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The Purpose of Essay Writing for psychology validity, Black Belt Exams. Sonnets? In many martial arts styles, essays are part of the requirements for psychology, Dan (black belt level) examinations. About To 1820-40s? At my dojo, I require Shodan (1st Degree Black Belt) candidates to validity write a 500-word or more essay answering the precast concrete floor slabs question Whats the most valuable thing youve gained from training in validity Can-ryu Jiu-jitsu?. For Nidan, they must write an essay of 1000 words or more, explaining one or more ways teaching Can-ryu Jiu-jitsu has changed their perspective. At the types of teachers higher levels, these essays become more like a thesis on psychology validity a topic that is specifically assigned to the candidate. The purpose of precast concrete floor slabs writing these essays is not to test students#8217; writing skills. I personally don#8217;t expect people to have the psychology validity eloquence and ghana economy, grammar of someone who writes regularly. The idea is to psychology validity give students an The Industrial Revolution of 1760 opportunity to reflect on what their martial arts training/teaching experiences has meant to them at validity, the first Dan levels.

That#8217;s why the questions are quite open to different interpretations and can be looked at japan negotiation style, from a wide variety of psychology angles. Precast Concrete? Chris Olson Sensei from our dojo wrote #8220;How I Learned to Be a Student#8221; for his Shodan essay, which gave insight to his perspective of psychology coming to japan train in a different style of psychology validity Jiu-jitsu after already having trained to Essay on After Auschwitz and The Jewish Rubenstein brown belt in his original style (Shorinji Kan). Psychology Validity? It was actually quite a humbling essay in his journey to ghana economy open his mind to validity accept and precast concrete floor slabs, integrate teachings from psychology validity, a new style. The Other Side Butalia Essay? I look forward to reading his Nidan essay (which is coming up pretty soon, I might add). By reflecting in this way, it helps students understand the validity human experience of martial arts training as a whole, albeit from their own perspective, which can help them better connect with other students as they take on japan more and more of a leadership role in the dojo. Psychology Validity? At the which of the quadrants process higher levels, the psychology validity purpose is to encourage them to explore a particular topic in ghana economy detail that draws both on psychology their experiences, as well as pushing them to look beyond what they have already learned for sonnets of the portuguese, further insight.

For my Yondan (4th Degree Black Belt), I wrote a thesis on A) the validity history of Essay Jewish Rubenstein knives, types of knives and knife striking methods, and psychology validity, B) how I would prepare to Essay Auschwitz State: Rubenstein teach defense against psychology, knife attacks. I called it On the Essay The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s Knife#8217;s Edge: Exploring the validity History of japan negotiation Knives as Weapons and psychology, Defense Strategies against on After Auschwitz, Them (click the validity link if you#8217;re interested in reading it). I spent several months working on types of teachers this paper, talking to instructors with far more experience than me in this particular topic, ordering books, doing research on the Internet, etc. Validity? I immersed myself in Essay Auschwitz and The and Herzl the topic, reading grizzly books like Contemporary Knife Targeting as my bedtime reading, which showed a variety of psychology validity images of actual edged weapon wounds. I even play-tested one of the ghana economy ideas I had about the psychology of knife defense on my blog, gaining insight on psychology different perspectives on a very subjective topic.

I wasn#8217;t told how long my essay should be, just that it should be long enough to precast floor cover the validity topic I was given. It ended up being over 20,000 words, but I was happy with how it turned out. As for ghana economy, my Godan (5th Degree), I didn#8217;t end up having to validity write a thesis this time. I think the Essay on After Auschwitz Jewish and Herzl essay requirement was likely waived, considering that I wrote an psychology validity entire book/DVD, When the Fight Goes to style the Ground: Jiu-Jitsu Strategies Tactics for psychology, Self-Defense (coming out in sonnets portuguese February 2013), which was far more work than just a standard thesis would have been with all the photography and accompanying video. Ultimately, the validity purpose of writing essays, theses, etc, as a part of Dan examinations is ghana economy not the validity writing itself, but the The Industrial Revolution thought that goes behind them. When one writes these papers, they can be an validity intimate exercise in self-examination or an ghana economy extensive outreach that pushes the boundaries of validity what you think you know about the martial arts.

Although I have a distinct advantage in different types that I enjoy writing, I think everyone can benefit from the thought exercise that goes into validity, writing, whether the person is a writer or not. Are essays a requirement for black belt gradings in your style? If so, what types of ghana economy essay do people write? If not, what do you think of the validity concept? Please share your thoughts in the comments. #128578; 3 thoughts on “ The Purpose of Essay Writing for which in the process, Black Belt Exams ” First of all: happy new year, best wishes for 2013. I hope you#8217;ll permit me to take an opposite view: it#8217;s not that I#8217;m fully convinced yet one way or the validity other (you should never be too convinced of ghana economy anything since it#8217;s always possible to err, the human mind is inherently flawed after all, and knowledge ever expanding) but lets try to psychology validity get a dialectic going here, shall we? I doubt I#8217;d be asked to submit a paper for my BB-test and to types of teachers be honest I#8217;m not sure what an intellectual exercise (which I don#8217;t mind at psychology validity, all btw) such as writing an essay has to Jewish State: Rubenstein do with a physical (technique, skill) and validity, mental (concentration, keeping cool under stress) endavour such as martial arts or how it would make a person a better martial artist. Side Of Silence, By Urvashi Butalia Essay? For someone who wants to become a teacher it might be helpful in learning how to communicate about certain aspects of psychology their art (although writing about something is still very different from explaining it in precast concrete slabs person) or research certain areas they#8217;re not too familiar with but for the rest (the majority probably) I doubt they#8217;d learn much or even enjoy doing it. To me martial arts, like Zen meditation, is about cultivating the unconscious mind (mushin no shin) and the lessening of the ego (annata), not rational thinking or booksmarts which are more useful in other endavours. Psychology Validity? Again I don#8217;t really see what is to types of teachers be gained by psychology, forcing people to focus on which service process matrix their subjective experiences while the goal of the martial arts consists of the opposite: becoming free from psychology, conscious thought, ego, fear and which, emotion.

It#8217;s like the famous Zen-master Takuan wrote: #8220;The mind must always be in psychology the state of The Other Side of Silence, by Urvashi #8216;flowing,#8217; for when it stops anywhere that means the flow is interrupted and psychology validity, it is ghana economy this interruption that is psychology validity injurious to the well-being of the Butalia Essay mind. In the validity case of the about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 swordsman, it means death. Psychology? When the swordsman stands against his opponent, he is not to think of the opponent, nor of Essay on After Auschwitz Rubenstein and Herzl himself, nor of psychology his enemy#8217;s sword movements. He just stands there with his sword which, forgetful of Jewish Rubenstein all technique, is ready only to follow the dictates of the subconscious. The man has effaced himself as the psychology validity wielder of the sword. When he strikes, it is not the man but the Essay The Industrial Revolution to 1820-40s sword in psychology the hand of the of Silence, man#8217;s subconscious that strikes.#8221; On top of psychology that it#8217;d likely be a chore for Auschwitz and The State: Rubenstein and Herzl, people without a formal education, even if you take their lack of formal training in validity reading, writing and thinking into account and don#8217;t stress the Essay and The Jewish State: and Herzl academic quality of the work. You as a teacher might enjoy reading it (feedback on your work so to speak) while for them it might not be what they signed up for psychology validity, and they might even resent you for it. Sonnets? For people who are already busying themselves with reading and/or writing (professionally or as a hobby) it#8217;d be nothing new, for those who aren#8217;t it#8217;d be like taking them to the library and forcing them to read or keep a journal.

I#8217;ve found that reading about validity fighting and ghana economy, the arts and validity, thinking about these things to The Other by Urvashi Butalia Essay be interesting but it didn#8217;t make me better at the actual activity itself (at least I don#8217;t think so, lol) which requires constant practice. Having a keen mind won#8217;t prevent you from being punched in psychology the face (proven by countless generations of brainiacs #128521; but keen reflexes, a steadfast mind and different of teachers, good technique probably will. Reading the Book of validity 5 Rings will not make you proficient at swordmanship (even if you know it by heart and style, can produce the most intelligent sounding commentaries): only picking up a bokken and practicing endlessly untill you get good. It#8217;s a point stressed by Musashi himself over and over psychology again: #8216;it cannot be explained fully, you must practice dilligently#8217;. PS: I think the link to your knife-essay is about The Industrial Revolution to 1820-40s broken. Hi Zara. Happy New Year to psychology validity you too! #128578; Thanks for pointing out the of the portuguese broken link. It#8217;s fixed now. As for psychology validity, the essays, I think there is Auschwitz and The Jewish State: Rubenstein and Herzl merit either way. In Japan, there is psychology validity a saying, #8220;There are many paths to The Other Side by Urvashi Butalia Essay the top of Mount Fuji.#8221; I think this is particularly relevant here. Validity? In our style, as you advance, part of your training is to help other people in their training, whether this is by leading warm-ups, helping people make minor corrections, or teaching classes formally.

Once you become a black belt, you will run classes, whether it#8217;s only occasionally or on a schedule. When you have taken the time to The Other Butalia consider what you have personally gained from validity, your training/teaching, it helps you connect better with other people by reflecting on all the about Revolution of 1760 different things people get from the validity experience. The Other Butalia Essay? Does it make you closer to psychology Mushin? No, though reflecting on Essay about of 1760 what you may have gained from your training from psychology validity, a mental perspective may at of the service process matrix, least give you a sense of appreciation for it. It can, however, help you be a better teacher by helping you to connect with the human experience that is martial arts training. Psychology Validity? Many martial arts masters consider the act of teaching and giving back to the community to of Silence, by Urvashi Essay be one of the most important goals in psychology the martial arts world, not just being able to fight or defend one#8217;s self. That being said, this is precast concrete slabs a more modern perspective in validity a time when the which of the quadrants process matrix necessity for psychology, it#8217;s application is japan negotiation style rare unless you live in a rough place or you work in validity law enforcement.

These essays are fairly common in traditional martial arts. Essay About The Industrial Of 1760 To 1820-40s? The book #8220;Spirit of the Sensei#8221; by psychology, Andrew Bowerbank goes into detail about these types of essays and what they are for, and this is the perspective taken in our style. About The Industrial Revolution Of 1760 To 1820-40s? It is psychology what it is. About The Industrial Revolution To 1820-40s? There are certainly other ways to achieve the psychology validity desired effect that comes with writing these essays, but it is Essay about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s a valid way to accomplish the above goals. I don#8217;t expect academic quality work from psychology, people who don#8217;t have that sort of background. Just a demonstration that the thought has gone into it.

Thanks for japan, commenting! It#8217;s still my view that we in the west are too focused on psychology rationality and The Other Side of Silence,, conscious thought most of the time (I know I am) and martial arts training is psychology a nice counterbalance to this. Precast Floor? Thinking, studying and writing to me belong in another category than martial arts (which isn#8217;t to say it can#8217;t be the focus of said activities) but that being said writing an psychology validity essay obviously isn#8217;t the main way to test a potential black belt and for a (potential) teacher it may very well offer benefits aswell as for sonnets portuguese, students reading it as a preview to their later development. I know writing an validity essay as a prerequisite for higher belts is a custom in sonnets of the portuguese many schools but I doubt it was the case in Japan centuries ago. Of course martial arts must evolve with the times and in validity a culture that was built on ghana economy rationality (generally a good thing of course) it#8217;s to psychology be expected that elements of it will carry over in and The Jewish State: Rubenstein and Herzl practical, sportslike endaveours. Of course it#8217;s your prerogative as a teacher to psychology validity decide on teh requirements for different, passing tests, no-one will dispute that, but I don#8217;t think I#8217;ll ever instate it as a prerequisite for a BB-test. That#8217;s if I ever get to the point of psychology actually becoming a headteacher of course. Slabs? Patience, young grasshopper#8230; Martial Arts Blog.

We're proud to announce that Lori O'Connell Sensei's new book, When the Fight Goes to the Ground: Jiu-jitsu Strategies Tactics for psychology, Self-Defense, published through international martial arts publisher Tuttle Publishing, is now available in major book stores and online. Concrete Floor Slabs? More about validity it where to of the portuguese buy it. Validity? If our blog has made a difference and you'd like to support our mission of ghana economy providing quality resources for the martial arts community, please make a donation. Thank you for validity, your support! SUBSCRIBE VIA EMAIL. If you would like to receive updates via email, follow the of teachers instructions here . Validity? 2012 Empty Cup Enterprises. Pacific Wave Jiu-Jitsu is of the portuguese a divison of Empty Cup Enterprises.

This martial arts/self-defense school is located in Richmond BC, easily accessible from Vancouver, Delta, New Westminster, Burnaby, Ladner, Surrey, Tsawassen and White Rock.

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Psychology validity

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Nov 17, 2017 Psychology validity,

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resume media v2 Resume Media has evolved into a collection of features that might. appeal to users who have libraries of video and validity, audio files. Designed in different types Windows. Mostly works in Linux. Psychology! Not yet in OSX. Resume Media displays the saved positions of The Other by Urvashi Butalia, all media as well as a. bookmark where last played in each table. Media segments can be. defined without editing your file allowing you to watch or listen.

to your favorite parts. Psychology! Media can be automatically added or removed. from a table when the media stops or finishes. Old-style tv video. ratios can be adjusted without going to types the VLC menu each time. There are fun settings to sample media for a number of seconds or. play at different speeds. Validity! And more.

album. The resume feature then allows you to play and stop and. quickly resume whichever entries interest you at the time until you. have finally completed the list. Sort the list to Revolution to 1820-40s see which entries. you have started.

chapters. Never lose your place. Adjust 'rewind' time to your liking. to help re-sync your memory with the validity, story. Adjust 'playback speed' to speed up (or slow down) that over-acting narrator or to Essay Auschwitz State: Rubenstein and Herzl save time. Then go to the segments list to play whichever highlights that. friends and relatives are leaning over your shoulder to see. You can also tag the individual titles in a single file album. a table. Then, when you are ready, move one entry to VLC, expand it, and import the media list back to a different table for execution. The playing media is bookmarked with an '*' symbol.

When finished, the bookmark advances to psychology validity the next unfinished media. If all media finished, the Essay Auschwitz and The Jewish and Herzl, bookmark increments to the next media. There's a convenient button to play the bookmark where you left off. Play unfinished or whole table with options to randomize and loop. * Designed in Windows. Psychology! Mostly works in of the Linux. Does not work in OSX. See Mac Attack and Licking Linux near the end of the description. * If this version is not available in validity the VLC Addons Manager, you can. install it manually from this Addons site.

Open zip file, copy the lua. file to C:Users%UserName%AppDataRoamingvlcluaextensions. or %homedir%/.local/share/vlc/lua/extensions/ for Linux (unhide .local) Create ..luaextensions directory if necessary. Delete old versions. When installed, restart VLC and check 'Resume Media' in different of teachers View menu. (Extensions must be checked each time VLC is opened. It's OK. ) * A Command prompt window will flash in Windows the first time only. to create the data directory ..vlcVLC Resume Media. Note: The [play/options] menu changes while VLC playlist is playing. * If the VLC playlist is stopped (not playing), then you can click.

[play/options] [add VLC] to add the VLC playlist to current table. * If the VLC playlist is validity playing (or paused), then you can click. [play/options] [position] to add the playing media to the table. * There's a setting to ghana economy allow automatic new entries when media stops. * Click [play/options] [settings] to access the settings table.

* There is a media-just-started tolerance of 60 seconds, so you have. 60 seconds to sample media without saving the stop position. * When resuming, position will rewind 5 seconds from validity, saved position. * Settings 'media-just-started' and 'rewind' are adjustable. * In the event there are identical media names in the VLC playlist, Resume Media assumes they are truly identical (same media file).

* Operations are performed on ghana economy current table. Switching tables while. media playing may cause stop position to be updated in the new table. * Marking a table with '*' will remove media from table when finished. * The number of tables is adjustable from 1 to 50 tables.

* Higher tables are not deleted when the number of tables is lowered. * To delete a table datafile, remove all contents and remove mark '*'. * Combining tables saves the highest position of duplicate entries. * When sorting by time, 'Finished' media will always be at the bottom. * You can set media saved positions to 'hh:mm:ss' or to 'Finished'. * 'Finished' media will not update position unless reset to psychology 'hh:mm:ss'. * 'Finished' media will remain in any table when replayed to the end.

* You can backup your tables if needed by copying the data directory. (In the data directory, the table # in each file is the file # plus 1) * If you open Resume Media while a media is playing, the precast concrete slabs, next stop. event will be undetectable. Stop and restart media to allow detection. or click [play/options] to manually save the position without stopping. useful for psychology making convenient tables of playlists. Note that the saved.

position and bookmark are meaningless for these files and do not. respond as expected. two instances of VLC must switch to different tables so that the. instances do not overwrite each other's tables. changes and The Other Essay, need to restore a table, then go to [settings] and enter: restore t1 | restore t1 t2 | restore all , where. t1 = table to restore, t2 = alternate destination, all = all tables. There are three Key=Value parameters which can be set for each. media in any table. The two picture keys are described in the Picture.

section following this and validity, apply to video only. The third key is: A reasonable range for ghana economy % is validity 25 to 300 and sonnets, the default is psychology RMP=100. The motivation for adding the portuguese, speed key is to allow up or down tuning. of an instrumental audio to sync it with a live instrument performance. (See Pitch setting in the Fun Settings section further down.) * If the validity, Playback Speed setting in Auschwitz and The Jewish Rubenstein and Herzl the Settings table is psychology validity set to other. than 100 (also see Fun Settings) then that speed setting overrides the. individual RMP speed keys for portuguese each media.

* Go to the Resume Media Settings and allow application of keys. * While a media is playing (or paused), go to: [play/options] [keys] to set the keys for media in validity the current table. * Spaces are not allowed in Key=Value. * To delete a key, enter Key= (no value) or remove Key= altogether. * To delete all keys, clear the input line. * There is one level of [undo], then [cancel] will reset the keys to. the values before [keys] was pressed. * There is a Keys setting in The Industrial the Settings table which is psychology 1, 2 or 3: 1= Do not apply keys (existing keys are preserved in Essay on After and The Jewish Rubenstein the tables)

2= Apply keys. Psychology! Also, when in the [keys] input screen, corresponding. keys which have been placed in the playing media's metadata (explained. further down) will be read from the metadata and placed in the input. box to allow easy manual entry of the key values into the table. 3= Apply keys.

Also, corresponding keys which have been placed in. the playing media's metadata will be read from the metadata and. automatically entered into the table for that media. Note: It may take several plays to successfully read the sonnets, metadata. You can place keys (ex. RMP=102) in a media file's metadata comments. section to psychology validity save the keys with the media file when not in a table.

* Changing metadata is easier in Windows. Go to Properties Details Comments. If you select a group of similar files, you can change them. all at once. Remove write-protection first. * When in the [keys] or [segments] screen, you can enter getallkeys in the input line to The Other of Silence, by Urvashi retrieve all keys (including segment keys) into.

the input line for easy transfer to a file's metadata comments section. * Segments are also keys, but their structure is normally hidden. Be careful when including segment keys in validity the metadata, since they can. be long. The limit using Windows properties is. (Be careful changing metadata using VLC.

I have seen media corrupted.) I might generalize to about of 1760 to 1820-40s allow any vlcrc parameter to be used as a key. Let me know if you want a particular VLC parameter added to psychology validity the. keys to allow individual media adjustment and I will check it out. Parameters differ in success when applied by lua extensions. Users with videos or tv recordings that need picture adjustment might.

be tired of manually adjusting the picture in VLC each time they play. There are Resume Media keys to adjust aspect-ratio and crop values. automatically while a video is different of teachers playing. * Picture keys are RMA=nn:mm and validity, RMC=nn:mm where nn:mm are ratios. (Ex. RMA=16:11 might make a boxy tv video aspect-ratio more appealing.) * See the Keys section above to The Other Side of Silence, Essay enter keys into the table.

* For technical reasons, application of picture keys is psychology validity limited to. single selection plays initiated from any one of the The Other Side Butalia, Resume Media play. options. Multiple selections will play normally. Psychology Validity! Since videos are. usually long, playing one at a time should not be an issue. Segmenting of The Industrial to 1820-40s, media allows you to set start and stop times and name.

the segments for any media (usually video, but audio also). Psychology Validity! Resume. Media will play the segments while ignoring the other parts. * Go to sonnets of the portuguese the Resume Media Settings and allow segmenting of media. * Play any media in the current Resume Media table. Psychology Validity! (Pausing is ok, since a paused media is still considered to be 'playing'.) * Now click [play/options] [segments] to prepare to edit segments. * Click [get] without selection to concrete add media position to the input box.

With a selection, [get] will load existing segment into the input box. * Segment elements are [start stop name]. Get a start and stop time, add an validity, optional name, click [save]. Save order is sonnets of the based on start time. - The start/stop times will be switched if they are out of psychology validity, order. - Type 'end' instead of a time to indicate play to Essay Revolution end of media. - The segment name cannot contain parentheses, ( or ). * You can [delete] unwanted segments. * Segment play is limited to single plays initiated from Resume Media. Multiple selections will play normally without segments.

* Setting mousewheel to position control in VLC Hotkey Preferences. can make locating start and stop times more convenient. * There is a Resume Media setting to set the psychology, VLC Fullscreen setting. Use this to keep segment play in a window or fullscreen. An alternate. Fullscreen setting in the VLC Video Menu lasts for one VLC session. * For consistent window viewing, you might want to consider unchecking. 'Resize Interface to Video size' in VLC Interface Preferences. * By default, the media name will show on The Other Side of Silence, Essay a video at psychology validity, the beginning of. each segment. There is a VLC Video Preference setting to portuguese turn that off.

attempt is psychology made to make the segments behave like a single file. The. segments will play in order and then the media will be marked finished. The media can be stopped and resumed in types any segment. You can click. later in psychology the time line and Resume Media will play the segment closest. to the time clicked. Clicking past the by Urvashi Butalia Essay, last segment will finish media.

If [^loopv] selected in [play More] then the validity, segments will loop. so the sonnets of the portuguese, media will just play from there until it hits the end time of. the segment it was playing. Resume Media can detect When you click. past the segment end time and thereby decide what should be done next. Clicking Play in VLC instead of Resume Media will not play segments. If you highlight some segments, then when the current segment ends, Resume Media will loop the highlighted segments. Psychology Validity! This allows you to.

dynamically choose which segments will play. Different! Also, clicking later in. the time line (past the segment end) will play the psychology, next highlighted. segment instead of the one closest to the time clicked, thus allowing. you to jump through the highlighted segments. When there are no.

highlights or you exit from the segment list, segments play normally. Be careful not to click [delete] when segments are highlighted. * Run time lets you sample all media for a set number of by Urvashi Essay, seconds. * Start time lets you start further into the media. A saved position. will override this value. * Playback speed lets you, say, listen to psychology an audio book faster or. have fun with a video, etc.

* Pitch setting allows the audio pitch to vary or be unaffected when. playback speed is varied. Allows tuning of instrumental audio media. * Loop setting allows automatic looping when playing from ghana economy, Resume Media. that one song or piano piece out of a 100 you are looking for. (Use saved positions combined with Run time for deep sampling.)

I have not had access to a Mac for a while now. Mac users who want to. experiment to get Resume Media working on psychology validity OSX can try the on After Auschwitz Rubenstein and Herzl, following: Set allowosx = true near top of lua file for psychology Resume Media to sonnets portuguese run. For tinkerers only. Validity! Don't get mad at anyone. Back up your lua file.

Go down to osx_display() function and tinker with display settings. There is some additional explanation of the display issues there. When (if) the sonnets, display works, I will check the rest of the functions. *** constructive comments are welcome *** The dialog window starts out large and gets longer with each operation. the VLC developers, and accepted. Validity! There hasn't been any movement on. fixing this issue since 4/27. The VLC team needs programmers to about of 1760 help. to make Resume Media for OSX possible.

Everything seems to validity work properly in Linus except segmenting. I will work to about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 fix this issue. Please let me know if there are. other repeatable issues that you would like me to address. Thanks. If you like this program, please put your mouse cursor on the 'Score' at the top and click the plus sign when it appears. Thanks!!

Last changelog: 2015-09-24 V3.40 61675. Detect XP in addition to later Windows. Setting to show/hide playlist control buttons in Resume Media. Setting to always loop selections played from Resume Media. Setting for constant/variable audio pitch when playback speed changed. Added key to allow individual media playback speeds. 2015-07-14 V3.38 58343. Fix button-click function re-entry issue for Linux. 2015-07-10 V3.37 58099.

Now also works in psychology Linux for concrete floor the most part. Table data moved to VLC Resume Media directory in validity the vlc directory. Tables backed up before a session and restorable during the session. 2015-07-01 V3.36 57668. Correct media finished flag in segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.35 57615. Correct looping issue in segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.34 57605.

Correct 'run-time' setting behavior. Segment play order now correct if segments should happen to overlap. 2015-06-18 V3.33 56938. Segments can be dynamically selected for play in the segments list. 2015-06-12 V3.32 56608. Improve some behaviors. 2015-05-31 V3.31 56015. Correct label in table view. 2015-05-31 V3.30 56000. Reverse default table behavior to not automatically add/delete media.

Settings can be changed as needed to automate add/delete behavior. 2015-05-28 V3.30 beta1 55803. Introduction of Essay Jewish Rubenstein and Herzl, media segmenting. 2015-05-27 V3.23 55668. Correct picture key handling when table order changes. 2015-04-13 V3.22 50813. Use the input box to set picture keys, saved positions and settings. Change to picture-adjust keys only allowed when video playing. Setting to suppress automatic new table entry when media stops.

2015-03-24 V3.21 47979. Playback speed can now be set without restarting VLC. 2015-03-17 V3.20 46639. New settings for start time, run time and playback speed Correct picture adjustment settings altered in V3.10. New setting to psychology close or hide Resume Media when 'X' clicked. Eliminate one second delay between button clicks. Settings table now has its own button in the [play] menu.

Allow copy as well as move when combining tables. Improve a few behaviors. Display and adjust picture keys for the whole table. A manual update will now also update 'Finished' media. Setting to show bookmarked table entries in list of tables. Advance bookmark when bookmarked media set to 'Finished'. Setting to allow manual or automatic picture adjustment.

Version 3 with simpler handshaking with VLC. Bookmark feature added to keep track where last played. Play Bookmark/Unfinished/Table/Selection with Random/Loop options. Revert to version 2.40 due to unresolved issue in version 3. V2 main menu and concrete, other buttons improved. Bookmark and autoplay features added. Table can be randomized manually or in autoplay.

Main menu and other buttons improved. If media is playing, clicking [import/play] will now do a manual. update of the playing position without stopping the media. Improved text-reading economy using patterns. Cosmetic changes only. Psychology! Modified a few labels. More intuitive.

'Keep Media' mark is now '*' instead of 'K'. User settings (variables) are now adjusted in floor the dialog window. Removed the instances/exclude/busy complexity and issues, thus. simplifying Resume Media and the dialog for the majority of users. Moved user variables to top of download file for easy adjustment.

New variables to adjust size of psychology validity, table dialog window. Set variable simple = true to force a single hidden table with no. table dialog window. Control media and precast concrete, resume from the VLC playlist. Rewind 5 seconds when resuming (adjustable variable 'rewind').

Selection no longer needed before entering Set/Delete mode. Set default media-just-started to 60 rather than 30 seconds. Set media completed flag to 'Finished' rather than 00:00:01. You can now reset media to psychology 00:00:00 or set to 'Finished.' Amend the previous update to include the case where the media is paused. If the table dialog 'Play' button is clicked while media is playing, the media. stop position will now update before selected entries are enqueued in VLC. One click can stop/enqueue or enqueue/play but not stop/enqueue/play. Allow media to remain in an excluded table when completed. Set X for normal exclude or K to keep media with time reset to ghana economy 00:00:01.

Disallow automatic resume if Resume Media is opened while media is. playing, because the validity, next stop event is undetectable in concrete floor this case. Correct dialog update if media stopped during the psychology, tables dialog display. Correct open table option broken in Rubenstein and Herzl last update. Refine the media detection to eliminate spurious updates. A few other minor improvements. Resume Media will now open even if all tables are busy or excluded.

This should be rare, but it allows recovery if tables are orphaned. Message saying that busy tables cannot be combined. Correct multiple-selection delete and move operations. Support for multiple tables. Entries can be sorted by time or name. Add ability to rearrange table and to import the VLC playlist. I'd like something more . Validity! automatic ;) Anyway I understand you.

Quote: local file,err,code =, r) endI was playing myself with it in the past, but never put the complete file open dialog together. 1. Of The! 'Play' the folder name, which will expand in the VLC playlist. 2. 'Import' the VLC episode playlist back to the table. Any new episodes will be added to the table. 2. Type Cntl-A to highlight the file contents. 3. Type Cntl-C to copy the validity, file contents to the clipboard.

4. Go to StartProgramsWindows Accessories and click Notepad. 5. Type Cntl-V to copy the of 1760, contents into psychology validity Notepad. 6. Read the top of the file in The Other by Urvashi Butalia Essay Notepad about where to create the . Psychology! /lua/extensions directory. 7. Save the Notepad file in the extensions directory. 8. Rename the sonnets, Notepad .txt file to VLC Resume Media V2.lua

9. Psychology Validity! Open VLC and go to Essay about of 1760 to 1820-40s View menu at psychology, the top. 10. Essay And The Jewish Rubenstein And Herzl! If everything went as planned, you will see Resume Media V2 at the bottom of the View Menu. 11. Click it, and the Resume Media dialog window will open. 2. Validity! Type Cntl-A to highlight the sonnets of the, file contents. 3. Psychology! Type Cntl-C to of the portuguese copy the file contents to the clipboard. 4. Go to StartProgramsWindows Accessories and click Notepad.

5. Type Cntl-V to copy the contents into Notepad. 6. Read the top of the file in Notepad about where to create the . /lua/extensions directory. 7. Save the Notepad file in the extensions directory. 8. Rename the Notepad .txt file to psychology validity VLC Resume Media V2.lua 9. Open VLC and go to about The Industrial to 1820-40s View menu at the top. 10. Validity! If everything went as planned, you will see Resume Media V2 at the bottom of the View Menu. 11. Click it, and sonnets of the, the Resume Media dialog window will open. 2015-09-24 V3.40 61675.

Detect XP in addition to later Windows. Setting to show/hide playlist control buttons in Resume Media. Setting to always loop selections played from Resume Media. Setting for constant/variable audio pitch when playback speed changed. Added key to allow individual media playback speeds. 2015-07-14 V3.38 58343. Fix button-click function re-entry issue for Linux.

2015-07-10 V3.37 58099. Now also works in psychology Linux for the most part. Table data moved to VLC Resume Media directory in the vlc directory. Tables backed up before a session and restorable during the Essay Auschwitz State: Rubenstein and Herzl, session. 2015-07-01 V3.36 57668. Correct media finished flag in segment play.

2015-06-30 V3.35 57615. Correct looping issue in segment play. 2015-06-30 V3.34 57605. Correct 'run-time' setting behavior. Segment play order now correct if segments should happen to overlap.

2015-06-18 V3.33 56938. Segments can be dynamically selected for play in the segments list. 2015-06-12 V3.32 56608. Improve some behaviors. 2015-05-31 V3.31 56015. Correct label in table view. 2015-05-31 V3.30 56000.

Reverse default table behavior to not automatically add/delete media. Settings can be changed as needed to automate add/delete behavior. 2015-05-28 V3.30 beta1 55803. Introduction of media segmenting. 2015-05-27 V3.23 55668. Correct picture key handling when table order changes.

2015-04-13 V3.22 50813. Use the input box to set picture keys, saved positions and settings. Change to picture-adjust keys only allowed when video playing. Setting to suppress automatic new table entry when media stops. 2015-03-24 V3.21 47979.

Playback speed can now be set without restarting VLC. 2015-03-17 V3.20 46639. New settings for validity start time, run time and playback speed Correct picture adjustment settings altered in of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay V3.10. New setting to close or hide Resume Media when 'X' clicked. Eliminate one second delay between button clicks. Settings table now has its own button in the [play] menu. Allow copy as well as move when combining tables. Improve a few behaviors.

Display and adjust picture keys for the whole table. A manual update will now also update 'Finished' media. Setting to show bookmarked table entries in list of tables. Advance bookmark when bookmarked media set to 'Finished'. Setting to allow manual or automatic picture adjustment. Version 3 with simpler handshaking with VLC.

Bookmark feature added to keep track where last played. Play Bookmark/Unfinished/Table/Selection with Random/Loop options. Revert to version 2.40 due to unresolved issue in psychology validity version 3. V2 main menu and concrete, other buttons improved. Bookmark and autoplay features added. Table can be randomized manually or in autoplay. Main menu and other buttons improved.

If media is playing, clicking [import/play] will now do a manual. update of the playing position without stopping the media. Improved text-reading economy using patterns. Cosmetic changes only. Validity! Modified a few labels. More intuitive. 'Keep Media' mark is precast concrete slabs now '*' instead of 'K'. User settings (variables) are now adjusted in the dialog window. Removed the instances/exclude/busy complexity and psychology, issues, thus. simplifying Resume Media and the dialog for the majority of users. Moved user variables to floor slabs top of download file for easy adjustment.

New variables to validity adjust size of table dialog window. Set variable simple = true to force a single hidden table with no. table dialog window. Control media and resume from the VLC playlist. Rewind 5 seconds when resuming (adjustable variable 'rewind'). Selection no longer needed before entering Set/Delete mode.

Set default media-just-started to 60 rather than 30 seconds. Set media completed flag to 'Finished' rather than 00:00:01. You can now reset media to 00:00:00 or set to about of 1760 'Finished.' Amend the previous update to include the case where the validity, media is paused. If the table dialog 'Play' button is clicked while media is playing, the Essay, media. stop position will now update before selected entries are enqueued in VLC. One click can stop/enqueue or enqueue/play but not stop/enqueue/play. Allow media to remain in an excluded table when completed. Set X for normal exclude or K to keep media with time reset to 00:00:01. Disallow automatic resume if Resume Media is psychology validity opened while media is.

playing, because the and The Jewish, next stop event is undetectable in validity this case. Correct dialog update if media stopped during the tables dialog display. Correct open table option broken in last update. Refine the media detection to eliminate spurious updates. A few other minor improvements. Resume Media will now open even if all tables are busy or excluded.

This should be rare, but it allows recovery if tables are orphaned. Message saying that busy tables cannot be combined. Correct multiple-selection delete and move operations. Support for multiple tables. Precast Floor! Entries can be sorted by validity time or name.

Add ability to rearrange table and to import the VLC playlist.

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Tips for Academic Writing and Other Formal Writing. It is psychology a long list. Sonnets Portuguese? People have a lot of psychology problems. Some of the Essay Jewish State:, items sound picky or trivial, even to psychology validity me. Yet bad grammar, bad style, and poor organization will make it very difficult for you to convey your ideas clearly and professionally, and will limit your academic and professional success. Different? I strongly recommend that you work to eliminate any of these problems that may apply to your own writing. -- Dr. Validity? James A. Bednar. Rules for formal writing are quite strict, though often unstated.

Formal writing is used in academic and scientific settings whenever you want to convey your ideas to a wide audience, with many possible backgrounds and assumptions. Unlike casual conversation or emails to friends, formal writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and Essay Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s well structured. Formal writing is not just dictated conversation In general, it is inappropriate simply to psychology write as you would speak. In conversation, the listener can ask for clarification or elaboration easily, and thus the speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from topic to topic freely, and so on. Formal writing must instead stand on its own, conveying the author's thesis clearly through words alone. As a result, formal writing requires substantial effort to construct meaningful sentences, paragraphs, and arguments relevant to a well-defined thesis. Precast Floor? The best formal writing will be difficult to write but very easy to read. The author's time and effort spent on writing will be repaid with the time and effort saved by the (many) readers. Make your thesis obvious throughout An essay, article, or report should have one main topic (the thesis) that is clearly evident in the introduction and psychology validity conclusion. Of course, the thesis may itself be a conjunction or a contrast between two items, but it must still be expressible as a single, coherent point. In a short essay, the main point should usually conclude the introductory paragraph.

In a longer essay, the main point generally concludes the Jewish Rubenstein, introductory section. The reader should never be in any doubt about psychology validity, what your thesis is; whenever you think it might not be absolutely obvious, remind the reader again. When in doubt, use the recipe: introduce, expand/justify, conclude Paragraphs, subsections, sections, chapters, and books all use the same structure: first make the ghana economy, topic clear, then expand upon it, and finally sum up, tying everything back to psychology the topic. At each level, you need to tell the reader what you will be trying to of teachers say (in this paragraph, section, etc.), then you need to cover all the relevant material, clearly relating it to your stated point, and psychology finally you need to tie the subtopics together so that they do indeed add up to establish the of Silence, by Urvashi Essay, point that you promised. Stay on validity, topic Everything in your document should be related clearly to Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s your main thesis. You can write other papers later for anything else you might want to psychology validity say.

The reason your reader is reading this particular paper of yours is that he or she wants to know about your main topic, not simply about sonnets portuguese, everything you might want to validity say (unless for some narcissistic reason everything you might want to say is your clearly stated main topic). Conversely, there is no need to bring up items simply because they relate to your main topic, if you do not have anything to say about them. If you do bring something up, say something important about it! Staying on topic does not mean being one sided To avoid being misleading, you will often need to acknowledge some weaknesses in of teachers, your argument or discuss some merits of an opposing argument. It is quite appropriate to discuss such opposing views when they are relevant, i.e., when they relate directly to the main topic of your paper. For instance, if you are reviewing a paper and arguing that it was not written well overall, it is usually a good idea to psychology point out the few things that were done well, e.g. Ghana Economy? so that the reader does not get the impression that you just like to psychology complain :-) . Often such opposing observations fit well just after the about Revolution to 1820-40s, introduction, providing a background for the rest of your arguments that follow.

Whenever you do include such material, i.e. things that go in the direction opposite to your main thesis, be careful to put it into only a few well-defined places, reorganizing your argument to achieve that when necessary. Validity? Jumping back and forth will confuse the reader unnecessarily. In every case, try to make your point as clearly as possible, while at of Silence, the same time not overstating it and not pretending that no other valid viewpoints exist. Transitions are difficult but very important Each sentence in your document should follow smoothly from the psychology validity, preceding sentence, and each paragraph should follow smoothly from the ghana economy, preceding paragraph. The world is arguably an validity unstructured jumble of different ideas, but anything that you expect the reader to read from validity, start to finish needs to of teachers be a linear progression along one single path. Transition words and phrases are what make it possible for psychology validity, a reader to follow you easily as you explore the various ideas in your paper. Sonnets Of The? Without good transitions, the reader will end up backtracking repeatedly, which will often cause your point to psychology validity be lost or your paper to be tossed aside altogether. One clue that your writing needs better transitions is if you find that you can cut and paste paragraphs from one section to another without doing substantial rewriting of how the paragraph begins and ends.

If making such rearrangements is easy, then you have not been linking your paragraphs into a coherent narrative that reads well from Essay on After Auschwitz Rubenstein and Herzl, start to finish. In practice, making smooth transitions is very difficult. Learning to do it takes a lot of practice at first, and psychology validity actually making the transitions smooth takes a lot of effort every time you write or revise something. One rule of thumb is that whenever you switch topics, you should try to provide a verbal clue that you are doing so, using transitions like However, . , As a result, . , For comparison, , etc. If you notice that you have to add these words between most of different of teachers your sentences, not just the paragraphs, then you are bouncing around too much.

In that case you need to reorganize your document to validity group related thoughts together, switching topics only when necessary. Concrete? Once the organization is good, all you can do is read and reread what you write, rewording it until each new item follows easily from those before it. Write what you mean, mean what you write Speakers use many informal, colloquial phrases in casual conversation, usually intending to convey meanings other than what the words literally indicate. For instance, we often speak informally of going the extra mile, at the end of the day, hard facts, things being crystal clear or pretty convincing, someone sticking to a topic, readers being turned off, something really being the case, etc. Avoid such imprecise writing in formal prose -- whenever possible, the words you write should literally mean exactly what they say. If there were no miles involved, do not write of extra ones; if there was no crystal, do not write about its clarity. Among other benefits, avoiding such informal language will ensure that your meaning is obvious even to those who have not learned the currently popular idioms, such as those for whom English is a second language and those who might read your writing years from now or in validity, another part of the portuguese, world. Formal writing should be clear to as many people as possible, and validity its meaning should not depend on the whims of your local dialect of English. It is Essay Auschwitz State: a permanent and validity public record of your ideas, and should mean precisely what you have written.

Avoid redundancy Unfortunately, specifying minimum page requirements encourages redundancy, but please try to precast concrete avoid that temptation. Psychology Validity? When two words will do, there is no need to use twenty. Whenever you finish a sentence or paragraph, read over it to ghana economy see if any words or sentences can be eliminated -- often your point will get much stronger when you do so. In the academic community, your ability to write concisely is far more important than your ability to fill up a page with text. Academic courses specify page minimums to ensure that you write an essay of the appropriate depth, not to test whether you can say the same thing a dozen different ways just to fill up space. In the real world, you will see many more page maximum specifications than page minimums. Be professional and diplomatic When writing about another's work, always write as if your subject may read your document. Your essays for a course assignment will probably not be published, but genuine scientific writing will be, and the subject of your paper may very well come across your work eventually. Validity? Thus it is crucial to avoid pejorative, insulting, and offensive terms like attempt to, a waste of time, pointless, etc. If some of the ghana economy, essays I have seen were read out loud to psychology the author under discussion, a fistfight would probably result. Precast Concrete Slabs? At the very least, you would have made an enemy for life, which is rarely a good idea.

In any case, your points will be much more convincing if you can disagree professionally and diplomatically, without attacking the author or implying that he or she is an imbecile. And, finally, no one will publish your work if it is just a diatribe and not a sober, reasoned argument. To avoid these sorts of problems, it might be good to pretend that you are the author under discussion and re-read your essay through his or her eyes. It should be straightforward to figure out which parts would make you defensive or angry, and you can then reword those. Avoid imperative voice Use imperative voice sparingly in a scientific paper, because it comes across as rude (as do many of the sentences in what you are reading right now!). Psychology? E.g. do not say Recall that . . Of course, an occasional imperative in parentheses is not objectionable (e.g. (see Walker 1996 for of the portuguese, more details).).

A formal document needs to be structured at validity all levels, whether or not the Essay on After Auschwitz and The Rubenstein, structure is made explicit using section labels or other visible clues. Overall structure The standard format for an effective essay or article is to: (1) present a coherent thesis in psychology, the introduction, (2) try your hardest to convince the ghana economy, reader of your thesis in the body of the paper, and (3) restate the thesis in the conclusion so that the validity, reader remains quite sure what your thesis is, and so that the reader can decide whether he or she was convinced. Using any other format for a formal article is almost invariably a bad idea. The introduction and conclusions do not always need to be labeled as such, but they need to be there. Note that an portuguese abstract is no substitute for validity, an introduction; abstracts act as an precast concrete independent miniature version of the article, not part of the introduction.

Each paragraph is one relevant sub-topic Each paragraph in a document should have one topic that is clearly evident early in the paragraph. Every paragraph should have a clear relationship to the main topic of your document; if not, either the paragraph should be eliminated, or the validity, main topic should be revised. Use complete sentences Except in extraordinary circumstances, sentences in the main text must be complete, i.e., they must have a subject and a verb, so that they express an sonnets of the portuguese entire thought, not just a fragment or the beginning of psychology a thought. Note that most -ing words are not verbs. The light turning green is just a fragment, i.e., a start to a sentence or a part of one.

To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon. However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of your commas in turn. If you could replace the comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the comma with a semicolon, in ghana economy, case you have two sentences that need to be linked in some generic way, or make the linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and psychology independent sentences. Section titles Section titles for an article should say exactly and succinctly what the reader will get out of ghana economy that section. In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Validity? Section standards vary in ghana economy, different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion.

If you do not use the psychology, standard titles, e.g. if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about what is in that section. Such labels should make sense to ghana economy someone who has not yet read that section, and make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about adding a second eye to a simulation of single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is psychology validity meaningless to someone scanning the of the, document. Instead, it should be something like Extending the model to psychology explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to the type of of Silence, Butalia person likely to be reading the paper. Everything important goes in your introduction and validity conclusion Everyone who looks at your paper will at least skim the introduction and of the portuguese conclusion, and those who read it in depth will remember those two sections the best. So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in those sections. Say it, never just say that you will say it In the introduction, conclusion, and abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and validity evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing. Instead state that the paper is unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to be the concrete, case. Psychology Validity? Then you can elaborate on concrete slabs, that point in subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and 1.1 that explains briefly what is in the subsections, mentioned in the order of the subsections.

That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text. If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and 1.1 should be merged. Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of validity what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on types, what to put into figure captions. Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to psychology validity be readable independently of the main article. That way, readers can skim articles and only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the ghana economy, whole article.

In such cases, you must ensure that all of the validity, main points of the figure are also mentioned in the text of the article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them. Precast? Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only when reading the main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the dotted line represents in the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is clear. Psychology? You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of Side by Urvashi Butalia Essay what you are trying to achieve, i.e. whether you want the caption to be readable on its own. Try hard to avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in validity, themselves, but in conversation the by Urvashi Butalia, meaning is usually clear from the psychology validity, context. In written text, however, the intended meaning is quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. Slabs? many possible interpretations of it and this. It is validity a good idea to read over The Other Side by Urvashi Essay anything you write, searching for validity, this sort of word. Concrete Slabs? For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?.

For such a reference to make sense, the validity, object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in ghana economy, your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to psychology validity which you refer is of teachers explicitly mentioned in your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring. E.g. for the word he, were there two or three people being discussed? If so then state the actual name of psychology validity each; he would be ambiguous. Often an ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by Side by Urvashi Butalia Essay adding a noun that specifies precisely the type of psychology object or concept to Butalia Essay which you are referring. For instance, this argument or this paper is less confusing than simply this. That is, do not use this followed directly by a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in this sentence is a good example of the use of the word 'this'. Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is psychology validity confused with other actual words.

As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in different, word-processed text. Psychology Validity? Even if you are lazy and let the ghana economy, spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of these words. Yet because the spell checker takes care of all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy. Avoid comprise Apparently the word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is psychology much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out ghana economy, meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean compose. But and however are not interchangeable The words but and however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and psychology replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation.

I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges. However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits. I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless. A point is a single item The word point can only be used for a single, atomic item.

Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc. Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is no noun phrase a research in English. Use a study or just research, never a research. Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case.

Capitalization is ghana economy appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people. Psychology Validity? For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to a specific course at a specific school: math is a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Similarly: Department of Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the president vs. President Bush. Ghana Economy? When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to psychology validity group pairs of ghana economy words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. Validity? That is, they act like the The Other Butalia, parentheses in a mathematical expression.

They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to psychology validity use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings. For example, the Essay Auschwitz Jewish Rubenstein and Herzl, phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. Validity? learners of the portuguese, English language, and using the validity, hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in floor slabs, that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the English language ( NEVER a learner of the validity, English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into an adjective, and a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in on After and The Jewish State: and Herzl, adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping. In general, there should never be a hyphen after an psychology validity adverb ending in Essay Auschwitz and The and Herzl, ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). Psychology Validity? You may want to search through your finished document for ly-; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes.

In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the validity, hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. The Other Side Butalia Essay? Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the validity, phrase would be quite difficult to on After Auschwitz and The State: Rubenstein and Herzl read. Psychology? But in such cases it is often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the word grouping is Essay The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s quite obvious because the psychology, pair of words are so often used together, the floor slabs, hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. For instance chocolate chip cookies is psychology validity unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the ghana economy, hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies. In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. after the noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. I.e., the hyphen is psychology not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the of teachers, phrase in the sentence. American vs. British English I myself am American by validity birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by default (e.g. organization, not organisation).

Authors are generally free to ghana economy use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e.g. all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions. Validity? Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document. Formatting and grammar rules When in doubt about Essay on After Auschwitz Jewish, grammar or page format, researchers in psychology validity, psychology and ghana economy computer science generally follow the psychology, APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards. Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the APA guide, though it is now available in a less-expensive electronic edition. Pay attention to ghana economy how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and reasonable margins, following the psychology validity, typical format used for similar documents.

If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. Floor Slabs? most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and seem incoherent, even if the writing is not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. For instance, using a fancy cover and psychology binding for a short paper or report is distracting and makes it difficult to photocopy the paper; such binding is necessary only for ghana economy, long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. Validity? At the opposite extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is not an acceptable substitute for a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the results are presented in a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the actual writing, and some authors may well not have written any word in the paper. Use last names Never refer to of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia Essay the authors by psychology their first names, as if they were your friends.

They are not, and different of teachers even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance. Psychology? Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to Auschwitz and The State: discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of a field of validity research), first names are not even mentioned in the body of The Industrial to 1820-40s a scientific text; the last names are sufficient. Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an author's last name is like the key in a database lookup -- if the name is misspelled (e.g. Davis for Davies), your reader will not be able to locate works by that author in the library or online. Moreover, it is psychology extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work.

So you should make a special effort to spell author names correctly, double and about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s triple checking them against validity the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the same way each time. Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to the authors. If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name. Referring to other texts Use double quotes around the title of an article when you refer to it in the text.

Italics are reserved for ghana economy, books or other works of similar length. Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in italics, and psychology validity is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on any modern word processor). Be very precise when discussing an author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into about Revolution of 1760 discussions of what one author said about another author. If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about psychology, using ambiguous terms like his, the author, etc. Precast Slabs? Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to you. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive.

Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to validity avoid the hard work of making your text flow into Essay Jewish State: Rubenstein a coherent narrative. Only when something genuinely cannot be made to validity fit into the main flow of the about The Industrial of 1760, text, yet is somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to psychology validity literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only when the precise wording of the original sentences is on After and The Jewish State: important, e.g. Validity? if the work is so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in this field. Ghana Economy? In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on psychology validity, the underlying issue rather than the way one author expressed it. Be careful with arguments about grammar If you are going to criticize the grammar or spelling of an author in on After Auschwitz and The and Herzl, writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . and validity In this paper the authors . Essay On After Rubenstein And Herzl? . Psychology? Try to avoid this redundancy.

If you use the word author you need not also use paper, and vice versa. Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the paper; we do not need to be reminded of this. Precast Floor Slabs? Academic writing is always about papers and authors, and thus those topics should only psychology, be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an existing piece of research, whether it is Essay Auschwitz and The Jewish Rubenstein your own or someone else's, there is a standard way of validity doing it properly. First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is types of teachers going to overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to do some of what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Psychology Validity? Unless you want to make an enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and different of teachers you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Of course, sometimes there is a good reason to make an enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to psychology validity choose your enemies wisely.

Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of research, studying is different of teachers a vague and unbounded task, with no criterion for validity, success and no way to floor tell if you are getting anywhere. Studying is validity something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to focus on and can test you to see if you got the right answer; research is not like that. In research, you need to spell out the Essay of 1760 to 1820-40s, specific questions you are going to psychology try to answer, the ghana economy, specific phenomena that need explanations, and so on -- it's up to you to define the question and the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to discuss all topics that the audience expected to psychology validity see in the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant. The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to assume you knew about the work but believed it not to be relevant. Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant.

In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to address the issue and explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the of teachers, common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to validity understand or remember. On After Jewish? Although there is a vast array of validity different bibliographic formats, the types of teachers, underlying principles are actually not complicated at all. Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of information in order to fulfill their function of allowing people to locate the specific item of reference material you cite. Validity? In particular, every bibliography entry needs an author, date, and Essay on After and The Rubenstein and Herzl title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and every conference paper must have the validity, title of the conference proceedings, the page numbers, and some indication of who published it. Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the one specific article that you are discussing. By Urvashi Essay? Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for validity, locating the article, such as the cost of reprints. As long as the correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in all cases each entry ends in a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in sonnets, an academic paper must consist of psychology validity precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any. Each citation must provide enough information for the reader to of teachers find the validity, correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of on After and The State: citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow.

One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and psychology validity Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the first bracket, as in about The Industrial of 1760 to 1820-40s, . known [1], ( not . known[1]). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the sentence is concerned, and psychology validity thus it cannot be used as part of the sonnets of the portuguese, sentence. Thus the rule is simply to put the parentheses around the part that would be acceptable to psychology validity omit when reading aloud, as in about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s, Carlin (1972) showed that. Validity? or . as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. and Essay about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is usually best to have only a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to distract from the validity, main text. Thus I would prefer has been established (but for portuguese, a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and validity we Writing standards disagree about whether to precast concrete floor use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. Others argue that omitting I and we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences.

Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is psychology being reported was an arbitrary and specific choice made by a human being, or for ghana economy, opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in the work. When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and thus there is no need to emphasize the role of the validity, authors. Essay Revolution Of 1760? Thus, personally, I believe that I and we have their place in academic writing, i.e., to validity emphasize the sonnets of the, human element where appropriate; in validity, other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the rules commonly accepted for English text, and in the text on this page I happily use my own rules instead. You might wish to follow the accepted usage in portuguese, such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to fix the psychology, English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by less enlightened folks. :-) Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is traditionally placed inside the quotation.

However, I consider that rule an types of teachers egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an psychology obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in types, fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the psychology validity, computer programmer in me just cannot be convinced to make such an obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a long dash, longer than an en-dash and Essay about The Industrial Revolution of 1760 a hyphen. Validity? The traditional formatting for and The Jewish State: and Herzl, an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in life is hard---then you die. However, I myself much prefer to put a space before and after the dash. Without the spaces the dash appears to validity be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Grammatically, the of teachers, function of the validity, dash is to separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and I prefer to make that visually clear by putting spaces around the dash.

Again, in my opinion the accepted usage is a bug in the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to end a sentence with a preposition, as in Essay of 1760, they arrived at the place they were heading to. However, in validity, practice it is often very difficult and awkward to reword sentences to avoid dangling prepositions. Concrete? Thus I consider this rule to validity be optional at best. Serial commas In Britain and some other less-enlightened countries, the comma is often omitted before an 'and' in a list.

For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and eggs. I consider this an different of teachers appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the last two items in the list together. Lists are generally meant to psychology be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and portuguese eggs as between ham and chips. In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the validity, comma is ambiguous, the sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at least, agrees with me; see the Wikipedia serial comma entry. Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is always required after i.e. and e.g. used in a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to the English translation of the Latin phrase for sonnets portuguese, which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to psychology validity for example, which in on After and The State: Rubenstein, itself is an important distinction to know).

However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. commas) around them. Such pauses break up the flow of the sentence, and psychology validity modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to Latin phrases and then English phrases. Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the comma after the abbreviation, and sometimes also the one before it. Concrete Floor Slabs? Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in the public domain. Validity? You are free to copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose.

If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the original author.

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2 ways to resume print from last layer. Due to new filament extruder, my filament is far from perfect and gets jammed in the nozzle from time to psychology validity, time preventing me to floor slabs, complete my print 100%. So, to avoid having to reprint the psychology validity, model from a scratch and Essay Revolution to 1820-40s replacing the tape and wait time to heat the bed and cry over wasted filament i decided to validity, just resume the about The Industrial Revolution of 1760, print from its last layer. CURA and CRAFTWARE making it really eazy so why not post a tutorial. My model was centered both times so i didnt have to know if new generated code will match models position on the bed. I recomend re-opening Gcode you used to print your model and making a copy of it.This will make sure that your model will resume in its original orientation and location. Yes you can turn off your printer and come back doing it tomorrow. #1 Look at your model and find easiest spot from which to psychology validity, count layers. #2 Count layers from the eazy spot (as described in step #1) using a toothpick or a needle for accuracy. Of 1760? #3 Open Gcode used to print this model (if you 100% sure orientation and location are the same, you can generate new one, just make sure all parameters are the same) #4 Go into psychology layer preview mode and find your easy to and The and Herzl, spot layer (as described in psychology step #1) #5 Add what ever number of layers you counted (as in step #2) to currently viewing layer. #6 Due to the nature of CURA starting layers from 0 (Brim and precast floor Raft have negative values and need to be concidered as well when editing Gcode) drop 1 number.

For example: Your print failed at psychology, layer 44. Drop 1 number and your target layer is different types, 43. #7 Open Gcode in text editor (or what ever) and validity search for ;LAYER:X (X is the layer number you determined) #8 Delete everything before this layer leaving parameter values such as temperature/home for XYZ etc all the way down to M117 Printing. Your code should now look something like this: pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html M109 T0 S240.000000. G28 X0 Y0 ;move X/Y to min endstops. To 1820-40s? G28 Z0 ;move Z to min endstops. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the psychology, platform down 15mm. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length. G1 F200 E3 ;extrude 3mm of feed stock.

G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length again. ;Put printing message on LCD screen. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. G1 F2700 X91.17 Y136.16 E4987.93047. G1 X84.75 Y136.16 E4988.28186. G1 X84.75 Y134.41 E4988.37760. G1 X101.42 Y134.51 E4989.29061. G1 X123.58 Y134.51 E4990.50320.

G1 X140.25 Y134.41 E4991.41615. #9 Make sure that line with (below) pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. has Z value higher then Z value for the layer you resuming from (below) pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. This is to prevent nozzle bumping into Essay on After Auschwitz Jewish Rubenstein and Herzl the model when it reaches its start point. Psychology? #10 Save the Gcode and print using newlyu saved/modified Gcode. Revolution Of 1760 To 1820-40s? #1 Move nozzle away from the model allowing it to psychology validity, touch the build platform. #3 Using CURA or LCD controls, move and lift the nozzle right on top of the model. Write down the distance you had to lift the nozzle. (for example 43.5mm) #4 Open Gcode used to print the model and search for (Z43) do not specify the 5 because it may be 3,4 or 6 or 7 depending on on After Auschwitz and The Rubenstein and Herzl, your print layer height. Found result shoud look like this. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z43.6/pre #5 If you print at 0.1mm layer height, then you need to match exact height, if not, then you need to pick the psychology, closest one. I print at 0.3mm so closes to my estimated 43.5 height is 43.6 and previous layer would be 43.3 (obviously -0.3) #6 You want to find the lilne where next layer start. This is Essay about Revolution of 1760, becayse you dont want to psychology, start printing from this layer but from the next. Essay On After State: Rubenstein? So scroll down untill you find ;Layer:44 (in this example its 44) #7 Delete all layers before layer 44 leaving general print parameters (see example below) M109 T0 S240.000000.

G28 X0 Y0 ;move X/Y to min endstops. G28 Z0 ;move Z to min endstops. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length. G1 F200 E3 ;extrude 3mm of feed stock. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length again. ;Put printing message on LCD screen. #8 Make sure that your Platform or Extruder initial lift or drop is psychology, greater then where you resume your print. In this example, print resumes at 43.6 mm so i want to The Industrial Revolution, make sure that my extruder gets above that height before it resumes the psychology validity, print.

I do this by editing this line and changing Z15.0 to Z45. Nearly 2mm's higher. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the types of teachers, platform down 15mm. #9 Save your file, reupload to SD card or print from validity, CURA, how ever you want. #10 Watch your print. If its too low, stop and Essay on After State: and Herzl UNDO 1 layer to make it start higher, otherwise delete another layer. Posts: 10133 Location: Boston, United States Printers: Ultimaker 2, Ultimaker Original, Ultimaker 2 Extended, Ultimaker 2 Go, Ultimaker 3. Validity? One problem with this: ;Put printing message on types of teachers, LCD screen. Psychology Validity? G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. G1 F2700 X91.17 Y136.16 E4987.93047. The red part above will have the extruder try to rotate 4.9 Meters of filament! So you should add a. Slabs? just before this to tell the extruder that you are already at this position. I like your method #1.

I have only tried method #2. I never tried counting layers from a known layer! smart! Yes you can turn off your printer and come back doing it tomorrow. Validity? Well on the Ultimaker2 if your bed is not at room temperature then you must leave the of Silence, by Urvashi Essay, printer on and keep the bed at the same temperature. But yes, I've done this.

Gone to bed and continued the psychology, print the next day. So if your bed is at 60C you MUST KEEP THE BED AT 60C UNTIL THE PRINT IS DONE. If not it will very likely pop off the bed when it gets cold. Here's my version of the precast concrete floor slabs, same thing: read all gr5 posts here: post #9 here has specific code change example for um2 (ultigcode): The red part above will have the extruder try to rotate 4.9 Meters of psychology filament! So you should add a. On After Auschwitz And The State: Rubenstein? just before this to tell the extruder that you are already at this position. Most likely the psychology validity, prevent lengthy extrusion protection is concrete floor slabs, kicking in, preventing problems in validity this case. But I wouldn't relay on that and it would be better to add the G92. I update my program to allow users to select starting and ending layers (as range) to be removed from the code and saved as new file (preserving original code unchanged in case of sonnets of the need make changes) It also has height search function to find what layer has given height.

Newest version is validity, here. Slabs? Hope you guys find it usefull. I'd also suggest slowing the printer down when it resumes, to make it more likely that the first new layer will adhere to the existing part. After the first few layers are down, it should be okay to turn the speed back up. And is there any way to compensate if the new layers are shifted out of position when the print resumes? I was having a nice and successful 40 hour print: . up until this thing (I think it's a piece of psychology validity fur from the of Silence, Essay, cat) managed to make it all the way to psychology validity, the nozzle and then decide that it wasn't going to go any further: I managed to track down the Butalia, right layer to resume from and edit the psychology, Gcode, but the new layers are all shifted back a few mm from where they should be: Is there some way to correct that sort of thing when editing the Gcode? Slowing down print ? I print large objects with cooling fan on.

By the time 1/4 of the layer is sonnets, printed, rest is already cold. Psychology? Dont think it matters. Layers shift because end stops were not triggered same as when print started. I had it happen to me few times. I forced the bed/extruder to move to where i need. I was off by very little. Just push the bed/extruder one belt tooth over one way or another, thats your best bet. Of Silence,? Otherwise you need to tweak your endstops. If you were printing angels, print would not get ruined.

Try printing something less satanic :mrgreen: I've already got success in restarting a printing job using method #2, however, I was just wondering why Cura does not log in a file the validity, layers that were successfully completed. It would make our lives much easier when restarting a jog. Just open the log, check the last layer was printed, cut the ghana economy, portion of the psychology validity, original g-code file, reload and start the printing job again. What no log is created by concrete floor Cura while printing? (or if it's created. where it is?) Posts: 1332 Location: Montreal, Canada Printers: Ultimaker 2. It doesnt know the layer was properly printed. The human eye tell that its good or not but not the machine. In addition, cura is not even in the equation when printing from the sd card.

In the coming version(s) extra info will be displayed on the UM2 print progress so you will be able to see what layer you are printing. What might be nice to have is instead of Print Finished a menu that says Troubleshoot Print or something that has some options like.. resume from layer, move to validity, layer, set extent (set extent being setting the position of the head by finding the furthers point in one of two directions and using the wheel to position X and precast Y over psychology, that point, to avoid layer shifts when starting over) It's great we'll be able to see the layer as it prints, but for me and other posts I've seen these problem occur when we walk away on very long running prints. Posts: 139 Location: Haren, Netherlands Printers: Ultimaker 2. Thanks, all my printing isues with warping were solved, and then the f. Different Types? filaments tangles on validity, the wheel. This thread solved the problem. Great job. Posts: 1 Location: United States. If you were printing angels, print would not get ruined. Try printing something less satanic :mrgreen: A human skull is satan? You must be Catholic. Ghana Economy? Trying to resume a print in such a way just saved me hours.

Has anyone tried to build this functionality into psychology validity a cura 2 postprocessing plugin, yet? Posts: 1 Location: United Kingdom. Has anyone done this with Cura 2? I have a large print which ran out of filament overnight. I've worked out I want to restart on layer 510. Precast Floor? Here's the start of the psychology, original file. I tried editing that like so ( changing the types, starting Z to be 20 mm above the print ) but it looked as though it was about to crash before I switched off the power!

Posts: 1 Location: United States. I have a problem that I believe is psychology, caused by my Z offset. I have it set very high to compensate for an auto bed leveling sensor. (2.25 mm) and when I factor it into the equation and start at a layer plus the The Other by Urvashi Butalia Essay, distance of psychology my offset it is much too high but if I don't factor it in, it crashed into ghana economy the print. I used a layer height of .2mm and when I don't factor in the offset I start at layer 26, and when I do, I start at layer 36.

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ewf we write a song I'll Write a Song for You. That's the psychology Way of the Butalia World Got to psychology validity Get You Into My Life On a famous episode of Seinfeld, Elaine dances (in the kindest definition of the word) to their hit Shining Star. You might have seen them on an episode of Auschwitz State: and Herzl, Grace Under Fire (Grace and Nadine drive all night to psychology their concert, miss the of the performance, but sing Let's Groove with the band in psychology validity a local bar). Mariah Carey and Crystal Waters have borrowed their carefully orchestrated rhythm tracks for Top 40 hits, while songs like That's The Way Of The World and September have been remade by everyone from Herb Alpert to ghana economy John Tesh. The music of Earth Wind Fire can not be easily categorized, although many in psychology the entertainment industry tried. They brought jazz, bebop and fusion to Essay on After Jewish State: Rubenstein pop audiences; they brought progressive rock to RB fans. They didn't need a 70's Preservation Society for their music - their classic hits have stood the test of validity, time, every song polished and performed on an endless highway of Essay Revolution of 1760, college concerts and faith. The Grammys, the validity gold and platinum records, the American Music Awards - all were a by-product of Earth Wind Fire's popularity, but the different types music and the message remain the key to this day.

Even as they approach their third decade of musical expertise, Earth Wind Fire's origins can be traced back through the roots of Chicago blues and soul, through the jazz and fusion excursions, back to the beginnings of music itself. What we know as Earth Wind Fire today has to start with its creator and psychology producer, Maurice White. Born in Memphis in 1941, White moved to slabs Chicago as a teenager and found work as a session drummer for psychology validity, Chess Records (the story has it that Leonard Chess asked Maurice to bring a few friends over for of the, a recording session; Maurice showed up with his entire college band). By 1967, he was the new drummer in validity the famed Ramsey Lewis Trio, replacing Red Holt. During the two years White performed and toured with the Trio, Ramsey Lewis showed him a Kalimba, an The Other Side of Silence, by Urvashi Essay African thumb piano. That instrument and its unique sound became the focal point of White's musical dream. In 1969, Maurice left the Ramsey Lewis Trio, and joined two friends in Chicago, Wade Flemons and Don Whitehead, as a songwriting team.

We started a group out of just writing songs and commercials around Chicago, said Maurice. We were writing a lot of songs, so we decided to form a recording group. We had a recording contract with Capitol, and called ourselves the psychology 'Salty Peppers,' and on After had a marginal hit in the Midwestern area called 'La La Time.' (Capitol 2433) . It was only released in psychology validity the Midwest, and it did fairly well for an unknown band. The Salty Peppers' second single, Uh Huh Yeah (Capitol 2568) didn't fare as well, and Maurice decided it was time for a change of location - and a change in the band's name. We never made any appearances or anything like that as the Salty Peppers, said Maurice. I moved out to Los Angeles, and when the band came out there, we signed a new contract. Before that, I renamed the group after my astrology chart of types of teachers, Sagittarius. I was into astrology pretty heavy, and there were three elements in psychology validity my astrological charts - earth, air and fire, and I changed air to wind. Verdine White, Maurice's younger brother, joined the band in 1970 as their new bassist.

We grew up in Chicago, there was a lot of music on the radio at the time - a lot of sonnets of the portuguese, Motown and validity jazz, both on the radio and at the Regal Theatre, where we went a lot. About The Industrial Of 1760 To 1820-40s. My father is psychology a doctor, so he played a lot of jazz music in his office. On After And The Jewish Rubenstein And Herzl. Maurice had this idea of putting together a band like that - that could encompass all the psychology different kinds of The Other of Silence, by Urvashi Essay, musicality we were exposed to. The group was pretty much in existence, and he asked me to come out, and I came out in June 1970. And the first couple of years were really those testing years of cutting records. Earth Wind Fire spent three years on Warner Bros., recording two studio albums and the soundtrack for Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song, a box-office smash that paved the way for black-themed films throughout the 1970's. We had done this Sweet Sweetback soundtrack, said Verdine White. which was actually the psychology validity first black soundtrack. Maurice knew Melvin Van Peebles really well, and precast floor slabs Melvin was putting together this wayout film that was going to be real different and psychology real revolutionary.

We recorded that soundtrack over two days at Paramount Recording Studios on Santa Monica Boulevard. At that time, Earth Wind Fire were still finding their identity. Side Of Silence, By Urvashi. They even signed some female vocalists - Sherry Scott (who sang on I Think About Loving You), who was later replaced by Jessica Cleaves. In 1971, while Earth Wind Fire played a gig in Denver, Maurice heard about psychology a singer with a local band - a singer with a range that could rumble the to 1820-40s seats with his baritone, yet harmonize with the angels on every high note. That singer, Philip Bailey, remembers that night. Our band, 'Friends and Love,' was actually doing some of the Earth Wind Fire songs, and we opened the show for Earth Wind Fire when they came to validity Denver to concrete floor play a promotional tour. We had been familiar with their music through a mutual friend of ours, Perry Jones, who later became a promotional man for Warner Bros. I moved out to Los Angeles when they began to reform their band, Maurice asked me to be in the group. Psychology Validity. I think that Maurice liked the Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s fact that I had a very identifiable sound in terms of validity, my range, and the timbre of my voice. Ghana Economy. Maurice and I began to do all the vocals on all the records after Head To The Sky, and we really developed a sound together, which became the trademark sound of validity, Earth, Wind Fire.

My melodic sensibility was something that was added, and Maurice had the on After Auschwitz and The Jewish State: Rubenstein and Herzl experience of being a songwriter and psychology producer, and was my mentor and precast concrete teacher for validity, many years. But Warner Bros. didn't know how to promote this new combo - the only other funk band on their label was Charles Wright and the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band. Sonnets. And after eighteen months, Maurice disassembled his band and formed a new Earth Wind Fire from its ashes. College kids were hip to us far beyond the acknowledgment of the validity record industry, said Maurice. We were on different tour, we normally did a lot of college touring, and psychology validity we had a manager who actually booked John Sebastian into New York City. Ghana Economy. And so what happened as a result of us opening for John Sebastian, Clive Davis was in psychology the audience.

And he saw us for the first time, and portuguese he came over and talked to us about joining CBS. It would be a perfect match. CBS had successfully promoted another progressive rock/soul band, Sly The Family Stone. They backed and psychology distributed the Philadelphia International label, home of the precast Gamble Huff songwriting and psychology validity producing team. Ghana Economy. We were in the middle of cutting what we thought was our third album for Warners, said Verdine White, and Clive bought our contract from them. Clive has great insight. He put us in the right places. He gave us proper marketing, he took the psychology time necessary to ghana economy break a group like this. A group like this wouldn't be broken overnight. With us, we wanted to play concerts, we didn't want to play two sets a night, three sets a night, we wanted to psychology do concerts which showed off our musicality. Between 1971 and 1975, Earth Wind Fire played the colleges, the universities, the clubs and the performance halls, and every night they would use jazz and fusion progressions to keep their songs fresh and their chops sharp.

Our whole vision, said Philip Bailey, was creativity within a form. On After Auschwitz And The Jewish And Herzl. It was derived from the greats before us, Miles Davis and John Coltrane and all the great singers. Validity. We really were lovers of jazz and fusion. We were jazz musicians at heart playing popular music. Of The. We would take every opportunity we could, whether it meant adding a bebop horn lick or progressive chord changes to our songs. We made fusion and jazz a commercial entity. In May 1974, Mighty Mighty (Columbia 46007) became Earth Wind Fire's first hit on the pop charts, peaking at #29. 'Mighty Mighty' wasn't a big Top 40 hit, said Verdine, because at the time Top 40 radio was scared of 'Mighty Mighty,' because they thought it was a song about Black Power.

But it was a start. While Mighty Mighty was on the charts, Earth Wind Fire worked with Sig Shore, the mastermind behind the motion picture Superfly, on a new film about the dark side of the recording industry. That's The Way Of The World starred Earth Wind Fire as The Group, a new recording act. In the film, Harvey Keitel hears The Group performing, and produces their first album. The film's title is repeated throughout the film as a shrug of the shoulders to the music world. Earth Wind Fire performed the songs in psychology the film, and Maurice had a small speaking part as leader of The Group. We actually recorded one of the songs, 'Happy Feelin',' at by Urvashi Butalia Essay a roller skating rink during the movie, said Philip Bailey.

We had a truck outside, we actually recorded it then, we went to the studio and tried to do it over, but the feel that we had in the roller rink was the one. So we just used that one. Our performance in That's The Way Of The World was us running into a van and the van driving off, said Verdine White. There was some concert footage in the end, that was it. When we saw the film, we said this is going to be a major flop, we need to get our record out before the film comes. The music was so different, and we didn't want the psychology validity film to hurt the music.

The strategy paid off. The music Earth Wind Fire recorded during that time period - later released as the album That's The Way Of The World (Columbia 33280) broke through to new audiences. Of Teachers. And when songs from the motion picture were repackaged into Earth Wind Fire's 2-album set Gratitude (Columbia 33694), the group reached the top. Five songs from that album blasted onto pop and psychology validity soul radios around the country - the tender ballad Reasons, the inventive Sing A Song, the sultry Can't Hide Love, the title track from of Silence, Butalia, their film That's The Way Of The World, and their first #1 hit, Shining Star. As for the film, it bombed upon release, was re-released under the name Shining Star, and flopped again. It was incredible, the psychology validity most incredible feeling, said Maurice White. Our song, 'Shining Star,' was the #1 song in the country. That was our dream come true, it was unbelievable. Many of those early hits came from the long years of The Other of Silence,, touring and validity soundchecks, the improvisation every night that generated a new guitar lick, the musical dexterity born from The Other Side of Silence, by Urvashi Butalia, inspiration and dedication.

Even their second song to psychology validity reach the pop Top 10, Sing A Song (Columbia 10251), found its genesis in a soundcheck. The creative process took place in ghana economy the studio, said Maurice, and it continued to psychology validity the stage. When we were preparing for a gig, we would make up songs, and a lot of Essay The Industrial Revolution of 1760 to 1820-40s, songs later became album tracks. That's how Sing A Song was discovered. Validity. We were on stage, just having a sound check. In the studio, there was a process too. I had so many years in the recording studio as a producer, it was very easy for me to capture a song.

Other tracks, like the complex hit Getaway (Columbia 10373), came from outside the group. Verdine White remembers when he heard Getaway for about The Industrial to 1820-40s, the first time. I originally heard it from a guy named Chuck, who was producing this flute player named Bobbie Humphries. And I heard this song, and I said to him, 'That would be a great song for psychology validity, us.' He wanted to produce it for precast, us, but that wasn't about to happen. So we got the psychology tune, took it into Essay about Revolution of 1760 the studio and cut it. It was a smash, too - it was totally different, it was like Yes with a little funk under the bottom. It had uptempo and breaks, and a lot of upbeats in it. 'Getaway' was written by Beloyd Taylor and Peter Carr, said Philip Bailey. It was really bebop, like if you sang the lick at psychology validity the top. But Maurice had a real uncanny thing for just locking up those rhythms. Al McKay was just the rhythm master, it was a hook that just caught.

It was like a train, all the engines were moving and running, everything was in different types of teachers sync. It had a repeating hook, the validity music and Essay on After and The Jewish Rubenstein the rhythm that became very catchy. But 'Getaway' was still very, very out there. And I think only Earth Wind Fire could have done that kind of thing right there. Even as Earth Wind Fire's music blended into the pop mainstream, Maurice White found time to psychology validity produce other artists and of 1760 groups. Ramsey Lewis asked him to produce an album, and the Lewis-EWF collaboration Sun Goddess (Columbia 33194) is still a jazz staple. White produced Top 10 hits like Free and It's Gonna Take A Miracle for Deneice Williams, a former member of Stevie Wonder's Wonderlove backup group. Another track Maurice produced, the Emotions' Best Of My Love (Columbia 10544), went to #1 on both the validity pop and on After Auschwitz Jewish State: and Herzl RB charts.

We were cutting rhythm section records, said Verdine. Maurice would produce the records, him and Charles Stepney at the time, and we'd play on them and then Ramsey would play on them, or maybe Deneice Williams or the Emotions would sing on them. Our schedule was such at psychology the time that if we were in the studio for three weeks, we would be cutting tracks - and types those tracks might be for one act or another. Validity. It was one continuing musical flow. These additional artists became part of one of the largest touring packages of the 70's. The Emotions, Deneice Williams and Ramsey Lewis would be the ghana economy opening acts. A group that Verdine White produced, Pockets, also toured in the group. Then Earth Wind Fire took the stage. Psychology. Their concerts were loaded with pyrotechnics, magic, laser lights, flying pyramids and levitating guitarists, all supported by a solid musical performance every night. Magician Doug Henning directed many of Essay on After Auschwitz and The Jewish State: Rubenstein and Herzl, their tours throughout the 1970's, and the band - including Larry Dunn (keyboards), Al McKay (guitar, sitar), Fred White (drums) and Andrew Woolfolk (sax, flute) would leviate, teleport, explode on validity stage - all for their audience's entertainment.

We started the massive tour around 1975, said Verdine. We thought that for the high ticket prices at the time, the public should see something they had never seen before. Most concerts were just concerts, and we thought it was time that people would see something they never saw before. What I started to do, said Maurice White, was put on the tour some of the acts that I was also producing at the time, the Emotions, and also Deneice Williams. Sometimes we would use Ramsey Lewis too, so everybody on the tour were from albums I was producing. It was like the moving circus comes to town. We had ten semis carrying equipment and instruments, and we had our own plane.

But the music came first. First we were musicians, and we were very serious musicians rather than just there for precast slabs, the hits. Validity. Our first love was music. We were just a band. Which just happened to have a couple of hits. Maurice also incorporated the Kalimba and portuguese its sound into Earth Wind Fire's vision of validity, world-wide and world-inspired music, even naming their production company Kalimba Productions. During that period of time, I always studied metaphysics and Egyptology. It got so interesting, what I was trying to do was share with the audience what we were learning at the time. As we learned more, we went about trying to share it with the audience, bring a message to Essay Auschwitz and The Jewish the music. And Maurice's studies appeared not only in the music, but also on the Shusei Nagaoka-designed album covers.

All 'n All (Columbia 34905), for example, displayed Rameses II's pyramid as neighbor to an Imhotep-inspired futuristic metropolis. Raise! (ARC/Columbia 37548) showed an Egyptian statue with a mechanical exoskeleton. Ankhs, crosses, statues of Shiva and Buddha and William Shakespeare - all were incorporated into psychology validity the intricate album artwork of Earth Wind Fire covers. Maurice always studied astrology, numerology, astronomy, said Verdine. We introduced Trancendental Meditation to a lot of the black audience.

That was very new for them. Of course, the Beatles had brought TM to the people in the 1960's, but we brought it into the 70's to an audience that was looking for something alternative. I even met the Maharishi in 1970. When you really look at the three cornerstones of precast concrete floor, religion - Judaism, Christianity, Islam - and all of the world's religions, they all bear witness to each other. In 1978, Earth Wind Fire appeared in validity another motion picture, the ghana economy Beatles movie tribute Sgt.

Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. In the film, the band played themselves, performing Got To Get You Into My Life at a concert hall. The film itself was a commercial bomb (Peter Frampton recalls his experiences with the Sgt. Pepper movie in psychology Goldmine #447), and although the soundtrack shipped triple platinum, it allegedly was returned triple platinum. Yet despite musical performances on the soundtrack from Essay on After and The Rubenstein, Aerosmith, Peter Frampton, the validity Bee Gees and Alice Cooper, Earth Wind Fire's remake of the Beatles classic was the highest charting pop single from the soundtrack. Once more, we had a movie that flopped on us, said Maurice White, but we had a #1 hit out of it, 'Got To Get You Into My Life.' We actually recorded our parts on the set. Robert Stigwood called us and The Other Butalia asked if we wanted to be in a movie, said Verdine. Psychology. We said okay, it could be interesting. At that particular time, you didn't see a lot of musical blacks in movies - there was The Wiz, but that was a horrible movie. We had three songs to choose from - 'Got To Get You Into My Life' and two ballads. We just did the song Chicago-style.

Some people thought George Martin produced the song, but Maurice produced it. I remember that day, it was cold as heck, said Philip Bailey, and it was an all-day, all-night kind of thing. That was one that really catapulted us into a whole new arena. That was an Side of Silence, Essay exciting move, because the Beatles - that's legendary, and the magnitude - we were honored to psychology validity be asked on precast concrete floor slabs that, really. That was a good experience for us. We recorded the song in Colorado, in a little studio up in Boulder.

We rehearsed the horns for psychology validity, that song in The Other Side Essay Denver, went up to Boulder in psychology the snow, and recorded the whole song in one night. The success of Got To Get You Into My Life drew more fans to Earth Wind Fire's music, and the group responded with excursions into ice-melting ballads (I'll Write A Song For You, After The Love Has Gone), booty-shaking disco (Boogie Wonderland, Let's Groove) and more metaphysics (Fantasy, Jupiter). We started to expand a little bit, said Verdine, and started writing better songs. Boogie Wonderland really was capturing the tail end of the disco era. We didn't think of it as disco, we thought of it as a song with a 4/4 beat. Ghana Economy. Clubs always had that kind of music, they just called it disco - the industry always has to call it something. As an artist, said Philip Bailey, I'm just blessed that songs like that came our way. I remember one that we didn't get and I always wished we could have - Jeffrey Osborne's 'Love Ballad.' He had a great hit with that one. Maurice loaned Earth Wind Fire's signature Phoenix Horns - Don Myrick on saxophone, Louis Satterfield on trombone, Rahmlee Davis and Michael Harris on psychology trumpets - to ghana economy his other production projects, the Emotions, Ramsey Lewis and Deniece Williams. Then, on a tour of Europe, somebody else took interest in validity the famed horn section.

We used to tour so much, said Maurice, we used to tour Europe. Phil Collins had an opportunity to see us. He would recruit our horn section whenever we weren't using it. Sure enough, Collins imported the Phoenix Horns into Genesis tracks like No Reply At All and Paperlate, and on his solo hits like I Missed Again, Sussudio and I Cannot Believe It's True. Ghana Economy. I sometimes had to call and make an appointment to see my own horn section, said Maurice. They even toured with Genesis and Phil Collins for psychology, a while. In 1983, Earth Wind Fire released the Electric Universe album. Ghana Economy. It was also their last release for four years. The whole scene was changing, said Verdine. There was an explosion of video artists.

At that time, MTV wasn't playing black artists - the only black artists they played at that time were Michael Jackson, Lionel Ritchie and Prince. Psychology. There was BET to play black videos, but they didn't have the same money behind MTV. It hurt a lot of ghana economy, those groups, because the audience didn't know who those groups were, and they only knew about groups that had the visibility. Rick James was the first black artist to really bitch about MTV, and he was right at psychology the time. Revolution To 1820-40s. They were playing acts that hadn't had hit records, and he had hits at the time. I put the group on hiatus in psychology 1983, said Maurice, because I just wanted to rest from touring. I had been touring for 10 years, and it was time for me to take a rest. The only things I ever saw was the road or the studio, that was my whole life for ten years. So I left the band for a while.

We kind of of the portuguese, put everything on hold, and in validity the process of types of teachers, doing that, I cut a solo record. Validity. The two hits from Essay Auschwitz Jewish State:, that album was 'Stand By Me' and another song called 'I Need You.' I think that was the best thing that ever happened to us, said Verdine, because it was time to validity shut down. Different Types. We had made enough records to psychology define our careers - I tried to convince Maurice to shut down after the Raise! record in 1981, because I felt we needed a break, just to live. We had slammed pretty hard for different, 13 years.

I think people should stop, particularly in creative endeavors, to catch up and see where you are. Psychology. And times were starting to change, too. We were having our own interest in things we wanted to do. During the hiatus, Philip Bailey released a solo album, Chinese Wall. While it was not his first solo album (Bailey recorded a series of gospel LP's for the Myrrh and Word labels), it was his most successful. The first single from that album, a duet with Phil Collins called Easy Lover (Columbia 04679) went gold, and the music video of Bailey and Collins rehearsing their collaboration hit #1 on Auschwitz and The Jewish State: Rubenstein and Herzl MTV's video playlist. I really didn't know that much about Phil's music until the Phoenix Horns introduced us and I went to psychology validity a concert of his. It wasn't a stargazing thing - when we got together, it was mutual admiration for each other's musicianship. Different Types. It definitely was a boost for psychology, me - not only domestically, but also internationally. Still, to this day, I can do that song and people will know it. Phil Collins is one of the most down to precast concrete earth famous people that we ever worked with.

Meanwhile, during the hiatus, Verdine White worked behind the psychology validity scenes, writing and directing videos. He produced a Level 42 album, and precast concrete slabs promoted go-go bands like Trouble Funk and E.U. When you are known for one entity, people think that's the only thing you know. But music is music. Contrary to popular belief, said Verdine, we didn't have pop radio in our pocket. For Earth Wind Fire, we had to psychology continue to ghana economy have an RB smash in psychology order to different of teachers even raise the validity eyebrows of ghana economy, pop radio. Validity. We never really knew if the ghana economy mainstream market would like our record or not - and in validity some instances, maybe if the song had been played, it might have been a hit. We were always judged by what happened on RB radio first.

Even after having the precast slabs countless chart hits that we did, it was still - when a record came out, it had to go RB first, in opposed to just getting played on the radio. When you listen to 'After The Love Is Gone,' and if you listen to Earth Wind Fire's catalog, I'm sure there was at least one song in the bunch that pop radio - if they had known about it, would have been a hit. We were always walking that fine line - was the song too RB, or too pop? Of course, this is all hindsight. These were not things that we focused on psychology validity or complained about - we were making music, and that was what we did. In 1987, CBS Records spoke to Essay The Industrial of 1760 to 1820-40s Philip Bailey and Maurice White separately, convincing both that a reunion of Earth Wind Fire would be beneficial for psychology, all parties. We began to realize the ghana economy real appreciation that people had for the band and psychology what we had done. We saw that the whole Earth Wind Fire was bigger than its parts. It made sense to continue with what we had started.

So we said, let's do it album by album, one disc at a time. We knew that we couldn't go back to the old band and start over again, because it would have been a mess. I'm very glad that we were pretty mature about us understanding that - or our reunion would have lasted less than nine weeks. Thanks to an ingenious young songwriter, the group had a comeback hit. Philip and concrete slabs I was in San Francisco, said Maurice. Going to the studio one day, we went out to the car and there was a cassette tape attached to the door handle. We got the tape and psychology validity put it in about to 1820-40s the car stereo, and played it. It was 'System of Survival.' This guy, Skylark, wrote the validity song, and The Other Side by Urvashi instead of validity, disturbing us at Essay The Industrial the hotel, he taped the tape to the door handle of my car. That was a good way to get material to psychology me. I wouldn't mind if my car was covered with cassette tapes, as long as they were as good as 'System of Survival.'

But by 1990, Earth Wind Fire's time with Columbia was ending. Their 1989 release Heritage did not sell well, despite cameo appearances on the disc from Sly Stone and MC Hammer. The upper echelon of CBS Records had also changed - while Earth Wind Fire had achieved success under label presidents Clive Davis and Walter Yetnikoff, there was increasing friction between the band and new label president Tommy Mottola. Our deal with CBS was with Yetnikoff, said Verdine, and we had a key man clause - that meant if Yetnikoff left, we left too. Although I liked Tommy, Tommy's a really good guy, we just decided to move on. Mo Ostin at Warner Bros. had wanted us to come where he was.

We had re-signed with Columbia in 1982, and Mo wanted us to come to Warner Bros. Of Silence, By Urvashi Butalia. then, but Walter wouldn't let us out psychology of the contract. Their exodus from Columbia may have been spurred by a new hit single by Essay Revolution to 1820-40s their Columbia labelmate, Mariah Carey. In 1991, friends called Maurice White, telling him to psychology validity listen to precast concrete floor slabs a new track on the radio. What Maurice heard was the Earth Wind Fire's rhythm track for the Emotions' 70's classic Best Of My Love, but the validity Emotions' voices were replaced by Mariah Carey - singing entirely different lyrics. And when the disc jockey announced the song's title had been changed to Emotion, White hit the roof. I don't mind if someone records a song and The Other Side by Urvashi Essay gives us credit for writing a tune, that's fine, that's not a problem, that's a compliment. But when somebody just rips you off, steals your song and psychology validity tries to get away with taking the types of teachers credit for writing it - we received no writing or publishing credit for that song. Everybody that heard the song knew it was a ripoff of 'Best Of My Love.' How close can you get?

It seems to be a trend that's happening now, but I think eventually somebody's going to come along, they're going to validity put the creativity back into music. It's unfortunate that a lot of fans and a lot of people that received the music get it watered down, and a lot of times they don't know what the original is. That's really too bad. In 1993, they released their new album under the Warner Bros. Concrete Floor. contract, Millennium (Reprise 45274-2), earning a Grammy nomination for the track Sunday Morning. In fact, between 1975 and validity 1993, Earth Wind Fire received 14 Grammy nominations, winning six times. All through the Seventies, we had Grammies and gold records all over the place, said Maurice. It's a great gesture.

The first Grammy we ever won, I couldn't believe it. It was like getting our first number one single. I make sure that everybody in the band gets the gold records, which we have a lot. I could fill up the ghana economy room I'm in with the gold and platinum records we've won. But ten of those Grammy nominations were in the Best RB Group or Best RB Instrumental categories.

First of all, said Philip Bailey, I could never understand that you could have a record with the kind of crossover success that Earth Wind Fire has had, and continue to be nominated as just an validity 'RB Group.' Just once I would have liked to have seen us nominated as 'Best Group,' let us compete with all the other pop and rock bands. And when Earth Wind Fire did win the sonnets of the portuguese golden gramophones, their acceptance speeches never appeared on the Grammy telecast. Validity. I'm not dissing the Grammy people or anything like that, said Bailey, but you know, we have seven Grammys - the band has six and I have one for Essay of 1760, my gospel work - and none of those Grammys were ever received on validity television. Not one. That was at a time when the Grammys were given to Essay about of 1760 to 1820-40s the RB categories pre-telecast. How many people have seven Grammys - and we never got a chance to make a speech on psychology validity television.

It's kind of crazy when you think about it. I'm not bitter about it or anything, it's just that when you talk about the Grammys - and we're very proud to have them, I have the ones that didn't get broken in the Northridge earthquake - but I don't think we've ever gotten the chance to precast concrete floor feel what that really means in the larger sense of the world. Psychology. Very few people even remember that we have this many Grammys, because they never saw it on television. If you didn't catch that little part where they list all the ancillary awards - seven times - you wouldn't have known about our seven Grammys. Meanwhile, problems were brewing over at about The Industrial to 1820-40s Warner Bros. Mo Ostin, the psychology validity man who recruited Earth Wind Fire to Columbia, was himself forced out of the label. About Of 1760 To 1820-40s. We talked about the validity record for a year before we cut it, said Verdine. He let us take our time and let us do what we wanted to Jewish do. When we started to record, he financed our upstart costs.

The leveraged takeover that cost Mo Ostin his job at Warner Bros., that was one of the biggest mistakes the industry ever made. It slowed the label down, it cost a lot of talent. Psychology Validity. A lot of artists in the late 80's-middle 90's were the victims of moguls fighting over each other for positions. The moguls weren't fighting over records or movies - they were fighting over concrete floor slabs who was going to control the gatekeepers of this information. They got Mo out psychology validity of the The Industrial of 1760 to 1820-40s way because of the psychology validity massive catalog that Warner Bros. had. But the only person who knew about Essay about The Industrial to 1820-40s Warner Bros. music was Mo. Although there were many achievements and accomplishments throughout Earth Wind Fire's existence, there has also been tragedy.

Charles Stepney had worked with Maurice since the days of Chess Records, and had produced and arranged albums for validity, the Dells, Muddy Waters and Buddy Guy. In 1976, after helping co-produce and portuguese arrange Earth Wind Fire's Spirit album and psychology Deneice Williams' This is Nicey album, Charles Stepney died of a heart attack. He was only 45. In the summer of 1993, former Phoenix Horns member Don Myrick, whose saxophone could be heard not only on Earth Wind Fire's albums, but also on albums from Regina Belle, the Mighty Clouds of Joy, Heaven 17 and Phil Collins (it's Myrick's emotional sax on different of teachers Collins' hit One More Night), was shot to death in Los Angeles, under circumstances that still remain a mystery to this day. Don hadn't worked with us in almost ten years, said Philip Bailey, and so we were on psychology validity to other things, we had a new Earth Wind Fire horn section.

I was in Los Angeles, and somebody called me and Auschwitz and The State: Rubenstein and Herzl told me what happened. I think that he had some problems that he couldn't resolve in himself - that kept putting him in psychology situations. We were all very shocked and hurt that that had happened. Essay About Of 1760 To 1820-40s. He hadn't worked with the band in psychology quite some time. He did a solo for me on one of sonnets, my projects, and wasn't really feeling up to doing what I was used to psychology hearing him do. But later I learned that he was back and ghana economy playing really well and everything, so it was a real shock to validity us.

He had been real sick one time and close to death, we were thinking he was bouncing back. It's still shocking today. While Earth Wind Fire continued to record and tour, Maurice White continued to produce. Precast Concrete Floor Slabs. One of psychology, his most successful and Essay about The Industrial of 1760 to 1820-40s well-received projects during that time came in validity 1994, when at the bequest of different types of teachers, GRP Records Vice-President Carl Griffin, Maurice teamed up with Ramsey Lewis, Grover Washington, Jr., Victor Bailey and validity Omar Hakim as the Jewish Rubenstein Urban Knights (GRP 9815). White produced the sessions, and even wrote six songs for the project. I was so happy that Carl called me to do the project, said White at the time, especially with Ramsey being an old friend. Psychology Validity. The sessions were highly improvisational and a lot of the tunes were written as we went along. Since my original musical roots are in The Other Butalia jazz, this was like coming full circle for me and it was a tremendous experience. My idea (of being a producer) is to allow everyone around you to contribute. you don't force them [to do that] but allow them to contribute. The success of the Urban Knights album prompted White and validity Lewis to collaborate with guitarist Jonathan Butler, saxophonist Gerald Albright and drummer Sonny Emory on a second album, Urban Knights II (GRP 9861). Maurice White is still Earth Wind Fire's producer and Essay and The Rubenstein their guiding light, but he retired from the stage in 1996.

He now spends his time building a studio in Los Angeles, fielding offers to produce new bands and performers, and contemplating a less nomadic pace. I would love to do a completely jazz/acoustic album. Sometime in the future, that's going to be possible. I was on psychology validity the road for 25 years, that's a long time in precast concrete slabs itself. I paid my dues. I'm doing a lot of recording now, I stay in the studio so much - so the validity best thing for me to do is build my own place. Today, Earth Wind Fire are back on the road, touring in support of their new album In The Name Of Love (Pyramid/Rhino 72864) and their singles Revolution and When Love Goes Wrong.

The first time around, said Philip Bailey, it was going by so fast. I'm having more fun now than I ever had in my life. That's not to poo-pooh that time, but in those kind of blitz situations, everything's coming at you so fast and everything's happening around you, until you don't really have time to ever savor the experience and say, wow. It went by so fast, and there so much stuff going on - it was the different types best of times, it was the worst of psychology, times. I'm proud of the ghana economy staying power, said Verdine White, the music was always strong and we're still here. Every time we go to the concert, there's always somebody of notoriety there from today's era - Wesley Snipes was at one of our concerts, Queen Latifah was at our concert, I ran into validity somebody from the Martin show the other night. They get excited, and they're proud, too. We go to Essay Revolution the airports, people still get excited when they see us. They tell us about the psychology songs that affected their lives. And as Earth Wind Fire perform their blend of jazz, funk, fusion, gospel, rock and pop to types of teachers a new generation of fans, perhaps we can get a glimpse of validity, their future.

In the motion picture The Fifth Element, the Auschwitz State: Rubenstein and Herzl film mentions that the first four primary elements were earth, wind, fire and water. Not air - wind. The rest of the film was spent searching for that elusive fifth element. Psychology. Maurice White found it long ago when Ramsey Lewis told him about the different of teachers kalimba.