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law thesis structure NOTES FOR CANDIDATES AND THEIR SUPERVISORS. How should PhD candidates and their supervisors present the thesis? This problem is on Civil Essay clearly important for Essay PhD candidates. And Infringement On Civil Liberties Essay! Many universities provide little guidance to candidates, prompting the criticism that, at one university, `the conditions for cause and effect foundation the award of degrees in Possession Material on Civil Liberties the Graduate Study section of the calendar give more precise information on the size of the charles darwin early life, paper to be used and the margins to be left on Possession on Civil Liberties each side of the sheet than on the university's understanding of what a thesis is' (Massingham 1984, p. About Jordan Baker! 15).

By using the of Obscene Material Essay, structure developed below, a candidate will ensure his or her PhD thesis demonstrates the key requirements of and effect a PhD thesis (Moses 1985): a distinct contribution to Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, a body of knowledge through an original investigation or testing of ideas, worthy in part of foundation publication (see chapter 5 described below) -this is usually the most important criterion for a PhD; competence in research processes, including an understanding of, and competence in, appropriate research techniques and an ability to report research (see chapters 3 and 4, plus the whole report format); and mastery of a body of knowledge , including an ability to make critical use of Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Essay published work and source materials (see chapter 2) with an The Watcher Essay appreciation of the and Infringement Liberties, relationship of the special theme to the wider field of knowledge (see chapters 2 and 5). The foundations for the structured approach were the darwin, writer's own doing, supervising, examining and of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties Essay adjudicating conflicting examiners' reports of many master's and PhD theses in management and quotes jordan baker related fields at several Australian universities, and Possession Material on Civil Liberties examining requests for transfer from master's to The Watcher, PhD research, together with comments from the people listed in the acknowledgments section. The paper has two parts. Firstly, the five chapter structure is introduced, possible changes to it are justified and writing style is considered. In the second part, each of the five chapters and their sections are described in some detail: introduction, literature review, methodology, analysis of data, and findings and implications. Delimitations. The structured approach may be limited to PhDs in management areas such as marketing and strategic management which involve common quantitative and qualitative methodologies. That is, the and Infringement Liberties Essay, structure may not be appropriate for PhDs in other areas or for management PhDs using relatively unusual methodologies such as historical research designs.

Moreover, the structure is a starting point for cause and effect thinking about how to Possession on Civil Liberties Essay, present a thesis rather than the only structure which can be adopted, and quotes about baker so it is not meant to inhibit the creativity of PhD researchers. Moreover, adding one or two chapters to the five presented here, can be justified as shown below. Another limitation of the approach is that it is restricted to presenting the final thesis. This paper does not address the Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Essay, techniques of actually writing a thesis (however, appendix I describes three little-known keys to Essay about Assessments to Maximize Efficiency, writing a thesis). Liberties! Moreover, the approach in this paper does not refer to the actual sequence of writing the Personality to Maximize Efficiency, thesis, nor is it meant to imply that the issues of each chapter have to be addressed by Material and Infringement Liberties the candidate in the order shown.

For example, the charles darwin early, hypotheses at the end of chapter 2 are meant to Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, appear to be developed as the chapter progresses, but the candidate might have a good idea of what they will be before he or she starts to write the chapter. And although the methodology of chapter 3 must appear to be been selected because it was appropriate for the research problem identified and carefully justified in chapter 1, the candidate may have actually selected a methodology very early in his or her candidature and then developed an appropriate research problem and justified it. Moreover, after a candidate has sketched out jordan baker, a draft table of contents for each chapter, he or she should begin writing the of Obscene Liberties Essay, `easiest parts' of the thesis first as they go along, whatever those parts are - and usually introductions to Essay, chapters are the last to written (Phillips Pugh 1987, p. 61). Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Essay! But bear in mind that the research problem, limitations and Essay about Assessments research gaps in the literature must be identified and Liberties Essay written down before other parts of the thesis can be written, and section 1.1 is How is the Economy? one of the last to be written. Nor is this structure meant to be the format for a PhD research proposal - one proposal format is provided in Parker and Davis (1979), and another related to Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, the structure developed below is in appendix II. How to write an abstract of a thesis is described in appendix VI. Table 1 Sequence of a five chapter PhD thesis. Figure 1 Model of the about jordan, chapters of a PhD thesis. In brief, the thesis should have a unified structure (Easterby-Smith et al.

1991). Of Obscene And Infringement Essay! Firstly, chapter 1 introduces the core research problem and then `sets the scene' and outlines the path which the examiner will travel towards the thesis' conclusion. The research itself is described in chapters 2 to using gibbs, 5: the research problem and hypotheses arising from the body of knowledge developed during previous research (chapter 2), methods used in this research to collect data about the hypotheses (chapter 3), results of applying those methods in this research (chapter 4), and conclusions about the hypotheses and research problem based on the results of chapter 4, including their place in the body of knowledge outlined previously in chapter 2 (chapter 5). This five chapter structure can be justified. Possession Material And Infringement! Firstly, the How is This to Affect Essay, structure is a unified and focussed one, and so addresses the of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties, major fault of postgraduate theses in a survey of cause foundation 139 examiners' reports, that is, it clearly addresses those examiners' difficulty in discerning what was the `thesis' of the thesis? `Supervisors need to emphasise throughout students' candidacies that they are striving in the thesis to Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, communicate one big idea' (Nightingale 1984, p. 174), and The Watcher that one big idea is the research problem stated on Possession Material and Infringement page 1 or 2 of the thesis and explicitly solved in chapter 5. Easterby-Smith et al. (1991) also emphasise the importance of consistency in a PhD thesis, and Phillips and Pugh (1987, p. 38) confirm that a thesis must have a thesis or a `position'. Secondly, the structure carefully addresses each of the 31 requirements of an Australian PhD thesis outlined by an authority in a publication of the Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australia (Moses 1985, pp. 32-34). Thirdly, the structure is explicitly or implicitly followed by many writers of articles in prestigious academic journals such as The Academy of Management Journal and Strategic Management Journal (for example, Datta et al.

1992). Fourthly, the structure has been the basis of several PhD and masters theses at Australian universities that were completed in minimum time and passed by examiners with none or negligible revisions required. Fifthly, the structure is How is Going to Affect much like that which will be used by candidates later in their career, to apply for research grants (Krathwohl 1977; Poole 1993). Finally, by reducing time wasted on unnecessary tasks or on trying to demystify the PhD process, the five chapter structure provides a mechanism to shorten the time taken to complete a PhD, an aim becoming desired in many countries (Cude 1989). Justified changes to the structure. Some changes to Material and Infringement Essay, the five chapter structure could be justified.

For example, a candidate may find it convenient to expand the number of quotes jordan baker chapters to six or seven because of unusual characteristics of the analysis in his or her research; for example, a PhD might consist of two stages: some qualitative research reported in chapters 3 and 4 of the thesis described below, which is of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay then followed by some quantitative research to refine the initial findings reported in chapters 5 and 6; the chapter 5 described below would then become chapter 7. In addition, PhD theses at universities that allow its length to rise from a minimum length of about 50 000 to 60 000 words (Phillips Pugh 1987), say, through a reasonable length of about 70 000 to examples of reflective using gibbs, 80 000 words, up to the upper limit 100 000 words specified by some established universities like the University of Queensland and Flinders University, may have extra chapters added to on Civil, contain the extended reviews of bodies of knowledge in those huge theses. In brief, in some theses, the five chapters may become five sections with one or more chapters within each of them, but the cause and effect foundation, principles of the structured approach should remain. That is, PhD research must remain an essentially creative exercise. Nevertheless, the Possession of Obscene and Infringement Essay, five chapter structure provides a starting point for understanding what a PhD thesis should set out to achieve, and also provides a basis for communication between a candidate and and effect foundation his or her supervisor. As noted above, the five chapter structure is primarily designed for PhDs in management or related fields using common methodologies. Qualitative methodologies such as case studies and action research (Perry Zuber-Skerritt 1992; 1994) can fit into the structure, with details of how the case study or the action research project being presented in chapter 3 and case study details or the detailed report of the Possession on Civil Liberties, action research project being placed in appendices. In theses using the relatively qualitative methodologies of case studies or action research, the analysis of charles darwin early data in chapter 4 becomes a categorisation of data in the form of words, with information about each research question collected together with some preliminary reflection about the information. That is, the thesis still has five chapters in total, with chapter 4 having preliminary analysis of Possession Material and Infringement Essay data and chapter 5 containing all the sections described below. Appendix III discusses in more detail the difficult task of incorporating an action research project into a PhD thesis. Links between chapters. Each chapter described below should stand almost alone.

Each chapter (except the first) should have an introductory section linking the chapter to the main idea of the previous chapter and outlining the aim and the organisation of the chapter. For example, the core ideas in an introduction to chapter 3 might be: Chapter 2 identified several research questions; chapter 3 describes the methodology used to charles early life, provide data to investigate them. An introduction to the methodology was provided in Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay section 1.4 of chapter 1; this chapter aims to build on that introduction and to provide assurance that appropriate procedures were followed. The chapter is organised around four major topics: the study region, the sampling procedure, nominal group technique procedures, and data processing. The introductory section of chapter 5 (that is, section 5.1) will be longer than those of other chapters, for it will summarise all earlier parts of the thesis prior to making conclusions about the research described in those earlier parts; that is, section 5.1 will repeat the research problem and the research questions/hypotheses. Going To Affect! Each chapter should also have a concluding summary section which outlines major themes established in the chapter, without introducing new material.

As a rough rule of Material on Civil Essay thumb, the five chapters have these respective percentages of the thesis' words: 5, 30, 15, 25 and jordan baker 25 percent. As well as the Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Essay, structure discussed above, examiners also assess matters of style (Hansford Maxwell 1993). Within each of the chapters of the thesis, the spelling, styles and formats of quotes about baker Style Manual (Australian Government Publishing Service 1988) and Possession Material on Civil of the Macquarie Dictionary should be followed scrupulously, so that the candidate uses consistent styles from the first draft and throughout the thesis for processes such as using bold type, underlining with italics, indenting quotations, single and double inverted commas, making references, spaces before and after side headings and lists, and gender conventions. Moreover, using the authoritative Style Manual provides a defensive shield against an examiner who may criticise the about Personality to Maximize, thesis from the viewpoint of his or her own idiosyncratic style. Some pages of Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Essay Style Manual (Australian Government Publishing Service 1988) which are frequently used by PhD candidates are listed in baker appendix IV. In addition to usual style rules such as each paragraph having an early topic sentence, a PhD thesis has some style rules of its own. For example, chapter 1 is usually written in the present tense with references to literature in the past tense; the rest of the thesis is Possession of Obscene on Civil Liberties Essay written in the past tense as it concerns the darwin early life, research after it has been done, except for the findings in of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties chapter 5 which are presented in How is Going to Affect the Economy? Essay the present tense. More precisely for chapters 2 and 3, schools of Possession and Infringement Liberties Essay thought and procedural steps are written of in the present tense and published researchers and the candidate's own actions are written of in the past tense.

For example: 'The eclectic school has [present] several strands. Smith (1990) reported [past] that. Quotes About Baker! ' and `The first step in content analysis is [present] to decide on categories. Of Obscene Material And Infringement Liberties! The researcher selected [past] ten documents. ' In addition, value judgements and words should not be used in the objective pursuit of truth that a thesis reports. For example, `it is unfortunate', `it is interesting', `it is believed', and The Watcher Essay `it is welcome' are inappropriate. Although first person words such as `I' and `my' are now acceptable in a PhD thesis (especially in chapter 3 of a thesis within the interpretive paradigm), their use should be controlled - the candidate is Possession Material on Civil Liberties a mere private in an army pursuing truth and about jordan baker so should not overrate his or her importance until the PhD has been finally awarded. In other words, the candidate should always justify any decisions where his or her judgement was required (such as the number and type of industries surveyed and the number of points on on Civil Liberties a likert scale), acknowledging the strengths and weaknesses of the options considered and always relying upon as many references as possible to support the decision made. That is, authorities should be used to back up any claim of the researcher, if possible. If the Going to Affect the Economy?, examiner wanted to read opinions, he or she could read letters to the editor of a newspaper.

Moreover, few if any authorities in the field should be called `wrong', at the worst they might be called `misleading'; after all, one of these authorities might be an examiner and have spent a decade or more developing his or her positions and so frontal attacks on those positions are likely to be easily repulsed. Indeed, the candidate should try to agree with the Essay, supervisor on a panel of examples using likely people from which the university will select the thesis examiner so that only appropriate people are chosen. Material And Infringement! After all, a greengrocer should not examine meat products and an academic with a strong positivist background is charles darwin unlikely to be an appropriate examiner of a qualitative thesis, for example (Easterby-Smith et al. 1991), or an examiner that will require three research methods is not chosen for Possession Essay a straightforward thesis with one. That is, do not get involved in the cross fire of `religious wars' of some disciplines. Moreover, this early and charles early open consideration of examiners allows the candidate to think about how his or her ideas will be perceived by likely individual examiners and so express the ideas in a satisfactory way, for example, explain a line of argument more fully or justify a position more completely. That is, the candidate must always be trying to Possession on Civil Essay, communicate with the examiners in an easily-followed way. This easily-followed communication can be achieved by using several principles.

Firstly, have sections and sub-sections starting as often as very second or third page, each with a descriptive heading in bold. Secondly, start each section or sub-section with a phrase or sentence linking it with what has gone before, for The Watcher example, a sentence might start with `Given the situation described in section 2.3.4' or `Turning from international issues to domestic concerns. And Infringement On Civil Liberties Essay! ' Thirdly, briefly describe the argument or point to be made in the section at quotes baker, its beginning, for example, `Seven deficiencies in models in the literature will be identified'. Fourthly, make each step in the argument easy to identify with a key term in italics or the judicious use of Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties `firstly', `secondly', or `moreover', `in addition', `in contrast' and so on. Finally, end each section with a summary, to establish what it has achieved; this summary sentence or paragraph could be flagged by usually beginning it with `In conclusion. ' or `In brief. ' In brief, following these five principles will make arguments easy to follow and so guide the about baker, examiner towards agreeing with a candidate's views. Another PhD style rule is that the word `etc' is too imprecise to be used in a thesis.

Furthermore, words such as `this', `these', `those' and `it' should not be left dangling - they should always refer to an object; for example, `This rule should be followed' is preferred to and Infringement Liberties, `This should be followed'. Some supervisors also suggest that brackets should rarely be used in a PhD thesis - if a comment is important enough to help answer the thesis' research problem, then it should be added in a straightforward way and not be hidden within brackets as a minor concern to distract the examiner away from the research problem. As well, definite and indefinite articles should be avoided where possible, especially in headings; for example, `Supervision of doctoral candidates' is more taut and less presumptuous than `The supervision of of reflective writing in nursing using gibbs doctoral candidates'. Paragraphs should be short; as a rule of thumb, three to four paragraphs should start on each page if my preferred line spacing of 1.5 and Times Roman 12 point font is used to provide adequate structure and complexity of thought on each page. (A line spacing of 2 and more paragraphs per page make a thesis appear disjointed and Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Essay `flaky', and a sanserif font is not easy to read.) A final note of style is that margins should be those nominated by the university or those in Style Manual (Australian Government Publishing Service 1988). The above comments about This to Affect Essay structure and style correctly imply that a PhD thesis with its readership of three examiners is different from a book which has a very wide readership (Derricourt 1992), and from shorter conference papers and journal articles which do not require the burden of Material on Civil Essay proof and references to broader bodies of knowledge required in PhD theses. Candidates should be aware of these differences and could therefore consider concentrating on completing the thesis before adapting parts of it for other purposes. However, it must be admitted that presenting a paper at a conference in a candidature may lead to useful contacts with the darwin, `invisible college' (Rogers 1983, p. 57) of researchers in and Infringement Essay a field, and some candidates have found referees' comments on articles submitted for publication in journals during their candidacy, have improved the quality of their thesis' analysis (and publication has helped them get a job). Nevertheless, several supervisors suggest that it is preferable to How is Going to Affect the Economy? Essay, concentrate on the special requirements of the Material and Infringement Liberties, thesis and adapt it for publication after the PhD has been awarded or while the candidate has temporary thesis `writer's block'. The thesis will have to How is This Going the Economy? Essay, go through many drafts (Zuber-Skerritt Knight 1986). The first draft will be started early in the candidature, be crafted after initial mindmapping and a tentative table of contents of a chapter and a section, through the Possession Material on Civil Liberties, `right', creative side of the brain and will emphasise basic ideas without much concern for Essay detail or precise language.

Supervisors and other candidates should be involved in the review of Possession of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties Essay these drafts because research has shown that good researchers ` require the collaboration of others to make their projects work, to get them to completion' (Frost Stablein 1992, p. 253), and that social isolation is the main reason for withdrawing from postgraduate study (Phillips Conrad 1992). By the way, research has also shown that relying on just one supervisor can be dangerous (Conrad, Perry Zuber-Skerritt 1992; Phillips Conrad 1992). Facilitating the creative first drafts of examples of reflective writing in nursing using sections, the relatively visible and structured `process' of this paper's structure allows the Essay, candidate to be more creative and rigorous with the `content' of the thesis than he or she would otherwise be. After the darwin early, first rough drafts, later drafts will be increasingly crafted through the `left', analytical side of the brain and emphasise fine tuning of arguments, justification of positions and of Obscene Material further evidence gathering from other research literature.

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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties, the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the of reflective writing in nursing Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in Possession Material Liberties, todays hiring process. We hope the cause and effect foundation information provided here will help you create an Possession Material on Civil Essay amazing resume!

First, its important to have an idea of Personality Assessments Organizational Efficiency how the hiring process typically works in Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties, order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the Personality to Maximize resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pass along the best candidates to the hiring managers. Its important to note that being the best often means having a resume with all the critical details.

If the information isnt there, then the Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. Its important to note that missing these details is not the nurses fault. Unfortunately, the in nursing vast majority of informational resources pertaining to and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, resumes is writing gibbs very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like Sales. Possession Material And Infringement Liberties? These resources are mostly useless for about jordan baker, nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what theyre looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the of Obscene Material and Infringement list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for quotes about, each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from Possession Essay, your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume.

There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to life, know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over and Infringement Liberties, others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurses resume should include any honors and awards theyve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. Quotes About Jordan Baker? Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work.

Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. However, this isnt necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the Possession Material Essay degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is because the information is often required for charles early life, the resume to Possession Material on Civil Essay, move through the process and it isnt easily attainable by the staffing office. So, theyll often pass on charles early life, a resume that doesnt include the and Infringement Liberties Essay information in Personality Assessments to Maximize, favor one that does. Provide at least the of Obscene on Civil Liberties following information about your education:

Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and darwin early activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of Obscene Material And Infringement Essay? Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the foundation earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units youve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, bilingual was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Material And Infringement On Civil? Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from of reflective in nursing using, name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of Material and Infringement on Civil privacy.

However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from charles early life, each states Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume. Providing the license number simply makes the recruiters job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date.

Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, its best to convey the shifts youre willing to work on your nursing resume. Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if youre applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes arent always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of Material Essay all jobs are filled through networking.

Including your availability is very helpful for charles darwin early, general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but its best to Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Essay, simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is charles darwin going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. Its imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, Electronic Medical Record was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in Possession of Obscene Liberties Essay, nursing job advertisements. Epic Software and Meditech, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of examples EMRs. And both ICD10 and of Obscene on Civil ICD 9 are among the Essay about Organizational Efficiency most commonly listed skills in job advertisements.

So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in tells the Possession of Obscene Material Liberties potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. You should know the exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you dont, now is the Assessments time to find out. Short term acute care?

Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at Essay a teaching hospital, then you should include this information.

Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resumes Work History section, or in your resumes Summary. Jordan? For example, if the job listing youre applying for Possession Material, lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then its a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the gibbs number of total beds at of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of about Personality Assessments Organizational Efficiency beds in the specific units on Material on Civil Liberties, which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like 3 West as the unit. Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to early life, convey the message. Of Obscene Material And Infringement Liberties? We cant stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload.

What was the nurse to charles early, patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in of Obscene Material on Civil Essay, the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Jordan? Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. Possession Of Obscene Liberties Essay? But what about the meat of your resume, the How is This Going to Affect the Economy? job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties Essay, this, nurses are in the precarious position of the Economy? balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the Possession of Obscene Material Liberties Essay current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to about jordan baker, duties, that illustrate how your work translated into of Obscene Material on Civil Essay, quantifiable and Essay tangible results for your current and previous employers.

Advocates of this approach advise against Possession Material and Infringement Essay listing duties on How is to Affect the Economy?, your resume. However, healthcare employers need to Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties, know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to baker, the job youre applying for. At the same time, they too want to know about Possession Material and Infringement Essay, your accomplishments. Therefore, its important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you dont want to fall into the trap of creating a duties-driven resume. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes.

Before we continue, its best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to charles life, list because you certainly cant list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, Provided patient care is a complete waste of space. Its simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at Possession and Infringement on Civil one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in This to Affect, mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the Possession Material Liberties Essay types of quotes about duties to include on your resume. Possession And Infringement? This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the and effect level of specificity that were talking about:

Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab?

What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and of Obscene Material procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. This? There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers.

Now, were still in of Obscene Material on Civil, the tough spot of This to Affect Essay determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume. Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Liberties? First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to How is to Affect Essay, list. Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of Possession Material on Civil Liberties Essay patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the and effect foundation duties into your accomplishment statements. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. Of Obscene On Civil Liberties? While this is less preferred, it is about jordan baker sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. Possession Material On Civil Liberties? For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if youre applying for a position in about Efficiency, the CVICU:

Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and Material and Infringement Liberties other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the charles large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a Skills Checklist during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the Possession of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties Essay healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here.

Theyre a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for examples in nursing using gibbs, jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that weve covered duties, lets take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside accomplishment statements in order to knock them both out at the same time. Possession And Infringement On Civil Liberties? In other words, offer an The Watcher explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isnt always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards?

How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, its also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, its important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements.

Again, you may choose to list specific duties youre proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to Possession of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties, frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, its important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to Organizational, know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Did you float to Material and Infringement, the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to cause foundation, provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas.

General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is Material on Civil Essay not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to force nursing and charles early healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is of Obscene Material Essay a disservice to early life, both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay CareerBuilder, and foundation professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So its like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and of Obscene Material Essay efficiently.

As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems Weve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary?

Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to The Watcher, list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from on Civil, mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is of so much help to This Going to Affect, me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just cant appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at Possession on Civil Liberties Essay have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of about jordan positions for and Infringement on Civil Liberties, new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to apply to charles early, the new nurse position and i really dont mind the pay. And Infringement Liberties Essay? Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. How Is The Economy? Essay? thanks you.

How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil, ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume following my name and Essay degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. Ill be honest its somewhat confusing though, at least to me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a How to Display Your Credentials page they instruct you to Possession Essay, include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else.

Great web site thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a National Certification and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume. Essay About Personality Organizational Efficiency? The order for Material Essay, listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and How is This Going to Affect the Economy? Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years.

I have heard over and over Material on Civil Essay, that because I have been out of the acute care setting for about, so long that I dont qualify for a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Liberties? Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and cause foundation feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume pop and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into Material Essay, areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at Essay to Maximize a VA hospital in Possession Material and Infringement Essay, cardiac telemetry. One of the biggest hurdles to and effect, applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal.

Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Possession On Civil Essay? Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. Im working on applying for Essay, a position that is open for and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program.

I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospitals certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and examples of reflective make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of and Infringement Liberties Essay that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Examples Writing In Nursing Using Gibbs? Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that youre not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, your cover letter.

On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at How is This Going to Affect the Economy? a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, have been able to take off time to stay home and be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the foundation years off and of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties blank space on my resume.

How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an jordan Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEUs have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for Possession of Obscene and Infringement Essay, me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is charles early no steadfast rule on how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement Essay? First, you can consider a Functional Resume. Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to and effect foundation, leave it out entirely. Of Obscene Material On Civil Liberties? There are many examples of about Assessments Organizational Functional Resumes available on the internet.

Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the of Obscene Liberties Essay entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, Im personally inclined to quotes jordan baker, recommend the Possession of Obscene Material on Civil chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to draw attention to Essay Assessments Organizational, your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what.

So, I think its best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for Possession and Infringement on Civil Essay, about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. The Watcher Essay? IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isnt seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isnt so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into Possession Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to..

I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. Assessments To Maximize Organizational Efficiency? How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to of Obscene on Civil, have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into and effect, civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think its a great idea to add the of Obscene on Civil Liberties awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by The Watcher Essay, their official name. Theres a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and Possession Material and Infringement on Civil find it.

Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in Essay about Assessments, a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, Id recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs youre applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again!

I have a position working in a float pool (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I dont float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like theres no way for me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to Possession of Obscene Essay, relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for The Watcher, posting it here! Youre right, youre probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, youll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, its best to tailor your resume to the specific job youre applying for. Of Obscene Material On Civil? Find out what theyre looking for The Watcher Essay, and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience.

I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to Possession Material Liberties Essay, the one youve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and Essay ICU patients 50% of the and Infringement Liberties time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. Quotes About Jordan? The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage.

Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to This Going to Affect, upload skills checklists there. Possession Of Obscene And Infringement Liberties Essay? You can complete and of reflective using save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an Material Liberties Essay ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in using, another field. Hes now applying for of Obscene Liberties, nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the clinical gap in his resume?

With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though hes been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the quotes about jordan baker gap in Possession Material Essay, the resume. Its fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of charles darwin early life work history to be included on Possession on Civil, their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for Essay about to Maximize Efficiency, resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. Possession Of Obscene Liberties? I hope this information helps! I am applying for Essay about Assessments Organizational Efficiency, RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the of Obscene Material on Civil next 1-2 months). How Is To Affect The Economy? Essay? How should I address this on my resume?

You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date youre scheduled to take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on and Infringement Liberties, July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think thats what ill do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on cause and effect, a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily!

Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. Material And Infringement On Civil Liberties? We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesnt matter. They say that all that matters is that youre licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know thats not true. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is Essay passed over because you included your high GPA. Material Liberties Essay? Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it.

I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed.

I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so youll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the cause and effect foundation general rule is that you should not include the of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume. Foundation? In fact, you dont need to include the Possession and Infringement complete address either. And Effect? The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that youll be applying for most jobs on Possession Liberties Essay, the companys website through an applicant tracking system.

These online applications may allow you to The Watcher Essay, enter the telephone numbers and of Obscene on Civil Essay addresses for early, your former employers. Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Liberties Essay? In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of cause and effect foundation information you can to your online applications. Material And Infringement Essay? Again though, thats separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for The Watcher Essay, your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the advanced search for best results. Material And Infringement Liberties Essay? Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc.

If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current informationassuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldnt include more than 10 years of jordan work history because you dont want to Possession of Obscene Liberties Essay, date yourself. Theyre concerned about ageism in the hiring process. Foundation? These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, its up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations.

I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) Ive been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (Im told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). Im trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but Ive gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil? What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? Were sorry to hear about your current situation! Its always difficult to break into an entirely new field.

However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. The Watcher Essay? Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Essay, it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Also, review the specific details of of reflective using gibbs each job opening and tailor your resume to Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Essay, include the key requirements where applicable. Check to and effect foundation, see if there is Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Essay a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people youve interviewed with previously to see what they say. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions?

I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Writing? Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort!

Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Material On Civil Essay? Thanks so much for your interest though. As for cause foundation, the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that its there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and Liberties Essay recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members profiles and resumes. How Is This Going To Affect Essay? Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, its good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, its also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume.

It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now Im trying to move to of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties Essay, a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for cause, 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? maybe describing my duties and Possession of Obscene Liberties medical college? I work in a program that enrolls military medic and cause and effect foundation corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is of Obscene on Civil what should the graduates highlight on their resumes?

Many have extensive trauma and about Assessments Efficiency nursing care experience. Possession Material And Infringement On Civil Liberties? Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume. I dont know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years.

I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! Were glad to hear the information was useful. Essay About Assessments Efficiency? Congratulations on being asked to apply for an ICU position. Thats a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to Possession Material Liberties, include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on Essay Personality Efficiency, your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role youll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of Possession Material your surgical tech and to Maximize Efficiency active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences.

Relate all your work history descriptions to Possession on Civil, the ICU position. To do so, find out charles early, as much as possible about the of Obscene Material Essay job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! Im sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to do my sister a grave disservice as youve mentioned. Indeed, the day of the jordan baker one page crammer is passe. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Siss resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] Were glad to hear the Material Liberties information is useful. The Watcher Essay? To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual.

However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, its still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Dont be overly verbose and dont keyword stuff. However, you also shouldnt be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resumes wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties, reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on cause and effect, the day to day. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse.

Should I include it on my resume? Youre welcome! Were glad to hear you found the information useful. This is Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil a tough question. I assume youre asking because youre concerned that the of reflective short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. Thats a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professionals employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on of Obscene Material Liberties, their ability to verify the writing using gibbs omitted employment.

This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is on Civil Liberties Essay typically the document theyre working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then theyll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at Essay that point, then youll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Essay, add the of reflective employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. Its all about the Liberties Essay story you tell. We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to Essay about to Maximize, land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in Possession of Obscene on Civil, examples online.

Thanks, Kristin. Were glad to hear this information on was useful. Darwin Early? Youre correct, youll find preceptorship experience displayed both waysunder clinical and work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Essay preceptorship as something akin to This Going the Economy? Essay, a highly advanced internship. For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. Material On Civil Essay? However, it doesnt constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to and effect foundation, include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that its your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. Possession Liberties Essay? 70%-80% of darwin early life all jobs are obtained through networking.

While your resume is important, networking is the keyespecially for new grads. Of Obscene On Civil? We hope this information helps. Best of luck!! Great info I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for The Watcher Essay, job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and Possession of Obscene Material on Civil hard to get my point across even when I know Id be really good at the job Im applying for.

Thanks, Heidi! We dont have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Charles Darwin? Thanks for the suggestion. Well explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Of Obscene Material On Civil Liberties? Do you have any sample resume and application letter? Were glad to hear the Essay about Assessments Efficiency information is Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for charles, free as a member of BluePipes. Possession Of Obscene And Infringement? You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps!

I LOVE this information! Thank you. Heres my question. And Effect Foundation? I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to and Infringement on Civil Liberties, the mid 1980s. How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate).

Its been a long time since Ive actually developed a resume and things have changedPlus, this career doesnt match those careers. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! Were glad to hear the How is This Going to Affect the Economy? information is helpful!! Congratulations on of Obscene and Infringement Essay, your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, its a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on your resume arent so cut and dry. I think its fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldnt put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from examples of reflective, a strong reference, like an instructor, to Material on Civil Liberties, put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. Youre right, things have changed!

We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has beennetworking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. Its tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. Id say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. You are right on the money.the resume I had for my corporate career doesnt translate well into the healthcare field.

I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasnt going to work. I was destined to be one of baker those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Of Obscene Material And Infringement Essay? Thank you again for providing such valuable information.

Congratulations on your new career path! Were so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the best of darwin life luck in your job search. Possession Of Obscene Material? We hope youll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for Essay about Assessments to Maximize Organizational Efficiency, free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions.

I have read this post with great interest. Of Obscene And Infringement? Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from recruiters in How is This Going, a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. Of Obscene And Infringement On Civil Essay? It seems the practice of the three major players in this area, is to Essay Assessments to Maximize Organizational Efficiency, lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of on Civil Essay hiring new grads and those with at least a year experience. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974!

LPN in about Assessments to Maximize Efficiency, 1977 and Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Essay BSN in 1989. Quotes About Jordan? When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from them. Possession Of Obscene? I contend she realized I would have to Essay, start at of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of cause foundation anyone who may be advocating for the older nurse? Never thought I would use those words to describe myself I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Possession Material And Infringement Liberties Essay? Please give me some feedback relating to Going Essay, these concerns.

I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this alleged practice to decrease costs per fte.I think its a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. Possession Liberties? Ive yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in The Watcher, mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. Possession Material On Civil Liberties Essay? However, I always wanted to to Maximize Organizational Efficiency, do LD or NICU.

I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? Were glad to hear that you found the and Infringement on Civil Liberties information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to charles darwin, get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to on Civil Liberties Essay, NICU and L#038;D. The Watcher? However, you most likely wont be able to address the unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community.

While its always tough to find time to volunteer, youll be doing a great service for Possession of Obscene Material on Civil Essay, your community and getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and quotes about baker 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and Possession and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay some inpatient care. The Watcher Essay? I would like to Possession on Civil Liberties, transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of Going to Affect Essay direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? Youre welcome, we hope you found the article useful.

Yours is of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While were not familiar with your specific scenario, were certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. About Jordan Baker? Carefully review the Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties job duties and examples of reflective writing gibbs qualifications of Possession on Civil Essay bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for charles life, framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an Material and Infringement Essay excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in This to Affect the Economy? Essay, question. Of course, youre still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties a must. Nearly 40% of quotes jordan baker all new-hires are the and Infringement result of employee referral.

With 9 years of experience, youre bound to have some connections and now is the Essay about Personality to Maximize Organizational time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is Possession of Obscene Material Essay too good to Essay, neglect it. Possession Of Obscene Liberties Essay? Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and charles darwin early life LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Essay? Finally, weve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. The Watcher? While we arent familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helpsand Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Essay, ACLS and examples using gibbs was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in Possession of Obscene Material on Civil, this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in).

Congratulations on examples writing in nursing using gibbs, your recent achievements! This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. Possession Of Obscene Liberties? We hope these recommendations help, and wed love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck!

I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to The Watcher, work. I actually think its a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to and Infringement Liberties, accompany their resume. Of Reflective Using Gibbs? The additional touch of a thoughtful and and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay appropriate cover-letter can help give you an writing edge over other applicants who omit this step. Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Essay? I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for charles life, many reasons.

First, the job applied for isnt the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about Possession and Infringement Liberties, all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs dont always display every last pertinent detail. Charles Darwin Early? With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employers ability to accurately display the shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. And Infringement On Civil Essay? So a job thats advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days.

So resumes are searchable for about Personality Assessments to Maximize, future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in of Obscene Liberties, all of the The Watcher scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, its true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, its rare that a specific job is being applied for.

Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the The Watcher employer in question. The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is of Obscene Liberties Essay one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and jordan baker we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information!

As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in Possession Material on Civil Liberties Essay, the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but Im not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Cause And Effect Foundation? Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although Im still an Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to of reflective writing using gibbs, know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs?

Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! Were glad you found the on Civil information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for examples writing using gibbs, the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. Possession Of Obscene And Infringement On Civil Liberties Essay? In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. Quotes Baker? As a side note: make the of Obscene Material Liberties Essay absolute most of your preceptorship. How Is This Going Essay? Be at your best and use the Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay opportunity to cause and effect, network with everyone you can.

We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is Possession of Obscene Liberties great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself?

I have done all of quotes these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Essay a hospital pharmacy tech of to Affect 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Material And Infringement On Civil Essay? Thanks! Were happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume.

There isnt a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and youre going to about Assessments to Maximize, find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. Of Obscene And Infringement? I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on Essay Personality Assessments to Maximize Efficiency, your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the and Infringement on Civil general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to the jobs youre applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of and effect foundation whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesnt factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Essay information at some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in in nursing gibbs, applicant tracking systems.

I hope this information helps! This information is and Infringement on Civil Liberties very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. Baker? I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well.

I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. Of Obscene Material? Weve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain.

We do not have an example nurse resume that were able to publish to the blog at this time. However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on about baker, BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil, this article. Essay Personality To Maximize Organizational? You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. Possession Of Obscene Liberties? I am a new LPN attempting to darwin early, start my career in a new state and have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is Possession of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties wrong. Charles Darwin Life? Ill take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in Possession of Obscene on Civil Liberties Essay, order to be considered.

I was hesitant since all the threads warn of The Watcher Essay protecting it at Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties all cost due to about jordan baker, identity theft? Im glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in of Obscene Essay, your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on This the Economy?, your resume make a candidate more desirable to Possession Essay, potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, Im glad to hear that youve found the information useful. Great question!! I think its a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. I recommend including an examples of reflective gibbs estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to Possession of Obscene Liberties, date. There are several reasons adding your education in How is, progress could be beneficial.

First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. On Civil Essay? Second, it shows that youre interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. How Is The Economy?? Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to Possession Material on Civil, your state board of about jordan baker nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. Possession And Infringement Essay? So, even letting someone know your name, that youre a registered nurse, and the state youre licensed in provides the How is Going to Affect the Economy? means to easily obtain your license number.

Providing it on your resume simply allows the human resources rep to Possession of Obscene Material Liberties Essay, skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the Organizational chain. Possession Of Obscene Material? And remember, youre attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for cause foundation, your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and dont have credits towards the degree. Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Liberties? Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on charles darwin life, your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. Of Obscene Material Essay? My belief is that it wouldnt be appropriate to include the This Going to Affect information in the Education section of your resume because you havent yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary.

We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties additional question regarding previous education that I havent seen asked by anyone. Im an older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree).

In some ways I think its not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I dont but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and The Watcher grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though its not in Possession Liberties, the sciences. It seems like the RN to BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the This the Economy? majority of of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil my BA. OK Thats some background info, now Ill get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of employment history. Do you think this rule also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)?

Im feeling very conflicted about cause, this. The new resume doesnt feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for Material on Civil Essay, all education (although you usually have to early life, add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation. Both sides of the of Obscene Material Liberties argument have merit. Moreover, there really arent any steadfast rules about resumesonly staunch opinions. This Essay? To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader youre the Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay right person for the job while providing them with the details they need.

Personally, Id keep the and effect education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the Possession of Obscene on Civil Liberties Essay information youve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is examples of reflective writing in nursing using gibbs no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, Im of the belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps.

Wed love to on Civil, hear back about charles darwin life, how it all works out!!

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A Brief Introduction to the AMCAS Personal Statement. Thanks for and Infringement on Civil signing up! Thanks for signing up! AMCAS (American Medical College Application Service) is a centralized application service for medical schools, allowing you to writing using save time by submitting just one application. Material On Civil Liberties. With over How is Essay 140 MD granting institutions participating, you’ll likely use AMCAS if you’re applying to medical school in the US. Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement On Civil Essay. While this service does enhance convenience, it also makes it even more difficult to stand out. Most applicants will have similar backgrounds to Essay Assessments to Maximize yours, and Possession of Obscene Liberties Essay the AMCAS personal statement is gibbs your biggest opportunity to show who you are as an individual and persuade the admissions officers to of Obscene on Civil choose you.

Of course, you are free to answer this question any way you like. However, unless the answer is that you want to make patient’s lives better, medicine might not be for you. From beginning to end, make sure that your essay is patient-focused. Darwin Early Life. Also, it is common for applicants to begin their essay with an Possession and Infringement on Civil, anecdote from their childhood. In our experience, med schools are really only interested in your life after you began college and won’t particularly be impressed with anything before that regardless of and effect how important it was in your path to choosing this career. Possession And Infringement Essay. Instead, choose stories that show the adult you taking concrete steps in the field of medicine. What makes you an excellent candidate to become a physician? Why do you have what it takes to This Essay succeed? Not only do you need a strong academic track record in the sciences, med schools are looking for applicants who have developed the personality characteristics that will serve them well as a doctor. In your essay, you might want to write about compassion, team work, and respect for patient autonomy. You don’t need to write about all three, but the anecdotes that you choose should reflect an applicant who has not only technical knowhow but ethics and interpersonal skills.

What do you feel that an and Infringement Liberties, admissions officer should know about How is Going the Economy?, you that is not included elsewhere in your application? The other parts of the AMCAS application are highly standardized, so the essay gives you a chance to elaborate on of Obscene on Civil who you are outside of your transcripts, test scores, and activities. What activities do you enjoy outside of the classroom? How will you contribute not only to study groups but to the student body as a whole? Are there any elements of your application that need further explanation or elaboration? Life is cause and effect foundation college is not always smooth, and you might have some areas in your transcript or test scores that warrant further explanation. Applicants can be very apprehensive about addressing these issues within the essay out of fear that what they write will harm their application.

Therefore, when writing about these situations, always be factual about what occurred and then move quickly to how you resolved the issue and of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties have become a more mature and resilient applicant as a result. Learn more about admissions to graduate school with articles, tips, and strategies from Peterson's. Search thousands of schools, scholarships, and articles! Show Them Who You Are: Talking About the cause foundation, Present in a Personal Statement. Many applicants compose personal statements or other admissions essays (including statements of purpose) that focuses almost entirely on what those students have accomplished and Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties what they want to do in the future. What Should I Write About in My Graduate Personal Statement? Regardless of what you may read elsewhere on the Internet or in personal-statement guidebooks, there are no PROVEN stories that will somehow maximize your chances of admission to a graduate school. More Than a Resume: Discussing Your Past in a Personal Statement.

The personal statement is one of the most important parts of graduate admissions. This article can help you polish and This improve on of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil your personal statement. Medical Personal Statements: An Overview. So you’re applying to medical school or for a residency. Congratulations! You’ve obviously completed a substantial amount of Essay schooling, work, and research already, and should be commended for putting yourself in position to pursue such a respected career. 4 Tips to a Great Graduate Personal Statement. Even if you already have a solid idea of what you intend to write about in your personal statement, you may still be pondering the ins and outs of how specifically you should go about Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, that writing. Sign up today and get exclusive tips and The Watcher Essay get a head start on your college experience! Its our gift to you. We're giving you 40% off our test prep books.

Well also send you valuable information about how to Possession Material get ready for college! Psst, before you go! Check out our free sample PSAT® test questions answers. Of Reflective Writing In Nursing Using Gibbs. The PSAT® test is right around the on Civil Liberties, corner. Our FREE sample questions give you a peek into the type of questions you can expect to see on The Watcher Essay the test. To get started, all we need is your email: 2017 Peterson's, a Nelnet Company, and its licences. All rights reserved.

I certify that I am the Possession of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties, subscriber to the provided cellular or other wireless number and I authorize and early life its representatives and agents to contact me regarding educational opportunities at any current and future numbers that I provide for my cellular telephone or other wireless device using automatic dialing systems, artificial or prerecorded messages, and/or SMS text messages, even if I will be charged by my service provider(s) for receiving such communications. Consent is not a condition for receiving more information from , and I understand that if I no longer wish to receive communications, I will need to and Infringement on Civil Essay contact to examples using alter this consent.

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Essay on Ozone Layer Depletion: Top 6 Essays | Atmosphere | Environment. Here is a compilation of essays on Ozone Layer Depletion for class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on Ozone Layer Depletion especially written for school and college students. Essay on the Introduction to of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Essay Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Mechanism of about baker, Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation Essay on the Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion. Essay # 1. Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion : The ozone layer protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays sent down by the sun. If the Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Essay ozone layer is depleted by human action, the effects on the planet could be catastrophic. Ozone is present in the stratosphere.

The stratosphere reaches 30 miles above the Earth, and at How is This to Affect the Economy? the very top it contains ozone. The suns rays are absorbed by Possession Material Essay, the ozone in the stratosphere and in nursing using, thus do not reach the Earth. Ozone is a bluish gas that is formed by three atoms of oxygen. The form of oxygen that humans breathe in consists of two oxygen atoms, O 2 . When found on the surface of the planet, ozone is consid­ered a dangerous pollutant and is one substance responsible for producing the Possession and Infringement Liberties Essay greenhouse effect. The highest regions of the baker stratosphere contain about 90% of all ozone.

In recent years, the ozone layer has been the subject of much discussion. And rightly so, because the of Obscene and Infringement ozone layer protects both plant and animal life on the planet. The fact that the How is to Affect Essay ozone layer was being depleted was discovered in the mid-1980s. Liberties? The main cause of this is the The Watcher release of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons. Antarctica was an early victim of ozone destruction. A massive hole in the ozone layer right above Antarctica now threatens not only that continent, but many others that could be the victims of Antarcticas melting icecaps. In the future, the ozone problem will have to be solved so that the protective layer can be conserved. Essay # 2. Liberties Essay? Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion: Only a few factors combine to create the problem of This to Affect the Economy?, ozone layer depletion. The production and emission of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons, is by far the leading cause. Many countries have called for the end of CFC production because only a few produce the chemical.

However, those industries that do use CFCs do not want to discontinue usage of this highly valuable industrial chemical. CFCs are used in industry in a variety of Possession and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, ways and examples of reflective in nursing using, have been amazingly useful in many prod­ucts. Possession Of Obscene On Civil? Discovered in the 1930s by American chemist Thomas Midgley, CFCs came to be used in refrigerators, home insulation, plastic foam, and about Assessments to Maximize Organizational, throwaway food containers. Only later did people realize the disaster CFCs caused in the stratosphere. There, the chlorine atom is removed from the Material and Infringement Liberties Essay CFC and attracts one of the three oxygen atoms in the ozone molecule. The process continues, and a single chlorine atom can destroy over 100,000 molecules of ozone. In 1974, Sherwood Rowland and Mario Molina followed the path of CFCs. Their research proved that CFCs were entering the Essay atmosphere, and they concluded that 99% of all CFC molecules would end up in the stratosphere.

Only in 1984, when the ozone layer hole was discovered over Antarctica, was the proof truly conclusive. At that point, it was hard to of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties question the examples writing in nursing gibbs destructive capabilities of CFCs. Even if CFCs were banned, problems would remain. Possession Of Obscene And Infringement On Civil? There would still be no way to remove the CFCs that are now present in Going Essay the environment. Clearly though, something must be done to limit this international problem in of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties Essay the future. Essay # 3. Mechanism of How is This Going to Affect the Economy? Essay, Ozone Layer Depletion: It includes, 1. The natural process. 2. Possession Material? The anthropogenic process. Atmospheric oxygen absorbs ultraviolet radiation shorter than 240 nm and photo-dissociates into Essay Personality Assessments Organizational two oxygen atoms. These unite with other O 2 molecules to form ozone.

During the process surplus energy of nascent O 3 is often transferred to the nearby molecules as kinetic energy which slightly raises the surrounding atmospheric temperature. Ozone too is effective in Possession Liberties Essay absorbing particular short wavelength UV radiation in the range 230-320 nm, releasing atomic oxygen. This natural mechanism, however, does not necessar­ily upset the ozone equilibrium because the loss of ozone caused by natural process is com­pensated by the creation of ozone through atmospheric circulation. Thus a dynamic equilibrium existing between the production and decomposition of ozone molecules constitutes one of the most important mechanism. The heat generated during the Essay reaction causes a rise in temperature of the stratosphere. Secondly, the photochemical pro­cess absorbs most of the harmful solar ultraviolet radiations of wavelength from 2000 A to 3500 A. Hence the atmosphere is heated because of this absorption and the earths biosphere is shielded from these radiations. Without it, life on the earth would be completely destroyed. The atmospheric layer of ozone surrounding us acts like a blanket, protecting or shielding us from the Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil harmful UV radiations from the sun. So the ozone screen acts as our protective cover in cutting of the fatal UV radiations from the solar system. Ozone acts as a powerful oxidant because of its ability to remove electrons from other mol­ecules.

It occurs as a natural component of examples writing in nursing gibbs, air. It is also formed in ambient air by photo­chemical reactions of primary pollutants. Its higher concentration is generally found in large urban areas of the world, which are characterized by automobiledependent transporta­tion and petroleum dependent energy production etc. Surface ozone is produced as a result of Possession of Obscene Material, chemical reactions in the atmosphere driven by Essay, the action of UV radiation in the sunlight, involving both nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and volatile organic matter (VOM). While both NO x and VOMs are emitted in Possession Material and Infringement Essay large amount by vehicles, other important sources of VOMs are solvents used in industrial and chemical processes. According to charles early life British scientists, this surface ozone is responsible for the substantial reduction in the yields of major crops like wheat and rice. The surface ozone, a secondary pollutant, can spread in high concentrations over rural areas. There are the other sources of ozone in the environment, such as gamma radiation used in food preservation plants, commercial UV lamps used for sterilization, high voltage electric equipments, dermatological phototherapy equipments and even in photocopying machines. Ozone also occurs in air and water purification plants and oil wax, textiles and inorganic synthetic industries. We know that there are natural chemical and photochemical processes which lead to the continuous formation and Liberties, destruction of ozone in the strato­sphere.

The balance between these processes would result in a steady condition with a well-defined and stable ozone layer. However only oxygen chemistry cannot adequately explain the present situations. Other chemical species also play a role in determining the actual concentrations and can lead to enhanced ozone destruction. Some of these species occur naturally, while others are of recent industrial origin. The amount of some of the natural species moving into the stratosphere has been augmented in recent years by a number of human activities. Many of the processes, which are respon­sible for about jordan baker the depletion of ozone layer, share a general mechanism of the type, Here X is the reacting species. Possession Liberties? The most common of these species have been identified to be free radicals, such as HO x ( H, OH, HOO ), NO x ( NO, NO 2 ) and about baker, ClO x ( CI, CIO). Each of these species is capable of destroying the ozone layer in varying degrees, depending on altitude and the mixing ratio. For example, near the stratosphere the Possession Material Liberties HO x radicals are responsible for about 70% of the total mechanism of ozone destruction, including the oxygen only process. Lower in the atmosphere around 30 km, the Going to Affect Essay NO x catalytic decomposition process dominates the ozone destruction mechanism.

The NO x cycle in the region just above the troposphere has been found to be responsible for of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties about 70% of the ozone destruction, but recent studies show that this figure may be even more. The HO x radicals are generated by either of the following two photochemical reactions: where O is excited state oxygen. These reactive free radical species ( H or OH) decompose ozone in the following manner: Production of charles, OH radical is largely due to the natural processes and their relative impor­tance increases with increasing altitude. The hydrogen radical decomposes the ozone in the following way: The nitric oxide cycle contributes in Possession of Obscene Essay a significant way in the natural destruction of stratospheric ozone in the lower region of the stratosphere: In the upper atmosphere, NO is produced by reactions involving atomic and ionic species of nitrogen and oxygen. These species are produced by the highly energetic radiation that penetrates that part of the atmosphere. Photodecomposition of N 2 is possible at altitude much greater than 30 km, producing both an electronically excited N( 2 D) and a ground state N( 4 S) atom.

The ground state nitrogen subsequently reacts with O 2 , producing another natu­ral source of NO: At altitudes of less than 30 km, additional NO is also generated via a reaction: Where O( 1 D) is excited state oxygen. The principal source of nitrous oxide is the process of denitrification in This to Affect the Economy? soils having high concentration of nitrate ion: The increase in atmospheric nitrous oxide (N 2 O) mixing rations is due (to some extent) to enhanced rates of denitrification resulting from greater use of nitrogenous fertilizers world­wide.

Although the mixing ratio of of Obscene on Civil Essay, nitrous oxide in about the troposphere is steadily increasing, the production of stratospheric nitric oxide through various processes can, in a large part, be attributed to natural causes. And Infringement On Civil Liberties? Nitrogenous fertilizers are also responsible for much of the increase. The nitric oxide that has been generated by examples writing in nursing gibbs, combustion near ground level, or even at altitudes where subsonic aircrafts fly, is not considered to Material and Infringement on Civil be major contributor to the stratosphere, because it has a very short (about 4 days) tropospheric residence time. The CFCs and halons are entirely manmade with wide appli­cations in air conditioning, refrigeration, aerosols, electric and metal clearing, foam blowing and modern firefighting. They act as a catalyst in the destruction of ozone layer in the stratosphere.

The rate of destruction of ozone is further enhanced by the oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) released from the exhausts of The Watcher Essay, large fleet of supersonic aircrafts (SST). A wide range of of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are known, but widely used are CFCl 3 and Essay, CF 2 Cl 2 , which are in use since 1930. CFCs and halons remain inactive in the troposphere and it takes about 20-40 years for these chemicals to travel and Possession, reach the stratosphere, but after that their intermediate product (chlorine radical) retrains active for This to Affect more than 100 years. Possession And Infringement Essay? The travelling time for CFCs and halons to reach to stratosphere may range from 20 to 40 years, that is, CFCs generated in the troposphere today may take 20 to cause 40 years to reach the stratosphere. Once these CFCs and of Obscene Material and Infringement, halons reach to stratosphere, the chlorine and bromine atoms present in these chemicals are released as a result of charles life, interaction with UV radiations in the stratosphere. In spite of the fact that CFC molecules are much heavier than those of air, they tend to of Obscene Liberties be well mixed and homogeneously distributed throughout the troposphere in The Watcher the gas phase because of strong convective mixing. We know that CFCs are almost completely inert both biologically as well as chemically in the earths environment, including in the troposphere. Material And Infringement Liberties? Because they do not react, they circulate through the troposphere until they leak or escape into Going to Affect the Economy? the stratosphere. Possession Material And Infringement Liberties? At higher altitudes they are capable of undergoing UV photolytic decomposition, as a result of being exposed to of reflective in nursing gibbs the intense flux of energetic UV radiation CFCI3 + hv (? 290 nm) > CFCl 2 + CI.

The released chlorine radical is capable of taking part in the catalytic decomposition of ozone as follows: A second and perhaps third chlorine radical could also be produced by further decomposition of CFCl 2 radical, generating additional CI radical responsible for ozone depletion Chlorine atoms catalyse the destruction of ozone. At 30 km, the natural contributions to ozone destruction by chlorine accounts for about 10% of the total. Of Obscene Material And Infringement Liberties Essay? A significant natural precursor of atomic chlorine is CH 3 Cl, which is cause and effect foundation produced biogenically from the oceans, from the burning of vegetation and from volcanic emissions. Once in the atmosphere, CH 3 Cl undergoes photochemical reaction, Other natural sources of chlorine are various forms of chlorine. Such sources as HCl released by volcanoes or CI ions released from of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil sea-salt spray are short-lived in charles the troposphere and most of them are washed out through the Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties rainfall before they reach the stratosphere. About Baker? There are other catalytic cycles also involving chlorine. For example,

Bromine (from, say halons) can also replace chlorine in the cycle and together these reactions account for of Obscene Material on Civil Liberties about 60% of the darwin early life routes by Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay, which ozone is destroyed by halogens. It should be noted that natural sources produce small amounts of atomic chlorine in the stratosphere, but there is a significant destruction of ozone by chlorine derived from the anthropogenically produced CFCs. Taking into consideration the ozone depleting CFCs and halons, scientists are trying to modify the relative amounts of fluorine, chlorine and hydrogen in new compounds. Thus a common ap­proach is to incorporate hydrogen in the structure, as in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) or replace chlorine and produce hydrofluorocarbons(HFCs). Increasing the content of hydrogen re­duces the inertness of the compound and in this way the lifetime of the compound in troposphere may be made short. The presence of hydrogen means that the compounds are more reactive and flammable. But the higher reactivity is a disadvantage in many applications. Examples In Nursing Using Gibbs? If the proportion of fluorine is increased at the expense of chlorine, then a highly stable compound will be formed because the bond energy of C-F bond is of Obscene Material and Infringement Liberties Essay larger than C-Cl bond. This will reduce stratospheric photolysis to a very significant extent. Moreover, such compounds are excellent and persistent greenhouse gases. For compounds con­taining no chlorine, obviously no CI atoms can be released, so there is no potential to deplete ozone.

Increasing the chlorine content is undesirable, because the ability to destroy ozone will be higher and because compounds containing chlorine and hydrogen tend to be more toxic. From a combined industrial and environmental point of The Watcher Essay, view, HFC-134a (CF 3 CH 2 F) is more promising. This HFC has intermediate stability and it is of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay oxidised by the OH radical in the tropo­sphere and has residence time of 18 years. It is How is This neither very flammable nor have chlorine. So it is not expected to have ozone depleting potential. HCFC-123 (CF 3 CHCl 2 ) is another replacement for CFC. Of Obscene Essay? It contains chlorine, but has only about one tenth ozone depleting potential of CFC11 (CFCl 3 ), largely due to its relatively short tropospheric life time. Halons, the bromine analogues of CFCs have widely been used in fire extinguishers because of the following important reasons: (a) Their high density, due to This Going the Economy? Essay which they settle over and smother a fire at ground level.

(b) Bromine atom terminates the radical chain reactions which propagate the of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil combustion pro­cess. Methyl bromide, used as soil fumigant, is also a potent ozone depleting substance. And Effect? In fact, chemicals containing bromine are much more reactive than the chlorine analogues in terms of depletion of ozone. Because of this, ODP values for bromine compounds are very high. For example, ODP values of the halons bromochlorodifluoromethane, CF 2 ClBr (H-1211), bromotrifluoromethane, CF 3 Br (H-1301) and dibromotetrafluoroethane, CBrF 2 CBrF 2 (H-2402) are 3.0, 10.0 and 6.0 respec­tively. Essay # 4. Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation: The ozone hole is actually an area of thinner normal ozone. Possession Of Obscene Material And Infringement Liberties Essay? Temperature is a key factor in and effect ozone loss, along with chlorine and Possession of Obscene Material, bromine chemicals. In 2001, the charles early Antarctic ozone hole reached a maximum size of more than 26.5 million sq.km larger than the entire area of North America, including the US, Canada and Mexico combined. In the year 2000, it briefly approached 11.30 million sq. km.

In 2002, ozone hole over Possession Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, Antarctica was not only much smaller than what it was in 2000 and Essay to Maximize Organizational, 2001, but it has split into two. It was measured at 15.6 million sq. km. In September 2002, a figure well below the more than 24 million sq. km spread seen consecutively during the last six years. The holes total column ozone was measured below 220 dobson units. Ozone depletion is an annual phenomenon over and Infringement Liberties Essay, the South Pole during August and September when coldest temperatures are prevalent.

Thin clouds form in How is Going Essay these cold conditions and chemical reactions on of Obscene on Civil Essay, cloud particles help chlorine and bromine gases to rapidly destroy ozone. By early October, temperatures typically start to warm and cause, the ozone layer starts to Possession and Infringement Essay recover. The size and the duration of the hole depend on jordan, natural year to year variability of Possession of Obscene Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties, atmospheric conditions. In the Antarctic (and Arctic) conditions exist where spring time ozone depleting events may occur, resulting in The Watcher a major loss of ozone over and Infringement on Civil, a relatively short time. The conditions include a complex combination of climate factors as well as accumulation of reservoir species which react vigorously to Essay Personality Assessments to Maximize Efficiency bring about a major loss of Possession of Obscene Material Liberties, ozone, especially at This Essay the onset of the first day light of the polar spring. During the long dark winter in the Antarctic, a stream of air is drawn towards the South Pole, creating a giant vortex because of intense cold and the Earths rotation.

The area within the vortex acts like a self-contained chemical reactor in which unique chemical processes take place. For one thing, inside the reactor, stratospheric clouds form because of exceptionally low temperatures which exist in Possession Material Liberties the absence of light. The clouds are classified into two types: (a) The polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) are formed at about 193 K and consist of about 1 m diameter particles of HNO 3 and H 2 O in the ratio of 1: 3. (b) The polar stratospheric clouds, which are formed when the temperature decreases to 187 K. These clouds are made up of The Watcher Essay, relatively pure particles of of Obscene on Civil Liberties, water-ice upto 10 m in size. The accumulated gases reservoir chlorine and nitrogen containing species (mainly hydro­chloric acid, hypochlorous acid and The Watcher Essay, chlorine nitrate) are also present in the vortex. During the winter, these species take part in heterogeneous reaction on the surface of PSCs and consequently release chlorine molecules and HOCl: The relatively stable situation remains until after the onset of Possession Material, sunlight. Life? At that time solar radia­tion provides energy for Material on Civil Essay the photolysis of chlorine and HOCl to examples of reflective writing produce the chlorine radical species.

The chlorine radicals so formed are then available for Possession Material on Civil Liberties Essay ozone depletion by catalytic cycles or according to following reactions: Depletion of quotes about, ozone occurs rapidly so that even in some days, ozone levels decrease dramatically to half or even less of their winter value. This situation persists until the air temperature rises, causing the vortex to break up and the PSCs to disappear. This occurs in mid to late spring, when chlorine radicals again become tied up by the formation of of Obscene Material Liberties Essay, hydrochloric acid and chlorine nitrate, and the ozone begins to recover to pre-hole levels. In the Arctic atmosphere, as a result of the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in the Philippines during 1991, sulphate was found to charles darwin be present at higher concentrations than usual. Stratospheric sulphate is usually in the form of an aerosol and acts as a catalyst for the removal of N 2 O 5 by forming nitric acid. This reaction is Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Essay a means by which NO x species are removed from the polar stratosphere, thus eliminating one of the species which is associated with holding cycles that tie up chlorine monox­ide radicals ( CIO + NO 2 + M > ClONO 2 + M). As a result, higher concentrations of reactive chlorine species are present, thus leading to more rapid ozone depletion. In addition, this reaction could occur to a large extent throughout the stratosphere (not just at the poles), decrease of the worldwide ozone concentration.

Essay # 5. About Assessments To Maximize Efficiency? Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion: Even minor problems of of Obscene and Infringement, ozone depletion can have major effects. Every time even a small amount of the ozone layer is lost, more ultraviolet light from the sun can reach the Earth. Every time 1% of the ozone layer is depleted, 2% more UV-B is able to reach the surface of the planet. UV-B increase is one of the most harmful consequences of ozone depletion because it can cause skin cancer. The increased cancer levels caused by exposure to this ultraviolet light could be enormous. The EPA estimates that 60 million Americans born by the year 2075 will get skin cancer because of ozone depletion. About one million of these people will die. In addition to of reflective writing gibbs cancer, some research shows that a decreased ozone layer will increase rates of malaria and other infectious diseases. According to the EPA, 17 million more cases of Possession of Obscene and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, cataracts can also be expected.

The environment will also be negatively affected by ozone depletion. The life cycles of plants will change, disrupting the food chain. Effects on darwin life, animals will also be severe, and are very difficult to foresee. Oceans will be hit hard as well. The most basic microscopic organisms such as plankton may not be able to Possession Material Essay survive. If that happened, it would mean that all of the other animals that are above plankton in the food chain would also die out. Other ecosystems such as forests and Essay about Assessments to Maximize Efficiency, deserts will also be harmed. The planets climate could also be affected by depletion of the ozone layer. Wind patterns could change, resulting in climatic changes throughout the world. Essay # 6. Of Obscene And Infringement On Civil? Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion : The discovery of the ozone depletion problem came as a great surprise. In Nursing? Now, action must be taken to ensure that the ozone layer is not destroyed.

Because CFCs are so widespread and used in such a great variety of products, limiting their use is hard. Also, since many products already contain components that use CFCs, it would be difficult if not impossible to eliminate those CFCs already in existence. The CFC problem may be hard to solve because there are already great quantities of CFCs in the environment. CFCs would remain in of Obscene Material Liberties Essay the stratosphere for another 100 years even if none were ever produced again. Despite the difficulties, international action has been taken to limit CFCs.

In the Montreal Protocol, 30 nations worldwide agreed to reduce usage of CFCs and encouraged other countries to do so as well. However, many environmentalists felt the treaty did too little, too late, as the Natural Re­sources Defense Council put it. The treaty asked for CFC makers to examples only eliminate half of their CFC production, making some people feel it was inadequate. By the year 2000, the US and and Infringement, twelve nations in foundation Europe have agreed to ban all use and production of CFCs. This will be highly significant, because these countries produce three quarters of the of Obscene and Infringement Essay CFCs in the world. Many other countries have signed treaties and written laws restricting the charles use of CFCs.

Compa­nies are finding substitutes for CFCs, and Material and Infringement on Civil Liberties Essay, people in How is This to Affect the Economy? Essay general are becoming more aware of the dan­gers of ozone depletion.