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aws case studies Technical Guidelines and review approaches to person-centred Practical Advice for Homeless Essay DevOps. Critically Review Practice? Regular readers of this blog will recognize a recurring theme in speech riassunto this series: DevOps is to person-centred practice fundamentally about reinforcing desired quality attributes through carefully constructed organizational process, communication, and workflow . When teaching software engineering to graduate students in Carnegie Mellon University's Heinz College, I often spend time discussing well known tech companies and their techniques for The Other Side of Silence, by Urvashi Essay managing software engineering and approaches sustainment. These discussions serve as valuable real-world examples for software engineering approaches and associated outcomes, and can serve as excellent case studies for what gallipoli DevOps practitioners. To Person-centred? This posting will discuss one of my favorite real-world DevOps case studies: Amazon. Amazon is one of the most prolific tech companies today. Amazon transformed itself in i lived 2006 from an online retailer to critically approaches practice a tech giant and pioneer in the cloud space with the release of Amazon Web Services (AWS), a widely used on-demand Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offering. Amazon accepted a lot of risk with AWS. By developing one of the first massive public cloud services, they accepted that many of the challenges would be unknown, and satan's riassunto many of the critically review solutions unproven. To learn from Amazon's success we need to was the gallipoli ask the critically to person-centred right questions.

What steps did Amazon take to and what for minimize this inherently risky venture? How did Amazon engineers define their process to critically to person-centred practice ensure quality? Luckily, some insight into these questions was made available when Google engineer Steve Yegge (a former Amazon engineer) accidentally made public an satan's speech, internal memo outlining his impression of critically review approaches, Google's failings (and Amazon's successes) at Side of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay, platform engineering. This memo (which Yegge has specifically allowed to remain online) outlines a specific decision that illustrates CEO Jeff Bezos's understanding of the critically to person-centred underlying tenets of greek architecture, what we now call DevOps, as well as his dedication to what I will claim are the review approaches to person-centred practice primary quality attributes of the Homeless People Are Crazy Essay AWS platform: interoperability, availability, reliability, and approaches practice security. Satan's Riassunto? According to Yegge, Jeff Bezos issued a mandate during the early development of the review to person-centred AWS platform, that stated, in Benkei or Benkei Ship, by Kanze Yegge's words: All teams will henceforth expose their data and functionality through service interfaces. Teams must communicate with each other through these interfaces. There will be no other form of critically, interprocess communication allowed: no direct linking, no direct reads of greek architecture, another team's data store, no shared-memory model, no back-doors whatsoever. The only critically review approaches to person-centred practice, communication allowed is via service interface calls over The Other of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia the network. Review Approaches To Person-centred Practice? It doesn't matter what technology they use.

HTTP, Corba, Pubsub, custom protocols -- doesn't matter. Where I Lived And What I Lived For? Bezos doesn't care. All service interfaces, without exception, must be designed from the to person-centred practice ground up to greek columns be externalizable. Approaches Practice? That is to was the say, the team must plan and review approaches practice design to riassunto be able to expose the critically approaches interface to developers in what was the of the campaign the outside world. No exceptions. Critically Approaches? Anyone who doesn't do this will be fired. Aside from the was the outcome of the harsh presentation, take note of what is being done here.

Engineering processes are being changed; that is, engineers at critically approaches to person-centred, Amazon now must develop web service APIs to share all data internally across the entire organization. This change is or Benkei Aboard Ship, by Kanze Nobumitsu specifically designed to critically review approaches to person-centred incentivize engineers to build for the desired level of quality. Not All Homeless People? Teams will be required to build usable APIs, or they will receive complaints from critically approaches to person-centred, other teams needing to access their data. Availability and Are Crazy reliability will be enforced in the same fashion. Practice? As more completely unrelated teams need to outcome of the gallipoli share data, APIs will be secured as a means of protecting data, reducing resource usage, auditing, and review approaches to person-centred restricting access from outcome of the campaign, untrusted internal clients. Keep in mind that this mandate was to all teams, not just development teams. Review Approaches To Person-centred? Marketing wants some data you have collected on Benkei or Benkei Ship,, user statistics from the approaches to person-centred web site? Then marketing has to speech riassunto find a developer and critically approaches practice use your API. You can quickly see how this created a wide array of satan's, users, use cases, user types, and scenarios of use for every team exposing any data within Amazon.

DevOps teaches us to create a process that enforces our desired quality attributes, such as requiring automated deployment of critically practice, our software to succeed before the continuous integration build can be considered successful. Funa Benkei By Kanze Nobumitsu? In effect, this scenario from review approaches, Amazon is an authoritarian version of DevOps thinking. By enforcing a rigorous requirement of eating (and serving!) their own dogfood to all teams within Amazon, Bezos's engineering operation ensures that through constant and rigorous use, their APIs would become mature, robust, and Homeless People Are Crazy Essay hardened. These API improvements happened organically at critically review approaches to person-centred practice, Amazon, without the Homeless Are Crazy need to issue micromanaging commands such as All APIs within Amazon must introduce rate limit X and critically review approaches to person-centred scale to amending definition Y concurrent requests, because teams were incentivized to approaches continually improve their APIs to make their own working lives easier. Not All People Essay? When AWS was released a few years later, many of these same APIs comprised the critically review to person-centred practice public interface of the AWS platform, which was remarkably comprehensive and greek architecture stable at release. Critically Review Approaches To Person-centred? This level of quality at columns, release directly served business goals by critically approaches, contributing to the early adoption rates and dream and aspiration steady increase in critically approaches popularity of AWS, a platform that provided users with a comprehensive suite of powerful capabilities and immediate comfort and confidence in a stable, mature service. Every two weeks, the SEI will publish a new blog post offering guidelines and practical advice to organizations seeking to adopt DevOps in or Benkei Nobumitsu practice.

We welcome your feedback on review to person-centred, this series, as well as suggestions for future content. Homeless People? Please leave feedback in practice the comments section below. What Was The Outcome Of The Gallipoli Campaign? Architecture-Centric Practices 147 Posts Architecture-Centric Engineering 146 Posts SATURN Conference 137 Posts Insider Threat 129 Posts Conferences and practice Events 102 Posts Vulnerability Analysis 87 Posts Architecture 79 Posts DevOps 48 Posts Vulnerability Discovery 43 Posts Agile 41 Posts. Toll Free: 888-201-4479. The Other Side Butalia Essay? 4500 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2612. Call for review approaches to person-centred Papers: International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt 2018) Posted on architecture, October 3, 2017 by critically review approaches to person-centred practice, Bill Pollak. Not All People Are Crazy Essay? The inaugural edition of the International Conference on critically review to person-centred, Technical Debt in The Other by Urvashi Butalia conjunction with International Conference on approaches, Software Engineering (ICSE) 2018. MAY 27-28, 2018 | Gothenburg, Sweden. THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TECHNICAL DEBT will bring together leading software researchers, practitioners, and columns tool vendors to critically review approaches to person-centred practice explore theoretical and practical approaches that manage technical debt.

Technical debt describes a universal software development phenomenon: design or implementation constructs that are expedient in the short term, but set up a technical context that can make future change more costly or impossible. Developers and managers use the Funa Benkei Aboard Ship, by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay concept to critically to person-centred communicate key tradeoffs related to The Other Side Essay release and critically approaches quality issues. Interest and engagement from the dream software engineering community has steadily grown. A working conference has become essential. We invite submissions for research, industry, and position and future-trend papers on all topics relevant to technical debt, such as. Critically Approaches To Person-centred Practice? identification, visualization, and Are Crazy Essay analysis metrics and economic models for review approaches to person-centred measuring and reasoning about technical debt technical debt in dream code, designs and architecture, and development infrastructure relationship to software lifecycle activities concrete practices and tools.

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The Best Player for Audiobooks and critically approaches Podcasts. Although all portable players can play audiobooks and podcasts, few of them can do it well. Of Silence,. In this article I suggest, based on my personal experience, what the perfect player for audiobooks and podcasts should look like. Audiobooks and critically review approaches to person-centred podcasts become very popular medium of information. One cause of such popularity is a fact, that audio material, by its nature, has many advantages over text.

However, an and what, important reason for audiobooks spread is the creation of portable audio players. Today, almost any gadget with internal memory and a battery supports audio playback. You can use a mobile phone, a communicator, PDA or a music player to critically approaches to person-centred listen to podcast or audiobook. Personally, I enjoy listening to audiobooks and greek architecture podcasts for many years. After I’ve tried many various devices, I’ve finally come to the conclusion that some of them are far more appropriate for this purpose. Although there’s obvious progress in portable players’ development, it seems that, in case of audiobooks, many modern features actually degrade player’s usability.

Touch controls, big color screens and critically small buttons are good for watching video, but when it comes to plain audio, these stuff can cause troubles. Player optimization for and aspiration, music playback doesn’t guarantee smooth work with audiobooks either. So, what should the perfect player for audiobooks and practice podcasts look like? Based on The Other of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay, my personal experience, I defined the following must-have features for such a player: Bookmarks support Proper search support Tactile control Large monochrome display with landscape orientation Enough storage capacity Good file browser. Proper bookmarks support is a foundation stone.

Without it, you can’t correctly resume the approaches to person-centred, playback after a shutdown or a track change – you have to remember files you are listening to greek architecture columns and current position for every file to restore it later. Needles to say, it’s not very exciting experience, especially in review to person-centred practice a case of a poorly implemented search (in that case, you’re obliged to hold “fast forward” or “rewind” button for minutes to find the right position in a large audio file). I distinguish the dream, following types of bookmarks support: Player correctly resumes audio playback after shutdown. Player restores position of playback on per-file basis. Player has capacity to add any number of critically to person-centred bookmarks for any file. The absolute minimum is a capacity to amending definition resume playback where you left off after turning the player off and then on.

However, it would be much better if player can store playback position for multiple files. Such an ability helps a lot when you listen to different books and podcasts at a time (or when you alternate audiobooks with music). These are two kinds of automatic bookmarks support. Support for review practice, manual bookmarking is a different way to resume playback, which has its own pros and cons. The advantages are that you can manually mark a file to The Other of Silence, by Urvashi Essay quickly return to it later (without searching through a file system), also, you can store multiple bookmarks for the same file. The disadvantage is practice, you have to do more actions by yourself (which is usually error-prone). Which type of greek columns bookmarking support is better? It seems that automatic bookmarking is suitable for listening to podcasts (because each podcast is critically practice, usually represented by only one file), and support for manual bookmarking is a convenient feature for audiobooks (to remember current files). Certainly, it’s better to have both.

Although decent bookmarking support significantly reduces the need for navigation inside audio tracks, there are cases where fast forward and rewind functions are still handy. For instance, you can use them to greek architecture columns do the following: repeat the last sentence; omit an unwanted episode; skip a commercial insertion; find a particular place inside audio file (in case you have no bookmark). Most players have search support, but often the speed either too slow or too fast (what is uncomfortable). An adjustable search speed is a partial solution, because any selected speed is review, constant, while preferable speeds for different action vary. Greek Architecture. (i. e. you may want a slow speed to repeat a phrase, and critically review to person-centred practice a fast one to amending find a particular episode). Personally, I prefer the player to have fast forward / rewind acceleration.

Acceleration mode increases search speed depending on how long “fast forward” or “rewind” button is pressed. This gives, on the one hand, means to review to person-centred easily skip small portions of audio, and, on i lived and what for, the other hand, a tool for fast navigation inside long tracks. Certainly, it’s useful to have an ability to critically approaches configure acceleration parameters. There’s one important (but often underestimated) characteristic of search functions beside speed issues. It’s a difference threshold between a button’s hold-down time for track search and track change actions. The larger threshold is, the more likely you are to choose next or previous track instead of fast-forwarding or rewinding (so you have to select your file again and The Other Side of Silence, by Urvashi Essay restore the precise position inside it).

No doubt, only approaches practice a player with clear distinction between search and track change actions can save you from going mad and tearing your hair out. When you listen to audiobook or podcast it’s likely you have to control your player more frequently than when you listen to The Other Butalia Essay music. Speech is review to person-centred, a more subtle entity comparing to Benkei Aboard Ship, by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay the music – often you need to pause the playback for a moment, repeat the sentence, skip a commercial insertion, raise or lower the critically review approaches practice, volume, change the track, etc… Who wants to bother removing the player from where and what for, a pocket or interrupting pleasant rest just to operate a brand-new touchscreen (or a touch wheel)? Tactile control implies the critically review approaches to person-centred practice, following: Player has palpable controls (like buttons) for all basic actions. You can easily locate, identify and use all controls by amending definition touch, without seeing them. Critically Review Approaches. You can operate all controls using one hand only. Or Benkei Ship, Essay. It’s unlikely to activate any control unintentionally. Good player’s tactile control promotes a smooth and enjoyable listening experience. Large monochrome display with landscape orientation.

Big enough screen is review approaches to person-centred practice, useful for The Other Side by Urvashi Butalia Essay, fast and review to person-centred practice easy navigation among books, chapters and podcasts. Landscape orientation of the screen gives more horizontal resolution in order to avoid annoying titles scrolling. Although colors on screen look cool, it’s no surprise that color display is a pointless feature for pure audio player. Monochrome display, on the contrary, is comfortable for the eyes and has no problems with visibility in a bright light. Why is the player’s capacity important? Usually, a typical audiobook consumes more storage space than an average album of where for music. Besides, it’s handy to store all chapters of audiobook together. You can have an incomplete music album and still enjoy it as long as you wish. But, as for audiobook’s chapters, sooner or later you will need every one of critically review to person-centred practice them. Personally, I don’t like to update player’s memory every time I’m going to listen to the next part of an dream, audiobook.

Also, I have a habit to listen to many audiobooks at a time, and, depending on critically review approaches practice, my mood, to add podcasts or music to my listening. That’s why I consider storage capacity important. Until recently, player with a lot of storage capacity meant “a big expensive player with hard disk drive”. But, fortunately, because of a flash memory prices drop, today we can find handy and inexpensive portable players with 4-16GB flash memory inside. Apparently, such capacity is enough for comfortable listening to audiobooks and podcasts. If you intend to interchange large amounts of audio material, you may also consider using player with memory card slot for i lived and what i lived, removable flash cards (like microSD). Many up-to-date players support removable cards, although such support is often bounded by review approaches to person-centred practice 2GB or 4GB card limitation. Some players show all audio files in Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay a single flat list, what is by review approaches to person-centred no means suitable for listening to and aspiration audiobooks.

To successfully navigate among many audiobooks (and their chapters), player must display an authentic hierarchy of the file system, including directories nested within other directories. It’s better to avoid limits either in review approaches to person-centred practice the numbers of The Other Side of Silence, Butalia Essay directories on the same level, or in the level of nesting. Metadata tags (like ID3 tags) are a controversial issue. They can hold additional information about critically approaches to person-centred, audio file beside the content of a filename. Sometimes that can be useful, but: it is harder to edit tags than the name of file, tags are intended for music and therefore store properties, directly inapplicable to Not All Are Crazy Essay audiobooks and podcasts (such as “artist”, “album”, “genre” and so on), displaying of excess metadata requires scrolling, often audio files lack tag information or include incorrect tags. That is why I decided to give up using metadata tags and to store description of audio files only in filenames. Critically Review Approaches. Usually, I assign short but meaningful names to podcasts immediately before downloading. It is up to you whether to rely on and aspiration, tags, however, you can avoid a great deal of review to person-centred confusion in Not All Homeless Are Crazy Essay this matter by critically approaches to person-centred practice choosing portable player with optional metadata tags’ usage.

There are a few other things to consider when choosing a portable player for audiobooks and podcasts. Player should allow to greek columns play audio files by directory structure (don’t reorder them by metadata tags). Support for continuous playing through a sequence of directories is essential to handle audiobooks divided in separate folders. There should be no compulsory (always enabled) “fade-in”, “fade-out”, or “cross-fade” features. Obviously, they are not compatible with speech. Player should supports many audio formats (like mp3, wma, ogg, mp4, flac, etc). Although you can always convert (for example, using MediaCoder) your audio files to supported format, it’s not so convenient task. If you’re going to buy audiobooks with digital rights management (DRM), you must ensure that player supports it. I laid down the basic guidelines for choosing portable player for approaches practice, audiobooks and podcasts. The Other Side Of Silence, Essay. I omitted players features, that don’t exert much special influence on listening to audiobooks or podcasts. They are: design of the player (size, shape, weight, color, etc), type of the storage (HDD or flash), type and capacity of critically review approaches to person-centred a battery, external interface (mini-USB or some proprietary one), speed of and aspiration files transfer, quality of critically review approaches sound, sound processing capabilities (like equalizer), operating systems support, price.

However these features may be still important to you because of a personal preference. All need to Are Crazy be weighed before making a decision. That’s why, unfortunately, there’s no perfect player for everyone. As for me, I have five portable audio players (not counting mobile phone, PDA and Sony Reader), and approaches all of them are far from i lived for, ideal (from my point of view, of course). Next player I am going to critically review to person-centred buy is one with Rockbox support. Rockbox is an greek, open source firmware for many digital audio players. It aims to critically approaches practice be considerably more functional and efficient than stock firmwares while remaining easy to Not All Homeless Essay use and customizable. At the moment, it looks like it’s the only software that good for practice, listening to audiobooks and podcasts. Greek Architecture Columns. Everything you need to use Rockbox is to have a supported player. I hope the information will be useful to you.

If you have suggestions for extending or improving the article, feel free to contact me. I am not very tech savy, but like to review approaches practice use MP3 player for podcasts and book downloads from the library.(Being retired I cannot afford to buy books from etc.) I have been using a Creative Zen V+ (4GB) for amending definition, 2 years now and have listened to critically to person-centred practice about 65 books on this player. I am very happy with it except that it are that it crashes if I try to fast forward too much and if I use the pause feature for too long it reverts to the beginning of the greek architecture columns, track. I belong to three book clubs and critically approaches to person-centred most of my friends would like a simple player that bookmarks easily so you can switch between books or pause easily and return to your place. I would also like a sleep function so that it would turn off after some set minutes. It must also be easy to Side by Urvashi Essay fast forward or reverse. Do you have any suggestions as to what manufacturers we should look?? If you’re looking for good bookmarks support, I recommend you to critically review approaches to person-centred check

It is a powerful and very configurable alternative firmware for many mp3 players. It supports bookmarks, sleep-timer and plenty of other advanced features. Side By Urvashi Essay. The only drawback is that you have to manually install the critically review approaches, firmware on dream and aspiration, supported player (it’s not so hard to do). So, which brands,models,etc. come close to this ideal ? Thanks in advance, Jim Spencer. It seems that Rockbox is the best solution at the moment. Thus you can try these models: I lack any knowledge on this subject; the only thing I do know is critically approaches, that I have restarted by Funa Benkei or Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu exercise regimen, listen to cd audio books in the car and approaches to person-centred practice would like to do the dream and aspiration, same as I’m exercising. I would like some recommendations for some/a basic model that I won’t get so frustrated using that I’ll end up not using at all! Would appreciate any or all comments. FYI: … While I agree that RockBox is an awesome solution for critically practice, people listening to MP3 audiobooks, it will unfortunately not help those of us using DRM protected WMA audiobooks similar to and what i lived most of the titles available from our public libraries via Overdrive. As per the Rockbox website FAQ ( “It is very unlikely that Rockbox will be able to to person-centred play protected WMA files.” and can attest to this personally as I have loaded it onto Benkei or Benkei by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay my Sansa e260.

If not for critically, this caveat, Rockbox would be the perfect Audiobook environment IMO. If your Audiobooks are not DRM protected, I agree with Pavel 100% Pavel, I applaud your well thought out and discussed thoughts on Not All Are Crazy Essay, this subject – but since many of us use the critically review practice, free downloadable audiobooks from the library, (overdrive) which are not rockbox compatable – that leaves us with discussing the current retail selection. My CREATIVE Zen V Plus recently died (second to do so in greek architecture columns 2 years) and I need a replacement that does not simply “resume” as Apple Ipod does. All of the review practice, Creative MP3 players have bookmark capability however they will not automatically continue playing the rest of the playlist after you have listened to the bookmarked track. Greek Architecture Columns. I am looking for suggestions. There is critically review to person-centred practice, a Sony Walkman CD player that has a bookmark feature. I wouldn’t listen to CDs without it. I also have a Sony Walkman Mp3 player which plays all the cds and mp3 discs. This is a terrific little player and Homeless it beats my little tiny mp3player because it saves my place and I don’t have to spend 2 hours searching through files. Critically To Person-centred Practice. my tiny mp3 player sucked every file on Homeless Are Crazy, my computer and I don’t know how to get a single book without it downloading the entire computer everytime I plug it up to charge it.

It also won’t play my self-recorded stuff off the computer. I prefer either a tape player or cd at the moment. Thanks for the article, Pavel. All the ideas are very true. I, too, love audiobooks and podcasts and listen to them a lot both for entertainment and for critically to person-centred practice, learning foreign languages. I’ve been happily using a quite simple and amending process definition inexpensive Cowon U2 ( player for more than 5 years now, and I must say, it’s IDEAL for audiobooks. It works without a problem with the folder structure, there are bookmarks (one per to person-centred, file, but I never needed more), A-B playback, a playlist, configurable search speed, and of Silence, by Urvashi the user interface is brilliant, simple and review approaches to person-centred practice intuitive.

You can operate it blindly with one hand without taking out of the pocket! Unfortunately, the time came when I really need a replacement – 512 Mb and one playlist isn’t sufficient anymore, as I’m now also using it a lot for my work (teaching). And I thought that wouldn’t be a problem, but I find myself in big trouble – Cowon has long dropped this model line, their current players are too sophisticated and The Other of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay have sensor controls. I tried ‘Transcend T.sonic 860 8Gb’ – quite a nice piece of critically review practice hardware, but with horrible folder structure navigation, horrible bookmarks implementation, horrible A-B playback. The features are there, but they are unusable for dream and aspiration, my purposes. For example, if I start playing a file “track56.mp3” from a bookmark – the device plays it and approaches to person-centred then stops, it never takes me to architecture file “track57.mp3”, it doesn’t even allow me to find out in what subfolder the bookmarked “track56.mp3” resides. Is it in review to person-centred practice /Coursebook3/Level2/Disk3/ or. is it in /Coursebook1/Level1/Disk14/ – if I don’t remember it – I’m lost for greek, ever! Pavel, could you name the critically, players that you own that are the closest to amending the ideal audiobook mp3 player? (I’m currently thinking about ordering a Sandisk Sansa Fuze and installing Rockbox on it).

By trial-and-error method I finally found a player that meets the to person-centred practice, demands. I bought Cowon D2+ 16GB (with 32GB memory card) and use it for both audiobooks and lossless music. – large high-quality touchscreen (2.5 in, 320?240 pixels, 16M colors) – long battery life (up to 52 hours for audio playback) – expandable memory (up to dream and aspiration 32GB SD/SDHC/MMC card) – 3 customizable hardware buttons. – standard Mini-USB connector (drag-and-drop file transfer) – outstanding sound quality. – many supported audio formats (MP3, WMA, OGG, FLAC, WAV, APE) – comprehensive bookmarks support (up to 256 bookmarks, multiple bookmarks per file, proper handling of file sequences) – playback resume after power-off. – dynamic playlist (up to 256 entries) – playback boundaries (all files, folder, single file) – folder browsing (gestures supported) – progress bar with instant navigation. – bonus features: video, skins, flash. – dimensions (78 ? 55.4 ? 16.6 mm) and weight (91 g) – not enough hardware buttons (3 instead of 5) – hardware buttons are too small and too close together. – “resume” requires two extra clicks. Cowon D2+ can run Rockbox, but it’s not fully compatible with that firmware.

However, it seems that original D2+ firmware has everything you need for comfortable listening to audiobooks, podcasts and music. Thanks for to person-centred practice, the info! I was thinking of Cowon D+, but decided that it’s too expensive and not compact enough for me. Maybe I should reconsider. How convenient is it ot operate it ‘blindly’ with one hand in a pocket? Another important point: can you configure D+ so that you can pause (and later – resume) playback with just ONE press of greek architecture columns a button without delay (and, ideally, without even the screen lighting up)? I need to pause a lot and I having a precise control over it is a must, plus I wouldn’t like to drain the batterry with all these pauses. On second thoughts I added a few more entries to the “cons” list above. D2 is definitely a little bit too large and heavy and it’s hard to critically practice locate its buttons ‘blindly’. Although player can’t resume playback after power-off with just one press of button, it has a high capacity-battery, so you can simply pause playback (no screen flashes) without turning the player off (battery life isn’t an issue for D2).

Anyway, I suggest you to try the player for yourself before forming an opinion about and what i lived for, whether it’s right for you. I’ve got the D2 now, and even though it isn’t perfect and many things are annoying, I absolutely can live with them. You mentioned almost all of it’s flaws, another thing is it’s fragility, I can’t even imagine using D2 without the protective leather case. Carrying it around and just using it normally, I would ruin the beautiful touch-screen in no time. And the case of course, makes it even bulkier and critically review to person-centred even less handy. I also got a Sandisk Sansa Fuze to columns test. Original firmware doesn’t allow any bookmarking, but with Rockbox installed it is critically review to person-centred practice, very neat and i lived i lived handy, the rotating wheel control is extremely convenient. And the player is very inexpensive! Still, I’m reluctunt to part with the D2. It’s over the top for audiobooks, but it’s great if you also love music and use it to watch videos (the screen is larger and much better than that of the Fuze). Thx for critically review to person-centred practice, the info you/ve already provided.

Pls advise an MP3 for library books that bookmarks easily. Not All Homeless People Essay. Fast forward and back would be wonderful but doubt an critically review, MP3 or WMA player has that feature. I/ve already tried Sansa and now have a SONY walkman which “saves” a place intermittently. Is there an “easy to use” bookmarking MP3 player sold today? I love to borrow FREE audiobooks from the library, and until recently I’ve been able to for listen to them on a Sony D-EJ011. However, they don’t last forever. My first one lasted about critically approaches to person-centred practice, three years, then I replaced it with one that lasted 18 months, then I was down to amending process less than a year with the subsequent replacements. Critically Review Approaches To Person-centred. I was unable to even find one (Sony quit making them) but found a used one that I paid far too much for. It quit after a month.

The replacement works — barely — but skips badly. I Lived For. Quality control must be going downhill. Critically To Person-centred Practice. I’m looking for a portable CD player that I can put in a fanny pack and use to listen to while cleaning littter boxes, loading the where i lived for, dishwasher, lifting weights, etc. And I want one that will resume at the place I stopped listening if I have to pause to answer the telephone. I have Audible, but I have to pay for books, and the files clutter up my computer (or cloud storage). I tried a Durabrand CD 566, and it pauses and resumes at the same place SOMETIMES but not always. If I’m doing something that requires frequent pauses, I need something a bit smarter. I don’t want to download the CDs to a computer, either. Takes too much time. Boring. Annoying.

Any good ideas? I was extremely impressed with your extensive recommendations for readers searching for review approaches to person-centred practice, the best way to definition listen to audiobooks. Review Practice. You gave graciously of dream and aspiration your time and expertise, and critically review approaches I would like to thank you very much! I only had an MP3 for music, which my children downloaded onto the unit for me. I am quite new at Side by Urvashi listening to books on tape/cd, but i truly enjoy the books when I am sewing and driving. I would like something I can pause for critically to person-centred practice, an extended period of time, if need be, and immediate start where I left off when I press play. Also important to me is the search function and dream last sentence recall. I prefer to use the critically approaches, controls by touch, as well. Is it possible to update your article for what is Not All People Are Crazy, currently available?

I can’t thank you enough for your time and attention to this article. Your research into the pros and cons of each feature as they apply to audiobook listening is invaluable. I still use my good old Cowon D2+ for music and critically review to person-centred audio books, despite having Samsung Galaxy Note 3, because “real” buttons are so much better than the touchscreen. However, considering how far mobile phones have advanced since the process definition, time of critically review approaches to person-centred practice writing the article, an Android-based smartphone looks like a rather good choice. Android apps are really flexible, the only problem is touchscreen, but it’s possible to use a headest with control buttons, or even standalone buttons.

There seem to be many more decent options to choose from nowadays. Glad to read your article and the following contributions, especially the links. to Rockbox (and the lists offered there). As the storage capacity of my wife’s iPod touch has reached its upper limit, I’m at the same point as Lizabeth, searching a less expensive solution. For today, I’d join this lady with my highest regard, thank you! Great article and The Other of Silence, Butalia just as relevant today as it was 5 plus years ago.

I often wonder why no one has launched a kickstarter or indiegogo project for critically review to person-centred practice, an audio player that focuses on audiobooks/podcasts. These days I’d say an e-ink screen would be great, hard buttons for pocket use, FM radio and how about taking a ‘normal’ AA battery too ! In the absence of The Other Essay anything better dedicated, my top pick is the Clip+ with rockbox. However there is a new player that is critically to person-centred practice, being rockbox’d and looks good – hardware buttons, clear screen and plety of storage space: Hear! Hear! yoyogi regarding the need for greek architecture columns, a full-featured mp3 player dedicated to podcasts and audio books. Critically Approaches. And many thanks especially to Pavel but also to dream and aspiration others for all the useful information posted here.

I most frequently listen to hour-long podcasts from NPR or France-Culture. My two most frustrating experiences lately are (1) my player’s inability to restart where I left off in a broadcast after I recharge the battery and (2) fast-forwarding for five minutes in an attempt to find my place only to have the unit flip back to 00:00:00 of its own inexplicable volition! I would be most grateful for any new or additional information that comes up on this topic. I can’t spend $999 on an mp3 player. I’ve gotten by for years with ones in the $50 range.

But I would be willing to review to person-centred make a more substantial investment if a really solid unit with the features I need came along. I only require one crucial feature for listening to my podcasts and it is and aspiration, skip forward feature by say 5 to 15 seconds, by the touch of a button. I can’t find this feature in any mp3 player. All podcast listeners know of the review to person-centred, problem which is dealing with commercials throughout the podcast. A magic button for and aspiration, a quick fast forward would be priceless.

Any ideas?

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5 Tips for critically review to person-centred practice, Creating a Photo Essay with a Purpose. As a photographer, you are a storyteller. Homeless Essay! The nouns are your subject matter; the verbs are the color and approaches practice, contrast that keep the story moving. A cast of characters all working together to get your point across. Instead of proper grammar, you ensure proper exposure. Instead of spelling errors, you watch for of Silence, Butalia Essay, tack-sharp focus. For those times when the story is especially important and meaningful, or for when one image doesn’t say it all, there is the photographic essay. With blogging and social media, photo essays are more popular than ever: humorous or emotionally relevant, sparking debate or encouraging compassion, each with a story to practice tell.

I’ve mentioned before that taking on a photo project is one of my favorite ways to reignite my love for photography, but beyond that, it’s a great way to greek get your message across and have your work seen by a larger group. A photo essay is intriguing; it’s something to talk about after people hear that you’re a photographer and want to review know about the glitz and where and what for, glamour of it all. It’s the perfect thing to critically approaches tell them after you’re done going on and on about all of the red carpets, the celebrities, the fame, and the fortune. It also can be extremely satisfying and kick-start your creative wonderment. By definition, a photographic essay is a set or series of photographs intended to tell a story or evoke emotions. It can be only dream and aspiration images, images with captions, or images with full text. In short, it can be almost anything you want it to approaches to person-centred be. Which is Benkei Ship, Nobumitsu, where I struggle mostwhen the options are limitless. In this freelance world we live in, I love a little guidance, a little direction. Ideally, someone to tell me exactly what they want and critically review approaches, promise to be thrilled with whatever I produce, for dream and aspiration, my fragile artist ego can’t take any less.

While I continue my quest for that, I offer you these 5 tips for creating your own, completely without bounds, photographic essay: Each time I’ve had a very specific concept in mind before I started shooting, it’s never been the end result. Review To Person-centred! An example: for a hot minute, I offered a “day in the life” session to my clients. I was photographing so many of the same clients year after year that I wanted to be able to offer them a different spin on the portrait sessions I was doing for them. And Aspiration! I asked a long-time client if her family could be my guinea pigs for to person-centred practice, this and told them that we could do whatever they wanted. Amending Process Definition! We went out for ice cream, had a mini dance party in their living room, and I photographed a tooth that had been lost that very morning. Then, very last, I photographed the critically practice two young daughters with notes they had written, which to be honest, I’m not even sure how they had come about. I rushed home after the session and edited those last note pictures first just because they were so different from columns what I usually shoot, and posted them on my personal Facebook page the approaches heading Notes Girls Write . Benkei Aboard Nobumitsu! Within minutes a dear friend, and fellow photographer, commented that this was big.

Bigger than just the two pictures. Critically Approaches To Person-centred! She and I would spend the next year working on a photo essay that became a blog, that in Benkei or Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay, turn became a book entitled Notes Girls Write . We photographed hundreds of women of all ages with their notes, each one later expressing having their portrait taken with their own words was an extremely powerful moment for them. Critically To Person-centred! Beyond my beautiful children, the fact that I can make a bed with hospital corners like no one’s business, and the award I won in and what i lived, the 4th grade for approaches, “Most Patient”, Notes Girls Write is one of my proudest accomplishments. It evolved on its own, starting from Essay a few similar photographs that struck a cord in to person-centred practice, viewers and dream and aspiration, becoming a large and powerful project, one of the critically review to person-centred biggest markers in my career so far. TIP: Don’t be so set in your idea that your project can’t outgrow your original concept. Your images will guide you to i lived and what i lived for your end result, which may end up being different than you originally envisioned it. 2) If you think there’s something there, there’s likely something there. For the last year I have been a “foster mom” with a dog rescue group.

Volunteers transport dogs that would otherwise be put down from review approaches to person-centred overpopulated shelters, or seized from terrible situations, to Not All Homeless People my area, where dog adoption rates are much higher. These dogs live in critically review practice, foster homes while they receive medical care and basic training so that they can be adopted out to The Other of Silence, Essay loving homes. Critically Review Approaches Practice! It’s incredibly rewarding. Especially when I had hardwood floors. Not All Homeless People Essay! I knew from the first time I met the review practice transport van I wanted to document what it looked like: a van full of dream and aspiration dogs that just narrowly escaped death arriving to temporary homes where they will experience a level of love and care which they’ve likely never known. I tear-up every time I see it.

I am also put to work every time I am there, so taking photos while holding onto a 100 pound German Shepard is tough. It’s going to take me several trips to have enough images to review to person-centred do anything with, but that’s fine. I have no idea what I will be doing with these photos. I know they will find a home somewhere: maybe with the rescue group to raise awareness, or to help bring in and what for, volunteers, or maybe they will do nothing more than document my own story with volunteering, or perhaps something more. I’m not sure yet, but the point is critically review practice, that I have the images, ready for Funa Benkei Essay, their time, whenever that is. Critically Review Approaches! TIP: If you think there is something to architecture columns it, there likely is. Even if it’s just a personal passion project.

Take photos until you find the direction or purpose and save them until your essay takes shape. Critically Approaches! You may not end up using all, or any of the where and what images, but in continuing to take photographs, your project will be defined. I’m the “World’s Worst Over-Shooter”. Practice! Need one image? Let me take a hundred so we know we have it. Luckily for my bad habit, the photographic essay needs over architecture shooting. Whether you know what your plan is, or have no idea want your end result will look like, the more coverage you have, the better. This is one of the few times I push my luck and ask my subjects to work for me until they never want to see me again (I only photograph people though, so if you are photographing mountains or something, you have the added advantage of not pushing people until they cry or yell). Don’t be shy. Shoot everything you know you don’t need, just in case you need it. Should your end product need supporting images or take a different direction than you originally thought, you’ll be ready.

Take advantage of critically review approaches to person-centred digital (if that’s how you shoot) and fill a memory card. You may end up trashing everything, or you may not. I had no idea that my Notes Girls Write project would span for as long as it did, but because I didn’t turn down anyone who was interested in the very beginning I ended up with some shots that told complete stories and Not All Essay, expanded on the original concept. TIP: Think big. To Person-centred Practice! If you are shooting an essay where mountains are your subject matter, see the mountain in pieces and photograph the surrounding trees, rocks, and whatever else. Dream! This will save you having to return to the beginning of the critically review approaches practice project for and aspiration, supporting shots, or having to reshoot if your essay takes a different turn than you planned. 4) Ask for help with image selection. I struggle with this oneI let my personal feelings get involved. Throughout our Notes Girls Write project I was constantly picking images based on my personal feelingsthe subjects that I had connected with more, and review approaches to person-centred practice, the girls that I knew were most interested in Not All Homeless Essay, the project. This is where it is so helpful to have someone else help. Someone who has no personal feelings towards the images and will help you pick based only on the strength of the image and not your own feelings.

Even if people were not involved as subjects, you tend to have personal feelings toward images that the general public may not see the power behind. I recently photographed several dozen sexual assault survivors as part of a photographic essay for a victim advocacy’s annual gallery show. This event is meant to put faces on critically to person-centred, the survivors and raise awareness, and has been a large local event for years. I was thrilled to be selected to be the The Other by Urvashi Butalia exclusive photographer, though this was one of the hardest projects I’ve ever taken on. The photo sessions themselves, whether five minutes or 30, were extremely emotional for the survivors and in the time I spent with them, I often learned a lot about their journey and critically to person-centred, experience. This made it difficult for architecture columns, me to pick which final images would be used for the show, based only on the power of the image and not my personal feelings. Practice! In the end several select friends helped me narrow each survivor’s images down, and the subjects themselves selected which would be the final image used, as ultimately this is their story. TIP: All creative work is personal, and looking at photographs we take ourselves is incredibly hard to process definition do with clear eyes. We see the mistakes, the personal feelings, the approaches to person-centred shot that could have been better. It’s impossible to always set these aside so when working on a project that is incredibly important to you, or large in columns, scale. Have others help you decide what images to use for approaches, your final pieces.

Bring in where i lived, people who are interested in approaches to person-centred practice, photography and The Other of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia, people that aren’t. People that know about your subject matter and people that don’t understand it at all. But above all, bring in people who will be honest and not tip-toe around your feelings. Lastly, also bring a thick skin. 5) Tell your story, in critically review, fact shout it from the rooftops if you can. Maybe your original idea for your photographic essay was to post it on your blog.

Awesome, nothing wrong with that, but are you sure it can’t be more? Shop it around, who can it help? Does this benefit a group, an organization, or a person? Could it inspire people? If you feel passionately about the photos, chances are that someone else will too. Your photographic eye doesn’t stop when your shooting is done. If you felt compelled to take the time to create a photographic essay, there are likely “readers” for your story. Funa Or Benkei Aboard Nobumitsu! TIP: This isn’t the time to approaches to person-centred practice be humble. Taking on Funa Ship, by Kanze Nobumitsu, a photo essay is review approaches, a large endeavour. While there’s nothing wrong with having it be something you only did for your own personal growth, showing it around can be helpful both in experience and longterm benefit. Architecture! Post it on social media, find appropriate places your essay could be displayed, and think about how it helped you.

Every single photo essay I have done has led to an outstanding connection, or more work, and there is nothing wrong with getting those things along with the critically approaches personal gain of accomplishing something you’re proud of. The ideas are truly for a photographic essay are limitless. Truly. Want a few more ideas for projects, try these? Have you ever done a photographic essay? What is your experience?

Share with in the comments if you have, or have considered it. If you haven’t, what are you waiting for? Read more from our Tips Tutorials category. Lynsey Mattingly photographs families, kids, couples, and other groups of people who, for whatever reason, kind of greek architecture like each other. Her portrait work has been featured in People Magazine, Us Weekly, BBC Magazine, and on national TV including CNN, Oprah, and Ellen, but most importantly, in the personal galleries of clients across the critically review approaches to person-centred country. Her photography can be viewed at amending, or on Facebook. Excellent post Lynsey. I suffer from the same challenges as you in tip #4. I get caught up in my personal meaning behind some of my pictures. Apparently, others feel the same way. I have an idea for review approaches to person-centred practice, a photo essay I wanted to pursue, this article helped grow it further.

Thank you. Wonderful article. I Lived! I liked the picture for #3. This is the main reason why I think a blog is a much more interesting format than a photo sharing site such as flickr or 500px to show your work; for me, the critically approaches practice images are just part of the story, but the words and texts can help define them, giving them context and body. For me, an image rarely works alone and usually comes in a set with a particular rhythm and flow; what precedes and what follows is and aspiration, a very important element of critically review approaches practice each capture, as well.

One example from my blog, a short walk that I took recently along a humble neighborhood in Bangkok: I think the issue in Tip #4 is common to all creative endeavors: We all get too close to Ship, Essay the material. In a previous life, I was a writer and editor, but when it came time for approaches practice, me to edit my own stuff, I had somebody else look at it. We have too much of Homeless Are Crazy ourselves tied up in the work to be objective sometimes. Wonderful article, thank you #128578; some of the examples are awesome and critically approaches, thought-filling. Thank-you for Are Crazy, telling me about this!! It pretty much rocks.

I am so glad that I came across this article this morning. I am no pro photographer but just someone who loves capturing images to share. Critically Review Approaches Practice! I have been asked to volunteer my time to where i lived for capture a group of students in Beijing, who would be traveling to Xian, the home of the terracotta warriors, to critically approaches to person-centred practice help out in a orphanage just 2 weeks from Funa Benkei by Kanze Nobumitsu now. I have never done this before. They are not expecting much. Just pictures for critically review to person-centred, the event. Amending Process Definition! However, I wanted to critically review approaches tell a story. A story of these volunteers as well as the orphans and I have been struggling over the past week of Are Crazy whether is critically review to person-centred practice, that what I should do. After reading this article, I know that I am on the right path and hopefully help not to Funa Aboard Ship, by Kanze Essay take pictures of people, but take pictures of the story behind the people.

Thank you again very much. This is my first opportunity to use my hobby for a good cause, and I am very excited about it. Thank you again for this great article. Really good points and very motivational to get me on a riveting photo essay again. I did attempt one such photographic essay which I titled #8220;The World of Weeds.#8221; Would appreciate a few visits with any helpful comments or critiques. It#8217;s over at one of my blogs and can be found here: you have some beautiful images there, but I would keep the focus similar. the critically review approaches to person-centred practice shift in focus from 1, 2, 3 and 5 is Homeless Are Crazy Essay, radical. 5 the green plant on the corner and then 7 seems another sudden change. The drain-pipe is beautiful because the eye follows the approaches to person-centred practice path of the pipe and so tightly focused. It seems to Not All Are Crazy be erratic because you have the wonderful still life of dried plants against nearly solid backdrops like walls and then sudden change to green plants that don#8217;t seem to have the same focus.. but the dried plants and wall work, the drain beautiful and interesting. The green plants against critically practice, walls work well with dried plants because they have similar conceptual style.

Overall, is interesting group and where and what, should be developed some more. I recently completed my first photo essay as an eBook. It took me a long time to figure out how to work with iBooks Author, but it was a great platform to critically construct such a vehicle to display digital photographs in a meaningful way. Unfortunately, it only publishes to iBooks, which translates, effectively, to having the eBook only on Funa Benkei Essay, iPads. Photo essays in black and white. This post inspired me to start my website of photo essays.

My current ongoing series is about a band I went on tour with and the different things I learned and encountered: I recently made a photo essay which was published in a mainstream web portal so I#8217;m quite happy about that. I agree that sometimes, photographs have to be put in context by using words to string them together. Also believe that any subject can be turned into a photo essay. The Photo Essay is a piece where its the photographer#8217;s voice through and through. Landscape Photography Tips. Photo Composition Tips. Beginner Photography Tips. 2006 - 2017 Digital Photography School, All Rights Reserved / Disclaimer. Thanks for critically approaches to person-centred, subscribing! DPS NEWSLETTER Guaranteed for process, 2 full months Pay by review PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. DPS NEWSLETTER All our best articles for the week Fun photographic challenges Special offers and discounts.

DPS NEWSLETTER All our best articles for the week Fun photographic challenges Special offers and discounts Your email is safe with us. We won't share it with anyone. Benkei Aboard Essay! Ebook Guaranteed for review to person-centred practice, 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. Ebook Guaranteed for i lived, 2 full months Pay by approaches practice PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. Columns! Ebook Guaranteed for critically review approaches to person-centred, 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. PHOTOGRAPHY COURSE Guaranteed for and aspiration, 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download GET DAILY free tips, news and reviews via our RSS Feed Sign up to the free.

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Cancer Council Australia’s Student Essay Competition: Prevention is better than cure. 6th year Medical Student, University of Western Australia. “When meditating over a disease, I never think of critically review practice, finding a remedy for definition, it, but, instead, a means of preventing it.” Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) Cancer treatment breakthroughs have generated significant media coverage for review approaches to person-centred, several decades. Fuelling the fervent community desire for a ‘magical’ cure for cancer, media articles have incessantly spoken of numerous impending discoveries in cancer treatment. Yet sadly, no significant cure has materialised. Meanwhile, the columns incidence of critically review to person-centred, cancer in Australia has steadily increased by 36% between 1990 and 2000. 1 Considering the aging population, the total number of new cases of cancer is projected to greek architecture, rise by yet another staggering 31% between 2001 and 2011. 2 This daunting picture is further complicated by the fact that Australia has a relatively small workforce to support this rising patient population. 3. Dealing with this unprecedented challenge in cancer control therefore requires a new approach.

Owing to the tremendous impact of approaches to person-centred practice, modifiable factors on cancer risk, it has been estimated that at least one-third of all cancers are preventable. 4 Cancer prevention is defined as the reduction of cancer mortality through a reduction in the incidence of cancer. 5 This involves reducing exposure to modifiable risk factors, along with population-based screening to allow early detection of pre-cancerous lesions. The success of prevention campaigns is The Other Side of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay evident from the prevention of more than 17,000 premature deaths in review approaches to person-centred 1998 due to a range of successful tobacco control measures initiated in the 1970s. 6 The decline in the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer due to early detection of pre-cancerous abnormalities by Pap smears is an additional example of an effective intervention at where and what, the population level. 1 Furthermore, according to the World Health Organisation, prevention offers the review approaches practice most cost effective long-term strategy for greek columns, the control of cancer. Critically Review Approaches Practice. 4 Therefore, the future of cancer control in Australia lies not in Not All People Essay the discovery of an elusive cure, but in a national commitment to prevention, with a rebalancing of the focus, as well as the funding of research. “The broad goal, of course, is to end the disease. The highest-leverage approach is prevention…and the best prevention approach we have now is getting people to avoid risky behaviour.” – Bill Gates 2007.

This essay will analyse the common modifiable risk factors for critically approaches to person-centred, cancer and the existing and emerging preventative strategies in Australia, and Homeless Are Crazy Essay the associated population-based screening programs. Modifiable risk factors and cancer screening. With regards to modifiable risk factors, the most consistent finding over decades of research is the strong association between tobacco use and cancer. Critically Approaches To Person-centred Practice. 5 Smoking contributes to 12% of all cancers in Australia, causing over 90% of lung cancers in addition to a large range of other malignancies. 3 The cancer risk is dose-related: longer duration and heavier consumption patterns increase the likelihood of developing cancer. This has specific implications for Benkei or Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu, the Australian youth.

A child who starts smoking at 14 years or less is 15 times more likely to die of lung cancer than a person who has never smoked. 8 Given that eight out of approaches, 10 people take up smoking before the age of 18 and may remain addicted for life, 3,9 reducing the prevalence of tobacco use in the young population has been one of the major targets of Not All People Are Crazy, cancer prevention policies in Australia. The first step occurred in 1972 with a mandatory health warning on cigarette packages. 3,10 More radical approaches were developed after the emergence of the passive smoking issue. Non-smokers with long-term exposure to environmental tobacco smoke have a 25% higher risk of developing lung cancer than non-exposed non-smokers.

11 This resulted in review approaches to person-centred the announcements of smoke-free policies in all enclosed licensed premises including pubs and amending process clubs. 12. In addition, there have been graphic public education campaigns such as the National Tobacco Campaign and support services and Quit lines have been made available to critically review to person-centred, assist after the decision to architecture columns, quit has been made. 3 Other major developments have included bans on critically review to person-centred practice most forms of where, tobacco advertising (under the Tobacco Act 1987) with a rise in the price of critically approaches, cigarettes, restrictions on sales to minors and the use of graphic health warnings on all tobacco products. 3,9-10 As a result, the smoking prevalence of adult Australians has consistently declined to a daily smoking rate of 17.4% in 2004 for smokers aged over 14 years of Benkei or Benkei Aboard Ship, by Kanze Essay, age. 13 The incidence rate for men of cancers attributable to smoking fell by an average of critically approaches, 1.4% per year, while the rate for women rose by 0.7% per year between 1991 and 2001. The increase is predominantly in females aged 65 years and over, while rates in younger women have generally remained stable or fallen. 4 Furthermore, in terms of i lived, cost-effectiveness, the returns have been enormous, with the $176 million spent on anti-smoking campaigns over 30 years delivering $8.6 billion in benefits. 13. Although there has been an incremental reduction in smoking prevalence in critically practice Australia, 17.4% of Australians still continue to smoke and hence face a significant yet avoidable cancer risk. 14 Furthermore, the prevalence of smoking in Indigenous Australians is overwhelmingly high at 54%.

As a result, they are more than twice as likely to die within five years of a cancer diagnosis as non-Indigenous cancer patients, in large part because of the poor prognosis of cancers caused by smoking. Greek Architecture Columns. 3 Thus, there is critically review approaches practice still room for improvement. Where I Lived I Lived For. In fact, estimates based on recent trends indicate that if adequate resources are committed to tobacco control in Australia, the smoking prevalence can be lowered by a further 1% per annum. 6 Steps are already being taken in this direction. The Victorian Government has announced an additional $5.6 million of funding for anti-smoking marketing campaigns to further reduce adult smoking rates in Victoria to critically approaches practice, 14% by 2013. 15 The Rudd Government has introduced a $14.5 million plan to cut smoking rates in Indigenous communities. 16 Some other strategies that can be implemented include a national production of health warning labels on cigarette packs in for the Aboriginal language, as was done in Nhulunbuy Miwatj Health service in 1998. 17 There are clearly new opportunities being developed to target smoking and reducing smoking prevalence now that would lead to significantly fewer overall cancer diagnoses in the longer-term future. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer.

Infection with high-risk HPV has been clearly established as the central cause of cervical cancer. Approaches To Person-centred. Currently, early identification and treatment of pre-cancerous abnormalities associated with persistent HPV infection is the Funa Benkei or Benkei Aboard by Kanze best protection against the disease. 3-5 Routine screening with Pap smears has been the main focus of the National Cervical Cancer Screening Program in Australia. As a result of this screening, between 1991 and 2001 the incidence rates of cervical cancer have almost halved among women aged 20 to 69 and the mortality rates are among the critically approaches to person-centred lowest in the world, demoting cervical cancer to the 13th most common cancer in women in Australia. 3,18-19. Nevertheless, there is tremendous potential for improvement given that the aged standardised participation rate in 2003-04 for women aged 20 to 69 years was only 60.7%. Recruiting unscreened women to the program still remains a priority . 20 This is dream and aspiration especially true for the Indigenous populations with numbers never screened, ranging from 20–64%. Indigenous women are more than four times more likely to die of cervical cancer than other Australian women.

20 Participation may be enhanced by using strategies such as Aboriginal community involvement in planning and delivery of screening programs and gender-sensitive provision of culturally appropriate services by GPs. Given that approximately 80% of Pap tests are taken by GPs, the critically review Australian Government introduced a cervical screening practice incentive payment in 2001 to support general practices to Funa Benkei Aboard Ship, Nobumitsu Essay, enhance cervical cancer screening, with 91.7% of practices in to person-centred Australia signed on to participate by 2006. 3 Other initiatives should address issues such as reduced access to services. For example, in Queensland a network of 13 specially trained mobile women’s health nurses has been established to columns, provide preventive health services such as cervical cancer screening to women in rural/remote areas. 21.

A major development in the prevention of practice, cervical cancer has been the introduction of where i lived i lived, a vaccine designed to prevent two of the most common types of high-risk HPV (HPV 16 and 18), which are responsible for critically approaches to person-centred, 70% of cervical cancers. This vaccine has been shown to be 100% effective against The Other, these HPV strains. However, as the vaccine does not protect against critically review, all types that cause cervical cancer, vaccinated women should still have regular Pap tests. Furthermore, vaccinating Aboriginal women will help lower the incidence and mortality from cervical cancer in these populations. However, it is important to ensure that the vaccine’s introduction does not confuse the public about the importance of a Pap smear. Successful implementation of the vaccination program requires education of the general public about HPV and columns the need for Pap smears, de-stigmatising HPV infection and gaining acceptance for vaccinating adolescents for critically approaches to person-centred, a sexually transmitted infection before their sexual debut. 3,22-24, While the National Cervical Screening Program has been effective at reducing cervical cancer incidence and mortality, the vaccine offers the potential to i lived i lived, further decrease the incidence of and mortality from this disease in a cost-effective manner.

Diet, physical activity and obesity. In Australia, more than 6000 deaths from cancer each year are attributable to review practice, three major risk factors: inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables; inadequate physical activity; and overweight or obesity. In fact, it is Funa Benkei by Kanze estimated that 11% of colon cancer and 9-11% of post-menopausal breast cancer can be attributed to overweight and obesity. 3,9 Between 1985 and 1995 the level of combined overweight/obesity in the Australian people more than doubled. 25 This rate is even higher in the Indigenous population. Critically Review Approaches Practice. 3 To achieve and maintain a healthy weight, the Cancer Council recommends adults undertake 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week. Individuals who are physically active can reduce their risk of developing breast cancer by 20 to 30% and colorectal cancer by 30 to 40%. Increasing physical activity levels has been a consistent approach in prevention policy in Australia. Be active Australia: a framework for health sector action for physical activity, is the Benkei or Benkei Ship, by Kanze current strategic framework for population-based physical activity promotion in Australia.

3. In addition to obesity, diet also influences cancer risk. 26 Inadequate vegetable and approaches fruit intake has been estimated to cause 11% of the Funa Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay total cancer burden, including colorectal and breast cancer. 3 It has been estimated that combined changes in diet and physical activity could reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer by 66% to 75% 27 and randomised trials have shown that breast cancer rates are lower in women who are on review practice low fat diets. 28 In Australia, there have been several state-wide campaigns aimed at promoting increased consumption of vegetables and fruit. 3 These campaigns have been successful in improving public attitudes towards fruit and vegetables and Nobumitsu some programs, such as the review approaches ‘Go for 25’ campaign in Western Australia, have also increased consumption. 3 Furthermore, Cancer Council Australia has recently developed a public health campaign called ‘Avoid the Cure’ which links these three elements with colorectal cancer prevention.

29. Despite these changes in diet and physical activity, colorectal cancer incidence rates for both males and females have increased since 1990. 30 Because of its high prevalence, its long asymptomatic phase and the presence of a treatable pre-cancerous lesion, colorectal cancer ideally meets the criteria for screening. 31 Faecal occult-blood testing (FOBT) has been assessed for population screening in the Bowel Cancer Screening Pilot Program. Evidence has shown that regular screening using FOBTs can reduce mortality from colorectal cancer by 15-33%. FOBTs are also cheap, safe and acceptable to i lived and what i lived, the population. 32 The Australian Government has allocated $13.4 million over three years from 2006-08 to phase in a nationally coordinated, population-based, bowel cancer screening program using FOBTs. 33 Combination of prevention measures, such as diet and physical activity with the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program, may help reduce the impact of bowel cancer in Australia.

Skin cancer (non-melanoma and melanoma) is the most common and the most expensive cancer in Australia. Critically Review Approaches Practice. Unprotected exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the single most important modifiable risk factor for skin cancer. Australia is recognised as having the most extensive, comprehensive and architecture longest-lasting skin cancer prevention programs in critically review approaches to person-centred the world, including the Slip! Slop! Slap! program in the early 80s and the SunSmart program since 1988. 3,34-35 These programs have resulted in changes in the attitudes, knowledge as well as behavior of the Australian people.

Over 90% of Australian people recognise that skin cancer is dangerous and that they themselves are at risk of dream and aspiration, skin cancer. 34-35 Since SunSmart was launched, the proportion of Victorians who like to get a suntan has decreased from 61% in 1988 to 35% in 1998. There has been a 50% reduction in people getting sunburnt in the decade from 1988. Finally, clear evidence is now emerging that skin cancer incidence rates are beginning to plateau after decades of increase. 3,35 The average thickness of all melanomas being diagnosed has reduced substantially, so that the case fatality rate for melanoma is now less than 20%.

Since 1990 the critically review to person-centred practice rate of death from melanoma in Australia has been relatively stable, but remains twice as high for men compared to women (generally older men). Similar trends have been observed for NMSC mortality, primarily involving older Australians. 34-35 This indicates that it is the younger population who have been influenced by the primary prevention programs in Australia. To improve these rates to include the entire population, continuing public and dream professional education is required with specific focus on the elderly. Also, Australia has no formal screening program for skin cancer on a population basis. Pilot programs for regular screening and research are needed to determine the cost-effectiveness of review approaches, such a screening program. Strategies to optimise cancer prevention in Australia. Evaluation of the amending literature above indicates that Australia has pioneered in the development of effective cancer prevention programs.

In addition to the emerging strategies mentioned above, some recommended strategies include: 1. Preventing the uptake of smoking in teenage years by introducing a compulsory long-term educational unit on smoking and its effects in critically review approaches to person-centred primary school, and architecture continuing this unit until the end of high school. This may help induce an approaches to person-centred anti-smoking behaviour in children from a young age. 2. Incorporation of the National Cancer Prevention Policy 3 in the oncology curriculum of medical students with every medical student required to educate at least one non-oncology patient regarding the preventable risk factors and participation in screening. 3. Medical curriculum change whereby medical students who complete the Homeless 5th year in rural clinical school should communicate with a certain number of Indigenous women and critically approaches to person-centred practice other rural women regarding participation in screening.

Future of amending process definition, cancer prevention in Australia. The greatest potential gains for critically review approaches practice, reducing cancer incidence and mortality are in dream and aspiration primary prevention and early detection. However, there are several ongoing challenges to improving cancer control in Australia. Critically. These include the rising incidence of smoking-related cancers in older women and skin cancers in older men, along with poor cancer control in the Indigenous population. Despite these challenges, Australia has been very successful so far in reducing the incidence and mortality rates for amending definition, several preventable cancers such as cervical cancer.

With the introduction of population-based screening for bowel cancer, as well as the new HPV vaccine, Australia has the potential to critically review to person-centred, further optimise the cancer prevention potential and hopefully lead to a future free of preventable cancers. 1. McAvoy B, Elwood Mark, Staples, M. Cancer in Not All Homeless Essay Australia – An update for GPs. Australian Family Physician. 2005;34 Vol. 34(1/2):41-5. 2. Critically Approaches Practice. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Australasian Association of Cancer Registries (AACR), National Cancer Strategies Group (NCSG) McDermid I. Cancer incidence projections, Australia 2002 to 2011. Canberra: AIHW, AACR NCSG; 2005. 3. The Cancer Council Australia.

National Cancer Prevention Policy 2007?09. NSW: The Cancer Council Australia; 2007. 4. World Health Organization. Cancer Prevention [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 18]. Architecture Columns. Available from: URL:

5. National Cancer Institute. Cancer Prevention [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL: 6. Critically Approaches To Person-centred Practice. VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control. Tobacco control: a blue chip investment in greek public health. Review Approaches To Person-centred. Melbourne: Anti-Cancer Council of process, Victoria; 2003. 7. Sydney Morning Herald. Approaches Practice. Speech at Harvard by Bill Gates [online]. Aboard Nobumitsu. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 18]. Available from: URL:

8. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Smoking and critically review approaches to person-centred practice Health: A report of the Surgeon General. The Other Side Butalia Essay. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, Office of the Assistant Secretary for critically approaches to person-centred practice, Health, Office on Smoking and Health. Process. DHEW Publication; 1979. 9. Centre for Health Promotion, Women’s and Children’s hospital.

Virtually Healthy [online]. 2004 [cited 2008 Apr 23]. Critically Approaches Practice. Available from: URL: 10. The Australian Tobacco Timeline [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 25]. Available from: URL: 11. Wald NJ, Nanchahal K, Thompson SG, Cuckle HS. Does breathing other people’s tobacco smoke cause lung cancer?

British Medical Journal. 1986;293:1217-22. 12. Smoke free Australia. Smokefree Laws: Australian States and Side by Urvashi Essay the World [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL:’03/law.htm.

13. Applied Economics. Returns on investment in public health: an epidemiological and economic analysis. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of critically to person-centred practice, Health and Ageing; 2003. 14. Australian Institute of greek, Health and Welfare. 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: first results. Canberra: AIHW; 2005. 15.

State Government Victoria, Department of human services. Health promotion strategies [online]. 2008 [cited 2008 Apr 22]. Available from: URL: 16.

Official Website of the approaches to person-centred Australian Labour. Rudd government tackles indigenous smoking rates and greek architecture columns health workforce in next down payments on closing the gap [online]. Critically Approaches. 2008 [cited 2008 Apr 21]. Available from: URL: 17. Australian Government Department of amending definition, Health and Aging. New health centre for the Yolngu people in East Arnhem [online]. 1998 [cited 2008 Apr 15].

Available from: URL: 18. Australian Government Department of Health and to person-centred Aging. Screening – About the program [online]. Architecture Columns. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL: 19. Garland, SM. Can we really beat cervical cancer? Medical Journal of Australia.

2003;178(12):647-50. 20. Australian Institute of Health and review to person-centred practice Welfare (AIHW). Cervical screening in Australia 2003–2004.Canberra: AIHW; 2006. 21. Queensland health.

Mobile Women’s Health Service [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 25]. Available fro m: URL: 22. Skinner SR, Garland SM, Stanley MA, Pitts M, Quinn MA. Human papillomavirus vaccination for the prevention of cervical neoplasia: is it appropriate to vaccinate women older than 26? The Medical Journal of Australia. 2008;188(4):238-42. 23. Australian Government Department of Health and Aging.

The National HPV Vaccination Program [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 24]. Available from: URL: 24. Wain GV. Where I Lived And What I Lived For. Cervical cancer prevention: The saga goes on, but so much has changed! The Medical Journal of review approaches to person-centred practice, Australia. 2006;185(9):476-77.

25. Cameron AJ, Welborn TA, Zimmet PZ, Dunstan DW, Owen N, Salmon J, et al. Overweight and obesity in Australia: the 1999-2000 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). The Medical Journal of Australia. 2003;178:427-32. 26.

World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research. I Lived. Food nutrition and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. Washington: World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research, 1997. 27. Critically Review To Person-centred Practice. World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR). Summary: food nutrition and Side Essay the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. Washington, DC: AICR; 1997. 28. Prentice RL, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Patterson R, Kuller LH, Ockene JK, et al. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial.

JAMA. 2006;295(6):629–42. 29. Cancer Council Australia. Avoid the cure [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 25]. Available from: URL: 30.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) Australasian Association of critically to person-centred, Cancer Registries (AACR). Cancer in dream Australia 2001. Canberra: AIHW (Cancer Series no. 28); 2004. 31. Rex DK, Johnson DA, Lieberman DA, Burt RW, Sonnenberg A. Colorectal Cancer Prevention 2000: Screening Recommendations of the practice American College of Gastroenterology. The American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2000;95(4):868-77. 32. Australian Government Department of Health and Aging.

About the Bowel Cancer Screening Pilot [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 27]. Available from: URL: 33. Australian Government Department of Health and Aging. National Bowel Cancer Screening Program [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 27]. Available from: URL:

34. Not All Homeless People. Marks R. Two decades of the public health approach to skin cancer control in Australia: Why, how and where are we now? Australasian Journal of Dermatology. 1999;40:1-5. 35. Montague M, Borland R, Sinclair C. Slip! Slop! Slap! and SunSmart, 1980-2000: Skin Cancer Control and 20 Years of Population-Based Campaigning. Health Education Behavior.

2001;28:290-305. Targeted and individualised therapies. Be the first to know when a new issue is online. Critically Review. Subscribe today. Cancer Forum is produced by Not All Homeless Essay, Cancer Council Australia for health professionals working in cancer control.

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