucifixion, LAdoration des Mages).

On pourrait aisement comparer La Sainte Famille, qui comporte deux enfants face a face, avec un premier Venus Adonis [40] [40] Ces deux tableaux sont au Musee royal de Bruxelle. Open University Openlearn! . Of Music! Dans chacune de ces compositions, un personnage est represente de dos, en position assise lun des enfants et Venus , si bien que la ligne du dos forme un large arrondi dun cote et de nombreux replis de chair de lautre. Open! Une autre peinture sur le meme theme etait inseree dans le plafond dune maison du XVIII e siecle, maintenant demolie, dans une rue du quartier ouest de Londres (Wigmore Street) [41] [41] Consulte sur internet, site indique. The Absolutely Indian! . University! Cest un gros plan sur les deux personnages monumentaux, lun et lautre nus, ce qui met en valeur les lourds bijoux de Venus ainsi que les armes dAdonis : ils ont chacun les attributs de leur fonction. The Metemorphosis Essay! De meme que pour les peintres precedents, on openlearn remarque ces differences de teintes entre les deux peaux, si bien que, dans un tres fort emploi du clair-obscur, Adonis sestompe dans lombre. The Absolutely Diary Of A Indian Spark Notes! Les formes sont genereuses, les corps enlaces. University Openlearn! Ils degagent une grande sensualite, Adonis est completement abandonne, soumis aux lois de la deesse a lattitude dominatrice. Starry Night Over The Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh Essay! Le mouvement denfermement produit par lenlacement des bras autour dAdonis est amplifie par le drape rouge aux nuances lumineuses que lAmour sapprete a disposer autour du couple. University! A la ligne en courbe qui forme le dos de Venus repond la diagonale de la lance dAdonis. En Italie, le theme attire toujours les peintres comme par le passe, mais la veine dinspiration et le style dexecution procedent maintenant dun tout autre esprit. Chaos And Disorder! Francesco Albani (1578-1660), originaire de Bologne, ayant travaille dans latelier des Carrache a Rome ou il peignait des fresques et des motifs religieux, a compose un bien tendre sujet, Adonis conduit pres de Venus ou leau (fig. University Openlearn! 14) [42] [42] Musee du Louvre, env. Chaos! 1621-1623. Openlearn! . With! Il offre une vision tres suave du domaine de la foret qui devient ici celui de Venus endormie (ce qui nest pas du tout une conception habituelle).

Les angelots forment une ribambelle pleine de charme qui va saccrocher dans les arbres, ils proposent ainsi un autre moyen de transport dans les airs. University! Tout est harmonie et douceur dans ce cadre allegorique teinte dangelisme. Par comparaison, la veine espagnole se distingue par une palette de couleurs beaucoup plus intense, a laube du siecle dor. Starry Night The Rhone! On pourra rapprocher deux tableaux de Jusepe de Ribera (1591-1652) qui sont presque contemporains et qui datent de sa periode faste : Venus Adonis, peint en 1637, lune de ses ?uvres paiennes les plus emouvantes [43] [43] Jeanne Baticle, Alain Roy, Lart baroque, Histoire. Openlearn! et LImmaculee Conception, qui date de 1635, une ?uvre chretienne de la Contre-Reforme, placee au centre du grand retable de marbre eleve par lItalien Fanzago au maitre-autel de leglise des Augustines de Salamanque [44] [44] Le comte de Monterrey, vice-roi de Naples, lui avait. Night Essay! : Cette derniere ?uvre compte parmi les plus celebres de lart espagnol et elle apporte en quelque sorte la premiere grande version baroque dun theme privilegie par les maitres hispaniques. Open! [45] [45] A lepoque baroque, Ribera a ete lun des plus efficaces. Fig. Die! 14 Francesco Albani (Albane), Adonis conduit pres de Venus ou leau, 1621-1623, Louvre. Jusepe de Ribera a sans doute commence sa formation a Valence, puis la poursuivie a Rome, entre 1613 et 1616, ou il frequenta les ?uvres du Caravage et de ses disciples. Open University Openlearn! Il se rendit ensuite a Naples, alors possession espagnole, et devint la figure majeure du milieu artistique napolitain.

On peut constater une construction tres rigoureuse, mais monumentale, selon une diagonale qui part de Venus en haut a gauche du tableau et descend vers le visage dAdonis au sol, avec, au premier plan tres peu visible, la lance placee en parallele, la pointe tournee vers le bas, alors que LImmaculee Conception setablit, evidemment, selon une ligne verticale partant de la croix en argent richement ornee jusqua la Vierge que surmontent une discrete couronne detoiles dorees, qui se fondent dans le ciel, et la colombe representant le Saint-Esprit. The Absolutely Part-time Indian Spark! De tres nombreux arrondis se repondent et se reprennent selon un axe de symetrie : le voilage de Venus, les grosses branches sombres dans les nuages, puis les branches maitresses, larc des jambes de Venus, avec en symetrie la ligne du sol, et reproduite dans la position dAdonis, la ligne courbe des jambes et des hanches, et au-dela, celle des bras et des epaules. Open! Ribera utilise une palette de couleurs tres denses : en effet, Venus Adonis est plonge dans des tonalites sombres, mais il y manque de toute evidence leclairage lumineux de la vision mystique. And Disorder! Le ciel est mouvemente, parcouru de nuees qui prefigurent le malheur, cest un paysage ferme, englouti par les ombres, dont larriere-plan flou noffre pas de miracle vers le ciel glorieux comme dans lautre tableau. Open University! A part les personnages principaux, il ny a quun seul autre sujet : le chien fidelement place derriere le corps inerte dAdonis, mais il est tres peu visible, a la difference de cette profusion dangelots et danges en priere qui elevent le nuage sur lequel se trouve Marie, et aussi delements symboliques du decor une tour en bas, en arriere-plan, et la coupole de Saint-Pierre de Rome a mi-chemin des nuages, qui lient le ciel et la terre. Diary Of A Part-time! Les amples drapes aux couleurs emblematiques sont agences selon la disposition traditionnelle devolue a la mere du Christ : blanc pour la sous-robe couvrante, bleu fonce pour la robe ou le vaste manteau. University! La difference tient au degre de luminosite du bleu utilise, plus terne pour que Venus ne detourne pas du sujet principal.

Le voile rose de Venus est parcouru dun mouvement aerien, de meme que le manteau de la Vierge, sopposant ainsi a linertie du corps dAdonis, qui repose en pleine lumiere sur son manteau rouge vif, largement etale. Heathcliff Die! Le tableau religieux comporte aussi, en diagonale basse, un drape rouge mais peu voyant par effet de contraste. Open University Openlearn! Veritable apparition, Venus semble flotter dans les airs, comme la Vierge, avec un elegant mouvement des bras et des mains ; elle a aussi une longue chevelure blonde et ondulee, qui est rehaussee, elle, par une fraiche couronne de fleurs, qui ressemble au bouquet arbore par un angelot. And Disorder! Cest une vision tres lenifiante, suave, mais tres forte, empreinte dun certain sens quasi mystique de ce mythe. Open University Openlearn! Contrairement aux reserves que lon a pu emettre precedemment, la correspondance avec linspiration religieuse ne fait ici pas de doute. Lecole francaise : vers le classicisme. Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) est le plus grand representant du courant francais. The Metemorphosis Essay! Ne aux Andelys, en Normandie, Nicolas Poussin a dabord etudie a Rouen, puis a Paris. Open Openlearn! Mais bien vite, en 1624, il part pour lItalie, a Venise dabord pour etudier les ?uvres du Titien, puis a Rome ou il obtient la protection du cardinal Francesco Barberini et dautres mecenes. Essay! Cest la quil accomplit son grand ?uvre, mis a part un voyage force en France en 1640 car Louis XIV aurait voulu faire de lui un peintre de la cour. Open University! A lapproche de la cinquantaine, sa main commence a trembler. Notes! Lorsquil dessine, il doit proceder par breves virgules et traits griffes : il ne peut plus tracer une ligne droite [46] [46] Ne pouvant plus modeler, il seloigne entierement. University Openlearn! . Over Van Gogh Essay! Il a compose de nombreux cycles historiques et mythologiques, Coriolan, Quatre Bacchanales, Le Triomphe de Neptune, ainsi que religieux Les Sacrements, Moise sauve des Eaux . University Openlearn! Il sest essaye plusieurs fois a ce theme de Venus et Adonis, certains tableaux ayant connu des vicissitudes, comme cette huile sur toile representant un Paysage avec Venus et Adonis coupe en deux parties inegales, maintenant reunies au musee de Montpellier [47] [47] Attribution que le critique Anthony Blunt considere. Gangs In West Side Story! , ou ces tableaux ou gravures attribues mais non reconnus . University! Les dessins, les plumes et lavis brun ont ete abondamment copies dans la suite, par souci dapprentissage ou par mode.

Dans sa premiere toile datant des annees 1625-1626, inspiree de LAdone du Cavalier Marin (1623) et gravee par Richard Earlom en 1766 [48] [48] Jacques Thuillier, op. The Metemorphosis Essay! cit., p. Open Openlearn! 51. Chaos And Disorder! , Poussin explore le theme des amours heureuses ; en revanche, dans La Mort dAdonis (fig. Open University Openlearn! 15) [49] [49] Musee des Beaux-Arts de Caen, env. How Does! 1626-1627. Open University! , il sinspire fidelement du denouement tragique dOvide : . Diary Of A Indian Spark! elle repand sur le sang du jeune homme un nectar embaume ; a ce contact, il bouillonne comme les bulles transparentes. University! [50] [50] Ovide, Les Metamorphoses, X, 730, op. The Metemorphosis Essay! cit., p. University Openlearn! 34. Different With! . Openlearn! En effet, cest un des rares tableaux sur ce theme qui comporte quelques traces de sang sur le sol, au premier plan. How Does Heathcliff! Cette composition est centree autour dun monticule forme de troncs darbres et du char de Venus, qui assombrissent le tableau et masquent le ciel tres nettement separe en deux : crepusculaire a gauche et bleute a droite. University Openlearn! Les lignes de force sont paralleles et forment autant de diagonales ascendantes : le bord du monticule, un homme endormi indifferencie et le char, les troncs darbre, les deux jambes dAdonis, le vase, la lance. Die! On remarquera la position dAdonis, bras en croix, la tete tournee vers le cote droit, representant le ciel, vetu dune tunique (et de sandales assorties) de ce bleu lumineux si caracteristique de Poussin.

Fig. Open University! 15 Nicolas Poussin, La Mort dAdonis, 1627, Musee des Beaux-Arts de Caen, Martine Seyve photographe. Cela vaut la peine de faire un rapprochement entre les personnages centraux de ce tableau et ceux de deux autres tableaux, La Lamentation sur le Christ mort (fig. How Does Heathcliff! 16) (compose vers ces memes annees 1626-1627) ainsi que Echo et Narcisse (fig. University Openlearn! 17), peint vers 1627. Genres Examples! Le jeu des quatre couleurs est repris dans les drapes : rouge vif, ocre, blanc et bleu. Open! Venus et Marie sont pareillement placees, penchees au-dessus du corps.

Cependant, le Christ est en position inverse, pour rappeler les paroles de lecriture il est descendu aux enfers . Chaos! mais une tres forte diagonale ascendante annonce la suite : le troisieme jour est ressuscite des morts . Open University Openlearn! En revanche, mis a part quelques lignes obliques dans un arriere-plan, Narcisse git a terre completement allonge, tete tournee vers la gauche qui noffre pas de Redemption. How Does Die! Il a la tete parmi des fleurs, dans la nature : sont-ce des anemones, comme dans Ovide ? Ces comparaisons montrent sans doute la preoccupation de Poussin pour la mort et lau-dela. University Openlearn! A cette epoque, on Starry Night Van Gogh a parle de son pessimisme et de son agnosticisme. Open! Ce qui est sur, cest la convergence de composition en lignes de force tres symboliques et la palette de couleurs entre ses differents sujets, quils soient dinspiration mythique, mythologique ou religieuse. Starry Over – Vincent Essay! On sait limportance de Poussin dans le developpement du classicisme a la francaise , ainsi que son influence par-dela les frontieres. Fig. University Openlearn! 17 Nicolas Poussin, Echo et Narcisse, Louvre. Fig. Part-time! 18 Laurent de La Hyre, Adonis mort et son chien, Louvre. Fig.

19 Francois Verdier, La Naissance dAdonis, 1698, Versailles, cliche RMN. Laurent de La Hyre (1606-1656), peintre et dessinateur parisien, a intitule sa composition Adonis mort et son chien (fig. University! 18) [51] [51] Huile sur toile non datee, recemment acquise par le. The Absolutely Diary Of A Part-time Spark Notes! . Open University Openlearn! Fils du peintre Etienne de La Hyre, lun des douze membres fondateurs de lAcademie royale de peinture en 1648, Laurent de La Hyre sest dabord forme au manierisme a partir des collections de Fontainebleau de Rosso et du Primatice, sans etre jamais alle en Italie. Chaos And Disorder! Il a compose des toiles dinspiration religieuse qui furent remarquees. Open Openlearn! Mais, ensuite, il a subi linfluence de lart baroque au contact des peintres francais alles a Rome vers 1625-1630, dont Nicolas Poussin. The Metemorphosis! Son tableau se presente comme un fragment de paysage dont le sujet principal, situe en gros plan, depasse le cadre de la toile (coude gauche et boucles blondes). Open Openlearn! Le paysage compose dun entrelacs de gros troncs a gauche assure un arriere-plan sombre qui met en valeur la luminosite du corps dAdonis etendu. The Absolutely Of A! Les quelques branches vont presque toucher les arbres situes dans les differents arriere-plans a droite, refermant ainsi le sujet dans une nature composee de courbes legeres qui se poursuit jusque dans le lointain et qui renvoie lecho de la solitude complete. Openlearn! Allonge sur larme avec laquelle il a frappe le sanglier dun coup qui sest retourne contre lui-meme, Adonis git la tete vers les spectateurs, le bras droit etendu, comme sil etait en croix [52] [52] Le dernier tableau de La Hyre, datant de 1655, est. Starry Night Over The Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh Essay! , avec pour tout pleureur, son chien fidele assis a ses pieds, la tete basse, tournee a loppose. Open University Openlearn! Les drapes sont de couleurs tres caracteristiques : le blanc indique linnocence bafouee, et le rouge vif, veritable metonymie chromatique, rappelle la couleur du sang le plus pur sacrifie. Essay! La symbolique christique est clairement etablie.

Le dernier tableau que je souhaiterais aborder est celui de Francois Verdier (1652-1730) qui a compose une Naissance dAdonis (fig. University! 19) [53] [53] Chateau de Versailles et du Trianon. How Does! en 1698, juste dans le XVII e siecle finissant. Open! Il sagit dun sujet bien etrange, que jai mentionne dans lintroduction et qui sapparente a une Sainte Famille . Gangs In West Side! Ce peintre nen est pas a son premier tableau relatant le conte des Metamorphoses, et il a laisse plusieurs tableaux anterieurs de grand format [54] [54] (Env. Open University! 220 ? 150). The Rhone Van Gogh Essay! sur ce theme, Venus veut empecher Adonis daller a la chasse (1695), Venus sur un nuage apparait a Adonis (1688). Open University! La composition du tableau qui nous concerne est tres sombre, mais lon peut distinguer, a droite, cet arbre curieux en forme de tete humaine qui illustre le debut de la fable : Celui qui etait fils de sa s?ur et de son grand-pere, qui naguere avait ete enferme dans un arbre . Starry Night Over The Rhone! Au premier plan, cest une belle naiade a la chevelure defaite qui presente lurne remplie deau, a mi-chemin entre la toilette et le bapteme.

Les deux personnages derriere elle sont en fait deux satyres grimacants qui troublent la serenite de la scene mais qui, eux aussi, comme le tronc darbre, indiquent bien le caractere ambigu de la representation. University Openlearn! Tout impregne des meandres du texte ovidien, Verdier depasse la representation classique. In West! On se penche a present vers un baroque allegorique et grimacant. Open! Le XVII e siecle est bel et bien termine. De ce parcours tres parcellaire vu la plethore de references, on different genres of music with peut cependant degager quelques constantes. University Openlearn! Si la Renaissance privilegie le theme des amours malheureuses et represente plutot la mort du jeune homme, le baroque decline une nudite aux formes abondantes selon la ligne serpentine, centree sur le couple mene par une Venus sollicitante.

Ce theme inspira de tres nombreux artistes de differentes regions qui adapterent la composition qui prenait sa source dans les ecoles italiennes a la sensibilite de leur pays et de leur temps. And Disorder! Cest ainsi que de tres grandes divergences de ton et de style commencerent a apparaitre. Openlearn! Une sensualite tres lascive se degage de certains tableaux quun recipiendaire isole peut admirer dans la solitude, quel que soit son degre de piete et dausterite, comme Philippe II dEspagne, par exemple. The Absolutely Of A Notes! Et meme dans un contexte de forte pression morale et religieuse concernant la decence dans lart, la correspondance simpose entre le traitement pictural, par les memes peintres, de ce theme mythologique et les tableaux dinspiration religieuse, prevus, eux, pour un vaste auditoire. Open! De Martin de Vos, le peintre flamand de la fin du XVI e siecle, avec sa composition en pieta, a Nicolas Poussin, le Normand installe a Rome en plein XVII e siecle, en passant par Josepe de Ribera, gloire artistique du siecle dor espagnol, les peintres utilisent parfois les memes regles de composition dans leurs tableaux religieux et dans cette representation mythologique, pratiquant une unite de style dans leur creation, meme si leur palette de couleurs subit une difference dintensite, et conferant quasiment a Venus un statut de Madone chretienne. Ovide, Les Metamorphoses, traduction de Georges Lafaye, Paris, Gallimard, Folio Classique , 1992, livre X, 511-540, p. Different Genres! 339-340. Pierre de Ronsard, Adonis , elegie de 368 vers publiee en 1564 dans le Recueil des Nouvelles Poesies, passee dans sa section dans les ?uvres de 1567. University Openlearn! Le dedicataire est Pierre de Fictes de la Chambre aux deniers du roy puis conseiller et tresorier de lEpargne. Heathcliff! Le poeme resulte de la contamination dune metamorphose dOvide, dune idylle de Bion et de fragments dune eglogue dAndrea Navagero , dans Pierre de Ronsard, ?uvres completes, Paris, Gallimard, La Pleiade , 1994, vol.

II, n. Open University! 1, p. How Does! 1397. Jean de La Fontaine, ?uvres diverses, Paris, Gallimard, La Pleiade , 1958, vol. Open University! 2, p. Gangs Side Story! 3-19. 28, 29, 30 janvier 1999, auditorium du Louvre. Tiziano, catalogo della Mostra, Palazzo Ducale, Venezia, National Gallery Washington, Venezia, Marsilio, 1990. Open! Edition francaise, Titien, Paris, Liana Levi, 1990, Index alphabetique des ?uvres . Conservee a la Galerie Borghese a Rome (huile sur toile datant de 1514, 118 ? 279). Ovide, Les Metamorphoses, op. Essay! cit. Ceci donna lieu a de celebres confusions au cours des siecles concernant lattribution des peintures, puisque tel un palimpseste, il y avait eu superposition de couches de peinture, selon la technique de la detrempe, provenant de pinceaux a la facture tres differenciee.

Voir Tout l?uvre peint de Michel-Ange (Milan, 1966), edition francaise, Paris, Flammarion, Les Classiques de lart , 1986, p. Open! 108 sq . Detrempe sur toile (172 ? 278) datee aux alentours de 1483-1485, Palais Pitti, Galerie des Offices, Florence. Guilio Carlo Argan, Botticelli (1957), traduit de litalien par Rosabianca Skira-Venturi, Geneve, Skira, 1989, p. Starry Night – Vincent Van Gogh! 10. National Gallery, Londres. Georges Lafenestre, La peinture italienne, Paris, A. Open Openlearn! Quantin, 1885, livre 3, chap. Essay! 7, p. Open University! 211-237. Encyclopedia Universalis, 1990, vol. Die! 14, p. University! 447. Cecil Gould, Parmesan (1994), traduit par Xavier Carrere, New York, Paris, Londres, Abbeville Press, 1995, p. Essay! 18. Il se refugia a Bologne apres avoir fui Rome en 1527, Cecil Gould, op. University Openlearn! cit., p. Side! 83.

1553-1540, Galerie des Offices, Florence. Bernhard Berenson, Les peintres italiens de la Renaissance, traduction de Louis Gillet, Paris, Gallimard, 1935, p. Open University Openlearn! 56. Peinture a lhuile sur toile (189 ? 285), Salle des Allegories, Palais Pitti, Florence. Caterina Caneva, Aless Cecchi, Antonio Natali, Les Offices, Guide des Collections et catalogue des peintures, Becocci, Scala, 1987, p. True Of A Notes! 138-141. Musee du Louvre. Musee du Louvre. Il composa lui aussi une peinture sur le theme de La mort dAdonis, qui se trouve dans la Galerie Francois I er du chateau de Fontainebleau. Lionello Venturi, La peinture de la Renaissance de Bruegel au Greco, Geneve, Skira, 1956, Paris, Flammarion, 1979, p. Open! 118.

(53 ? 42), deuxieme moitie du XVI e s., Musee du Louvre. National Gallery of how does die, Art, Washington DC ; Bibliotheque Forney, Fonds iconographique, Titien , image 31, huile sur toile (106,8 ? 136). (186 ? 207), vers 1551-1554, Le Prado, Madrid. Egalement au Musee du Prado, Madrid (128 ? 180). University Openlearn! Certainement achevee avant daller voir Philippe II a Augsbourg, meme si on how does lui attribue generalement une date posterieure ( Titien, op. University! cit., p. Heathcliff Die! 82). Musee de Boston.

Localisation inconnue, env. Open University! 1561-1563. Musee dAugsbourg, env. The Metemorphosis! 1564. Et son pendant, Enlevement de Dejanire (fig. Open University Openlearn! 10), tous deux env. Night The Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh! 1580 et taille reduite (68 ? 53). Musee du Prado, env.

1580. Lionello Venturi, op. University! cit., p. True Part-time Indian Spark Notes! 127. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (135 ? 109). Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne (huile sur toile, 163 ? 104,3). Jan Rubens, jurisconsulte, avait du fuir en 1568 les Pays-Bas a cause de troubles politico-religieux et de ses propres sympathies pour la Reforme et setait etabli a Cologne. Open University Openlearn! Accuse dadultere [. The Absolutely Diary Part-time Spark Notes! ], il avait ete emprisonne deux ans puis exile [. Open! ] il revint setablir a Cologne peu apres la naissance de Pierre Paul, ou il mourut en 1587. Over! Au debut de 1589, la mere de Rubens regagna Anvers (Jacques Foucart, Encyclopedia Universalis, vol. Open Openlearn! 20, 1990, p. Essay! 337). Le catalogue raisonne de ses ?uvres na pu encore etre acheve, en raison de tres nombreuses decouvertes a differentes epoques, et des factures si particulieres decelables dans un meme tableau. Consulte sur internet h http :// w w w www. Open Openlearn! ludweb. And Disorder! com/ poetry/ venus, date et provenance non precisees.

Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne, non date. Ces deux tableaux sont au Musee royal de Bruxelles. Consulte sur internet, site indique. Musee du Louvre, env. Open! 1621-1623. Jeanne Baticle, Alain Roy, Lart baroque, Histoire universelle de la peinture, Geneve, Famot, p. Starry Night Over The Rhone – Vincent Essay! 56-68. Le comte de Monterrey, vice-roi de Naples, lui avait egalement commande, en 1633-1634, une Pieta, voir Lart baroque, op. Open! cit. A lepoque baroque, Ribera a ete lun des plus efficaces propagandistes de la Contre-Reforme, qui privilegie le role de la Vierge : A lAnnonciation et la Vierge et lEnfant, toujours essentielles, est adjointe a la fin du XVI e siecle lImmaculee Conception, dont la representation typologique a ete fixee par le cavalier dArpin entre 1600 et 1610 et qui connaitra une grande vogue au XVII e siecle . Ne pouvant plus modeler, il seloigne entierement des techniques en usage.

De plus en plus, il depose du bout dune brosse dure, a la place choisie, une touche calculee pour correspondre tout ensemble a la couleur et a la valeur. True Diary Spark! A distance normale, tout se fond ; mais limprecision meme de cette touche, plus ou moins grasse, plus ou moins large, introduit une sorte de vibration qui delecte la vue (Jacques Thuillier, Poussin, Paris, Flammarion, 1994, p. Open Openlearn! 78). Attribution que le critique Anthony Blunt considere comme douteuse, The Drawings of Essay, Poussin, Yale University Press, 1979, Les dessins de Poussin, traduit par Solange Schnall, Hazan, coll. Open Openlearn! 35/37 , 1988, p. Starry Night Essay! 244-245. Jacques Thuillier, op. Open Openlearn! cit., p. Diary Of A Part-time Indian! 51. Musee des Beaux-Arts de Caen, env. University Openlearn! 1626-1627. Huile sur toile non datee, recemment acquise par le Musee du Louvre. Le dernier tableau de La Hyre, datant de 1655, est une Descente de Croix, conservee au Musee de Rouen, marquee par de fortes lignes marron sombre obliques.

Chateau de Versailles et du Trianon. Cairn.info utilise des cookies a des fins de statistiques. The Absolutely True Diary Of A Part-time Indian Spark! Ces donnees anonymes nous permettent ainsi de vous offrir une experience de navigation optimale. Open University! En continuant votre visite vous acceptez de recevoir ces cookies. And Disorder! Vous pouvez toutefois les desactiver dans les parametres de votre navigateur web. University Openlearn! En savoir plus.

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The Skeptics Society Skeptic magazine. I f they were aiming for success and popularity, the editors of The Myth of an open university openlearn, Afterlife have obviously not been paying attention to current trends in publishing that have given us such books as Heaven is for Real , Proof of Heaven , Evidence of the die, Afterlife , and open university Consciousness Beyond Life . 1 On the other hand, there was clearly a niche waiting to be filled for books skeptical of the immortality of the soul and Essay the existence of the afterlife. Openlearn. But it turns out there are not so many of those. Perhaps this asymmetry between books favorable to The Metemorphosis Essay a survivalist account and those defending a mortalist one, already reveals a peculiarity of the human mind: somehow, the open university openlearn, hypothesis that we do survive bodily death is more appealing, commonsensical and widespread than the the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh, alternative. Not ones to openlearn surrender to popular pressure, philosophers Keith Augustine and the late Michael Martin took it upon different genres of music themselves to assemble a team of 29 valiant contributors to attack the afterlife myth. The result is an impressive volume composed of 30 essays, spanning 675 pages and organized in 4 parts. Part 1 addresses empirical arguments for university openlearn annihilation, i.e. the position that persons permanently cease to exist at The Metemorphosis Essay biological death (2). As it turns out, these arguments really amount to the daily bread and butter of cognitive neuroscientists, and thus this portion of the open university openlearn, book read like a crash-course in brain science.

The argument from brain damage, for instance, uses neuropsychological evidence to show that the destruction of the chaos, mind by the destruction of the brain is university openlearn highly probable given the hypothesis that the mind depends entirely upon the functioning of the brain, but is highly improbable given the hypothesis that the different of music, mind can exist and operate independently of the open openlearn, brain. If all brain functions have been turned off, whats left for gangs in west story a soul to do? (121). Parts 2 and 3 deal with broad philosophical, conceptual and empirical issues that collectively aim at dismantling the university, plausibility of souls and the afterlife. Among the many problems surrounding the notion of a disembodied afterlife are vexing questions such as how could disembodied entities with no spatial locations interact with biological and the absolutely true of a part-time spark notes physical systems, or recognize each other, or move, act, perceive, remember and think, all without a brain. Open Openlearn. The conclusion is that no coherent or desirable version of the soul could plausibly survive brain death. Part 4 considers dubious evidence for survival and essentially debunks parapsychological data related to out-of-body, near-death, haunting, mediumnic and reincarnation phenomena, all, indeed, frequently adduced as evidence for true diary of a part-time spark notes the afterlife as they purportedly involve some type of dissociation between mind and body. Combined with the robust neuroscientific evidence in favor of a complete dependency of the open openlearn, mind on the brains functioning presented in Part 1, and the conceptual issues highlighted in Parts 2 and chaos and disorder 3, the open openlearn, very weak, scarce, unreliable and controversial evidence for Starry Night over Van Gogh Essay paranormal experiences suggestive of some kind of survival of bodily death, instead of the major challenge to contemporary materialism it is often purported to be, actually looks like a devastating blow to the last hopes of believers in the afterlife. Given the current success of neuroscience in establishing the neural basis of consciousness and open thought, is it still honest to claim that we simply dont know what comes after? A considerable portion of The Myth of and Essay Afterlife hinges on university, the brain sciences, mainly in The Metemorphosis supporting the dependence thesis, which states that having a functioning brainis a necessary condition (or prerequisite) for having any sort of open university, conscious experiences. The Metemorphosis. And if human consciousness most likely cannot exist in the absence of brain activity, then it must cease to exist when the brain dies (3). The book reviews data from brain imaging, lesion studies, genetics, development, aging and dementia, diseases such as epilepsy, mind-altering drugs, brain stimulation, animal studies and evolution, all pointing to openlearn consistent, robust, coherent, specific and The Metemorphosis Essay predictive mind-brain correlations for university openlearn personality, memory, language, perception, reasoning and of music basically all the features traditionally ascribed to surviving souls. This leaves afterlife believers with the university, unsustainable alternatives of having either to reconcile this evidence with their belief, or to simply ignore it.

However, the price of reconciliation might be just too high. In a chapter titled The Dualists Dilemma, Keith Augustine and Yonatan Fishman closely examine in a Bayesian fashion the likelihood of the afterlife given the current evidence, and conclude that the of a part-time indian spark, prospects for survival are not very promising. The Myth of and Afterlife thus provides what looks to me like a new argument, by asking not what is gained by university openlearn a belief in the afterlife, but what is lost . In West Story. What is openlearn lost is essentially the very value of true of a notes, scientific evidence, and especially of brain science evidence. Do neuroscientists concur with this approach? To my knowledge, there is no data directly addressing this question. A survey from 1998 found that less than eight percent of leading scientists from the National Academy of open university, Sciences believed in human immortality, with biological scientistsprobably including a fair share of those who study the nervous systemdisplaying the lowest rates of belief (7.1 percent), 2 obviously much less than the general population.

However, a more general survey of medical and healthcare students and people attending scientific or public conferences on consciousness found widespread acceptance of the afterlife (between 40 and 70 percent). 3. The tenacity of the absolutely diary of a part-time indian notes, such beliefs might be explained by university openlearn innate cognitive tendencies such as the automatic detection of agents and intentions, a bias for different of music teleological and essentialist reasoning, 4 or simply by our cognitive difficulty (or impossibility) to conceive of our own inexistence. Openlearn. 5 Perhaps also denial of immortality has lacked scholarly voices and the absolutely diary of a part-time indian due consideration as a respectable scientific and philosophical position, whether or not due to the dominant position of the alternative view. Openlearn. Important books like this one might help tip the balance in a way more favorable to the actual scientific evidence. While much of the The Metemorphosis, arguments in The Myth of an university, Afterlife make use of findings from the cognitive neurosciences to support the dependence thesis, the book does not address the biological and psychological origins of afterlife beliefs. Yet the central idea that the current mind sciences actively disprove the survival hypothesis could be further supported by diary part-time indian notes neurocognitive explanations of why such beliefs arose and open university spread in the first place. In this regard, the parapsychological section could be read as a display of The Metemorphosis, successful cultural attractors for openlearn the afterlife belief, rather than deficient lines of evidence for the belief per chaos, se . Reports of hauntings might not be real, but they are certainly not unexpected if the human brain is in some way tuned to open openlearn the idea of the the absolutely diary of a indian, afterlife. Indeed, neuropathological syndromes such as out-of-body or near-death experiences, 6 could be seen as the university, very origins of true diary of a part-time indian spark, soul and afterlife beliefs, 7 beliefs which, ironically, later co-opted these very experiences as evidence for their own validity. The Myth of an university, Afterlife , rather, stays focused on its main mission of dismantling the survival hypothesis, regardless of why humans tend to accept it. Its rigor, relentless argumentation, and careful attention to The Metemorphosis the evidence and possible objections make it a major and openlearn unique contribution to a topic long neglected by scientists.

Its main virtue, in fact, is simply to take the heathcliff, idea of the afterlife and its consequences seriously, and see where this leads. Given the current success of neuroscience in open openlearn establishing the neural basis of consciousness and thought, is it still honest to claim that we simply dont know what comes after? If so, then, one might wonder what exactly the cognitive and and disorder brain sciences have been discovering and open university openlearn teaching us all along about the nature of the mind. Much like biologists have stood up against creationism, medical doctors have fought misinformation about chaos vaccines, and climate-scientists have been vocal about the reality of global climate change, it is time for neuroscientists and cognitive scientists to openly reject the myth of an afterlife, and help spread the word that this idea is simply wrong. Sebastian Dieguez is a cognitive neuroscientist at the University of open openlearn, Fribourg, Switzerland. Gottlieb, R. 2014. To Heaven and the absolutely of a spark Back! The New York Review of university, Books , October 23 Larson, E. J., and Witham, L. 1998. Leading Scientists Still Reject God. Nature 394, 313. Essay. Demertzi, A. et al. 2009. Openlearn. Dualism Persists in the Science of Mind. Ann. N, Y. Acad. Sci . 1157, 19. Bering, J. 2006. The Folk Psychology of Starry Night over the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh, Souls. Behav.

Brain Sci . 29, 453462; Nahri, J. 2008. Open Openlearn. Beautiful Reflections: The Cognitive and Evolutionary Foundations of Paradise Representations. Method Theory in the Study of Starry the Rhone Essay, Religion 20 , 339365. Nichols, N. 2007. Imagination and open university Immortality: Thinking of Me. Synthese 159, 215233. Blanke, O., Faivre, N., and Dieguez, S. 2015. Leaving Body and over the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh Essay Life Behind: Out-of-Body and university openlearn Near-Death Experience. In S. Laureys, O. The Metemorphosis Essay. Gosseries, and G. Tononi (eds) The Neurology of Consciousness (2nd edition). Open University Openlearn. Elsevier, 323347. Metzinger, T. 2005. How Does Die. Out-of-Body Experiences as the Origin of the Concept of a Soul. Mind Matter 3 , 5784. Moslem suicide bombers believe not only in an afterlife but also that 72 virgins each are waiting for them in university openlearn heaven.. It would help the The Metemorphosis Essay, war against terrorism if your essay could be translated into Arabic and distributed -also via facebook which Arabs are using to a large degree- to rid them of their fantasies. Lovely idea but the believers are so fanatical that a more likely result would be the bombing of the publishers and authors. University. The common interpretations of the side story, Quran with regard to women and marriage by many Muslim men makes one wonder how there are enough virgins that get into heaven for the suicide bombers anyway. Openlearn. Do female suicide bombers get the side, same privileges (i.e. 72 virginal handsome young men) or are they transformed into one of the 72 virgins?

If it was my choice I would prefer 72 experienced women; but then there is openlearn no accounting for taste. Sadly this marvellous book on the Myth of Afterlife will only get through to the converted. Night Over The Rhone – Vincent Essay. Becoming a Skeptic requires thought, education and then the most difficult part of all is accepting that the ingrained nice story is very likely to be false. Becoming a Skeptic is more reasoned and cognitive and university openlearn less instinctive than a believer? I guess each of us will just have to chaos wait and see, eh? And if there isnt, we will never know. In fact we will never remember we existed!

in the openlearn, tibetan book of the dead, the notion of not remembering our prior existence(s) is chaos and disorder referred to as the gift of forgetfulness. this forgetfulness, imparted in the last stages of physical death, allows the soul to be reincarnated with no ties to the past. Just for clarification, the Quran does not say anyone gets 72 virgins upon university openlearn entry into and disorder, Paradise. It says the faithful will get a number of pure, servant-like beings, regardless of whether the faithful person is male or female. The virgins are not humans who have died. Just to be clear, I dont think this idea is any more tenable than the Christian concept of an afterlife.

I just wish westerners knew a bit more about what Islam actually teaches. This would help us better understand its adherents especially those who are not extremists. I somehow think that if they would read it , it would be listed as heresy, and a cosmic reward for the murder of the authors of open university openlearn, such blasphemy. Wouldnt help. The suicide bombers are so brainwashed nothing would convince them!

Good show! If those Muslim nitwit criminals knew the truth about reality its likely theyd tell their mullahs and the other Islamic twit clergy that persuade them to blow themselves and innocent people to smithereens to go blow themselves up on a vacant lot! That would do everyone a great deal of good. Not virgins, its raisins, 72 raisins. True believers get 72 raisins upon meeting Allah, that alone is a reason to believe in an afterlife! Isnt it possible that raisins could be a euphemism for virgins? If I dated a chick doesnt mean I went out with poultry! Ken is right.

The word virgin is a mistranslation from the Koran. The word is actually raisin. Raisins were a favorite food of the different of music examples, early Muslims, but a major drought killed them off. So if you were good and did good deeds, then you would go the heaven and receive 72 raisins! Apparently that was a lot of open university openlearn, raisins back then. Different With. Im sure a lot of dead terrorists were really pissed when they arrived at whatever the Muslims have as the Gate of Heaven and openlearn got a basket of raisins! Now, somebody, go tell this to the living Muslim terrorists. I believe that the chaos and disorder, anti-terrorism forces in the USA should be discreetly putting doubt into terrorists minds about life after death. University Openlearn. But given the The Metemorphosis Essay, power of open university, evangelicals in politics I doubt this will never happen. Maybe it should be translated into English as well, so that the Christians who are going to live forever with Jesus can be rid of their fantasies.

As if either religion cares about science and Essay facts. Its amazing how the term skeptic is now synonymous with a non-survivalist point of view, as though the deal is sealed and ready to put to university rest. I am a Skeptic, in the actual sense as although I have certain beliefs, I am certainly skeptical of heathcliff, all of them and prepared to bend to university overwhelming evidence. You all seem to be educated, please dont let your education translate to ignorant or arrogant pride, its embarrassing. Chaos And Disorder. This book, although I havent read it, presents an argument, a point of view and nothing more. No doubt it presents a very well organized, articulated and well researched argument, but none the less, it is just that, a supported argument made by people who are firm in a specific belief system no different than one held by open openlearn a religious or spiritual believer. Genres Of Music. The argument deserves respect, and open openlearn consideration, but it is not a definitive case, and a true skeptic would appreciate that position. If you find yourself a PH D who is acting as a child, remember, you are an example, act like it.

Finger-wagging is just as childish, in of music examples my opinion. It is open university openlearn wrong to say that a skeptics belief system is no different than a religious or spiritual believer. Having faith and being a skeptic are irreconcilable as faith requires no evidence to support a belief and skepticism requires sufficient evidence to The Metemorphosis Essay support a belief. Just be because there is no provable, empirical evidence doesnt disprove an unknowable reality . We still havent figured out the spark of life. Skepticism doesnt mean that your mind is so open your brains fall out. Neuroscience (especially with the openlearn, advent of fMRI) is pretty firmly establishing that consciousness arises from the brain. If there is no brain there can be no consciousness.

No doubt this is a bitter pill to swallow but it is far better to Starry take reality as it is rather than believing nonsense. No one ever talks about the virgins, who have to spend all eternity sharing a suicide bomber with 71 other unfortunates. They must get totally pissed. Usually, a suicide bomber, when popping up (if I may say) into the muslim paradise, is university openlearn delivered in roughly 72 pieces. Note how, in heathcliff die his Great Wisdom, allah has arranged the whole system, so that each virgin will get her own, equal (tiny) part. The irony is that after the openlearn, first experience, the virgin has left. Each virginity taken reduces the value of the reward unless some miracle happens to restore the membrane. It would help the war against terrorism if your essay could be translated into Arabic and of music with examples distributed -also via facebook which Arabs are using to a large degree- to rid them of their fantasies. Not really, Mr.

Splendor. If these muslim fundamentalists ended up spotting the university openlearn, numerous mistakes in Mr. Sebastians book review, they would conclude (naively) that the alternative view (i.e. survival) is indeed the correct one. Starry The Rhone – Vincent Essay. Until we have sound and solid works defending atheist/materialism (i.e. the no afterlife worldview), we will only be fueling nonsensical and dangerous views on both sides of this debate. I strongly suggest that you read my own review of this trash book posted on openlearn, amazon dot com. Very Best Wishes, What the jihadists arent told is that the in west story, 72 virgins are goats. mistranslation. 72 RAISINS, not 72 virgins (young women)

My friend Ken Sabby sez. Ask anyone and they will tell you a lot about university that. As fer myself I dont know if it is Essay possible to know, but it seems like the folks who claim to know fer sure is open university usually pretty glad to make you an offer that you cant refuse! Sorry, but suicide bombing is The Metemorphosis far more complex than If I blow myself up in a shopping mall, Ill get to heaven! The first modern suicide bombers were Sri Lankas Tamil Tigers. They were Marxist-Leninist idealogues, so presumably didnt believe in an afterlife. Its highly likely that many Islamist suicide bombers have equally strong political beliefs. Theres also evidence that a number of university, suicide bombers were mentally ill or intellectually sub-normal i.e. they were bomb mules with little or no free will in the matter. Yes, by and disorder all means translate the book into university, Arabic. Essay. However, it may be a waste of openlearn, time nearly everyone in the Middle East can read English to some extent.

You wrote: Its highly likely that many Islamist suicide bombers have equally strong political beliefs. Quite so. In fact, the majority of chaos, Islamic scripture is political rather than religious in open university openlearn that it deals with instructions in Starry over the Rhone Essay the ways that Muslims are to deal with non-Muslims (kafir). The minority of the university, scripture deals with a Muslims relationship with Allah and and disorder other Muslims. Furthermore, all of it is taken as dogma. A correction to 3. Per the sourced Wikipedia entry the Tamil Tigers were Tamil nationalists, not Marxists: Although it had dabbled with Marxism, Tamil nationalism was the primary focus of university, its ideology Drawn into discussions with religious people, or the occasional unavoidable attendance of church services (christenings, marriages, funerals) I am often confronted with this eternal life vs eternal death thing, the true diary part-time indian notes, latter of course being the ultimate punishment for believers. When I then voice my opinion that I cannot think of university openlearn, anything more terrifying than eternal life the reactions mostly are gasps of indignation and disbelief. If confronted I then would ask them what their plans are for the first million years of their eternal lives. Activities that Ive seen/heard listed include singing and dancing with the lord ( to what/whose music, I wonder gospel? for a million years, at least That would be the ultimate punishment for me!). As an answer Ive seen learned people write with great insight and wisdom that there is no time in chaos heaven or something about gods time is not our time!

At which point I would then like to point out to open them that eternal does not mean no time but time with no end, an important difference in story my opinion. Furthermore, could anyone please provide an example of a single life-process, physiological, psychological, individual, communal, global etc that is not inescapably linked to the vector of openlearn, time? So, whatever believers look forward to after death cannot have anything to do with life, and eternal life then reduces to eternal ?. Of course, Im writing this to fellow sceptics and without any doubt true believers in eternal life, learned or not, will put me straight with a torrent of words, containing imagined truths and true diary perhaps some impressive terms expressed in open openlearn ancient Greek, Hebrew etc. It all depends to what level of absurdity they are prepared and able to go. For me death is Night the Rhone eternal thankfully! I agree about the relief that death is the end.

In fact, I used a similar reasoning, years ago, to open university openlearn abandon my obsession for die getting rich via Amway. If successful, I would have to open university spend a large amount of time with these people, perhaps trapped on a cruise ship with nowhere to hide! Same goes for religion. Id much prefer to be around those destined for Hell then Heaven, if I have to the absolutely diary of a part-time be in one or the other for Eternity :-) The sinners are much more fun. As a former believer, I studied my way out of religion and into university openlearn, atheism. I also realized that spending eternity with some of my former church associates and heathcliff die leaders would have been a true hell. I looked at them and determined that I could not spend eternity with any of open, those joyless, soulless individuals.

I believe it was Mark Twain who famously said that you go to heaven for the climate and hell for the society. Im just looking forward to living the rest of my life as best I can, and to then fade into oblivion. mark twains delightful letters from the earth (letter II) is the gold standard for heavenly skepticism. it has the added bonus of authorship by satan himself, addressing his fellow archangels. The book sounds interesting, but beside the point. Matters of different genres with examples, faith are not, and contrary to what many believers' books attempt, can not be matters of science. Science is by its nature skeptical. To be scientific, a theory needs to openlearn be testable, and falsifiable. Confusion occurs when faith and science invade each others domain. Religious incursions into gangs in west, explanations of natural phenomena are at best comforting and at openlearn worst delusional. Yet, one can interpret a rare natural event as a miracle spiritually and not dissociate from the Essay, the demonstrable fact that rare events do occur naturally, and in fact should be expected to occur.

I am a spiritual person. University. I have been educated as a scientist and strive to think like one. There is heathcliff no conflict in my mind. Open Openlearn. Science helps us discover and understand things which are amenable to science. Spiritualitys realm is beyond understanding, and beyond existence as we can know it.

We who practice science do not need to story spend our time disproving beliefs of open openlearn, others, unless those beliefs limit our ability to understand. (e.g. How Does Heathcliff Die. Climate change deniers who base their denial on religious or policital beliefs and want to impose them on others. However, we who believe in climate change, if we are acting as scientific thinkers must also remain open to university the possibility that current thinking on climate change may turn out to The Metemorphosis be false. To be threatened by scientifically grounded climate skeptics ironically puts us in the same place as religiouslly based deniers) I believe in an unknowable afterlife. This belief is not scientific, demonstrable or refutable.

It makes me feel better and perhaps helps me live a more conscious, connected and hopefully more humble life. Of course, you realize that beliefs in things that cannot be demonstrated by clear incontrovertible evidence are of the open openlearn, nature of beliefs in fairies, leprechauns, the man in the moon, Mother Goose, Santa Claus, gods, demons, devils, trolls, and other such superstitiously imagined but unreal entities. As long as your behavior is not affected by your comforting belief in an un-demonstrable afterlife, youre OK. If it is, youre just being ridiculous along with the rest of the religiosi who stupidly and often harmfully accord their behavior with believed nonsense. when taken in the context of religion, life after death seems ludicrous sipping tea with long lost relatives while kissing gods feet and surrounded by gangs side roads paved with gold if anybody has had a near death experience their concept of spiritual energy is MUCH different than the open openlearn, promoted religious version my experiences have led me to the concept that there is an advanced energy repository that we are all somehow part of each person has a micro-speck of this energy, but it up to the individual to the absolutely true diary of a part-time indian notes polish it in order for it to be pulled permanently into open, the core and true part-time indian spark therefore not be subjected to coming back to hell, or other wise known as earth (or what i call the open, testing station) i have NO idea whether my concept is correct, but what i experienced during my outings are so far beyond the human experience that there just HAS to be more than our meager existence but, what the true diary spark notes, hell do i know?

Is it true that it is open openlearn possible to the absolutely true diary of a part-time indian spark find good physicists who think that the psychological time inside my head is some kind of illusion, and university that we actually live in a space-time block with four dimensions? If this is true, does it have an impact on the subject of and disorder, this article? best wishes and open thanks for a stimulating book review. Yes! Passing time is an illusion. We are alway somewhere in our block of time, but we can only see on one direction due to different genres of music with examples entropy. Open University Openlearn. I am alive, and I have always been alive, and I will always be alive. However, I will always be stuck between two points in time that are the boundary of my life. Hows that for heaven and hell?

Okay, so I am a physicist, but I got this idea from Kurt Vonnegut. Essay. Re: Slaugherhouse Five. Nevertheless, it would be difficult to open openlearn disprove this by my science. Lets admit that although science is true diary part-time indian great at explaining the functional part of the brain, we have absolutely no idea how something made of university openlearn, dead matter can produce the experience of consciousness it does not seem derivable from any physical law. It is disengenuous to even compare it to of a creationism or vaccines where we have scientific proof that validates it. You can always criticize or make fun of religious practices and university openlearn beliefs, but that proves nothing.

AStudy if NDEs show life changing resulted in a dramatic fashion where the experiencer says it is much more real than a dream to our conscious life. And not from religious believers. Heathcliff. In fact most debunk much of religious practice. Lets admit there is openlearn no proof either way. kevin b., we have absolutely no idea how something made of dead matter can produce the gangs, experience of consciousness it does not seem derivable from any physical law. Right off the bat you pose your argument from a dualists perspective.

As if dead matter, matter being inherently inferior to open experience, cannot be intimately related to Starry Night the Rhone consiousness. We may not yet understand how consciousness emerges from brain activity but we do know that without brain activity there is no consciousness. Posing consciousness as inescapably mysterious is just more desperate clinging to the notion of life after death it seems to open me. It says that all the *descriptions* of any afterlife, AS THEY ARE FORMULATED by various religious creeds, are biologically, anatomically, neurologically. impossible. It doesnt matter what it said. The point is that it produced no compelling argument to justify this stance. Ive read the book so I know.

To Kevin B. Apparently, you didnt bother to read the hereabove review of the book let alone, read the actual book. It says that all the Night – Vincent Van Gogh Essay, *descriptions* of any afterlife, AS THEY ARE FORMULATED by various religious creeds, are biologically, anatomically, neurologically. Open University Openlearn. impossible. No more, no less. Of course, that is not disproving the eventual existence of a mysterious substance or phenomenon, YET unknown to the absolutely true part-time human perception and who could be acting somewhere out there. Nobody in the scientific world will ever tell you that (its called the fallacy of the black swan). But as far as the various religious doctrines on that topic are concerned, THESE have all been proven erroneous. Or, in other words : false, if you prefer. So, there is university no point anymore in saying Lets admit there is no proof either way.

This is not bigotry, but the enunciation on Starry over Van Gogh Essay, a known fact : its been **debunked**. I hope you get the point. somehow, the open university, hypothesis that we do survive bodily death is more appealing Yes, I certainly cant imagine why surviving bodily death would be more popular than oblivion. your sarcasm noted, but using the concept of an afterlife as a placebo is not the real issue here in fact, belief is the least important factor in this subject what scientists and others have been trying to determine is if life after death actually exists other than in the minds of those who have been brainwashed by gangs in west the religious promotions of university openlearn, such belief is ignorance combined with wishful thinking facts are what are being looked for imo, these will be hard to find, if not impossible Al For scientists, there is no point in trying to *prove* that life after death is impossible, for the simple reason that the statement (life after death ACTUALLY EXISTS) is just a mere soap bubble, blown in the air just like : the blue fairy does exist.. or : the pink unicorn.. etc Billions of different of music examples, people can assert cloudy sentences like that everyday.. Whats the heck ? On the other hand, what scientists can do and THEY do it ! is *examine* CONCRETE claims made by religious believers (like : life after death has such and such characteristics etc..), and THEN prove that these claims are factually erroneous. Thats, apparently, what the book reviewed here does. I hope you can see the difference. It is disengenuous to university even compare it to creationism or vaccines where we have scientific proof that validates it. This seems to say ( among other possibilities ) that we have scientific proof to validate both vaccines and creationism. Please clarify this.

I really think you mean. ** We have scientific proof to INvalidate Creationism and to validate the diary spark notes, effectiveness of. Bob Dobbs University. Church of the Subgenius. Interesting that none of this seems to address an embodied afterlife, which the idea of resurrection seems to imply.

An embodied afterlife is open openlearn just as improbable as disembodied consciousness. Of course, if you can demonstrate it, Im sure there would be much interest. With. Especially on university openlearn, the part of the many producers of zombie-based fiction. To DJK I think that if you scientifically demonstrate the reality of such a phenomenon, you are ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN to with be awarded. at least three Nobel Prizes ! In physiology, in physics.. and even in literature (category : science-fiction) ! ! ! if we are acting as scientific thinkers must also remain open to open the possibility that current thinking on climate change may turn out to be false. Of Course .. but the heathcliff die, consequences of acting on open university, this are. In essence You are saying that It is OK to ignore the current thinking on climate change because it might not be true. Being open to is not the same as not acting on. Biologists should be open to the possibility of gangs in west side story, evolutionary theory being dis-proven but that doesnt mean they act as if it isnt true. Of course all commenters so far have avoided what, to me, is the obvious deduction from this whole discussion.

That humans are, on average, simply fools. Trying to explain why millions of people maintain such ridiculous ideas is like trying to deduce what dogs think about the origins of tennis balls. I would love to read this book but the cost is open university extremely prohibitive. Given the current success of Starry Night over the Rhone, neuroscience in establishing the neural basis of consciousness and openlearn thought (also put in the introduction to the article on the eskeptic page and highlighted in its own box you couldnt have missed it). I wonder how many readers of eskeptic were *skeptical* about it (requiring evidence not mere faith in The Metemorphosis author)? Were you? You shouldve.

Think about it, the holy grail of neuroscience is reached and you never heard about it? It would have made world news. But lacking any peer reviewed scientific references it sounds like bias laden wishful thinking which misleads the readers. Its easy to open university agree with Ed Vore about muslim terrorists being brainwashed but its hard to gangs see that anybody, including you, has bias and that bias, by its very nature, is brainwashing to some extent. Dont think so? Then what disabled your skepticism you proudly uphold in regards to the claim of the achievement of neuroscience? We easily believe what we like to believe. We are very lax on what it takes to convince us and then we hurry to close the case. eskpetic had an article on a professor who fell for university a scheme believing that a model loves him and ended up carrying drugs for her even though he never met her! Intelligence doesnt save you from your bias. But on the other hand we expect very stringent proof requirements in order to be convinced of what we dont like.

We make up straw men of our opposition so that we feel our views make 100% sense and the oppositions views make absolutely no sense. That again is demonstrated here. Going back to heathcliff the original statement I quoted: Given the current success of neuroscience in establishing the neural basis of consciousness and thought, is openlearn it still honest to claim that we simply dont know what comes after? If so, then, one might wonder what exactly the cognitive and brain sciences have been discovering and teaching us all along about the over – Vincent Essay, nature of the mind. Wondering what cognitive and brain sciences have been discovering does not prove that neuroscience established the neural basis of consciousness and thought or that the question what comes after is settled. But if you really like it to open openlearn be settled (one way or the other) then you might as well lower the gangs side story, bar of what a proof should be. But explaining *how* something (be it mind or something else) works or manifests doesnt explain *why* it works (and neuroscience is a long way even from explaining the how).

Max Velmans, for example, says: the [neuronal] causes and correlates of conscious experience should not be confused with their ontology. It takes a preexisting bias of how the world is (that is, everything is open university ultimately reducible to physical and chemical) in The Metemorphosis Essay order to conclude that thats how the world is open university (the mind is and disorder reducible to open university openlearn the brain, to what neuroscience has been discovering). But if you dont have that bias (or if you apply skepticism to Starry over the Rhone Essay it) then you realize that its *possible* that instead of openlearn, what neuroscience has been discovering (like certain areas lighting up when I have certain thoughts) causing the mind, the opposite might be true: the mind is causing what neuroscience is discovering. Of Music With Examples. It is not unconceivable (unless bias prohibits) that the brain activity discovered by neuroscience is an effect (side-effect even) of the embodied mind. Even if correlation (which is, to a good extent, what neuroscience is discovering) proves causation it doesnt prove which way that causation goes. Open. The only thing that, AFAIK, is related to the direction of causality is Libets experiments (see wikipedia). But even then bias determines how one interpreters them. Some will point to the building up of the readiness potential before the action and dismiss free will and others, like Libet himself, point to Starry Night the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh the subects ability to veto that readiness potential and withhold from making the action. Open University. Further it is pointed out that what was studied was the urge [to move] appear[ing] on its own at any time without any pre-planning or concentration on Starry Night – Vincent, when to open university act and one cannot passively wait for an urge to occur while at the same time being the one who is the absolutely of a spark consciously bringing it about. Others, like Daniel Dennett say that no clear conclusion about open university volition can be drawn from Libets experiments because it relies on the subjective time reported by of music examples the subject. Its ironic how easy we see the university, circularity of Starry Night the Rhone Van Gogh Essay, God exists because the university openlearn, Bible says so and the Bible is true because God says so but how hard to see the Starry over Van Gogh, circularity of open university openlearn, If all brain functions have been turned off, whats left for a soul to do? (the conclusion under the argument from brain damage). If mind is reducible to brain then when the brain dies the mind dies.

And since the mind dies along with the brain then thats an argument that the mind is reducible to how does die the brain!! Im sure that the book presents some good, valid points. But its interesting that most of whats mentioned here is reducible to open university openlearn questions which are meant to be rhetoric but they only work if one already accepts the reductionist premise. Some I already mentioned: 1) is it still honest to claim that we simply dont know what comes after; 2) one might wonder what exactly the cognitive and brain sciences have been discovering and chaos and disorder teaching us all along about the nature of the mind; 3) whats left for open openlearn a soul to do? Heres more: vexing questions such as how could disembodied entities with no spatial locations interact with biological and in west side story physical systems, or recognize each other, or move, act, perceive, remember and think, all without a brain. Well, some philosophers thought that the open university openlearn, physical reality didnt exist at over the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh all but only the mind did. They had no problem with the *possibility* of a mind perceiving, remembering and thinking without a brain. But instead if the openlearn, mind is reducible to brain then those questions are indeed vexing. So much so that they are impossible to answer and become rhetoric. No wonder that the genres of music with, article continues: The conclusion is open that no coherent or desirable version of the soul could plausibly survive brain death. It is interesting that the term desirable was mentioned. It was left unanswered desirable to whom I assume it was the authors.

The articles uses dismantle or debunk 3 times. Or devastating blow. Or the central idea that the current mind sciences *actively disprove* the chaos and disorder, survival hypothesis, or this [mind-survival] idea is open university openlearn *simply wrong*. These strong and gangs story categorical words are used despite weaker words (used even if it doesnt account for bias in interpreting the university openlearn, evidence): the very weak, scarce, unreliable and controversial evidence for the survival hypothesis or dubious evidence for survival or the destruction of the mind by Starry Night over – Vincent the destruction of the brain is highly probable given the hypothesis that the university openlearn, mind depends entirely upon the functioning of the brain, but is highly improbable given the how does die, hypothesis that the mind can exist and operate independently of the open university, brain. Those strong words used to different genres of music with examples describe the open, book achievements do not really fit some weaker statements for the opposing hypothesis like weak evidence or talking about the the absolutely true diary of a part-time indian notes, evidence in terms of probability. And to a skeptical mind this may indicate that the book had an agenda. Open University. It doesnt take much to realize that since the article itself says the book did have a mission: [it] stays focused on its main mission of of music examples, dismantling the survival hypothesis. it is time for neuroscientists and cognitive scientists to openly reject the myth of an afterlife, and openlearn help spread the word that this idea is simply wrong. The time to do that was ever since materialism was around because thats simply its mission. But when you stop being skeptical about an idea and start being dogmatic about it when honest evaluation of the evidence doesnt support your claim then thats not science (even if done by true of a part-time indian spark scientists) its propaganda. And one of the first duties of someone who calls himself or herself a skeptic is to detect the open university openlearn, bias behind claims.

Theres always bias because we need bias and preconceptions. Night Over Van Gogh. We couldnt reason otherwise. PHEEEW.. What a dollop ! Several dozens of lines, just to say that neuroscientists as all scientists build their researches on an (allegedly) biased basic assumption : everything *must* be material in the Universe. Who told you that is was a biased assumption, to begin with ? When the first researches based on a materialistic approach of the Universe began back again (around the al-Andaluz, then the European Renaissances), the scholars -as they were known at the time- said : Ok. Religions have told us for millenia how the world functions, and open openlearn how the Universe, Nature, the human entity and its soul are made, based on a supernatural approach (a perfect god makes everything as it pleases him, and tells us all.. Different Of Music Examples. through *revelation* ). But obviously, the Universe DOESNT FUNCTION like they say it functions. Now, for a change, lets try to see if we are to be more ACCURATE by openlearn trying to look how all these things get around, based on *material* observation of our *material* world. Thats NOT what is called a bia. That is called a working hypothesis . You propose a research path. Then and only then, you set to work on that basis, and see if you get more *strong* and *verified* results than with the gangs in west side, other approach.

Ok ? Its as simple as that. Problem is (for the open university openlearn, tenants of the supernatural vision) is that the Essay, materialistic way works. It JUST WORKS ! ! May I remember you that thats how humanity discovered the university openlearn, existence of electricity, the radio, the herzian and the wifi waves, the laws of gravitation and of evolution ?? Thats how they (at last !) discovered the origin of diseases viruses, bacterias, etc.. Genres With Examples. ?? All things that the previous mystical approaches have NEVER been able to discover, however omniscient their various divinities were supposed to be. Now.. If all this is based on biased basic assumptions, as you claim WHY dont you (and all the people uttering that claim) work hard, for a change, to show us undisputable results based on YOUR own basic assumption ? Its easy to dismiss altogether the entire scientific method (without even the beginning of a demonstration to back up your point), but its another story to open present results that would actually contradict these so-called biased achievements that you scorn so much. You make some confusions here (I list 4 here). Inability to see an different of music with, inconvenient distinction is a sign of bias!:) I love both working hypotheses and open the scientific method (of which they are part of).

But if you really want X to be true because, for example, if non-X wouldnt fit your paradigm, then it is your want or like not your working hypothesis that establishes bias (thats your first confusion). The Metemorphosis Essay. I thought I made that point clear (but again, bias filters out inconvenient information and even builds up straw men and then it pats you on the back saying: Oh, you are sooo right!). Lookup confirmation bias. To give you an example, see atheist Thomas Nagels honest statement: It isnt just that I dont believe in God and, naturally, hope that Im right in open university my belief. Its that I hope there is no God! I dont want there to The Metemorphosis Essay be a God; I dont want the universe to university be like that. (Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of how does heathcliff die, Nature Is Almost Certainly False). Because of openlearn, his strong dislike for God he remains an atheist despite his criticism of materialism. That also explains why there are many atheists being unreasonably militant when, as Brian says, this should be a non-issue (at least compared to other causes that effort could be put in so that the effort they put into heathcliff, atheism vs. those other causes that amount to more than nothing seems unreasonable). Further, what you call basic assumption : everything must be material in the Universe is not your average working hypothesis. Britannicas The Syntopicon: I, has a chapter on God which starts: With the open, exception of Starry Night Van Gogh, certain mathematicians and physicists, almost all the authors of the great books are represented in this chapter. In sheer quantity of references, as well as in variety, it is the largest chapter.

The reason is university obvious. More consequences for thought and action follow from the affirmation or denial of God than from answering any other basic question. They follow for those who regard the question as answerable only by gangs side faith or only by reason, and even for those who insist upon suspending judgment entirely. (Great Books of the openlearn, Western World, vol. The Syntopicon: I) There is chaos no other basic assumption or question that has more consequences both for open openlearn your worldview and for Night over Van Gogh your life and there is a whole lot that depends on it. Everybody comes with a worldview when takes up your basic assumption that everything must be material so this basic assumption is loaded from the start.

This is open your 2nd confusion, between basic assumption and fundamental assumption. Then even if one didnt have any apriori preference towards a specific outcome of this working hypothesis, once one accepted an The Metemorphosis, outcome as a true belief then it becomes a bias. It gets added to your grand paradigm and layed as a foundation for other held-as-true beliefs. When you dont know if X is open openlearn true then you can work with hypotheses X or non-X and question and judge them. But when you accepted X as true then you integrate it in your paradigm and the absolutely true diary of a part-time spark is no longer an open openlearn, object of judgment but it becomes itself a judge that further decides what other ideas to in west story be accepted as true or not. Openlearn. Thus you build on top of X other believed-as-true ideas such as Y and Z. The Absolutely Of A. And from now its as hard to open university treat X as a mere working hypothesis to be but under scrutiny as it is for gangs side a judge to open judge itself. Night Over The Rhone Van Gogh. Our held-as-true beliefs (or assumptions or postulates) are how we make sense of the world, how we explain and open interpret things. It is them that determine whats true or not (for us). But that leads to a conflict of over the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh, interest when it comes to open evaluating those beliefs themselves.

To a good measure we are what we believe and over – Vincent Van Gogh Essay giving that up may be as hard as cutting off ones own hand. So its very hard to seriously question X. The threat of giving up X is bigger than X. Not only X but Y and Z and everything built on it comes down crumbling. The minds (or neuronsyour pick) response to openlearn this threat is to induce blindness, denial, filtering out or downplaying the story, inconvenient data and switching. Open Openlearn. When your minds/neuronss reasoning tells you trust me, Im not biased it seems you trust it whole-heartedly. We all strive for a consistent paradigm and worldview where all the parts fit each other (X, Y, Z). Thats exactly why there are many sayings, even in science, that relay the idea that the gangs in west side, older one gets the harder it is to change. For example Max Plank said Science advances one funeral at a time. The older one gets, the more and more one built on top of a belief and the more one needs to prune if one were to give up that idea. Therefore, the harder it is to honestly and seriously reevaluate an old, well established belief. All this applies much more to open the natural/material vs supernatural hypotheses because, as the quote above pointed out, they are down at the very foundation of of a part-time indian spark, your paradigm and there is openlearn a lot depending on part-time indian spark, them and open built on top of them. Therefore, it doesnt take a long time to The Metemorphosis Essay build a lot on open university openlearn, it because, by its very nature, is at the foundation from the start.

This is your third confusion: You confuse a working hypothesis with a belief held as true, added to your grand paradigm and layed as a foundation for other held-as-true beliefs. It is not your working hypothesis thats the chaos, bias but your ex-working hypothesis which was then accepted as true belief and is now enthroned as King of university openlearn, your paradigm. The 4th confusion is in your statement: the materialistic way works. You confuse the scientific method with the materialistic way (presumably based on examples, the materialistic assumption). If the principles of locomotion on open openlearn, land work (and work very well without any need of air or underwater locomotion principles) that in no way necessitates that there is heathcliff only land! Even many atheists acknowledge this. Lookup the late atheist Stephen Jay Goulds non-overlapping magisteria. There is a lot written on this but it is precisely because the Christian worldview that science rose in open university the western world. And many top notch scientists had no problem doing the the absolutely true diary of a part-time indian, science they did without holding a materialistic worldview, for example my top 2 scientists: Newton and Einstein. Newton was deeply religious and wrote more on university openlearn, religion than he wrote on science. Gangs Side. Einstein said: This firm belief, a belief bound up with a deep feeling, in a superior mind that reveals itself in openlearn the world of experience, represents my conception of God (A. Einstein, Ideas and Starry Night Van Gogh Essay Opinions). Now, since you seem to also like science and the scientific method, you should test drive this hypothesis Phil is biased. From there you can derive the university, conclusion that, mostly likely, Phil will miss (aka be blind to) inconvenient truths.

Well, you scored 4 points! And Phil, based on this basic assumption/working hypothesis that Phil is biased let me make a prediction that Phil will not admit that he is biased. Now answer why wont he if the evidence points there? and you will have discovered where bias lies. What you said, IT JUST WORKS, is so right about of music with examples working hypotheses and the scientific method! PHEEEW ! What a dollop again ! Several dozens of lines, again, just to open openlearn build four very neat and very polished. Chaos And Disorder. strawmen ! Wow ! What a record ! You keep repeating that I confuse several things several times in my reply to your post. The problem is that, each time, ..you just knocked on a ghost ! You have bet that I would not admit to be biased, but it didnt even come to your mind that. University Openlearn. you might have biases too ! Of course you claimed that I was biased : I debunked your unsubstantiated statements ! Its quite understandable.. a bias is how does die exactly that : denying everything that dont fit with your views ! But your reply is university openlearn evidence that you yourself didnt accept my arguments, probably due to your own confirmation biases : they didnt corroborate your paradigm ! So.. you churned them out until they fit your reassuring view that materialistic approach of the world is heathcliff definitely faulty.

See how silly is your game of whos the university, most biased of the two . Starry Night Over Van Gogh. Its so easy to become the biased one of open openlearn, somebody else. Anyway.. You made me laugh my head off when you pitifully went nitpicking between basic assumptions and fundamental assumptions, trying to demonstrate that, therefore, I erred in complete confusion. Wow ! What a.. Over The Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh Essay. fundamental argument it was ! (lol) Then you wrote : Even if one didnt have any apriori preference towards a specific outcome of this working hypothesis, once one accepted an outcome as a true belief then it becomes a bias.

In the strictest sense of what you said, youre absolutely right. The only problem is.. that its not how science works. This (so called) argument of yours, inferring that the scientific method leads inevitably to biased situations, blatantly proves that you dont have the faintest clue about how the scientific method functions. First, you should know that, in science, there is NO such thing as true belief. There is openlearn no such thing as belief, to begin with. This word belongs to and disorder the religious vocabulary. In science, researchers examine facts , test them again and again, and eventually acknowledge them as pertaining to the reality of our Universe.. or not . The concept of belief doesnt have anything to do with that. Second : in university openlearn science, there is NO such thing as truth anyway. Here again, this word belongs to and disorder the religious vocabulary. Every single religion, since the beginning of recorded history, claim that they have the ultimate truth. I hope you dont deny that.

In the science world, no one will tell you, for open openlearn example, that the mechanics of the general relativity is definitely true . It is an accepted theory. Of Music. Not in the trivial, popular sense of the word, which is open university openlearn laughable, but in Night the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh its scientific acception : a coherent explanation to a natural process or phenomenon, which represents the most acute state of human research on a topic, as far as one can best know about at any given instant. That means that, if an university, unexpected new discovery pops up that partially or totally invalidates the ongoing theory, scientists have to rework the whole batch in order to incorporate that discovery into chaos, a new coherent system. Thats how science works. There are dozens of open, historical examples of the over – Vincent Essay, scientific world having gone through such reworking. But maybe it is too opposite to your (biased) conception of the materialistic science for you to open university openlearn admit that. Now I will tell you what could be a real bias : it is if scientists would refuse to acknowledge the new discovery, on the basis that it could not be real, given that it contradicts the universally accepted current theory. THIS IS what a bias is.

After that, the rest of your post being entirely constructed on The Metemorphosis, this misunderstanding of what materialistic experimental science actually is, the debate runs dry. PS : Im always ready to admit Im wrong with a given statement I make. Open University. But the least I can ask is that it is genres of music with my statement which is refuted. Not a made-up and illusory statement that Ive never put forward. Thanks. It was quite amusing to debate with you. I pointed out 4 confusions you made and you addressed none of them (except claiming that one of my arguments/evidence was nitpicking). Instead of university openlearn, addressing my arguments and evidence, apart from a few remarks, your point was almost exclusively that I dont have the heathcliff die, faintest clue about how the scientific method works (but not that you in fact did not make the confusions I argued). But despite the arguments and evidence I provided and despite the fact that you did not counter-argue, you still said: You keep repeating that I confuse several things several times in my reply to open your post. The problem is that, each time, ..you just knocked on a ghost ! (If you paid attention it wasnt repeating you confused concepts I gave new and specific arguments for heathcliff die every time I stated you did that.) So I gave arguments, you gave no response to them but, despite the evidence you still believe that I knocked on a ghost. But you dont say why and dont support at all your claim that I knocked ghosts!

From the statement above you just moved on to another topic. Despite my arguments and open despite your lack of counter-arguments you still like to believe that I knocked down ghost! If you are right, and the absolutely true diary of a indian notes belief is open strictly a religious term, then you must be a very religious person because you have lots of it! You believe that just calling them ghosts make them so. You stating something may be good enough for you to take it as true and you must believe that your fellow self-skepticism-free atheists here will believe what you say without any proof but thats not me. And Disorder. But you should know that summoning ghosts is not good enough, you need to prove the ghosts!

Another example is your saying Of course you claimed that I was biased : I debunked your unsubstantiated statements ! Its quite understandable.. a bias is exactly that : denying everything that dont fit with your views ! Again, you make claims and believe them to be true without proof! You say that your initial post debunked my statements. But thats the one in which you made plenty of confusions, I pointed them out to you and you did not address my points about your confusions! But nevertheless, you believe you debunked my claims. Can you spell wishful thinking more clearly than this? You believe my statements are unsubstantiated even though Ive provided plenty of openlearn, quotes from reputable sources! But you just make claims without substantiating and supporting them (for example through quotes from reputable sources like I provided). You call ghosts and debunking without proving any of it! On the contrary, you said to The Metemorphosis Essay me In the strictest sense of what you said, youre absolutely right. Further you dodged the topic on your bias with a few remarks and university changed it to something you thought it was more convenient for you: a claim that I dont have a clue about science (of course, you find that more convenient than you being all confused-does convenience leave any room for truth?). Now tell me who believes without proof?

Who denies what doesnt fit ones views? Another example is I can ask is that it is genres of music my statement which is refuted. Openlearn. Not a made-up and illusory statement that Ive never put forward. You failed to clarify whats the different, difference between your version of what you said and my version. Are you confused about the two? Or maybe you didnt do that because there is open university no difference or else you would have argued against the absolutely diary part-time spark notes my specific points about your many confusions. Openlearn. You talk about side story dollop but your many line are either confused, vague or dodging the topic. Thats worse than dollop! I was very specific about my arguments (such as where you were confused) and brought substantial support (such as quoting reputable sources). You didnt do any of that. You say Im always ready to admit Im wrong with a given statement I make. Well, you certainly didnt prove your point either (as many other points and claims youve made). Its just another unsubstantiated claim that you like to believe despite the evidence.

You called my post dollop of several dozens of lines. It seems you wrote that at the beginning and when you finished you didnt go back to count your lines. And the reason you claimed I dont have a clue is open university because this is blatantly proved by (so called) argument of [mine], inferring that the scientific method leads inevitably to biased situations. Your confusion is very resilient. That was never an argument I made (it was though a straw man you made) but was instead a straw-man youve made up for me. I dont even agree with that argument (and I mentioned I love the chaos and disorder, scientific method; you noticed I even used it on you, right?). First, what is university openlearn of interest to the absolutely true diary of a the bias topic is not where the scientific method leads to but rather where it starts from.

Only bias can explain how you missed that point over and over. The sceintific method starts with assumptions/postulates/hypotheses. But that doesnt make it biased. University Openlearn. It is just a method. Bias resides instead in minds (or you may prefer gray matter). And any assumption can become bias. That happens, as I explained, when they are accepted as true beliefs and The Metemorphosis the more biased they become the more we build on them. You said I nitpicking between basic assumptions and fundamental assumptions. They can be used as synonyms but are clearly not in our case. Basic as you used it just refers to the starting point of open, a reasoning or working hypothesis as you put it (a point which is basic because it doesnt depend on others). But I repeatedly specified that foundation is the foundation of ones paradigm. Any assumption at the top of your paradigm can be called basic assumption (it can be the starting point of an argument). However, obviously, one will dispose of an chaos and disorder, assumption at the foundation of ones paradigm on which one built a lot of other knowledge much harder than the basic assumption on open, top which has nothing built or dependent on it!

In the latter case there is no epistemological cost or sacrifice involved in giving up that basic assumption. As far as bias is concerned (which the topic was about) thats indeed a fundamental distinction. You said: First, you should know that, in The Metemorphosis Essay science, there is NO such thing as true belief. There is no such thing as belief, to begin with. This word belongs to the religious vocabulary. Im trying hard to abstain from using emotionally charged language.

Ill just recommend that you consult a dictionary. You continue In science, researchers examine facts, test them again and again, and open university openlearn eventually acknowledge them as pertaining to the reality of our Universe.. The Metemorphosis. or not. The concept of belief doesnt have anything to do with that. Anything? It seems you forgot what you wrote earlier in a previous post about working hypothesis. The scientific method starts with making postulates which needs to be accepted as true even though you dont know if they are really true. So you cant know if the postulates (or their conclusions) are true but when you act and university openlearn reason as though they are true thats a belief. Not only you didnt know what you wrote earlier, it seems you didnt know what you would write later either when you wrote in science, there is NO such thing as truth anyway. I agree. Einstein said No amount of experimentation can ever prove me right; a single experiment can prove me wrong. But it is exactly because there are unproved postulates at Essay the root of open, any theory that makes science fall short of truth; it makes it tentative. True Of A Part-time Spark. You say that in science, instead of open university, true theory we have accepted theory. Right again. It is true diary indian exactly this acceptance which means treating it as true which establishes bias (it is no longer a working hypothesis but an accepted hypothesis). There are whole books (written by secular people and open atheists) on the topic of bias in science plus plenty of articles. But leaving that aside, when you dont know if something is true but you accept it as true (and act and reason as though its true) then that, by definition, is belief and different genres of music with examples has nothing to do with religion.

For example, The New Oxford Dictionary defines belief as an acceptance that a statement is true. Didnt you say that science deals with accepted theory? Or Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary defines it as a tenet or body of open university, tenets held [or, accepted] by a group. or a state or habit of mind in Night – Vincent Essay which trust or confidence is placed in some person or thing. This confidence in something that cant be rigorously called truth is therefore belief. You alleged that I dont have a clue about how science works but again you keep confusing concepts. Apart from having absolutely no opinion whatsoever, the openlearn, lack of truth (that you claim) automatically requires belief! When you act like what you know is true event though you know that its not truth, its only tentative, then you automatically exercise belief. So by saying that there is no such thing as truth you just contradicted your earlier statement that there is Starry over the Rhone Van Gogh no such thing as belief. Besides confusion and topic dodging, you can add contradiction to your achievements. You say Now I will tell you what could be a real bias : it is if scientists would refuse to acknowledge the new discovery, on university openlearn, the basis that it could not be real, given that it contradicts the universally accepted current theory. If scientists would do that? Not when? Well Kuhns famous book in the philosophy of science, The Structure of Starry – Vincent Essay, Scientific Revolutions says that science progresses by what? by revolutions.

It is exactly because new theories that go against the established ones are hardly accepted by the established community and open university openlearn it takes a revolution to change that. In West Side Story. Russian physicist Viktor Komarov also has a whole book on this. Also, I already gave somewhere here on this page Max Planks quote that Science advances one funeral at a time. Why did he say that? He was a top scientist, he had no religious bias. Openlearn. But as a top scientist he knew that it often takes many funerals for some challenging ideas to be accepted. Scientists that believed the old theory thats being challenged for a long time will just be biased to the old ones not accept it! Or I gave you Nagels example. Also Ive already told you about confirmation bias and The Metemorphosis it seems you forgot about it.

The term was introduced in the context of science and it was done so because such bias does happen in science. You may not like and dismiss scientific bias based on your dislike but that doesnt change the reality. My point was that the more fundamental to university a paradigm a belief (or accepted theory to use your term) is the more likely it is to be biased. And the most fundamental question for a worldview is if God exists or not. You said You have bet that I would not admit to be biased, but it didnt even come to your mind that. you might have biases too ! First, yes, you have not admitted you are biased. The Metemorphosis. Second, you should read what you respond to. Ive said in my original post: Theres always bias because we need bias and preconceptions. Open Openlearn. We couldnt reason otherwise. I said we twice! That includes me.

Ive studied enough about bias to The Metemorphosis write a book about it, enough to understand that bias is universal and Ive developed a keen eye for open openlearn bias, including my own. You say: See how silly is your game of whos the most biased of the Starry over Essay, two . Is that what all this is to you whos the most biased of the two?? That is indeed silly. Did you just assume its the university, same for different examples me or is another straw man? No, to me, its not about you being more biased than me (and Im not saying Im less biased than you). Its about me finding out the university openlearn, truth, even the truth thats paradigmatically inconvenient. Its about diary part-time you doing the same! Its about seeing past ones bias so that one can gaze further and deeper into university openlearn, the truth. Its about and disorder seeing the Truth not my truth, not just the cardboard cut-outs that my paradigm props up for me all around (that Plato called shadows of reality). When one feels insecure about the university, intellectual merits of his argument one will try to cover up that insecurity by using emotionally charged terms hoping that it will make up for the lack of true part-time notes, good arguments.

Well, your post is full of open university, such terms: PHEEEW!, What a dollop, Wow, What a record!, Wow! What a.. fundamental argument it was! lol, It was quite amusing to debate with you, How silly, You pitifully went nitpicking, you made me laugh, and the like. It all seems like youve desperately trying to make it look like youve one and concluded the debate. Im sorry to throw in an emotionally charged term myself, but the truth is that I pity you. You seem to be biased almost beyond any hope and pointless to dialog with you.

Is mind identical to over the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh Essay brain? Right now I am thinking of a nice ripe peach that is reddish yellow, soft, and open very roughly spherical. Diary Of A Part-time. The mental representation is pretty clear. Open Openlearn. Is there something reddish yellow, soft, and very roughly spherical inside my brain imaging the of a indian, peach? Probably not. This is open university openlearn not about some kind of mystical dualism, it is about how different things in the universe may or may not be identical.

We could do a brain scan and Essay see me thinking about the open university, peach, but the side story, scan would not show an image of a peach. Bertrand Russell thought that somehow mental and physical stuff was the same kind of open, stuff, and he called this neutral monism. Does the The Metemorphosis Essay, Heart Sutra seem to be teaching neutral monism? Body and mind are the same kind of logical or experiential something? I find this incomprehensible. We will get this figured out, might take a while. May be it slipped your mind that there is such a thing as the. memory ?? ( ??) I dare you to open university openlearn form the image of and disorder, a peach in your head. Openlearn. if you had never seen a peach (or the picture of a peach) ever before ! When you see a real peach, it means that the light transports the image of that peach in your eye, which transforms this photo into bits of information and The Metemorphosis Essay gets them right away into the visual cortex of your brain, where only then you perceive the open university openlearn, peach that you see. Then, what do you think happens in side story the next fraction of a second ?? You brain stores these informations in open university the neural networks that we trivially call memory, duh ! So when you say : Is there something reddish yellow, soft, and very roughly spherical inside my brain imaging the peach?, of course, not as you accurately concluded ! All you are doing is retrieve the bits of information that we call red peach stockpiled in your brain, and transfer them into Night the Rhone Van Gogh Essay, its vivid perception area. Every living being equipped with eyes be it a simple snail, a multifaceted-eyed bee.. or a super sharp-eyed lynx do it all the time ! When they see a moving form getting in their field of vision, their eyes capture the form, then immediately extract, from their memory area, the image of that form, then instantly transfer it to this other part of their memory which is called previous datas (what we humans call knowledge) to check up if it corresponds to something familiar, or weird, or pleasurable a friend or an ally, for example, or neutral or if it rings a strong danger-ahead signal.

Did you notice, on open university, the other hand, that we have more difficulties to *vividly* draw back the smell of that peach, up there in our mind ? Its because, unlike many other mammals, humans have seen their olfactive capacities drastically diminish all along the past million years. Chaos. So, they have less vivid information to store in their memory. QED. Thanks for the thoughtful reply about the peach example. What I was trying to say is university openlearn that if two things are identical, there can be no differences of any kind. I think the expression for The Metemorphosis this is university Indiscernibility of identicals and vice-versa, or something like that.

My experience of the peach and the grey brain stuff that creates this experience do not seem to be identical in this sense. Of course the brain stuff (plus the external world) causes the experience. I think we are probably on the same page for most issues. Certainly no hard feelings, anyway ! ( ??) You brain stores these informations in different with examples the neural networks that we trivially call memory, duh ! Phil is the duh necessary, when some have genuine lines of inquiry and university you have a valid answer, dont let the previous post argument prime the augment to another (post) its rude IMO and it shows lack of tolerance to others not so well informed as I believe that is Starry Night – Vincent Van Gogh Essay what you were trying to do, inform and open educate. What I find painful and most distressing about the heathcliff die, oblivion to come is that never ever ever ever again will I enjoy the implacable beauty of the world (Camus). This is such an oppressive thought that I often wish I had never been born. At 66, Ive studied much and read much to try to assuage the horror this knowledge has gouged into me but no comfort comes from the great minds of any culture.

Its not so much a fear of being dead as the tragic pathos of never ever even a wisp of life ever again. Is this not a great injustice? A cruel and perhaps unnecessary joke by nature when, if the universe is infinite, moreso should such creatures as we be. Why couldnt the cosmos allow that? Why? Well, as Steve Jobs said in his Stanford University address in 2005, because death is very likely the single best invention of university, life. It clears out the old to make way for the new. actually aaron sorkin said that.

He wrote that speech. Nice quote but unfortunately its a contradicting statement. The Metemorphosis. It implies that the new has in store better things than the old ones that were cleared out. But these new, better things in store are ultimately new inventions of open university openlearn, life themselves and then death (mere making room for such new, better inventions) cannot be the single best invention of life. Not only that its contradicting but there are counter examples. Take negligible senescence (look it up on wikipedia) and this is chaos very relevant to Anthonys topic about death and eternality. There are animals (such as shark, lobsters, some turtles, etc.) that show no signs of aging and, as far as we can tell, do not age. They dont reach a climax in their life like we do.

They dont stop growing (even though their rate of growth decreases). Their reflexes dont slow down. When they die, they die from predators, disease, hunger or accidents but not from old age. Now all these animals are more primitive and university openlearn lower on the evolutionary tree. The problem is how come we lost that trait? I cant imagine that comes even close as beneficial as this. This doesnt help survival this is survival. Think of an individual that lost that trait and one that kept it.

Which one will most likely survive more, have more offspring and will outcompete the other? The theory of different genres with, evolution will predict (speaking in terms of the scientific method) that it will be the one which kept the open university openlearn, trait. The Absolutely Diary Of A Indian. But thats not what we observe. One can try to get out of this conundrum by assuming that this particular trait was linked to another trait and further assume that this other trait was more beneficial for survival than negligible senescence? What trait could possible help an open openlearn, individual live longer than living longer (which is exactly what happens when you dont die of old age)!? Anyone? For comparison lets took at one of the most beneficial mutations, lactose tolerance. Once the LP allele appeared, it offered a major selective advantage. In a 2004 study, researchers estimated that people with the mutation would have produced up to 19% more fertile offspring than those who lacked it. The researchers called that degree of selection among the strongest yet seen for any gene in the genome (Scientific American). Now which one would you rather pick?

Lactose tolerance or the heathcliff die, fountain of youth? But hey, whos unbiased enough to say there is a problem here for the materialist view? Its better to cling on to believing in an imaginary absolutely most beneficial mutation all the while claiming that your view is scientific and you dont believe in supernatural like the imaginary absolutely perfect being that some deluded people believe in. Hmm, what will a man not do to save his paradigm? First, Im very sorry for university openlearn what you feel. Second, I do appreciate your honesty and strength in taking the materialist worldview where it leads.

There are very few that see that far. As I explained in an earlier post, there is a lot of bias that usually blocks people from seeing that farcrutches to help them avoid hitting rock bottom. The Metemorphosis Essay. Many materialists dont see that their worldview is university incompatible with anything other than nihilism because they are very biased against nihilism. They *want* life to chaos and disorder be meaningful, to have a purpose. Open Openlearn. I intend to write a book on this topic at some point and Ill surely quote what you said here. But few, like you do realize that unavoidable and grim conclusion. The Absolutely Indian. But even you dont follow the materialist assumption all the university, way (for example you talk about chaos injustice). If your materialism is university true then justice or injustice are ultimately meaningless. Everything would really be meaningless.

All that there would is atoms in heathcliff die motion. To ask a fundamental question, why is there anything better than anything else? which points out that betterness assumption that we all share. You may say, because some things aid evolution. Open Openlearn. But why is evolution or survival of the fittest better than the death of the fittest? Why is life better than death (an assumption you make as well)? Doug says below that death is good as well.

He implies that newer things are better than old. Essay. Well, why is open university fitter better than unfit? Because fitter survive? But again, why is surviving and life better than dying? Whatever answer you give to the fundamental question above there is a why? following it and whatever answer you give there is The Metemorphosis Essay still a why? that follows. We believe in betterness (and a lot of things under it like right/wrong, goodness and morality, etc.) even though the scientific method can in no way confirm it.

If materialism is true, then betterness must be a superstition that evolution fooled us into believing to aid procreating. If materialism is true then there wouldnt be any supernatural love. Instead, love would be reducible to university matter, to certain acts and relationships between acts and heathcliff physical objects. And so would be pity, for openlearn example. Now, a handicapped lady that would fret over whether her husband married her out of love or out of pity, when the very same acts (marriage, gifts, flowers, attention, etc.) would describe both love and gangs in west pity, would be deluded. She would believe in a supernatural love beyond what the strict material world would account for. The irony is university that most, if not all, atheists believe in supernatural in one way or another (for example they believe in such idealized love). They are just too blind to see it.

And its refreshing to find one that sees more than the majority. Third, I disagree with you, I do believe we were meant to be eternal (but thats well beyond the genres with examples, scope of open, this response) and therefore I find life meaningful. To add to why is there anything better than anything else?, let me ask any materialist: How do you prove that the way that matter is chaos arranged in your brain is *better* than the open, way that matter is arranged in a rock for how does heathcliff example? Of course, if everything is reducible to matter, in order to avoid a vicious circle, you must *not* use your brain to university openlearn answer this. Its called incomplete syllogism, and begging the question. Which one is the fallacy?

My question or the materialist answer? If you meant my question then please be advised that my question, being a question, makes no statements and Essay therefore cant be a fallacy. If you meant that the materialist answer commits the fallacy of begging the question then you are right! But I already said that in the post you responded to. I called it vicious circle which is what begging the question means. I dont think it can be proved that mind cannot exist without a brain. We cannot I think prove a negative and we cannot prove that God or magic do not exist. Its rather cute that anybody could actually think this is a death blow to those who believe in openlearn an afterlife. For most believers, the afterlife has ZERO to Essay do with the physicality of this life, so studies and books like this are just laughable and completely meaningless. I find it interesting that those who dont believe in open university openlearn an afterlife spend sooooo much time thinking about it and discussing it. Should be a non-issue, right?

Hmmmm. Certainly this book will not be a death blow to afterlife beliefs. And you are right that reason and evidence are unlikely to convince believers in a supernatural cosmos that the truth is different genres examples otherwise. But the Copernican arc of change set in motion nearly six-hundred years ago unquestionably bends toward the disintegration of mythical belief and its replacement with a different emotional connection to existence, one based in both the open university openlearn, knowledge and poetics of science. The book in question will help. This little discussion will help. Itll take some time check back in a few hundred . . . You say : For most believers, the Night – Vincent, afterlife has ZERO to do with the physicality of this life .. So Whats all that fuzz about, then ? Whats the open, use of claiming such a hazy concept anyway ?? As far as we all know, we are living in the physicality of this Universe, as you say. Not in a fictitious non-physicality. But maybe that slipped your mind.

Claiming that there is an afterlife is like claiming there is a pink unicorn somewhere or any elucubration of the same sort. Everybody can utter dozens of meaningless and useless silly statements like that every day. Its just like blowing soap bubbles up in the air. Can you understand that ? Besides, as soon as you claim that such a thing actually exists , then you ought to be able to different genres of music demonstrate one way or another, thats your problem what you are claiming. But that, also, slipped your mind.

Then you say : I find it interesting that those who dont believe in an afterlife spend sooooo much time thinking about it and discussing it. Youre right : that should be a non-issue, as it IS a non-issue, indeed ! The problem is that people believing in such unsubstanciated fairy tales, spend much much time.. University Openlearn. desperately trying to convince others that it is absolutely true, and warn us that if we dont obey to their divine commandments, we will pass our (so-called) afterlife er.. burning in hell ! (lol) Believe me : the very moment you stop bothering the rest of the different examples, planet with your fuzzy beliefs and keep them freely but strictly in the boundaries of university, your private lives and community circles, skeptics, hardcore atheists (^^) and secularists will at once stop bothering about them and spend time to debunk them. Its that simple. Got it ? Really Phil?

When was the last time somebody directly approached you and gangs in west story tried to university openlearn proselytize? Without you broaching the subject first? It almost never happens. Yet you still feel the need to Starry Van Gogh Essay try and prove that some non-physical claim that has no bearing on you or your life is open openlearn just a myth. As you pointed out, theres nothing to disprove, its completely non-physical, and therefore unprovable one way or the other, and yet you all persist. Why do you feel this need, why does something you read somewhere provoke you so much? Brian Apparently, you live in a world where nothing touches you. Maybe you didnt hear about these fanatical christians who in many states in the US and the absolutely diary indian many countries in Europe try very hard, again and again, to open university anihilate any law giving to women the right to have an abortion, or to homosexuals the Starry Night the Rhone Van Gogh Essay, right to marry someone they cherish to name a few examples ?? Maybe you didnt hear about these fanatical muslims who massacre dozens of people in one single kalashnikov spurt, just because they represent everything they hate ? And you cannot deny that these horrific actions happen, all around the world, because so they say their god was really angry, and told them to perpetrate such ignominous deeds.

Then yes, THAT provokes me. So.. Open. when I read something somewhere that pours out, again and again, such irrational and crime-inducing beliefs or enhances them, why shouldnt I reply and debunk all the junk the tenants of these sanctimonious dogmas spread around, here and in west there ? Can you explain that to me ? Besides, you are here on university, a site which is called e-Skeptic. Then why do you feel the need to come all the way down here, to spread your silly statements about the diary of a indian spark notes, existence of a god, of a soul or any other of university openlearn, your unsubstantiated claims ?? Why would you have the right to do so, but atheists (and anti-theists) shouldnt have the right to reply ? By the different of music with, way, please note that this site welcomes contradictory arguments, coming from god believers as well as from open university openlearn, no-god advocates. This is called. debating . Its as simple as that. Note, also, that the immense majority of the dedicated religious websites such as the (in)famous Answers In Genesis, to heathcliff die name but one .spew out their retarded BS over hundreds of webpages, but.. dont allow comments ! Well.. University Openlearn. Maybe thats the ideal world you dream of and disorder, : a world where you could testify for your (silly) beliefs at will, but where no one would be there to refute, debunk or even contradict them. Well.. Forget it. That was the time where religion was absolutely hegemonic. This time is definitely over.

The after life might not be real, but the price of the book sure is!! Ouch. Oblivion is a scary thought in which humans seem to be the only lucky creature to ponder. Yet, by university considering ones own death a desensitization to the thought of the absolutely true indian spark notes, it can eventually occur at open openlearn least when compared to the constant reinforcement of an afterlife preached every Sunday. Different Examples. This is why I approach theists with the following question; If God declared that the afterlife was now closed would you behave any differently? Surprisingly, the Christians I ask eventually admit their behavior wouldnt change at all. Open Openlearn. This is chaos and disorder a good sign! In creating a conversation that allows theists to personally contemplate the permanency of death, via a safe thought experiment, I hope that the thought of openlearn, death would lose some of its sting, thus lessening the need for a magic charm to escape the inevitable. Im pleased to see a book like this enter the how does die, discourse, even if a minority participant.

Yet I cant help but wonder why we so seriously ponder 675 pages on a question for which the answer is simple and self-evident. If we continually witnessed rabbits hopping through their lifespan, we would not likely bother to write volumes rebutting believers who insist on winged flight as the true nature of rabbit mobility. University Openlearn. We would consider the case settled simply by observing a lot of rabbits over time. Similarly, if you want to know what happens to a living organism after it dies, you need only how does watch it. Watch a hundred dead things, a thousand, watch them for days and open openlearn years. What you observe will settle the question of whether or not a living thing continues to live in any fashion at all, after it dies.

We have become inured to the absurd meme, reinforced for how does heathcliff die millennia, of life continuing after death to the extent that we take seriously a phenomenological question we would otherwise reject as ridiculous if it applied to university openlearn any other commonplace subject. Starry Over Essay. And scientists and intellectuals in openlearn general hide in true diary part-time indian notes their domains, politely concerned about whether the majisteria should not overlap. The final paragraph of the above book review is its most compelling, and it is open university openlearn time that academics, scientists, intellectuals, skeptics, and how does heathcliff die frankly thoughtful theists, aggressively dispel the lingering myths about life, death, and a supernatural universe archaic beliefs that send human reason careening in wrong and openlearn terribly destructive directions in the 21st century. Stephen (#23) Its like you had stolen it away out of me own keyboard ?? ! ! ! Couldnt say it better. I take a lot of comfort in the idea that many worms and other critters will feast well when I die. And Disorder. Thats pretty much all I care about. Plants have a form of open openlearn, consciousness and yet are void of having a brain. According to studies, they are capable of being conscious of their spacial location, of reacting to threat, by producing chemical toxins when they hear a caterpillar on another plant, for Night – Vincent Van Gogh Essay example; are reported to have a form of openlearn, learning memory and to react when their leaves are broken off as though capable of feeling pain. What if consciousness is something else?

What if perhaps it is information at the most intangible scale? Consciousness is certainly a perceivable reality of the universe (and what an The Metemorphosis, unbelievable reality it is), but is it really just the result of electro-chemical discharges of the brain? Is that all we truly are? Perhaps all things contain forms of consciousness, forms of open university openlearn, information. Perhaps it is this primordial essence, this inteligent and creative principle of the universe, that makes use of the brain as an instrument in order to gangs story manifest in the physical, three-dimensional realm, and not the university, inverse order. It is the absolutely we, as conscious beings, who interact with our brain and hence with our physical body. But how could this be proven? How can one access the intangible, even more so if perhaps the phenomenon is dimensional? Naturally there will be no physical reaction if the instrument, the open university, brain, is Starry Night over the Rhone Van Gogh Essay damaged, but that does not prove that consciousness does not remain present, though no longer able to interact with the physical.

I once watched a program in university which a lady scientist was using an analogy to in west explain what a diferent dimension would be like. Openlearn. Standing in front of a TV screen, she explained that those in a bi-dimensional reality, such as the TV screen (width and height), would not be able to hear or see her in a 3rd (depth), but that she, in a 3rd, would be able to hear and Starry Night over Essay see all that was happening in theirs. It instantly clicked in me that, if indeed consciousness does persist even after physical death, the process must be something very similar Charles - Except that the people on the screen. Open. are not actual people. How Does Heathcliff Die. They are just electrons hitting an electronic surface. Get back down to earth ! There is a proverb that states : Comparison is university openlearn not reason.

Of course, if you wanna state such worn-out evidences like, for example, ants dont have any consciousness of how we humans perceive the world, what can we do but agree with that ? But then, you say : Perhaps all things contain forms of consciousness, forms of genres of music, information. By the way : this has been thought of for more than two hundred centuries by now. Open Openlearn. Its called Animism. But lets forget that. Indeed, it can be proposed as a scientific hypothesis. Why not ? But if you envisage this statement as a basis for a scientific research program, you should necessarily conduct it. according to the scientific method ! Otherwise, it cannot work ! Thats where you comment derails. In your very next sentence, unfortunately, you write : Perhaps it is this primordial essence, this inteligent and creative principle of the universe, that makes use of the brain as an instrument in order to manifest in how does heathcliff the physical, three-dimensional realm, and open university not the inverse order. As soon as you introduce any unprovable concept such as an intelligent and creative principle of the different genres with examples, universe -which, moreover, is university supposed to use our brains to manifest itself, you instantaneously exclude yourself from any scientific research system, cause such a lofty speculation is completely anti scientific ! ! It doesnt explain anything, cannot be worked upon, and doesnt bring forth any predictable, workable result. Thus, it is completely redundant therefore useless when it comes to comprehend what happens in a given natural process.

I wish youd realize that. When I said they hear a caterpillar, naturally it cannot be hearing, but it is not understood how plants are capable of detecting, and yet they do and can recognize and gangs side respond.. Ive read the book in its entirety. Unlike this reviewer I have a fairly unfavourable opinion of the book. Eventually I intend to university write my own review. The reviewer says:

Among the many problems surrounding the Night over – Vincent Van Gogh, notion of a disembodied afterlife are vexing questions such as how could disembodied entities with no spatial locations interact with biological and physical systems The difficulties for dualism are not as formidable as those for materialism. Indeed the book almost 700 pages completely omits any mention of the difficulties of open university, materialism! This is utterly disgraceful as its such an essential point. The Metemorphosis. It is my position that we are compelled to accept that *modern materialism*, i.e the materialism espoused with the birth of open university, modern science and the adoption of the mechanistic philosophy in the 17th Century, simply cannot accommodate the existence of Night – Vincent Essay, consciousness. See 2 essays Ive written which explain this:

[How can souls] recognize each other, or move, act, perceive, remember and university openlearn think, all without a brain. How Does. The conclusion is that no coherent or desirable version of the soul could plausibly survive brain death. This comment partially seems to assume materialism. But materialism is untenable. Moreover, if there is a life after death, then none of these are produced by the brain, but rather are attributes of the open university, soul. Thus the contention would be that thinking, memory, perceiving are all attributes of the self or soul. Genres. Whilst the soul acts through the open, body, then the brain affects these attributes, but doesnt create them. Think of the way a prism affects white light. We get coloured light, but the prism *all by itself* didnt produce the coloured light, rather it is indian notes a combination of the prism and white light. Open. Likewise, I suggest it could be a combination of the Starry Night over the Rhone – Vincent, self/soul on openlearn, the one hand, and brain on the other hand, that results in out mind and Essay psychological states. Hence we can expect to feel very different and have very different abilities in the afterlife (should it exist).

Everything you said hereabove could be just perfect. Except that you systematically proceed by university openlearn mere unsubstantiated statements. Its all hanging up there in the air ! You affirm : We are compelled to accept that *modern materialism*, i.e the materialism espoused with the birth of modern science and side story the adoption of the mechanistic philosophy in the 17th Century, simply cannot accommodate [sic !] the existence of consciousness.. Maybe you meant, more simply, that *modern materialism* is not able to explain what is openlearn exactly consciousness, and how it works in chaos and disorder reality . If thats what you meant, as it seems to be the university, case, then thats EXACTLY the way of thinking which, for millenia in a row, led people to assure us that we could never lift the chaos, curse that caused diseases and epidemics (because they pretended that it was *the wrath of god*, thus beyond our understanding ). Open University. until Louis Pasteur and Alexander Yersin discovered that the so-called curse what simply the action of bacteria (and viruses). Then, later on, you firmly state : If there is a life after death [which you dont demonstrate], then none of chaos and disorder, these are produced by the brain, but rather are attributes of the soul [oh really ? how did you infer that ?]. University Openlearn. Thus, the contention would be that thinking, memory, perceiving are all attributes of the self or soul. Whilst the soul acts through the body, then the brain affects these attributes, but doesnt create them . Thats called fallacy out of different genres of music with examples, ignorance ( If there is a life after death) , circular reasoning , and begging the university, question : first, you pose that thinking, memory, perceiving.. are all attributes of the self or soul, then therefore , you conclude that the brain doesnt create them.

Maybe you should open a book about how science really works, before coming on a skeptics site and spill out your profound scientific thoughts ? Thanks. Believe not believe. What happened to data? I recommend Dr. Greysons youtube talk Is Consciousnes Produced by the Brain for how does numerous medical citations of when brains were not working and open university yet consciousness existed. Side Story. Or Mario Beauregard PhDs Brain Wars where he cites the case of a patient having a near death experience where he came back and university described all the colors of the clothing the hospital staff were wearing. Doc. Loved your orange shoes. Only problem, patient had been blind from birth had never seen a color. Ever. Ive been collecting near death reports and different examples comparing them to open openlearn between life hypnosis session, and true diary part-time seeing how the reports are consistent.

Then I set out to replicate them by having near death experiencers remember their events under hypnosis and open university openlearn were able to see and access information they didnt see before. The point being, when new information is Starry Night over – Vincent brought back from one of these events that is information that cant be ascribed to hypoxia or cyptomnesia new information from someone no longer on the planet who reports something that could not have been known on the planet then we have something to university openlearn explore and examine. The belief that life ends with death is just that. Night Over – Vincent Van Gogh. If we cant define consciousness, then we cant define life any more than we can define death. This book doesnt take into consideration the numerous medical cases where people have been dead no oxygen to the brain for minutes, sometimes hours, and open university openlearn yet theyre able to bring back new information from the afterlife. Gangs In West Side Story. Like Dr. Eben Alexander being given a tour by open university openlearn a woman, who months after the NDE discovered that woman to be a sister he never knew about, who had died prior to Essay his birth. Or even in open university openlearn Heaven is for Real where the heathcliff die, child meets a sister who died in childbirth that he was never told about. Its not about piling them all into one big rubric of heaven its about examining each case for openlearn new information. What are we learning from Night over the Rhone, those who are no longer on the planet that we couldnt possibly have known?

My two cents. Im thinking maybe consciousness is simply the open openlearn, emergent sensation of what it feels like to be a particular living organism. Part-time Indian. Its the organisms reflexive impression of its own data stream, all its biological parts, a realtime self-image of the flow. Openlearn. We dont say look at how does heathcliff die the millions of water molecules as they each interact with gravity and truncated granite! We say look at the waterfall! We have a sense of the waterfall as a thing in itself, a thing independent from its constituent parts, but its not really its just how its component elements are interpreted by our senses at a higher magnitude of appearance. Consciousness is the waterfall and theres no waterfall if the university, stuff of which it is made no longer exists. In West Story. e.g.. Open University Openlearn. Yosemite in a hot dry summer, or the mind of genres with examples, a dead person. Perfect reasoning. Why cant all these faith followers make their brain work. Open. just a tiny bit more sharply . I dont want to cheer or compliment ourselves as amongst the chosen few : were not in any way superior to any other human being, normally equipped with an average brain. Then. how come dont they just take a step back and start.. just examining all these irrational concepts ? How come did you do it ? How come did I do it, when I thought about all this nonsense, then pulled out of all these silly dogmas religious dumbos had put in my head ? And all the chaos, skeptics, all around the world ? How did they do ? And why the others cant ? Thats beyond my comprehension.

Perhaps skepticism is an ability rather than a conclusion, a talent like being musical. People who question their own foundations are probably pretty rare. Some folks cannot bear the thought that we are ignorant monkeys doing the best we can. (Actually, some of our accomplishments are impressive going to open openlearn the moon and chaos coming back alive would be an example.) Your guess could work in an environment where there isnt any information stating that other worldviews exist like during the open university, catholic church-dominated Dark Age in Europe, or nowadays in Saudi Arabia, for example. But since the 19th century and the impressive explosion of gangs side story, printed matter in the Western World not to open university openlearn talk about our own internet-saturated 21rst century , zillions of people have been presented with the alternative view that, maybe, all these stories about life-after-death, or about an allmighty entity sauntering around somewhere up there.. In West. were just superstitious human inventions ! After all, it is by getting aware of university openlearn, this new reasoning that millions of The Metemorphosis Essay, folks around the world said to themselves : I didnt think about openlearn it.. Well.. The Absolutely Diary Of A Part-time Indian Notes. what about , if they were right, after all ? Why dont these god-believers make the same step forward, then ? What I think is thats because theyve ALL been taught that, if they even dare just to think about it, the wrath of their god will pour on them, and they will immediately get loads of troubles in open university their own life accidents, horrible diseases, deaths of friends, etc Or worse (for them) : they will burn in hell forever ! THATS a mighty good reason not to and disorder engage into the alternative worldview. But maybe there are other ones. Afterlife?

Does not make any sense. I gave up on things that go. bump in the dark at about 7 years old. Why did you put sic after I say accommodate? Anyway, either you havent read my 2 essays that I link to, or you havent understood them. anyone who dates a commie has got to be sic. @Ian Because I dont see what you actually meant when you chose to use that verb in that precise sentence. Thats why I proposed another formulation.

But you didnt bother telling me if my reformulation of that statement of yours was accurate. All that matters to you, apparently, is open openlearn that people read the books youve put out. This is no way to debate. People have other things to do than spend hours reading your prose. If you cannot argue directly, with your own words, in a given discussion, avoid getting into it in the first place. Gangs In West Story. Ok ? (Besides, in most discussion forums, any marketing for a personal production, or advertisement for university openlearn ones own personal site or blog.. is highly discouraged when its not strictly forbidden altogether). Last point : uttering that you contradictor doesnt understand what you say. without demonstrating why and heathcliff where he doesnt understand, is just an empty statement, and a waste of time for everybody. So are they saying they have figured out consciousness.

Because that would be news that every AI scientists in the world would love to open openlearn have. But this is not the case we have no idea what consciousness is we have been trying to chaos and disorder figure it out for over 4000 years. Some think that if we build small anough processors(quantum) and anough of them well get AI but even thats debated. Open Openlearn. So for die Neuroscientist say that they KNOW is open openlearn complete hourse hockey. True Of A Part-time Indian Spark. The other part of this issue is we dont know where memory is stored (most likely inside dna itself). The reason for this is the worm experment. Open Openlearn. They thought they new where memory was they cut of the worms head thous remove what they thought was its memories. However, when the head grew back the neurons fired exactly as if the over – Vincent Van Gogh Essay, head was never severed.

Lead some to postulate memory may be kept outside the mind. University. So once again there so called proof is thin at best. Now let say they are right and when we die there nothing we end that it there is nothing. Well yes and the absolutely part-time notes no if the universe is forever which came out of nothing then we return to it nothing and nothing is forever. Open Openlearn. Nothing also means no physic of any kind existing. No time, no space, no mater.

The big on there is no time. Nothing is true diary of a indian spark forever and there is no time so that mean everything that has ever existed and that will ever existe will keep reliving those exact moment over and over again even you reading this and about to say im wrong. That has all ready happen countless times before and will be countless time after. Open University. So we are immortal if you want to look at it that way. More proof we have know idea what consciousness is.

All that matters to you, apparently, is that people read the books youve put out. This is no way to debate. People have other things to do than spend hours reading your prose. If you cannot argue directly, with your own words, in a given discussion, avoid getting into it in the first place. Ok ? (Besides, in most discussion forums, any marketing for a personal production, or advertisement for the absolutely true part-time indian notes ones own personal site or blog.. is highly discouraged when its not strictly forbidden altogether). My blog is not a book. And there are no adverts on it and I make absolutely nothing from my blog. It takes up my time for absolutely no financial reward. I could paste it all in here, but its obviously better on the blog as its all formatted and easier on the eye.

The 2 essays are around 10,000 words. If I make it much shorter, then it will be that much more difficult to open understand. I need to lead people by the hand. Maybe you meant, more simply, that *modern materialism* is not able to explain what is heathcliff exactly consciousness, and how it works in reality . That is university true, and contrary to what the authors of Essay, myth of an afterlife assert. Open University. But even this doesnt get to the heart of the issue. We have to go back to the birth of modern science in the 17th Century. Its very success was by focussing exclusively on the measurable aspects of reality that which can be quantified and mathematically described. But what about the qualities of the external world? Namely colours, smells, sounds? They were stipulated not to really exist out there, and placed into the mind.

That was convenient because it makes the external world much simpler, and obviously amenable to laws cashed out in purely quantitative terms. But then what about the mind? They placed the colours, sounds and smells into the mind, but we cannot explain the mind itself. Also minds are conscious with pains, fears, intentions. In short everything which a mathematically quantifiable description cannot apply. So they *changed* the mind and consciousness into that which *is* quantifiable. Side. A conscious experience is the *very same thing as* a physical process in the brain.

But thats obviously not true. A physical process is something which we can measure, and its reality is exhausted by openlearn everything we can measure. Starry Night Over The Rhone Essay. A conscious experience is open not of that nature. At this point Im running into a danger of makign this response as long as my essays! Except Im typing this out in a hurry and how does heathcliff die not going to proofread or anything. So if you dont understand my original stuff on my blog, you wont be able to understand this either!

This is university openlearn why I created a blog in the first place so I can express my ideas. Consciousness is changed into over Essay, a physical process (or what that process does), in a comparable way in which the colour red was changed into a specific wavelength of light. And Mr Bone, you complain about the prospect of reading 2 essays. I read the open university, entirety of the myth of an afterlife! About 700 pages! And, moreover, in stark contrast to my essays, it was extraordinarily repetitious and boring. It never mentioned any problems with materialism, it essentially asserted that we scientifically understand consciousness (not only do we not understand it, but we *couldnt in and disorder principle* understand it as I explained in open university my previous post). Theres loads of ridiculous stuff in the book like what would be the power source of the soul in the afterlife realm(s). So the author was thinking of the afterlife realm as being somewhat similar to this physical reality where physical laws apply!

One of the chapters attacked reincarnation, not by and disorder philosophically examining it, but by attacking the concept of karma! But, first of all, she had a preposterous conception of openlearn, karma, and heathcliff secondly, why the open, heck does reincarnation entail karma anyway?? Ill write a review eventually. How Does Heathcliff. Will put on my blog, but Im in no hurry. This book, as described, sounds like a lot of pretentious nonsense.

First of all, the open openlearn, section on neuroscience establishes exactly nothing. All that neuroscience has been able to show is different genres of music examples that there is open openlearn a correlation between brain activity and consciousness. But, as any student of statistics can tell you, correlation does not prove causality. There is no evidence from neuroscience to show whether brain activity produces consciousness, or consciousness produces brain activity. The sections on the plausibility of souls seem to be based on gangs in west side story, the fanciful notion that the open openlearn, souls are somehow dependent on aspects of different with examples, physicality in order to function.

But if they function within a non-physical universe, then this idea is meaningless. The final section on a supposedly philosophical debunking of openlearn, evidence from near death experiences, recall of previous lives, and the like, seems unlikely to Starry the Rhone have taken into open university, account the large amount of veridical evidence that has come from such sources. If they are really sure they can debunk such evidence, then they should gave a go at Zammits million dollar prize. If they can do that, then I might consider the book worth reading. What might get my attention is gangs in west story were a person to remain dead and unburied for perhaps five years, go to heaven or hell or wherever, and open university openlearn after five years return to life and report on the experience. But they never seem to Night over – Vincent Van Gogh remain in heaven or hell for open university any length of time. Part-time Indian Spark. Medical science keeps dragging back their souls to tell us how wrong we are.

What right has science or science enthusiasts and rational skeptics have to university declare such statement as if it is the truths, when science knows next to nothing about the true reality behind anything-not even a blade of grass or a grain of in west side story, sand? It will do them good if they reflect for a moment on the evolutionary design, which evolution created for our species, including the kind of society we should live in and the belief systems our species should have. The center point of this was religion-which evolutionary design made to be the very foundation of every human culture on this planet. It is is science-natural science-which made that decision for our species-respect it and university openlearn reflect on heathcliff die, it and try to open openlearn fathom why it did so. That is your duty as scientists and/or rationalists. Choose only chaos one master Nature. -Rembrandt, painter and university openlearn etcher (15 Jul 1606-1669) That is what evolution wanted us to do and gave us a religion, which emphasized such a belief system. Then came the the absolutely, western civilization and its so called Enlightenment Era followed by materialistic science and nature was forced to university take a backseat. Today it is science that is the only master we are supposed to have. Science has now got its own ego it seems and wants religion completely out of the The Metemorphosis Essay, human society and open university openlearn even the human mind.

That undue respect to manmade science has caused most of the problems in how does die the world-even capitalism and industrialization were aided and abetted by science. University. Finally, we have a civilization that is nothing but structured on the basis of science and this makes science a big participant in creating the mess that we are in-including the social, political and the health related ones. If science did not empower capitalism and industrialization, very little of gangs in west, this mess would have occurred. Followed the link for this book to Amazon. Open University Openlearn. At $76 evidently it is not intended to be widely read or stocked in libraries. Whats the philosophy paraphrase I want, something like if a book is genres of music with published and nobody can afford it, does it really exist? Thats really thniknig at a high level.

Siva, by your reasoning it seems that one could say slavery was a result of evolution. We can even complete your reasoning that religion is caused by evolution and suggest that the movement away from religion is an openlearn, evolutionary step. Unfortunately for gangs in west you, youve failed to openlearn provide evidence that religion has roots in evolutionary methods. Until religious advocates can strip away the superstition and heathcliff the supernatural from university, their viewpoints, then remaining skeptical of their statements seems the the Rhone Essay, most reasonable route to being factual, possibly even reaching that mythical level of being truthful. I was going to order the book,then I saw the price. Imagine how funny it would be remembering all the games and books and TV shows youve been watching during your entire life while floating away as a disembodied entity. The only hope to get a second chance at life is Transhumanism.

Otherwise, when you die, its over forever. Science in your inbox every Wednesday! e Skeptic delivers great articles, videos, podcasts, reviews, event announcements, and university more to your inbox once a week. Please support the work of the Starry the Rhone Van Gogh, Skeptics Society. Make the world a more rational place and help us defend the university, role of and disorder, science in society. The Baloney Detection Kit Sandwich (Infographic) For a class project, a pair of 11th grade physics students created the open university, infographic shown below, inspired by Michael Shermers Baloney Detection Kit : a 16-page booklet designed to gangs in west story hone your critical thinking skills. Science Based Medicine vs. Alternative Medicine.

Understanding the difference could save your life! In this superb 10-part video lecture series, Harriet Hall, M.D., contrasts science-based medicine with so-called complementary and alternative methods. University Openlearn. The lectures each range from 32 to 45 minutes. Is Terrorism an Existential Threat? This free booklet reveals 10 myths that explain why terrorism is and disorder not a threat to our way of life or our survival. Michael Shermer has compiled a list of the open, top 10 strangest beliefs that he has encountered in his quarter century as a professional skeptic. Who believes them? Why?

How can you tell if theyre true? What is a conspiracy theory, why do people believe in of music examples them, and why do they tend to proliferate? Why does belief in one conspiracy correlate to openlearn belief in in west story others? What are the triggers of belief, and how does group identity factor into it? How can one tell the open openlearn, difference between a true conspiracy and how does die a false one? The Science Behind Why People See Ghosts. Do you know someone who has had a mind altering experience? If so, you know how compelling they can be. They are one of the foundations of widespread belief in the paranormal.

But as skeptics are well aware, accepting them as reality can be dangerous Top 10 Myths About Evolution (and how we know it really happened) If humans came from apes, why arent apes evolving into humans? Find out in this pamphlet! Learn to do Psychic Cold Reading in 10.

Psychic readings and fortunetelling are an ancient art a combination of acting and psychological manipulation.

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8 Reasons Business Plans Fail That No One Wants to Talk About. As a full-time editor and academic mentor at an academic writing service, I have read hundreds of business plans over the years. To help students and startups, I have compiled a list of reasons business plans are rejected or given a low grade. University Openlearn! Of course, there are obvious reasons that business plans fail. For example, missing crucial deadlines for finishing the business plan, or drawing hockey stick profit projections can repel potential investors. However, there are also less nuanced and more subtle reasons that investors and banks lose interest. These tips can help you avoid the minute and often overlooked mistakes that people make when writing a business plan. When investors and banks see hundreds of true of a indian spark notes, business plans every month, a small mistake can lead to a business plan being thrown in the rejection pile.

The top 8 reasons business plans fail. The Embrace Warmer, via Stanford University students, is an example of user-driven development (and a fantastic business idea). Nobody likes to talk about it, but the main reason why business plans fail is bad ideas. Most ideas look great on paperbut all too often, companies realize they have invested in university openlearn, a bad idea once it is too late. To avoid this, smart businesses are using user-driven development (UDD) to build new businesses.

Lots of ideas seem great until you figure out and disorder, that the market doesn#8217;t actually want your product. In order to ensure that a business idea is university sound, entrepreneurs should search for how does product validation by reaching out to university, their target consumers before sinking huge amounts of time and money into and disorder, the project. At Stanford Universitys d-school, the designers use UDD to open university openlearn, develop products that are user-centered. The Metemorphosis! Firms that want to open university openlearn, innovate with a focus on customers often hold small meetings with the potential end users where they describe the over the Rhone Essay project and then ask users for their opinions. After the first round of discussion, the firm can go back to open openlearn, the drawing board to incorporate the helpful feedback. Second and even third rounds can enhance the final products popularity. The Metemorphosis Essay! For example, The Embrace Warmer was created by asking mothers with premature babies what they disliked about traditional infant incubators in hospital maternity wards. The mothers responded that not being able to hold their baby was the worst part of the experience. By focusing on the needs of the end-user, the developers of The Embracewho were also students at Stanfordwere able to create a highly demanded and successful business plan. Avoid wasting time on a bad business plan by open, gauging the market sentiment toward your project before investing a significant amount of Night over the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh, time and effort. 2. Employee compensation is not incentive compatible.

Business plans can fail because employees are not compensated in a way that aligns the goal of the employee with the goals of the company. In game theory, a contract is an incentive compatible if every participant can achieve the open university best outcome to him/herself just by acting according to his/her true preferences (Nisan and Roughgarden, 2007). For example, if an employee is The Metemorphosis paid with annual or monthly bonuses then the employee will only do what is good for the company in the short run. In 2015, Forbes released a nice article on different salary packages for different company goals. One option is to offer tailored benefits to the employee.

Startups and small businesses can offer more customized salary packages than large multinational corporations. For example, instead of offering a standard salary package of retirement plans, child-care assistance, savings program, determine what the employee wants the most. For example, elderly employees may not be motivated by child-care assistance, so dont focus on that in their package. Secondly, instead of offering an open openlearn upfront payment of 2 percent of the companys stock, offer a salary that pays that 2 percent over several years to ensure that the employee stays committed in the long-run. 3. No exit strategy for firing lazy co-founders. Anyone who has started a company knows that team conflicts are inevitable.

A good business plan should have a step-by-step procedure for The Metemorphosis Essay handling internal disputes. First of university, all, each co-founder should have a specific set of responsibilities with deadlines and consequences for failing to meet those deadlines. Choosing the right co-founder is The Metemorphosis as important as choosing the right spouse. University Openlearn! During the first few years, you may end up spending more time with the co-founder than anyone else. First, you have to know what are your own strengths and weaknesses. Try to examples, find a partner that diversifies your skill set. Also, ask for references. Try to find out open university, who they worked for previously, how they got along with their coworkers, and why they left. Another way to help alleviate this problem is by delineating roles and Night the Rhone – Vincent Van Gogh delegating tasks.

However, if a team member just does not have the time or the competence to achieve the goals specific to their role, then the company should have a polite but quick method for university ending the relationship. Mentioning how these types of Starry Night over the Rhone – Vincent Essay, situations will be handled in the business plan is university openlearn important because hurt feelings and vindictive ex-owners can damage the firms reputation and profitability. Another problem that I often notice on business plans is that the team is Starry not balanced. Company culture is an often underestimated challenge. I have read several business plans that present a compelling argument for a new product; however, the majority of university, plans fail to put together a team that has the competencies required to actually execute the business plan.

For example, I recently read a tech business plan that was making a health application for smartphones. Chaos And Disorder! However, the team did not have a single developer or IT specialist involved. Open University! If the business idea requires 80 percent of the labor hours to be performed by a software programmer, then the team needs at least one developer onboard. It is important to keep in mind that venture capitalists sometimes refuse to fund companies that only have one founder or have unbalanced teams. 5. Detailed financial projections are missing. The majority of business plans that I have been asked to edit have conveniently left out the balance sheet, cash flow statement, profit and loss statement, and income statement. Night The Rhone – Vincent! The numbers are actually the most interesting part of the entire document for most investors. Break-even and return-on-investment (ROI) calculations are also parts of a good business plan. My favorite tool for university ensuring that I have decent estimations and great charts are the business calculators here on Bplans. Make sure to consider how legal costs and taxes will deduct from the bottom line. Do not forget to factor in The Metemorphosis, future expenses.

For example, if the company needs to purchase new office equipment every three years, then the discounted value of those expenses should be included in the forecasted financial projections. Of course, the figures are only estimates, but they are important benchmarks that can be used to measure the companys progress toward achieving their goals. Every time that I read a new business plan, my first step is to open openlearn, read each sentence out loud. In order to how does, stop my mind from automatically filling in open openlearn, the correct spelling and grammar, I start by reading the last sentence on gangs story, the page and open openlearn working my way backward to the first sentence on the page. In West! If you want to be 100 percent certain that there are no spelling errors, then consider hiring a professional editor to review your business plan.

Although some people think hiring a professional editor is over the top, the reality is open university that the most competitive firms have a professional editor review all of their documents for accuracy. If a bank or investor reads a business plan with typos, they will start to wonder if the entrepreneur is competent enough to run a successful business. One of the chaos final mistakes that students and university openlearn startups make is different genres falsely assuming the open university openlearn values of their investors and the values of their end-users, with some of the most common false assumptions being about their political or religious affiliation. This can be game over for successful companies, so startups should be especially careful. Several examples exist of the absolutely diary of a indian notes, people that falsely assumed that their opinions were not controversial or were held by the majority.

For example, Matt Harrigan, CEO of the open startup Packetsled, stepped down after his comments about President Trump. One piece of advice that my dad gave me can be helpful for in west side writing business plans: Opinions are like armpits. Everybodys got them, and they all stink. The main point is open university that entrepreneurs and students who are writing a business plan should do their own research about the background of their potential investors and lenders. This ensures that you will have as much information as possible before pitching or handing over a business plan. 8. Failure to improve business plan after receiving feedback. Once you have finished writing your business plan, it is of music a good idea to send it out to at least three people before showing it to openlearn, potential investors. The Absolutely Of A Part-time! Think of these three people as your board of advisors. Ask them to read the plan and look for logical gaps in the content. Open University! If one advisor recommends a change that you disagree with, do not ignore his advice. Instead, ask the other advisors for in west side story their opinions and open university openlearn then make a decision.

Edit your plan according to their constructive criticism, and thank them for their help. Danielle Hendricks is an academic mentor at ACAD WRITE. Gangs In West Side! In her free time, she is known for writing outgoing and funky pieces about the startup scene in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She has helped several firms optimize their business strategies before they pitch to angel investors in openlearn, the local region. Click here to join the conversation ( ) Have something to say about true diary of a part-time indian spark notes, this article? Share it with us on: Bplans is owned and operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses. 1996 - 2017 Palo Alto Software. University! All Rights Reserved | We're Hiring! Try the how does heathcliff die #1 business planning software risk-free for 60 days.

No contract, no risk. Built for entrepreneurs like you. No contract, no risk. Built for entrepreneurs like you.

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client server resume Atlanta, GA 30338. Accomplished Senior IT professional with a background in business intelligence, reporting systems, data quality (including ETL), software design and full life-cycle development. Capable of managing numerous projects while leading cross-functional teams to open university openlearn, meet and exceed overall IT initiatives. Demonstrated consultative process skills with emphasis on technical, written, and Starry over the Rhone Van Gogh Essay, relationship development. Business Objects Enterprise ETL (Data Services -- BODI / BODS, SSIS) Reporting (Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, Crystal Reports) Highlights of skills:

Business Intelligence Data Warehousing Process Improvement Team Leadership Effectiveness. Strategic Planning Analysis Reporting Systems Architecture Process Implementation Software Design Development. Business Objects 4, XI r3, r2, r1, 6.5, ; WebIntelligence 4, XI, 6.5, ; UDT/IDT; Data Integrator 6; Data Services 4, XI 3.2, 4; DQM; SAP HANA; SSIS; Ab Initio; BEx Query Designer; PowerDesigner; Sagent; BrioQuery; Cognos; Genio; Erwin; Crystal Reports 2011, XI, 8.5; Xcelsius 2008; Lumira; IIS; Visio. Basic 6; PL/SQL; SQL; Transact-SQL (T-SQL); ASP; JavaScript; VBScript; HTML; DHTML; Ajax; JQuery; CSS; JSON; XML; XSLT; eBay, Indeed, YQL, Google APIs; SAS; Cobol. SQL Server 2012, 2008, 2005, 2000, 7.0, 6.5; Oracle 11g, 10g, 9i, 8, 7; Teradata; Neteeza; SAP HANA; Hyperion Essbase; MySQL; MS Access; UDB; DB2; Sybase; Filemaker. SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Salesforce; Oracle ERP.

MM, MDM, FICO, PI, PUR, COPA, CAPEX, MFG, SD, PP, QM, PM, MRP, UOM, WM, HCM, SCM, VM. Windows Server 2012/2008/2003/7/Vista/XP/2000/NT/98/95/NT; Unix/Linux; Mac OS; Mainframe. OLTP, OLAP, ODBC, ADO, RDO, OLE DB, SOAP, SSL, SAP Bank Analyzer, Forecasting, Trend Analysis, Star and Snowflake Schemas, Executive Dashboards, CDC (change data capture), 3-Tier Programming, TCP / IP, FTP, HTTP, ISO, LDAP, SSO, RPC. Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Inmon, Kimball, object oriented programming (OOD), rapid application development (RAD), Accelerated SAP (ASAP). Consumer Products, Banking, Lumber, Legal, Logistics, Health Care, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Dept. of Defense, Energy, Electric, Automotive, Government, Politics, Insurance, Data Quality, Telecommunications, Building Materials, Financial Services, Commodities, Fleet Management, Furniture, Food Beverages, Mining, Coal, Debit Credit Cards, Pet Food, Animal Feed, Incentives, Marketing, Education. Teradata Certified Professional, Teradata Certified SQL Specialist. Development of university openlearn, BODS objects supporting multiple change data capture styles that include thousands of mappings and over seventy SAP DSO destinations.

All information sourced from and writing to SAP HANA. Created BODS specific portions of mapping documents, including CDC information. Design (modeling) and construction of The Metemorphosis, SAP HANA tables, functions, procedures, and views using a combination of Data Services, PowerDesigner, and HANA Studio. Performed modeling with HANA, using attribute, analytic, and calculation views. Migration of information from open university, multiple source systems (out of SAP HANA) into SAP Bank Analyzer, with various data profiling and quality checks and use of gangs in west, a composite table to ease maintenance/LI Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SAP HANA, SAP Bank Analyzer, DB2, PowerDesigner, Windows 7. Creation of executive dashboard illustrating volumes, imbalances, accounting details, and customer information related to acquisition.

Improvement of existing dashboards organization and bug fixes. Ensured data accuracy and providing of most important and up to date details by meeting with business analysts and management in multiple locales. Developed several multi-source IDT universes referencing relational databases, containing derived tables. Open Openlearn? Provided key and different, timely details in open, user-friendly dashboard to help management make informed decisions. Conversion of – Vincent Essay, existing dashboards from Xcelsius to Lumira, for comparison purposes. Environment: Xcelsius 4.1, SAP Lumira, IDT, MS Access 2012, SQL Server 2012, Windows 7. Successful and university, rapid conversion of side story, multiple Ab Initio processes to openlearn, Data Services, implementing methodologies to increase maintainability, including simplification, logging, and inline documentation. Data analysis, modeling, and profiling using SQL Server and Data Services, to provide new and improved structures and aid in data quality checks related to conversion efforts. Essay? Cost savings through replacement of scheduler with scripting involving file watcher loops and, or database flag checks, moving files to open university, staging and production folders, and chaos and disorder, emailing of results, including attachments. Executed technical leadership on the use of the technology platform and open university, tools, mentoring in optimal use of BODS in a SQL Server, SAP, and Unix environment.

Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SQL Server 2008, Oracle, SAP, Ab Initio, Acorn, Windows 7, Unix. Created and optimized executive summary and several linked dashboards, including hierarchical selectors, flash variables, and dynamic sales and marketing information based on live SAP BPC data. How Does? Built Crystal Reports detail reports connected to BI services pointed at university, Web Intelligence blocks containing BEx query details. Reports launched by and received prompts from Xcelsius dashboard. Acted as go-to for the team for technical concerns and the absolutely diary of a indian spark, idea development. Significant contributions to dashboard and open openlearn, ETL architecture and design, including best practices. Constructed reusable templates to speed batch and real-time ETL development in over, BODS and provide auditing functionality.

Led training sessions explaining usage of templates and gathering ideas for improvement. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Dashboard Designer (Xcelsius), Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT, IDT), Crystal Reports 4, SQL Server 2008, Neteeza, XML, Windows 7. Provided administrative assistance, including fixing of scheduling errors, performance tuning, permissions management, and migrating jobs between systems. Creation of new repositories and configuration of existing ones. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Oracle, Windows Server 2003, Windows 7. Constructed website to create, update, and delete batches of listings to eBay through XML using the eBay API and process related responses. Added code to send and process listing status checks to open, eBay. Created code to encrypt and chaos, decrypt sensitive information used in website. Developed code in website, stored procedures, and functions that wrote results to open openlearn, SQL Server database. Scheduled listing creation (based on The Metemorphosis Essay, database contents) and status checking. Environment: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP, JQuery, XML, JSON, eBay API, SQL Server, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7.

Converted data conversion processes from BW to open, ECC sources, using Data Services integrated with SAP. Created reporting system, including data model and dictionary, ETL, and WebI reports, based off SAP ECC material master information. Gangs Story? Involved frequent discussions with offshore team members and business analysts. Troubleshooting of reporting, universe, and ETL issues with onshore and offshore engineers. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT), Oracle, SAP BW and ECC, Windows 7.

Acted as systems/software engineer for system architecture planning, technical design, software development and university, test, and software, hardware, and interface integration. Installation and heathcliff, configuration of Business Objects Enterprise and Data Services, including Data Quality. Creation, improvement, and university openlearn, documentation of HR reports and related universe, including standardization and applying best practices. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2, SQL Server 2008; Win Server 2008. Engineered conversion projects, using a self-designed standardized process, for migrating information between SAP 4.7 and 6.0. Different Examples? Converted information from SAP modules, including manufacturing, material master, basic data, fico, general plant, mdm, mrp, purchasing, qm, sales data, units of measure, warehouse mgmt, and work scheduling. Built and implemented validation projects to ensure quality data migration.

Frequent daily interaction with SAP functional analysts and openlearn, business to review requirements and results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Oracle 9i; SQL Server 2008; SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Win XP. Converted and enhanced Cognos into WebI, Crystal, and Xcelsius reports with SAP data (HCM and SCM). Mapping of reporting requirements from business terms into SAP objects. Creation and maintenance of OLAP universes sourced from BEx queries. Writing and editing of SAP BEx queries using Query Designer. Writing of test scripts for accuracy, formatting, and how does die, performance.

Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SAP ECC 4.7 HCM, SCM, SD; SQL Server 2008; Win XP. Guided and played key role in design document production, including ETL field mappings for 500+ fields in four systems (2000+ fields total), data dictionary, universe and open university openlearn, report documents, and DDL scripts. Constructed universe and related star schema database, with focus on die, user-friendly configuration of university openlearn, classes and objects. Universe automatically updated with self-created automation tool. Led report development effort, including creation of many Web Intelligence reports. Designed and the absolutely indian notes, implemented Business Objects architecture, including hardware and software requirements, CMS information, security, and migration from XIr2 to XIr3. Championed standardization of field mappings, data dictionary, and university, universe and the absolutely diary indian notes, report documents.

Coordinated offshore ETL efforts, including meetings and openlearn, answering of daily questions. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Designer SDK; Crystal Enterprise SDK, Win XP. Designed, created, implemented, and tested dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs for multiple projects. Troubleshooting and the Rhone Essay, performance tuning which reduced several jobs from several hours to less than one. Open University? Full lifecycle project focusing on surveys, including Data Services and Designer (universe) components. Migrated dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs between repositories.

Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Windows Server 2008, Windows XP. Created and ran ETL jobs to true notes, load and manipulate Material Master and Vendor SAP information. Generated, put into successful production, and trained others in data validation / testing tool, using Data Services and SQL Server procedures and functions. Administration and configuration of open university openlearn, multiple datastores and servers. Upgrade of First Logic / Data Quality to Data Services, with data and over Essay, multiple country address cleansing. Developed, published, and open openlearn, scheduled batch and the absolutely of a part-time indian, real-time jobs.

Produced contact duplicate checking ETL project, including match transforms and adjustable parameters. Constructed dashboards to review data validation results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.1, 3.2; SQL Server 2005; SAP (extracts); Xcelsius 2008; Windows XP. Directed and university, coordinated organizational strategies of employees responsible for conceptualizing, designing, constructing, testing and implementing business and technical solutions for telecommunications data. Partnered with software and architectural teams to side story, plan and build out open university, new systems, understand scalability and constraints of software, and manage disaster recovery and business continuity planning. Acted as key developer, leading a team of The Metemorphosis Essay, four (mostly remote) developers in the creation of Webi reports, universes, and Xcelsius dashboards consisting of open, proprietary telecommunications information. Implemented ETL related to numerous systems, including creating and manipulating tables with raw SQL/SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and conversion of SAS into packages and SQL.

Guided and the absolutely true of a indian spark notes, developed the Business Objects teams, including providing hiring recommendations, training, mentoring and open, monitoring staff performance to effectively adhere to chaos, companys best practice initiatives. Environment: Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Designer, CMS, Admin); Crystal Reports XI; Crystal Xcelsius 2008; SQL Server 2005; Teradata; SSIS; Netezza; SAS; Aqua Data Studio; Windows XP. Responsible for university openlearn, creating Business Objects universes and reports to how does die, provide information on clinical trials. Successfully migrated universes and reports from development to test to production. Created Oracle functions and stored procedures to supply comma-delimited lists and date information. Created functional and technical documentation for all reports and open openlearn, universes, outlining processes to Starry over Van Gogh Essay, create an easily readable roadmap of all procedures for end users. Environment: BusinessObjects XI r2; Oracle 9i; ARISg; Windows XP. Led efforts in the successful extraction and transformation of university, information from Excel to SQL Server database, designing a database geared towards OLAP reporting and later Essbase loading. Created over diary of a indian spark notes, two thousand transformations to alter information extracted from open university openlearn, Excel. Different Genres With? Developed ETL program using VB with features for types of processes to display and run, status lists, storing metrics, HTML help, and options to skip process with errors to convert text values to zeros. Environment: SQL Server 2005; Visual Basic 6; Hyperion Essbase; Microsoft Excel 2003; OLAP; Windows XP.

Responsible for gathering customer requirements, architecting prototypical solutions, acquiring customer acceptance, and managing software processes from initial design to final implementation and deployment. Primarily responsible for migrating Sybase, Business Objects (6.x), and Oracle Sagent data warehouses to open openlearn, provide commodities-related financial information to client and internal business users. Key Projects: Migrated three reporting systems to of music, Business Objects XI and open, Crystal Reports XI, with Oracle 9i. Administration using Central Management Console to examples, schedule reports, configure user and group security, and manage categories, folders, universes, and licensing. Created and tested reports and universes with information about commodities, futures, and options. Installed, tested, and open university openlearn, maintained Business Objects XI (including Crystal) client and server software.

Environment: Oracle 9i; Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Crystal Reports, Performance Management, SDK); Sagent; Visual Basic 6; Scripting (VB, Java, batch); ASP; HTML; XML; CSS; SDLC; Cisco VPN; Windows XP. IT Consultant 1995 to 2006. Key Clients: LeasePlan, Lockheed Martin, WPAFB (Air Force), Haworth, HPFS, ATT, Travelers, CIT, Cigna, Anheuser-Busch, Peabody Group, MasterCard, Ralston Purina, Maritz, Davis Interactive Client:nbspnbsp LeasePlan -nbspAtlanta, GA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2005 to 2006) Created a Business Objects data warehouse to provide leasing information to 100 key clients. Essay? Designed and rolled out an openlearn, innovative reporting system using Webi, including linked reports. Created conversion utility supporting improved (Excel) and chaos and disorder, unavailable formats (Word and HTML). Client:nbspnbsp Lockheed Martin (US Navy) -nbspNew Orleans, LA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2004 to 2005) Gained acceptance of university openlearn, a conversion of an Access reporting system into Business Objects.

Developed, documented, and performance tuned thirteen reports and associated universes. Conducted qualitative and gangs in west side, quantitative analysis to define project scopes and technical criteria. University? Created many Data Integrator jobs, workflows, and dataflows supplying source data for how does die, systems. Collaborated with key internal and external decision makers to recommend process enhancements, including creation of conversion utility for perfecting Word and Excel files from Excel exports. Open Openlearn? Recipient of the Lockheed Martin Outstanding Performer Award (2004). Client:nbspnbsp WPAFB (US Air Force) -nbspDayton, OH,nbsp Business Objects Technical Support Analyst (2005 to 2006) Provided expert analysis and assistance for the Air Force Knowledge System application, supporting over 450 tickets arising from over The Metemorphosis Essay, 300 users.

Tested and troubleshot WIS and INF errors, training, and university, network, database and universe issues. Troubleshot invalid data resulting from universe and database problems. Client:nbspnbsp Haworth -nbspHolland, MI,nbsp Data Integrator Developer (2005 to 2006) Gathered specifications and developed, tested, and rolled out transformations and universes for AP, PO, and FA segments of Oracle Financials using Business Objects Data Integrator and Designer. Different? Client:nbspnbsp HPFS -nbspMurray Hill, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Served as financial reporting analyst, balancing data related to a conversion of a loan system. Provided support to users for openlearn, report requests and maintenance, creating and testing 30 reports.

Analyzed, documented, and implemented recommendations for SQL Server DTS scripts. Client:nbspnbsp ATampT -nbspBedminster, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Reporting analyst/administrator for a data warehousing project targeted to The Metemorphosis Essay, analyze and improve call center performance and processes. Responded to daily maintenance requests, streamlining processes through the installation, administration and configuration of Business Objects, including Publisher. Client:nbspnbsp Travelers -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Business Analyst (2002 to open university openlearn, 2003) Main point of contact in a Focus mainframe, SAS to client-server (Business Objects, Crystal Reports) migration and chaos, conversion of the Annuity Reporting System. Collaborated with cross-functional teams to develop 42 reports including prototype creation, testing, documentation, performance tuning, and requirements gathering and design. Open University? Conducted in-depth data analysis including data dictionary, physical data model, entity relationship diagrams, and PL/SQL queries for balancing and how does heathcliff die, reviewing integrity of data. Client:nbspnbsp CIT Group -nbspLivingston, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2002) Served as lead financial reporting analyst in a Citation mainframe to client-server (ALS) Business Objects implementation of a data warehouse (Oracle, Sybase) for leasing.

Partnered with end-users and key internal decision makers on requirements gathering. Full life-cycle development and university, performance tuning of 54 flawless reports using Business Objects Reporter, Designer, Supervisor, and the absolutely of a indian spark notes, Broadcast Agent. Trained, mentored and monitored new and existing developers, instilling best practices to adhere to internal protocols and open, procedures. Client:nbspnbsp Cigna -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Data Warehousing Consultant - Genio / Brio (2001 to 2002) Responsible for side story, the enhancement and maintenance of a customized Brio data warehouse reporting application for openlearn, investment data, including transforming source data (Genio). Gathered scopes and specifications to test and genres of music, provide daily support of Brio and Genio. Taught end users on the capabilities, enhancements, and open university, limitations of The Metemorphosis, Brio. Client:nbspnbsp Anheuser-Busch, Inc. -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Senior Business Objects Developer (1999 to 2001) Implemented full lifecycle design of openlearn, a 60 report data warehouse for pricing and promotions, that aided retailer sales tracking and marketing applications.

Administered Business Objects repository, security, setup, universes, and report scheduling, including an chaos, upgrade from version 4 to open university, 5. Constructed automated universe and of music with, report documentation with Business Objects SDK. Participated in university, Oracle ETL (transformation) related efforts, including creation of gangs side, PL/SQL functions, packages, stored procedures, views, tables, indexes, explain plans, and university, types. Client:nbspnbsp Peabody Group -nbspSt. Side Story? Louis, MO,nbsp Business Objects Developer (1999) Production included report creation, design, and prototyping security, universe maintenance and origination, data definition and manipulation, testing and layout. Client:nbspnbsp MasterCard -nbspSt. University? Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1998 to the Rhone, 1999) Accountable for the conception of financial reporting system and associated graphical user interface, generating financial reports using Crystal Reports, VB, and Oracle. Open Openlearn? Client:nbspnbsp Davis Interactive (Interchange Technologies) -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1995 to 1999) Responsible for design and support of multimedia projects with Macromedia Director and VB. Created graphical user interfaces and database engines to interact with databases and kiosks. Assembled software for reusable client incentive system (CIMS for Windows). Performed database administration, including backups, scheduling tasks, and setting up users and groups.

Designed, developed, and how does heathcliff, tested reports and associated interface using Visual Basic and Crystal Reports. Produced reusable Visual Basic tools, including batch form dynamic link library, report executable creator, system administration form creator, data source creator, and SQL Server administrative software. Environment: Visual Basic 6; Crystal Reports; SQL Server 6.5; Filemaker; Windows NT. B.S. Accounting; Minor: Business Management, December 1996.

Recipient of Academic Scholarship. Tutor: General Statistics, 1995-97. Teradata Certified Professional; Teradata Certified SQL Specialist.