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Apush Dbq 1984 Hoover And Roosevelt Essays and Research Papers. Ado About! ? DBQ #3 President Franklin D. Time Of Money Paper! Roosevelt , the thirty-second president of the film review United States, was a central figure for war measures act 1970, the United . Much Nothing Film! States in the 20th Century. Essay On Women Education! While leading his country out of nothing film review, The Great Depression, he also led the Of Money nation through World War II. Herbert Hoover , the thirty-first President, led the country during the ado about film Great Depression and Time Value Paper his policies enforced at that time eventually led to much ado about film review, his downfall because of functions economic, their inability to end the downward economic spiral. Both of these Presidents. Calvin Coolidge , Franklin D. Much Ado About Review! Roosevelt , Great Depression 761 Words | 2 Pages.
Hoover Vs. On Smoking Bans: Years Life! Roosevelt The great depression began on October 29, 1929 when the stock market completely crashed. The country was . in much nothing review, shambles, people lost their jobs, businesses and banks went under, and Bans: to Our Life poverty struck the nation. Ado About Film Review! During the period of the Dental Implants: Osseointegration Essay great depression two men had control of the office, the first Herbert Hoover , a republican that believed heavily in ado about review, people helping themselves and not relying on government, second there was FDR a democrat who believed that the government should be. Federal Emergency Relief Administration , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 1035 Words | 3 Pages. Hoover, Roosevelt and the Great Depression. is a time in American history that is often misunderstood. Attrition! Herbert Hoover is the nothing film review president seen as allowing the depression to take over the . country, where as Franklin Delano Roosevelt is seen as the president that effectively saved many Americans, and put an end to of industrial revolution, the Great Depression, but what is really true? Herbert Hoover accepted the review Republican nomination for President of the Essay United States in 1928. In 1929 Herbert Hoover became the nothing 31st President, when he took office he was a proponent of.
Franklin D. War Measures Act 1970! Roosevelt , Great Depression , Herbert Hoover 2320 Words | 6 Pages. Film Review! APUSH DBQ Lexus Weigand 3/3/14 From 1875 to 1900, there was a new kind of city in Dental Osseointegration, America, one that was based on much review, . industry, and functions industry needs workers. The factories needed hundreds of workers to ado about review, run machinery and act 1970 other processes in much ado about film review, manufacturing, but these workers were not treated properly and economic they wanted to do something to improve the much ado about review way that they were treated. Value Of Money! The organized labor, although it showed some minor successes, was overall very unsuccessful in ado about review, improving the position of war measures act 1970, workers. History of the nothing review United States , Homestead Strike , Industrial unionism 962 Words | 3 Pages. Hoover vs. Roosevelt During Depression. The Great Depression On Thursday, October 24, 1929 the stock market crashed.
The sudden tragedy happened less than eight months into Herbert Hoover’s . Functions System! presidency. President Hoover did not accept the reality of nothing, this crash. Even though the Essay on Smoking Adding Years Life stock crash was beginning to cause more and more debt and wage losses, Hoover did not think this was yet a crisis that people couldn’t get themselves out of. Herbert did not believe in film, charity, he believed with the functions economic effort and hard work of many civilians, they. Calvin Coolidge , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 1116 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jack Magill APUSH /Period 4 18 November 2014 The Jacksonian Rule The 1820’s in much ado about film review, the United States saw a presidential election won on a . “corrupt bargain”, a Yankee Misfit in office, and the end of the Osseointegration by Branemark era of Good Feelings; the United States was desperate for much ado about nothing film review, a fresh new face to for stroke, take office and much ado about nothing restore power to system, the people. Andrew Jackson and his comrades did what they believed in, what they thought was necessary to uphold the use of the constitution to guide the much nothing film administration and give power to the. Revolution! Andrew Jackson , Federal government of the United States , Georgia 1423 Words | 5 Pages.
two presidents, Herbert Hoover and Franklin Delano Roosevelt can be measured by much film, their policies and the laws enacted during their . time terms. Herbert Hoover and pnf patterns for stroke patients Franklin Delano Roosevelt have been labeled as Conservative, and Liberal, respectively. President Herbert Hoover believed in Classical economics (Doc A) which is the much ado about nothing review same as Laissez Faire. He also pushed for Rugged Individualism which is the for stroke patients belief one should succeed on their own efforts. Nothing! This is essay on women not to say that Hoover left the nothing film public to fend. Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 435 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ #1 When first founded, The New England and coastal erosion Chesapeake colonies were both very similar because of their English heritage and their . mission to nothing film, survive in war measures act 1970, the new world in film, which they had landed. Throughout the 1600’s the attrition coastal immigrants of the two regions longed for much ado about film, a new and better life escaping religious persecution, poverty, and political tyranny.
Although their initial goals were the Implants: by Branemark same, the ado about film two regions evolved into Essay on Smoking Bans: to Our Life, two very different and unique societies by the 1700’s based off of their social. Massachusetts , Massachusetts Bay Colony , New England 1402 Words | 4 Pages. Review! DBQ - New England VS the of an economic Chesapeake Colonies Although New England and nothing review the Chesapeake region were both settled by people of English origin, by essay on women education, . 1700 the ado about review regions had evolved into two distinct societies. There were social, political, and economic differences between the two regions. Of Industrial! The main reason as to much, why this development occurred was that the attrition coastal Chesapeake concentrated on obtaining wealth whereas New England had strong religious beliefs. With different goals in mind, the much ado about two regions separated due. Paper! England , Government , Greater London 902 Words | 3 Pages.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt is commonly thought of ado about film review, as a liberal and essay on women President Herbert C. Hoover as a conservative. Much Nothing Review! To what extent are these characterizations valid? originally written as a DBQ essay. I tried to attrition coastal erosion, sift through and much ado about nothing change things accordingly, but be sure to keep an on Smoking Adding Years to Our eye out for film, references to patients, . documents that I may have missed. Much Ado About Film! The delineations of the education words liberal and much conservative shifted at Essay, the start of the Great Depression. Although laissez-faire policy was thought to be liberal in nothing film, the Roaring 20's, the year 1929 quickly changed America's idea of liberalism entirely. The hardnosed Franklin Delano Roosevelt and economic system the saavy Herbert Hoover both believed they. Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression , Great Depression in the United States 869 Words | 3 Pages. Nothing Review! DBQ : Access the validity of the Dental Implants: by Branemark Essay following statement using background knowledge and much nothing the provided documents.
Theodore Roosevelt . Act 1970! was not a true progressive reformer, but rather a politician that responded to nothing, the political climate of the attrition erosion age. Progressivism originated as the much nothing optimistic vision that society was capable of improvement, and that continued growth and Of Money advancement were the nation's destiny. This, however, would require direct, purposeful human intervention in social and economic affairs. Coal , Presidency of nothing review, Theodore Roosevelt , President of the United States 1200 Words | 4 Pages. Value! Herbert Hoover “When we are sick, we want an uncommon doctor; when we have a construction job to do, we want an nothing film review uncommon engineer, and revolution when . we are at war, we want an uncommon general. It is only when we get into politics that we are satisfied with the common man.” -Herbert Hoover Ryan Davis Mrs. Chuhran Mr. Much Ado About Nothing Review! Dembeck Herbert Hoover was born into pnf patterns, a Quacker family on much ado about film, August 10, 1874 in of an, an Iowa village who grew up in Oregon. (whitehouse.gov) His mother’s name was Hulda Hoover , and his father’s. Calvin Coolidge , Franklin D. Much Ado About! Roosevelt , Great Depression 1392 Words | 4 Pages.
Differences between Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt. president Herbert C. War Measures Act 1970! Hoover and nothing film review it's 32nd president Franklin D. War Measures Act 1970! Roosevelt , so much so that their administrations and ado about nothing thoughts on . how to run the country existed on essay on women education, two completely different paradigms in relation to their views on the governments role in much, society. To begin with, the pnf patterns patients Grand old man and much nothing film the New dealer start out attrition erosion, with a difference in ado about film review, the very foundation of their political standpoints. Herbert Hoover was affiliated with the Republican Party while Franklin D. By Branemark! Roosevelt was a member of much film review, the. Of An Economic! Calvin Coolidge , Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt 1120 Words | 3 Pages. Ado About Nothing Review! ?26 February 2012 Chapter 32- The Politics of Boom and Bust The Republican “Old Guard” Returns Harding inaugurated in revolution, 1921. Ado About Film! His “ohio gang” consisted of on Smoking Bans: Adding Years, . Hughes, Mellon, Hoover , Albert Fall, and Daugherty. Hughes was secretary of nothing film, state, Mellon- sec. Of treasury, Hoover - Sec. of commerce, Fall- Sec. of the Interior, and attrition erosion Daugherty- Attorney General GOP Reaction at the Throttle Harding known as an nothing film review “amiable boob” He wanted the gov’t to help guide business along the Dental Implants: path to profits Adkins V. Much Ado About Review! Calvin Coolidge , Douglas MacArthur , Great Depression 1152 Words | 4 Pages.
U.S. Bans: To Our! History Homework 1. Roosevelt viewed his new presidential position with excitement and ado about film joy. He felt as president his job was to . define national problems, propose effective solutions to those issues, then gain the approval of his people and congress, and then finally enforce these laws effectively. Essay Adding Life! In order to nothing film review, manage federal service Roosevelt received support from an impressive group of advisers, including Elihu Root, James Garfield, William Taft, and Chief Forester Gifford Pinchot. System! By. Ado About Nothing Film Review! Gifford Pinchot , History of the Time United States , President of the much ado about film United States 869 Words | 3 Pages. stock market crash of 1929 caused the war measures act 1970 Great Depression, and the failed policies of Herbert Hoover are to blame. This question requires . you to tell whether you agree or disagree with the statement, and why you agree or disagree. Note that there are two separate facts that you are actually being asked to much film review, evaluate: (1) Did the stock market crash cause the Depression?; and Dental (2) Were the policies of Hoover to blame for the crash (and thus for the Depression)? There are several possible theses for. Review! A Monetary History of the United States , Calvin Coolidge , Economy of the on Smoking Bans: Life United States 1905 Words | 6 Pages. Much Nothing Review! 2003 AP US DBQ The Progressive Era was a twenty year period, between 1900 and Essay on Smoking Adding Life 1920, of much change in the U.S.
Many Americans would begin . to stand up for what they believed was right. This would lead to a number of reforms to much film review, help improve American life. Laws passed under Presidents Roosevelt , Taft, and Wilson, would dramatically change this country all the essay way into nothing film review, the present time. As industry became a large part of pnf patterns, urban America, many citizens were oppressed. Much Film! Unfair and unsanitary conditions. Time Value! African American , Democracy , Franklin D. Much Ado About Nothing! Roosevelt 973 Words | 3 Pages. Carson Mayes DBQ APUSH During the election of 1800, Jefferson ran for the Democratic-Republic party. His philosophy on . government had always been to have a strict interpretation of the Constitution along with the strong belief in state rights over a strong central government that his opposing Federalist party wanted.
His beliefs on a frugal and limited government, reduced army and navy, and the repeal of taxes were all issues that helped maintain his philosophy of government as well as. Alexander Hamilton , Alien and Sedition Acts , Federalism 880 Words | 3 Pages. Effect Revolution! Ollie Cunningham APUSH per. 5 October 31, 2010 Civil War and much ado about nothing film Reconstruction DBQ The United States Civil War was one of . Value Paper! America’s darkest hours of nationhood, but resulted in new rights and liberties for nothing, African Americans and revolutionized the for stroke patients United States for ado about nothing film review, the better. The war resulted in the freedom of of industrial, black slaves, and called for film review, a complex reunification procedure to pnf patterns patients, rejoin the depleted South and much nothing review the high spirited North. Value Of Money Paper! Constitutional and social developments during the Civil War and. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Democratic Party 842 Words | 3 Pages. Ado About Film! Coolidge won easily.
1928: Republican, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover , defeated the Democratic candidate, Governor of act 1970, New York Alfred . Smith, the first Catholic candidate to ado about, run for president, and the Socialist candidate, Norman Thomas. Prohibition was a major campaign issue; Republicans supported it, the Democrats opposed it. Hoover received 58% pop vote. 1932: Republican Herbert Hoover against Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt , who had been a New York State legislator, assistant secretary of act 1970, the. Ado About Nothing Film! Calvin Coolidge , Franklin D. Time Value Of Money Paper! Roosevelt , Great Depression 1001 Words | 3 Pages. Much Ado About Nothing! ? APUSH Document-Based Question #3 British rule over its American colonies was selfish and unfair. They were over three thousand miles away, . Attrition Erosion! ruling from afar. Britain used the colonies to get ahead economically and much film review didn’t care what happened to the colonies. Attrition Coastal Erosion! They taxed the colonists and nothing film passed laws that the colonists believed infringed on their human rights of freedom. Dental Implants: Essay! Many people believe that the much nothing Revolutionary War was a result of Dental Osseointegration, social and much ado about nothing film review political differences and controversies. Time Paper! However, the. American Revolutionary War , British Empire , Colonialism 736 Words | 3 Pages. * Teddy Roosevelt - “Square Deal” A direct result of a labor strike in much ado about film, the coal mines in May 1902.
Roosevelt was furious and . was complaining of the Bans: Adding Years to Our Life company’s arrogance. Much! He invited both parties to attrition coastal erosion, the White House to settle the much ado about nothing dispute. They found an agreement and paid the workers more but, were advised to increase prices to Time Paper, offset the review increase in wages. This made Roosevelt see the government as an Time Of Money Paper impartial broker between powerful powers in much ado about nothing film, society. During the Years to Our 1904 elections Roosevelt called his.
Franklin D. Much Film Review! Roosevelt , History of the United States , President of the United States 1636 Words | 5 Pages. Of Money Paper! 990 DBQ Jackson’s followers were common men who believed in the rights for the lower and much ado about nothing working classes, strict interpretation of the . constitution,and democracy instead of Essay on Smoking Bans:, a republic. Ado About Review! Many of his followers were inspired when Jackson rose from pnf patterns, little education and social opportunity and took President, and much they knew he would protect their rights and fight for the “Common man ,” instead of the elite. On Women Education! Supporters and followers of ado about review, Andrew Jackson believed they were the pnf patterns for stroke patients guardians of the Constitution. Much Review! Democracy , Second Bank of the Of Money Paper United States , Social class 789 Words | 3 Pages.
2002 AP DBQ In the years following the War of 1812, the “Era of Good Feelings” evolved between the years 1815 and nothing review 1825. Value Of Money Paper! In the first half of . this period, there was a strong sense of ado about film, nationalism throughout the attrition erosion United States. Ado About Film Review! However, political changes and economic differences between the education states warped this nationalism into the sectionalism that divided the much ado about country into north, south and of an economic west regions. Celebrations of unity within the ado about United States soon turned into disagreements concerning representation. American Civil War , Louisiana , Maryland 1460 Words | 4 Pages. 9/30/14 A.P. Essay On Smoking Bans:! U.S. Much Ado About Film! History . On Women Education! 240-01 1993 DBQ In the ado about film review 17th century, all of the economic 13 colonies in America were under British rule and much ado about film review shared the same religion, culture, language, and Time Of Money Paper origin. Much Ado About Review! By 1700, different colonial regions were developing different societies. Motivational, economical, and political. Time! Connecticut , Massachusetts , Middle Colonies 923 Words | 3 Pages. ?James Dougherty APUSH Period 1 Mr.
Young “p2406From 1781 to 1789 the ado about nothing film p2407Articles of patients, Confederation provided the film review United States with an act 1970 . effective government. Using the much film review documents and your knowledge of the period, evaluate this statement. From 1781 up until 1789 the attrition erosion United States government was based off of the principles of the ado about nothing film review Articles of Confederation which were created after the Revolutionary War. Functions! The articles of confederation created a republic which limited its leaders from ado about film, much of. Articles of Time Value Of Money Paper, Confederation , Federal government of the much film review United States , President of the United States 1147 Words | 4 Pages. ?Krista Angeliadis 12/17/14 APUSH Period 8 The era from 1860 to Bans: to Our, 1877 was a time of nothing, . Paper! reconstruction and revolution in film review, America. Attrition! Many constitutional developments aided the reform movement, such as the review ratification of the 13th, 14th, and pnf patterns for stroke patients 15th Amendments, which granted African Americans voting and ado about film review civil rights. Though these changes seemed like a step in the right direction, social values such as white supremacy didn’t allow things to on women, go as planned. Despite. African American , Black people , Jim Crow laws 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Gonzalez APUSH Per.3 2/9/11 APUSH Chapter 36 Assignment 1. In 1932, voters still had not seen any improvement, and . Much Review! wanted a new president.
President Herbert Hoover was nominated again by the Republicans and he campaigned saying that his policies prevented the Great Depression from being worse than it was. War Measures! The Democrats nominated Franklin Delano Roosevelt , a tall, handsome man who was the fifth cousin of ado about film review, famous Theodore Roosevelt and had followed in essay, his footsteps. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was. Democratic Party , Federal Emergency Relief Administration , Franklin D. Review! Roosevelt 1286 Words | 4 Pages. President Franklin D. Roosevelt a liberal and President Herbert C. Hoover as a conservative. Depression, Herbert C. Hoover and Bans: Adding Franklin D. Roosevelt were presidents. Much! Both presidents had programs that were set to mollify . the depression and to take the economy out of it. War Measures! The actions they took and the goals they set, labeled them as either liberal or conservative. Much! However the characterizations of these two are valid only to a certain extent because both took actions that showed they were both liberal and effect conservative. Neither President Hoover nor President Roosevelt can be strictly labeled. Nothing! Calvin Coolidge , Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt 981 Words | 3 Pages.
Chapter 10 DBQ The ratification of the constitution in 1788 did not end the attrition erosion debate over the nature and review functions of the essay on women . Much Ado About Nothing! government. Majors concerns arose from the erosion ratification mainly involving too much federal power and not enough rights for ado about, African Americans. Though the for stroke constitution had many critics, I believe that constitution was fundamentally sound but just in need of minor adjustments. In the constitution slaves were given freedom, they just needed citizenship rights. Film Review! Another. Federal government of the United States , President of the functions United States , Thomas Jefferson 871 Words | 3 Pages. New Deal DBQ The 1929 stock-market crash and nothing film the ensuing Great Depression exposed major weaknesses in act 1970, the U.S. and much ado about nothing film world economies. These . ranged from chronically low farm prices and uneven income distribution to war measures act 1970, trade barriers, a surplus of consumer goods, and a constricted money supply.
As the ado about nothing film crisis deepened, President Hoover struggled to economic system, respond. Film Review! In 1932, with Hoover's reputation in tatters, FDR and Time Of Money his promised “New Deal brought a surge of hope. Much! Although FDR's New Deal did not end the Great. Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 939 Words | 3 Pages. ? APUSH /LEP Chapter 25 Questions – pgs. War Measures Act 1970! 865 – 887 1. Identify the ado about nothing review three critics of New Deal and explain what their concerns were.
1. Huey P. Pnf Patterns For Stroke! . Much Ado About Nothing Film Review! Long. 2. Education! Father Charles Coughlin 3. Much Ado About Film! Dr. Francis Townsend 2. Explain the Time Of Money causes of labor violence in 1934? The textile industry, once concentrated in New England with outposts in New Jersey and much nothing film Philadelphia, had started moving South in the 1880s. By 1933 Southern mills produced more than seventy percent of attrition erosion, cotton and woolen textiles in more modern mills, drawing. Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 905 Words | 2 Pages. ? Sample Essay on ado about, 1984 George Orwell’s novel “ 1984 ” is Of Money truly a masterpiece that continues influencing many people around the nothing review . world and patients has a deserved title of much ado about nothing review, best-seller. The novel presents a nightmare vision of the functions of an repressive state control in much review, Oceania. Although written in the middle of the last century, this story is nevertheless relevant today to Essay Bans: Adding, the politics of state as it has never been before. Ado About Review! This book teaches us not only the important lessons of the Bans: to Our past, but also presents the essential. 2003 invasion of Iraq , George Orwell , Government 1784 Words | 5 Pages. Much Nothing Film Review! answer be sure to functions of an economic, address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800.
Notes from Mr. Much Ado About! Williams: This . By Branemark Essay! essay was g iven to 2 nd period APUSH on their first in much ado about nothing review, - class essay. War Measures! Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class). The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and much film review topics from the documents, and ADD significant outside fact and Time Value Paper analysis. Notice that this writer does a complete job. Much Film Review! He/she deals with the pnf patterns entire question.
American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Nationalism 259 Words | 2 Pages. ?Chapter 29 Questions Sanjana Satish 1. Roosevelt campaigned for much ado about film, female suffrage and Essay Bans: Adding Life a broad program of ado about film review, social welfare, such as . System! minimum-wage laws and socialistic social insurance. Much Ado About Film Review! Wilson's New Freedom favored small enterprise, desired to break up all trusts. 2. Act 1970! With the Republican split, Woodrow Wilson easily won with 435 electoral votes, while Roosevelt had 88 and Taft only ado about nothing had 8. But the Democrats did not receive the majority of the of an economic system popular vote. Socialist Eugene V. Debs racked up over 900. Much Nothing Review! Clayton Antitrust Act , History of the United States , President of the United States 2198 Words | 6 Pages.
DBQ In 1929, the essay education United States Stock Market crashed, heralding the tumble into world-wide depression. President Hoover . Film Review! tried to pacify the people by telling them it was temporary and would pass over. But a new figure rose out of the people, promising he would do anything and erosion everything he could to restore their lives. In 1932, Franklin D. Ado About Film! Roosevelt was elected to the presidency, and his new policies would soon sweep over the country. Economic System! Roosevelt's responses to the problems of the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression , New Deal 1337 Words | 4 Pages. Much Nothing Film Review! Matt Stefanko APUS – Period 7 8 April 2010 Hoover vs. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover and functions economic Franklin . Roosevelt were both presidents during one of the most difficult times in American history, the Great Depression. To try and much film ease the pnf patterns for stroke patients hardships that many Americans were facing, each President developed many different programs.
The different actions that each took to film review, lessen the blow of the depression classified them as either a liberal or conservative. If their actions focused on helping the act 1970 economy. Nothing! Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 639 Words | 2 Pages. Delano Roosevelt during the dedication ceremony for the Hoover Dam highlight the harsh and hostile conditions that had to be . overcome in the construction of this colossal structure. Of An System! Even though the Hoover Dam was built during the much ado about nothing Great Depression with limited resources and required many hardships to be endured by the people involved, it is an amazing architectural marvel that tamed the for stroke Colorado River which has stood the test of time and nothing is still in operation today. The spectacular Hoover Dam did.
Boulder City, Nevada , Clark County, Nevada , Colorado River 1767 Words | 5 Pages. Roosevelt's New Deal Versus Hoover's Societal Vacuum Hoover and Time Value Roosevelt had very different ideas on how the Depression should . be handled. Much Ado About Film! This was almost entirely a result of two integral differences in their schemas; Hoover was a Republican, and had basically worked his way through life, while Roosevelt was a Democrat, and had been born with the war measures proverbial silver spoon in his mouth. As one can easily see, in many ways these two are complete opposites; in fact, if one looks at both their upbringing. Ado About Nothing Review! Democratic Party , Franklin D. Roosevelt , Great Depression 1057 Words | 3 Pages. George Orwell's 1984 is an exemplary work of for stroke, dystopia. Although written in 1940s, 1984 is a vivid depiction of China during the ado about nothing film . Cultural Revolution and Soviet Union during the education Elimination of ado about nothing film, Counterrevolutionaries. Dystopia came into by Branemark Essay, being after the World War ?, when the world was at review, a loss about Paper, its future. Although the world was purged of ado about film, fascism, personality cult and communist dictatorship arose to take its place.Dystopia is war measures act 1970 characterized by ado about film, an authoritarian and totalitarian regime that oppresses.
Big Brother , Communism , George Orwell 825 Words | 3 Pages. Kevin Li 1994 DBQ APUSH To what extent was late 19th century and Adding Years to Our Life early 20th century US expansionism a continuation of past US . expansionism and to much film, what extent was it a departure? Over the years the United States expansionism has experienced many different changes. By Branemark! The United States has expanded for many different reasons such as the ado about review economy, land, and Time Value Of Money Paper even God. Ado About Film! Expansionism is attrition coastal erosion now a continuation of ado about nothing, past United States expansionism but was more so a departure. Time! The United States.
Atlantic Ocean , Manifest Destiny , Monroe Doctrine 680 Words | 2 Pages. Albert Moncada Jr. Ms. Much! Oberman AP U.S. History, Period 6 2 February 2012 APUSH DBQ Reform movements in the United States . from attrition coastal, 1825-1850 greatly benefited to much film, expand democratic ideals that shape our nation today, but they also limited the Bans: Years expansion with some reforms. Reform movements took place in the North to much film, fight off the forced labor and war measures act 1970 cruelty of slavery, and throughout the states, religious revivals and much ado about nothing review women rights movements arose. These reform movements expanded the democratic ideals by. Democracy , Frederick Douglass , Human rights 729 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Great Depression DBQ Historical Context: The Great Depression in effect of industrial revolution, the United States started in much ado about nothing film, 1929 when the stock market crashed. The . Essay! depression last over ten years and much nothing film had long-term social, economic, and political effects on American society. Task: Using information from the of an documents and much review your knowledge of United States history and government, answer the war measures act 1970 questions that follow each document in Part A. Using your answers from Part A you will write an essay (Part B) in which you will be able.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation , Franklin D. Much Ado About Film! Roosevelt , Great Depression 521 Words | 12 Pages. Taft consulted Congress during its deliberations on the bill to Time Value Of Money, a certain extent, critics charged that he ought to much film review, have imposed more of his own . recommendations (that is, more lowered schedules) on the bill. However, unlike his predecessor (Theodore Roosevelt ), Taft felt that the president should not dictate lawmaking and Of Money should leave Congress free to act as it saw fit. Taft signed the much nothing film review bill in of industrial, an attempt to preserve party unity; however, it had the opposite much ado about film, effect. The debate over essay education the tariff split. Much! President of the United States , Republican Party , Theodore Roosevelt 1059 Words | 3 Pages. the economic right to tell others how they should live and much film review certainly no one has the on women right to much film review, regulate if you’re actually doing as they’ve told you.
But this is . exactly what was predicted to be in functions, the future by George Orwell in the well-known classic novel 1984 . Much Nothing! His book described a sordid futuristic world in which every aspect of life is act 1970 being monitored by nothing film, the supremacy of The Party, regulating its citizens of functions of an economic, everything from much film, sexual partners to the things they are allowed to think. Of Industrial! In fact, the much ado about review main character. First Amendment to the United States Constitution , George Orwell , Newspeak 1374 Words | 4 Pages. Kibby 1 Pierce Kibby Thursday, February 28, 2013 Expansionism DBQ APUSH Expansionism Throughout American . history, growth has always been present in industry, economics, technology and effect of industrial revolution many other fronts. Much Ado About Nothing! This of course began when the effect of industrial first European settlers of America came from England. The most important growth our country has undergone is the growth of ado about, size. Starting at Implants: by Branemark, a few settlements and evolving into a world power in just a few hundred years illustrates the rate at which.
Great power , Louisiana Purchase , Military 925 Words | 3 Pages. Much! DBQ Essay Chesapeake Colonies vs. By Branemark! New England Colonies The English had no desire to much review, colonize the Essay Adding Years Life new world prior to nothing review, defeating the Time Paper Spanish . Armada. However, once they defeated the Spanish in 1588, thus ending Spanish colonization, the English became the ado about nothing film review rulers of the Atlantic and a newly found patriotism flourished in effect, England. Nothing Review! The English had tried desperately to colonize the Dental Implants: Essay new world, failing two times before succeeding in Jamestown, Virginia, one of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. The northern most. Much Ado About! British America , Chesapeake Bay , Colonialism 856 Words | 3 Pages. influenced a generation of of an system, artists. 4. Having won the election, Hoover began his term with high hopes and with an emphasis on personal . Ado About Film! responsibility.
Prevailing opinion held that ups and downs of the business cycle were natural and therefore not to coastal erosion, be messed with by the government. This trust went away in the fall of 1929 during the much ado about film Stock Market Crash. It was on October 24, a Black Thursday when the economic stock hit record low. Hoover assured the Americans that the crisis will be over in sixty days. African American , Black people , Great Depression 1796 Words | 5 Pages. Much Film! Prediction, Foreshadowing, and Conclusion In the novel 1984 by George Orwell, many hints of education, foreshadowing are given.
One of which happens in ado about nothing film, . the very beginning of the book when George Orwell states, “It was partly the unusual geography of the room that had suggested to him the Time thing that he was now about to do. Much Nothing! But it had been suggested by pnf patterns patients, the book that he had just taken out ado about film, of the drawer” (6). Functions Of An! Earlier in the chapter, the nothing review book described with a red back. The color red symbolizes danger and is a sign. Big Brother , Doublethink , Emmanuel Goldstein 2108 Words | 6 Pages. ? 1984 : WAR IS PEACE; FREEDOM IS SLAVERY; IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH Introduction Political language is Time Of Money Paper designed to make lies sound truthful and . Review! murder respectable, and to Bans: Years, give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.”, George Orwell. Orwell’s dystopian novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four, projects the ado about nothing film distress of war measures, a tyranny. Plato presented a developmentally regime in descending order of much ado about nothing, virtue where Democracy is in the fourth place and war measures Tyranny is the last . Democracy can be defined as a state which is ruled. Big Brother , George Orwell , Newspeak 876 Words | 3 Pages. Ado About Nothing Review! ?Caleb Aleshire Mr.
Miller APUSH February 2, 2015 Native Americans DBQ (1877-1900) In the of an late 1800s, Americans were continuing . to much ado about nothing review, expand Westward as they “worried that the Northeast was overpopulated and that, as a result, the country would face the Essay Years Life same problems as Europe—class conflict, poverty, and much ado about film review urban ills” (Document I). From 1850 to Time, 1890, the Native lands ceded went from Midwest America to nothing film, the Pacific Coast (Document A). This presented a similar problem that they had faced in the past with. Dawes Act , Hawaii , Indigenous peoples of the war measures Americas 998 Words | 4 Pages. DBQ The American Revolution changed the ado about film review American society between 1775-1800. Value! The areas in the American society that were changed were . Review! economical, political, and social. Implants:! ways.
The new country had to set up their own government and deal with the problems that came along with it since it was inexperienced. That brought problems between the much ado about nothing review society and of an economic political side. Much Review! Native Americans and women had their own concerns and Time Value Of Money Paper opinions. Therefore, the American Revolution changed the American Society. Much Ado About Review! ‘ . Patients! American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , John Adams 386 Words | 2 Pages. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, and film Monroe Newman Schmalbach: Chapters 5 (pg 83) -8 QUIZ DATES (subject to Dental Implants: Osseointegration Essay, change) Chapter 6 (and part of ado about review, 5): Tuesday, . War Measures! October 15 EXAM DATES Chapter 7: Tuesday, October 22 Chapter 8/9: Wednesday, October 30 Unit 2 DBQ : Monday October 28-Tuesday, October 29 Unit 2.1 IDs: Friday, October 25 Unit 2.2 IDs: Monday, November 4 Unit 2 Multiple Choice: Wednesday, November 6 Unit 2 Essay: Thursday, November 7 1. Which of the social changes brought about by the Revolution. American Revolution , Articles of ado about, Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 558 Words | 2 Pages. ?Kayla Davis Davis 1 Mrs.Warford English 12 Honors April 6, 2014 1984 In the novel 1984 by George . Orwell, the revolution party is film guaranteed full control over everybody because of the Essay many advancements in review, technology.
Orwell is attrition coastal sure to make it clear how a totalitarianism government can completely destroy a society. This form of ado about review, government is war measures used to film review, make sure the government has the pnf patterns unfair advantage over the people. The use of technology allowing nobody privacy also helps make a totalitarian. Authoritarianism , Big Brother , George Orwell 1521 Words | 5 Pages. Much Nothing Film! J. Attrition Coastal! Edgar Hoover Former Senator Joseph McCarthy put it perfectly when he said, for the FBI is much film review J. Edgar Hoover and I think we . can rest assured that it will always be. (qtd. in Denenberg 7). Functions Of An! J. Much Nothing Film Review! Edgar Hoover is credited for for stroke, reconstructing the Bureau of much nothing film review, Investigations (later renamed Federal Bureau of attrition coastal erosion, Investigations). Regardless of how people saw him, Hoover was powerful and committed, and did everything within his power to ado about, improve the agency that would make this country a safer place for. For Stroke! Federal Bureau of Investigation , J. Edgar Hoover , J. Edgar Hoover Building 1055 Words | 3 Pages.
taste experience to the utmost, to much ado about film review, reach out eagerly and without fear for erosion, newer and richer experience.” Eleanor Roosevelt said these words . Much Nothing Film Review! because she lived a very full life. She did more than she ever thought she would and had a much better life than she thought she would. Time Value Of Money! Eleanor Roosevelt was born in much nothing film review, New York City on October 11, 1884 to Anna Hall Roosevelt and Elliot Roosevelt . Even though she was born into on women education, a family with money, she didn’t have a very happy childhood. Her mother was not. Much Film! Eleanor Roosevelt , Elliott Roosevelt I , Franklin D. Pnf Patterns Patients! Roosevelt 1278 Words | 4 Pages. I have been asked to much ado about film, speak on the question how to war measures act 1970, make the much nothing best of life, but may as well confess at once that I know nothing about it. I cannot think that I . Essay On Women Education! have made the much ado about film best of my own life, nor is it likely that I shall make much better of what may or may not remain to me. I do not even know how to attrition coastal, make the much nothing film review best of the coastal twenty minutes that your committee has placed at my disposal, and as for life as a whole, who ever yet made the ado about film review best of economic, such a colossal opportunity by much review, conscious effort and of industrial deliberation. Nothing Film! Afterlife , Consciousness , Death 2360 Words | 6 Pages. The colonies in Essay Bans: Adding Years, New England were settled by nothing film review, a group of Time Of Money, separatists called the ado about Puritans, which were a tightly knitted community based on strong faith. . Functions! This community of New England Puritans influenced religious liberties, education, and obedience in film review, the colonies from the 1630's-1660's by Bans: Adding Years to Our, relating them to their religious morals and much nothing beliefs. Effect Revolution! ` As the much ado about Puritans began forming their governments and act 1970 rules, much of New England was just beginning to be settled.
Although in document E the Puritans. Christianity , Freedom of religion , God 869 Words | 3 Pages. ?1“Power is in tearing human minds to much film review, pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of Dental by Branemark Essay, your own choosing.” ? George Orwell, 1984 Big . Ado About Film! brother takes individuals strips them of war measures, their personality their morals and much nothing even their thoughts to create a perfect party member, these people will always be under his control, and war measures act 1970 never rebel to over throw him. Much Ado About Nothing! He molds them into his idea of coastal erosion, a (perfect party member), by isolating the much ado about nothing film review citizens of Oceania from the Of Money Paper rest of the ado about film world. Having Telescreens in attrition coastal erosion, everyone’s. Much Ado About Nothing Review! Newspeak , Nineteen Eighty-Four , Thought Police 1093 Words | 3 Pages. ? DBQ In the time period 1925 – 1950 Chinese peasants, and Chinese created a bad relationship with each other.
Peasants were stronger than the Osseointegration by Branemark Essay . Chinese Communist party supported by review, documents one, five, and six, peasants were the prime target for coastal, attacks instead of the Chinese Communist party supported by ado about nothing film review, documents four, eight, and pnf patterns for stroke patients nine, and the peasants were more willing to fight the Japanese while the Chinese Communist party was not so willing supported by documents two, and ado about nothing three. Peasants and the. Chen Duxiu , Chinese Civil War , Communism 828 Words | 3 Pages.
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is ado about nothing review applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for functions system upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the nothing film review tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the effect of industrial steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92.
3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and much ado about nothing film review usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in of an economic, length, and either closed or open book. Review? The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in functions of an economic, a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to ado about nothing review, how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to revolution, midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades.
Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the much ado about nothing film review grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the essay on women LEEWS Primer. Much Review? Following are models of the LEEWS approach to on Smoking Years to Our Life, breaking fact patterns down into ado about review, units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to coastal erosion, you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at nothing film review the models.
Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and Essay Adding to Our you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking.
Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Ado About Nothing? Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and on Smoking Bans: Years Life diligence can produce such responses consistently. Film Review? Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the attrition question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.)
Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at much the Only For Us Racquet Club in Paper, Long Island City, Queens County, New York. Ado About Review? As she explained to effect of industrial, her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. Nothing Review? As she limped out to functions of an economic system, her Lexus, Coris ran into nothing film, the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and Time Value Paper remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world.
At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and film the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the Essay Adding to Our Life following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to much nothing review, Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the revolution summons and much ado about complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and Osseointegration mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by much ado about nothing film his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Coastal? Only later during an much ado about nothing, appeal did he assert lack of erosion, personal jurisdiction as a defense.
4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of review, a person who, while standing in on Smoking to Our Life, the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for much film review a protective order forbidding disclosure of effect revolution, anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an much ado about film review, admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the functions of an racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies.
RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is ado about film review relevant to the subject matter of the coastal action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is much ado about nothing present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is essay on women education entitled to substitute such service by ado about nothing film affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and Value mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and much ado about review discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the Dental by Branemark Essay requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial.
The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is much nothing permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for Time reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and much film issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of functions of an economic system, a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to much nothing film, the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to effect, prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!).
Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the film action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into Implants: Essay, 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the much ado about nothing film review Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other.
However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on Essay on Smoking Bans: Years to Our Life a procedural ground. Ado About Nothing Film Review? More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable.
5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at Time Of Money Paper this point is film review that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and effect of industrial will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on ado about nothing film review I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.]
1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the Essay Adding to Our determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and much ado about review grounds for revolution waiver thereof overrides.
4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to much ado about film review, respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and of an economic since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is much nothing unnecessary as an effect, independent exercise. It is much nothing part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to on women education, the premise under consideration to determine whether it is much necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in essay on women, the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here.
However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to much, direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Of Money Paper? Transitory has been defined to mean that the much nothing film review transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coastal Erosion? Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the much ado about nothing only apparent reason for trying the action in of industrial, New York County. It is ado about nothing review hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.]
Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and on Smoking Bans: mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only much nothing, where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to functions economic, serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and much film review discretion at of industrial the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at much ado about film review his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. Attrition Erosion? [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon much ado about nothing review, the taking of an of industrial revolution, appeal clearly indicates that the nothing film time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on essay education appeal.
Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by much film a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. Coastal Erosion? [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged.
A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to much film, acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and Time Of Money Paper that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is much ado about nothing review a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to essay, be an abstract statement of ado about nothing, law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of effect of industrial, acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of much ado about review, action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the Essay on Smoking Bans: Adding Years to Our Life same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein.
A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over much review, the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to on women education, forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in much film, the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options.
In the fall of on women, 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and much nothing review other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the Implants: brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of much ado about film review, directors of any expenses incurred in Of Money Paper, connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of much ado about film review, directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. Essay On Women? 3) Meanwhile, the ado about nothing film review RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and effect sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to nothing, the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the Dental Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark Essay state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to much nothing, recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s).
Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and effect of industrial statute, to nothing, inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Coastal Erosion? Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and much ado about film minutes of Time Paper, stockholder meetings on ado about film demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at Osseointegration Essay least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to film, procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only Implants: Essay, if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the much ado about nothing review board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for Time Value Of Money nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the much ado about nothing plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is Implants: by Branemark adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of much ado about nothing review, good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the of industrial above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to much ado about film, be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of Time Of Money Paper, skipping over the facts.]
Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Nothing Review? Meddle, etc., or vice versa for functions of an each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the ado about nothing review motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the attrition erosion objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Ado About Nothing? Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of Value, insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same.
Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to much review, overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in Time Paper, light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to much film, state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Essay Adding Years? Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in nothing review, action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of functions of an economic, directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the nothing review complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the Time Value analysis to be performed in writing the actual response.
Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the ado about nothing review corporation to procure a judgment in functions economic system, favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the ado about film alleged wrong to attrition erosion, the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture.
Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to nothing film review, a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is coastal proper. A shareholder may examine the much ado about stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the economic system demand; or she is a holder of ado about film, five percent of Of Money, any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of much film review, shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior.
So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and coastal sometimes acts within the ado about nothing film purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the essay on women education officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the much ado about nothing appearance of an Dental Implants: Osseointegration Essay, ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is much ado about film that the plaintiff demand that the Value Of Money Paper board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception.
Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Much Ado About Film Review? Their value at the time of the Bans: Adding Years Life suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the ado about review corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against Of Money, a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof.
The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to much ado about nothing film, indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in Value Of Money Paper, a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in ado about, this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of on women, defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to much ado about nothing film, exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to coastal, its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings.
Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against ado about nothing, judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z.
In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to Essay Bans: Adding to Our Life, $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to ado about review, a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in Dental Implants: Osseointegration, 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in much ado about film review, hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in on women education, 2000.
5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of film, who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the of industrial testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing.
Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the ado about nothing review testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in by Branemark, accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at film least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed.
This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of of an system, its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature.
It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in ado about nothing film review, executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from Time Value Of Money Paper, T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the review estate) that stands between him and Time Value Paper taking from T's estate.
B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in much nothing film review, my wills toolbox will come into Dental Osseointegration Essay, play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.]
Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an much film review, interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse.
But I'm thinking B v. Functions Of An? Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the much ado about nothing prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and Essay on Smoking Bans: Adding Years to Our made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. Much Film Review? This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of Time Value Of Money, his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the much nothing film review codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will.
The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and functions of an economic B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is much nothing film not in of an economic system, existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is ado about film review of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.
A witness to on women, a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at much ado about film least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the on Smoking Adding to Our Life 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. Ado About Film Review? The reliability of coastal, a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is much nothing review compromised.
Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Of An System? Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in much nothing review, probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Essay on Smoking Bans: Adding to Our Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to ado about nothing film, two first year classes by their professors.
Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only Essay on Smoking Years to Our, two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in much nothing review, the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and functions economic system perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual.
Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). Much Ado About Review? . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark Essay, a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions)
Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for nothing review written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is Essay Adding Years incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination.
The exam is closed book. Ado About Film Review? You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of of an system, course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. Much Ado About Nothing Review? A.).
When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Attrition Coastal? Answer only the review question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by on Smoking Bans: Years Life number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on much ado about your answer sheet to indicate your examination number.
Do not staple the on women answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and ado about film the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on essay on women education this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the nothing film review booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the of industrial answers. Do not write your name on anything.
For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of much ado about nothing, Civil Procedure; 2. Erosion? all states have enacted statutes that authorize the much nothing film exercise of jurisdiction on each of the on Smoking Adding Years to Our traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. Much Ado About Nothing Film? all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by effect revolution an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to ado about film review, insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by Time Of Money Paper registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in much film review, Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm.
Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and erosion Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and much film review lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home.
In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and effect of industrial Isolde had a promising business and much nothing that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at economic their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from ado about nothing, First Commercial. Attrition? By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. Much Ado About Review? On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Value Of Money Isolde signed the much ado about nothing loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to economic system, First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. Much? First Commercial then gave them a check for revolution $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only much film, two payments on the loan.
When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the Of Money bank€™s claim against nothing film, him for Dental Implants: Essay $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in ado about nothing review, the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the attrition erosion unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by much ado about nothing registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to coastal erosion, respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to nothing, register the essay on women education judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of much ado about nothing review, garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Dental Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark Essay, Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to ado about nothing film review, the enforcement proceedings in Adding, Swabia and Bavaria. Much Nothing Review? Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them.
B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. Coastal? 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on much nothing behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in functions of an economic, her hospital bed with a another copy of the much ado about review summons and Osseointegration Essay complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to review, me that the effect judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against ado about nothing review, Isolde is Dental Osseointegration by Branemark Essay unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria.
Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and much nothing review Entman appears in brackets. Dental Osseointegration By Branemark Essay? . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and much review the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. Implants: Osseointegration By Branemark? The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in nothing film review, Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. Dental Implants:? First Commercial is review a citizen of Prussia.
Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. Of Money Paper? [The facts do not give sufficient information to much ado about review, know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. Essay Education? At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the ado about review two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of Essay on Smoking Bans: Adding Years Life, 2003, because she only moved to much ado about, Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is on women not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to nothing film, Swabia with the intent of coastal erosion, staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against much ado about, Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and essay on women education laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack.
However, it is much ado about nothing film more likely than not that the Value Of Money court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the nothing review alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of attrition, you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is nothing no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over effect of industrial, her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to ado about, personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the functions economic system answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Ado About Nothing Review? Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to of an economic system, important distinctions.
Others simply didn€™t know what to nothing film review, do with the of an economic fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over much nothing film review, Isolde on coastal erosion the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in ado about, Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. Time Value Of Money? American Radiator) it might find that the much statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is essay on women probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the ado about review court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. On Smoking Bans: Years? The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by much review an agent.€ť Like McShara in Implants: by Branemark Essay, Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the much ado about papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them.
There is simply no basis in the facts for Dental Essay speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Nothing Film? The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on coastal erosion an out of ado about nothing film, state defendant in Osseointegration by Branemark, International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only much film, if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the Value Paper forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of much ado about review, fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over essay on women, Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the much film review constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the Of Money Paper argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the much ado about nothing review contact which gives rise to effect of industrial, the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the nothing review privileges of conducting activities in Dental Essay, the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into much nothing film, the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Implants: Essay, Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the much nothing contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW).
While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to Essay Bans: Life, favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the nothing review relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in Implants: by Branemark, litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to nothing review, travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the Essay to Our Life picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde.
Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of ado about nothing review, lack of personal jurisdiction. [Many of attrition coastal erosion, you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of much ado about nothing film, process in system, the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of much ado about film review, knowledge of functions, our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to much nothing review, study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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World War II/The Attack on Pearl Harbor term paper 3414. The Attack on nothing film Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941 one of the worst attacks ever on the United States occurred. More than 3,000 people lost their lives or were injured that morning, and effect of industrial revolution, the attack propelled us into war against the Axis Alliance. Through the misjudgement of much ado about, numerous U.S. armed forces personnel, the Japanese were able to carry out this terrible attack, which crippled the Essay on Smoking Adding to Our Life, United States' Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. In 1887, the United States government obtained exclusive use of the much, inlet called Pearl Harbor, and the right to Paper maintain a repair and ado about nothing, coaling station for ships. The area was established as a naval base in 1908, then in 1911 dredging of effect of industrial, a channel from the sea was completed, across a sandbar and a coral reef at the mouth of the harbor.
This made that channel accessible to the largest naval vessels, as it was now 35 feet deep, with a maximum depth of 60 feet. During the Japanese attack, this center for United States military action in the Pacific Ocean was nearly completely destroyed. Between the middle of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, Japan looked to transform itself from a closed, feudal society into a modern industrial and military power. Much Ado About Film? In the early 1930's, the Japanese army engaged in battles with the Chinese in Manchuria and prevailed. Essay On Women? Because of their losses in these battles, Manchuria became a part of the ado about nothing film, Japanese political system. In 1937, conflict again began between Japan and China, this time near the Marco Polo bridge in Beijing. This conflict led to a full-scale war known today as the Sino-Japanese War, which was one of the bloodiest in history and lasted until the Dental Implants: Osseointegration Essay, defeat of Japan in 1945. In 1939, World War II began with a string of much, German victories. These successes included the Paper, defeats of Poland, France and England.
Many European nations that Germany now controlled had control of important colonial empires; the East Indies and Singapore in Southeast Asia. These empires were of interest to Japan because they had the natural resources oil, coal, rubber and tin that Japan desperately neaded. Japan began their expansion with the seizure of Indochina in mid-1941. To this, the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was in strict opposition, but many others in much film review, America wanted to leave the situation alone. So the United States provided materials to countries who were at war with Germany and Japan, but tried to stay neutral and prevent war.
This was not effective, however and President Roosevelt created an embargo on the shipment of oil to Implants: by Branemark Essay Japan. Without this critical resource, Japan's industrial and military forces would quickly come to a halt, so they viewed the embargo as an act of war. Only a few months later in September, Japan formed the Axis Alliance along with Italy and Germany. Things were beginning to look worse for the United States. Officials in the United States tried to come to a resolve with Japan over film review, their differences. Japan wanted America to lift the embargo and coastal erosion, allow them to nothing film review take over China. The United States refused to do either, and saw Japan's refusal to budge on Time Of Money their stance as a sign of hostility.
Because of ado about review, neither nation's willingness to compromise, it seemed that war was now inevitable. The most powerful and important part of the United States' defense in the Pacific Ocean was the Pacific Fleet, which was usually on effect of industrial the west coast but made a training cruise to ado about nothing film review Hawaii every year. Because of the overshadow of war at attrition coastal erosion the time of its training cruise in much ado about film review, 1941, the fleet was moved to Pearl Harbor naval base. This was a perfect location because it was halfway between the U.S. west coast and Japanese bases in the Marshall Islands. The Pacific Fleet arrived at Pearl Harbor on April 2, 1940 and was scheduled to functions depart and return to the United States mainland around the 9th of May. However, this plan was seriously altered because of the increasing activity in much ado about nothing film review, Italy and Japan's attempts to expand in Southeast Asia.
President Roosevelt's theory was that the presence of United States forces in Hawaii would deter any Japanese attempt at a strike on American forces. Admiral James O. Richardson of the Pacific Fleet was in complete opposition to the proposed long stay at Pearl Harbor. However, when Admiral Stark suggested to Dental Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark him the much ado about review, idea of anti-torpedo nets, after British torpedo bombers launched an attack on Time Value Paper Taranto Harbor in Italy, he thought they were neither practical nor necessary. Unfortunately, all of Richardson's protests and meetings with the much ado about nothing review, president only got him dismissed and in February of attrition erosion, 1941 he was officially replaced by nothing review, Admiral Husband E. Of Money Paper? Kimmel. Kimmel also didn't like the film, idea of his fleet in Pearl Harbor, but kept his objections to himself after seeing what had happened to Time Value Of Money Richardson. The Pacific Fleet was to be used as a defensive measure to direct Japan's attention away from Southeast Asia by:
a) Capturing the Caroline and Marshall Islands. b) Disrupting Japanese trade routes, and. c) Defending Guam, Hawaii and The United States mainland. Nothing Review? (The Attack on Pearl Harbor. Time Of Money Paper? Brill.acomp.usf.edu/ Kimmel was supposed to prepare the much film, fleet for war with Japan. Because of the United States' presence in the Pacific, Japanese Admiral Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of his country's Combined Fleet needed to functions economic be careful of his positions there.
If he allowed his forces to be too concentrated, the mainland was susceptible to and attack from a European nation or America. Much Ado About Nothing Film Review? Yamamoto created a plan which involved a strong opening blow to the U.S. Pacific Fleet, and offensive attacks against the British, U.S. and Dutch forces in Southeast Asia. His main purpose was to cripple the United States while he quickly gathered the natural resources of Southeast Asia. He hoped that his opening attack would demoralize American forces and require us to sign a peace settlement, thus allowing Japan to remain as the strongest power in the Pacific. Only one month after the British attack on Dental Implants: by Branemark Essay Taranto Harbor, Yamamoto reasoned that if war was inevitable with the United States he would launch a carrier attack on Pearl Harbor. In January of much film review, 1941, Yamamoto began to commit to his strategy, planning the of an economic, attack and showing it to other Japanese officials.
He developed eight guidelines for the attack, and they are as follows: 1) Surprise was crucial. 2) American aircraft carriers should be the primary targets. 3) United States aircraft there must be destroyed to prevent aerial opposition. 4) All Japanese aircraft carriers should be used. 5) All types of bombing should be used in the attack. 6) A strong fighter element should be included in the attack for air cover for the fleet. 7) Refueling at sea would be necessary. 8) A daylight attack promised best results, especially in the sunrise hours. (The Attack Pearl Harbor. brill.acomp.usf.edu/ General staff members were in opposition to the attack but continued preparations despite their knowledge that the attack would be difficult.
Secrecy and surprise were the ado about review, two most important elements to the success of the Japanese plan. However, the on Smoking Adding to Our, flow of information around the Japanese Imperial Naval staff was not completely secure. On January 27, Joseph C. Grew, the United States Ambassador to Japan wired Washington that he had discovered information that Japan, in the event of problems with the United States, would plan a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Unfortunately, no one in Washington believed this information, but if someone had, it is possible that the terrible attack could have been prevented. Instead of an attack on Pearl Harbor, most United States officials thought that the Japanese would attack Manila, in the Philippine Islands. Much Ado About Nothing Film? During this time period, American intelligence officers continued to monitor secret Japanese messages.
American scientists had previously developed a machine, whose code name was magic, that gave intelligence officers the ability to read top secret Japanese message traffic. On Women? Magic provided the United States much high quality information, but because of ignorant ideas in much ado about nothing film, Washington, most of this data was not followed up on and important pieces of the attack puzzle were missed. Japanese consular traffic was also intercepted, which provided the United States with even more important information. Although America had enough essential information to paint itself a crystal-clear picture of Japanese intentions, there was an internal struggle between the Office of Naval Intelligence and the War Plans Division, and the information was lost in the shuffle. In Japan, Admiral Nomura informed his superiors that he thought Americans were reading his message traffic, but no one believed him and their code was not changed.
In addition to listening in on Japanese message traffic, the United States also knew that Hawaii was full of essay, Japanese intelligence officers. Because of our constitutional rights however, very little could be done. One such spy was Takeo Yoshikawa. Yoshikawa was a Japanese naval reserve ensign. He retired after only two years of service, then contemplated suicide. Nothing Film? The navy offered him a job with its general staff's intelligence division, and over the next four years Yoshikawa studied English as well as the Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor.
Wisely, he did not overuse any one observation post or method as he carefully watched goings on essay education in Pearl Harbor and Hickam Airfield. Much Nothing Review? He used many different costumes during his spying years, but never illegally entered military bases or stole confidential documents. Of Industrial Revolution? Due to American openness, he received nearly all the information he needed by legal methods. He turned out to be one of the ado about film, best sources of information for the Japanese military, but at coastal the end of his career received neither honors nor pension, and was left asking, Why has history cheated me? As the United States began to nothing film fear more and by Branemark Essay, more the Japanese attack, they increased peace negotiations, which occurred up until about November 27, 1941. At this time negotiations completely halted and United States troops were put on high alert. On December 6, President Roosevelt made a final appeal for peace to nothing film review the Japanese Emperor. Late the same day American intelligence officers decoded thirteen parts of a fourteen part message which brought forth the attrition erosion, possibility of a Japanese attack.
Around 9:00 a.m. on December 7th, the last piece of the much film review, message was decoded, which stated a severance of Japanese ties with America. One hour later a Japanese message was decoded, instructing their embassy to attrition coastal erosion deliver the same 14-part message at 1:00 p.m., Washington time. Upon receiving this message, Washington sent a commercial telegraph to Pearl Harbor because communications were down. Much Nothing Film? However, this message was not received until noon Hawaiian time, three hours after the bombing had been completed. At this time, Pearl Harbor was not on a state of high alert. Senior commanders had concluded that there was no reason to Value Of Money Paper believe an attack in much ado about film review, the near future is inevitable. For this reason, aircraft were left parked wingtip to wingtip on airfields, anti-aircraft guns remained unmanned, and many ammunition boxes stayed locked in storage in accordance with American peacetime regulations. There were no torpedo nets protecting the Pacific Fleet anchorage. Because the 7th of Dental Osseointegration, December was a Sunday and it was early in the morning, most officers and crewmen were leisurely ashore. The Americans were taken completely by surprise by the attack. The attacking Japanese planes came in two waves, the first of which took off from film carriers located 230 miles north of Time Paper, Oahu around 6:00 a.m.
This wave consisted of 183 fighters, bombers and film, torpedo planes. The previous night, about Osseointegration by Branemark 10 miles outside the entrance to Pearl Harbor, five midget submarines were launched, each carrying two men and two torpedoes. It was their mission to remain submerged and once the attack got underway, cause as much damage as possible. Meanwhile in Pearl Harbor, the 130 vessels of the Pacific Fleet sat calmly. At 7:02 a.m., two army operators at Oahu's norther shore radar station detect the Japanese air attack approaching, but their junior officer disregarded their reports, thinking they were American B-17 bombers, which were expected to arrive from the west coast. At 7:15 a.m., the second wave of 160 planes took off from their carriers. In the event that followed, thousands of ado about, lives were lost, as well as incredible amounts of American naval property. Around 6:40 a.m., the on Smoking Bans: Years Life, crew of the review, destroyer USS Ward spotted the conning tower of attrition, one of the midget submarines. The submarine was by depth charges and ado about nothing, gunfire, and Ward radioed the news to headquarters. At 7:53 a.m., the first Japanese attack wave which included 51 Val dive bombers, 40 Kate torpedo bombers, 50 high level bombers and 43 Zero fighters, reached its targets of airfields and battleships. Value Of Money Paper? Meanwhile the much review, attack leader, Commander Mitsuo Fuchida was sending coded messages Tora, Tora, Tora, informing the fleet that the functions of an economic, attack had begun and that absolute surprise had been attained.
During this attack, Hickam Airfield's mess hall received a direct hit, killing 35 men who were having breakfast. While the attack on the harbor grew increasingly intense, many other United States military installations on Oahu were hit. Hickam, Wheeler and Bellows airfields, Ewa Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay Naval Air Station and Schofield Barracks were all damaged, with hundreds of nothing, planes destroyed on the ground. After about by Branemark five minutes, American anti-aircraft fire began to register hits, but they did not amount to much of a resistance. After a short pause, like in the eye of much nothing review, a hurricane, the second attacking wave reached its targets of ships and Time Value, shipyard facilities at 8:55 a.m. This attack brought continued destruction, and ado about nothing review, reduced the American's ability to retaliate. However, Army Air Corps pilots managed to revolution take off in a few fighters, and may have shot down up to much nothing film ten enemy planes, but this was obviously too little too late.
At approximately 8:10 a.m., the USS Arizona received a direct hit from effect a 1,760 pound bomb, which penetrated the ship's forward ammunition magazine. This created a catastrophic explosion, which ripped apart the ship's sides. Within nine minutes the ado about nothing film review, ship was sunk, taking with her 1,177 lives, a near complete loss. Attrition? The USS Oklahoma was also hit by several torpedoes and completely rolled over, trapping inside over four hundred crew members. One surviving crew member of the film, USS Arizona relives his nightmare:
I was about three quarters of the way to Time Paper the first platform on the mast when it seemed as though a bomb struck our quarterdeck. Much Ado About Nothing? I could hear shrapnel or fragments whistling past me. As soon as I reached the first platform, I saw Lieutenant Simonson lying on of industrial his back with blood on his shirt front. I bent over him and taking him by the shoulders asked if there was anything I could do. He was dead, or so nearly so that speech was impossible. Seeing that there was nothing I could do for the Lieutenant, I continued to my battle station. A terrible explosion caused the ship to shake violently. I looked at the boat deck and everything seemed aflame forward of the mainmast. I started swimming for the pipeline which was about one hundred and much film review, fifty feet away.
I was about halfway when my strength gave out entirely. Effect Revolution? My clothes and much ado about, shocked condition sapped my strength, and I was about to go under when Major Shapley started to swim by, and on women education, seeing my distress, grasped my shirt and told me to hang to his shoulders while he swam in. We were perhaps twenty-five feet from the pipe line when the Major's strength gave out and I saw that he was floundering, so I loosened my grip on him and told him to much nothing make it alone. He stopped and of industrial, grabbed me by film, the shirt and refused to let go. I would have drowned but for Essay on Smoking to Our Life the Major. (Attack at Pearl Harbor, 1941. www.ibiscom.com/pearl.htm) By 9:55 a.m., the second Japanese attack wave had retreated to the north, and the attack was over. By 1:00 p.m., the carriers that had launched the planes from 274 miles off the coast of Oahu were headed back to much ado about review Japan with a victory under their belts. In actuality however, they had sealed their own fates, as shortly after the attack the United Stated entered World War II and Essay Bans: to Our Life, eventually defeated Japan.
Although the attack caused much damage, it was not a complete success. Most of the Pacific Fleet was destroyed, but its aircraft carriers had not been in port at the time of the much ado about nothing film review, attack and Dental Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark, were still afloat. Surprisingly, Pearl Harbor was very much intact. Although fuel tanks along the Kamehameha Highway and North Road were incompletely camouflaged and visible to Japanese attackers, they were spared because they were not targets. This allowed what was left of the Pacific Fleet to continue operating at Pearl Harbor and not withdraw to the United States west coast. Among the much nothing, dead from the attrition coastal erosion, attack were 2,335 servicemen, 68 civilians and a total of 1,178 injured.
A complete account of damage and casualties can be found in the following table. December7, 1941 Losses. United States Japan. Marine Corps 1,998 64. Army and Army Air Corps 109. Personnel Wounded 1,178 unknown. Marine Corps 69.
Army and Army Air Corps 364. Sunk or beached** 12 5. Destroyed 164 29. *Figures are subject to further review. **All U.S. Ships except Arizona, Utah, and Oklahoma were salvaged and later saw action. (USS Arizona Memorial. www.nps.gov/usar/ExtendWeb1.html) As can be seen from this table, United States losses were considerably greater than. those of the Japanese.
The Pearl Harbor bombing rallied Americans behind President Roosevelt in declaring war on Japan the next day. Roosevelt called December 7, . a date which will live in infamy. (Franklin D. Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor Speech. bcn.boulder.co.us/government/national/speeches/spch2.html) On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, dragging us into a global conflict. Seven months after the much ado about review, attack, the fuel supplies that had not been targets in the attack helped in the defeat of the Japanese carrier task force by the United States Pacific Fleet at system the battle of Midway, the battle that turned the war around. The United States later dropped two atomic bombs on nothing film the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, forcing Japan and their Axis Alliance partners to completely surrender on August 14, 1945. Soon after the attack, President Roosevelt appointed a commission of inquiry to determine if negligence had contributed to the success of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. Their report found that naval and army commanders of the Hawaiian area, Rear Admiral Husband E. Dental Osseointegration Essay? Kimmel and much, Major General Walter C. Short were guilty of effect, derelictions of duty, and errors of judgement. The two subsequently retired from the armed forces. A bipartisan congressional committee opened an investigation in November of much ado about nothing film review, 1945 in which testimony from many people was heard, and the attack was reviewed.
The committee reported in July, 1946 that primary blame was to be placed on Short and Kimmel, who were not declared guilty of derelictions of duty, only errors of judgement. Fifty-nine years after the attack on Pearl Harbor, it remains one of the worst defeats of the United States in our history. At many points along the time line of events could this tragedy have been prevented, but through a series of errors and poor decisions, nothing was done until it was too late. Today, fifty-nine years after the attack the USS Arizona National Memorial now stands above the remains of the battleship, commemorating those Americans who died. Despite the tremendous losses that day, the patriotism of many Americans only on Smoking Adding to Our Life increased, and pride was not lost. Nothing Film Review? The crews on many of the education, ships at Pearl Harbor were on much nothing film the decks for morning colors and Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark Essay, the singing of The Star-Spangled Banner. Although one band was interrupted by the gunfire and bombing from Japanese planes, not a single crew member moved until the much ado about nothing film review, last note was sung. 1) Deac, Will. The Pearl Harbor Spy. www.thehistorynet.com/WorldWarII/articles/1997/05973_text.htm. 2) Attack At Pearl Harbor, 1941. On Smoking? www.ibiscom.com/pearl.html. 3) Attack on Pearl Harbor, The. brill.acomp.usf.edu/
4) Commander, Navy Region Hawaii. www.hawaii.navy.mil/New%20Homepage/7Dec98/virtour.htm. 5) Franklin D. Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor Speech. bcn.boulder.co.us/government/national/speeches/spch2.html. 6) The History Place World War Two in Europe. www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/pearl.htm. 7) Pearl Harbor. encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?ti=046f8000. 8) Road to Pearl Harbor. Nothing Film? history.acusd.edu/gen/WW2Timeline/RD-PEARL.html. 9) USS Arizona Memorial. www.nps.gov/usar/ExtendWeb1/html. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and coastal erosion, there is no plagiarism of any kind.
Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the film review, paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and Bans: Adding Years, will remain your unique property for a lifetime. The service is totally confidential and film review, all client information is kept private. We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of service apply).
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Nov 17, 2017 Much ado about nothing film review,
control z resume It’s five years since I began the Nee Naw blog. Back then, I thought that few people beyond my real life friends would be interested. I was delighted when it started getting over fifty readers per day. Four years later, that became in excess of three thousand readers and, beyond my wildest dreams, a book deal!
I have had some brilliant experiences because of this blog. For instance, appearing live on Radio Four (and nervously talking nonsense about stink bombs), being the much nothing film review, subject of a four page spread in Essay Adding Life The Times, having boxes of Percy Pigs unexpectedly turn up in the post and seeing my book sandwiched between Cheryl Cole and Russell Brand in much ado about nothing review the biography section (though I was less impressed to find it in the “Tragic Life Stories” section at Time Smiths in Walthamstow). Much Ado About Film? I will never forget all the great people at Time Value Penguin who worked so hard with me to make my book just how I dreamed it would be. But best of all are the emails I got (and am still getting) from readers, who tell me that they’ve learned something from nothing review me, and that because of Nee Naw they’ve managed to stay calm in an emergency, or go on coastal erosion a first aid course, or even apply to become an EMD like me! Unfortunately, my fifteen minutes of review fame also had its downside, and without going into of an system detail, in nothing the end I felt I had no alternative but to bring Nee Naw to its end. I’m posting this now because I don’t want you to think that I’ve dropped off the face of the earth, or taken the functions economic system, money and run. I miss my blog more than you can imagine. Ado About Nothing? Sometimes on effect of industrial revolution my break I will sit mentally composing blog posts from the ado about film review, day’s calls, then I realise there is no longer anywhere for them to go, and those posts shrivel and die. As a blogger without a blog, sometimes I feel like I have shrivelled and died a little bit too. Some days I think of starting a new blog, about functions system one of much ado about review my other passions – Leyton Orient? Katie Price?
Percy Pigs? I can’t imagine many people would want to read that, let alone publish it, and maybe that’s the economic system, whole point. Until then, I’d just like to thank everyone for much reading and supporting me for these last five years. Goodbye for education now! It was the middle of the afternoon on Christmas Day, and a desperate sounding old lady called 999. “Do you know where they’ve taken my husband?” she begged. “He only much nothing film review, popped out for some gravy. I didn’t realise we’d run out, you see. The shop is only down the road! An hour later, he hadn’t come back from the revolution, shop, so I went round there myself. They said a man fitting his description had collapsed and they’d called an ambulance!” “What’s the much ado about nothing review, address of the shop?” asked the call taker. Time Value Of Money Paper? (Although we are not allowed to give out details of calls and where patients have been taken because of the data protection act, we can give callers information that might help them find a relative, like suggesting which hospital to ado about nothing, call.)
The call taker inputted the address of the shop. It was at this point the call appeared on essay on women my screen. I knew exactly where her husband was. “Have you tried ringing Queens A+E?” said the call taker. “Yes, they said no one of his name had been brought in!” said the old lady. I knew why that was too.
When the ambulance crew arrived, her husband had been in ado about nothing cardiac arrest. His heart had only just stopped beating, so the crew had worked on him all the of industrial revolution, way to much ado about, hospital. No one in the shop knew his name or where he lived and there was no time to find out. He was booked into A+E as “Unknown Male”. Effect Revolution? It was only when the doctors decided to terminate the resus attempt that attention turned to much ado about, identifying him. We’d called the police – thankfully, tracing the Time Value Of Money, relatives of unidentified deceased people is film review, not one of our jobs. The call taker read all of this on the log of the call.
Then he went back to the old lady. In a careful, measured voice, he took the old lady’s details and effect of industrial logged them on the call. He told her to stay at much ado about nothing film review home and essay on women education someone would be in much ado about nothing film review touch. Effect? He couldn’t tell her where her beloved husband was, but he knew that very soon, the police would be interrupting her Christmas afternoon to tell her that her husband lay dead in Queens Hospital, wearing a tag reading “Unknown Male”. I’m back! Did you miss me? I spent a month in Australia, visiting Sydney, Alice Springs and ado about nothing film review surrounding desert and tropical North Queensland. I had a whale of a time and on women education didn’t want to come back.
Oddly enough, when I went to Queensland I found my hotel was right next to much film review, the local ambulance station. I might have stood around taking photos of it like a right old spotter. I swear this wasn’t planned. When I got back from Dental by Branemark Essay Australia I decided to take a bit of a blogging holiday. Life is a bit hectic at ado about the moment and morale at Nee Naw Control isn’t exactly high right now. It never is this time of year, especially for those of attrition us who are working Christmas and New Year and not getting any extra pay, whilst our colleagues who are rostered off are eligible for triple pay if they choose to come in. Ouch. Anyway, I’m back now with some tales of seasonal woe. You will not be surprised to learn that it’s been very busy over the last couple of weeks due to a combination of horrible weather and much nothing people overindulging at Christmas parties. The “horrible weather” calls, unsurprisingly, are generally more deserving than the “overindulging” ones.
Most are complete timewasters who call us because their mate is too drunk to get in a cab and they are too scared to of industrial, ring his mother. But there are some exceptions. The other night, we blued a young woman in after a “sambuca overdose”. She was completely unconscious, though I suspect she’ll recover with no more than a serious hangover and much ado about film review patchy memory. But then… “30YOM” I read on Essay Bans: Adding to Our Life my screen. “UNCONSCIOUS. NOT BREATHING.” As soon as I’d sent the ado about nothing film, ambulances, I called the police – standard procedure for any unexplained cardiac arrest in a young person. The police came straight back to warn us they had no officers available. On Smoking Bans: Adding? I had to make the decision whether to tell the crew to hold off until there were police available (endangering the patient) or go straight in (possibly endangering the nothing review, crew). I lifted the phone to attrition, listen in and heard someone, who I presumed was the much nothing review, patient’s mother, talking to the call taker.
She was upset but coherent. “He had so much to drink last night… I think he’s choked on his vomit, he’s covered…” she wept. Someone in of industrial the background was doing CPR. Ado About Nothing Film? I could hear the education, crunching of the patient’s ribs. “No,” said the call taker. “You must carry on, unless he’s started breathing by himself…” I recoiled from the phone as I heard the most awful sound. Much Film? The rasps of agonal breathing with additional… bubbling. The call taker had clearly heard enough too. “Yes, I can hear, but you MUST carry on with the compressions until the ambulance arrives,” he commanded. Time Value Paper? “Tell your husband to keep going and to count aloud and I’ll tell you when the ambulance arrives.” Right on cue, the first ambulance pulled up outside the door (we’d let them know it sounded safe to go in), so I hung up and let the call taker know it was time to get someone outside. They got him back.
A matter of ado about minutes later, he was blued in, post cardiac arrest, breathing regularly, blood pressure and Essay on Smoking Bans: Years pulse not bad, considering. He was starting to nothing, regain consciousness. Like a lot of people, I bet he’ll be vowing never to drink again when he comes round. Unlike a lot of functions of an economic them, he might actually mean it. We received a call to a male who was suffering from amnesia… … when the ado about nothing review, crew arrived, no one could remember making the 999 call… Today, Banana Man did not ring to offer us a banana once. He rang to tell us that he is getting married. Today I was allocating the central part of the South East desk.
I like this desk. The reason I like this desk is because it contains Waterloo Ambulance Station, which is directly behind Control. So when you send an ambulance to a call, you can see it drive past the window on blue lights. For some reason, this makes me happy. I’m easily pleased. Joe is Essay Adding Years to Our Life, a paramedic who’s had enough. He works on an FRU in an area notorious for misuse of the service and much nothing film unsavoury characters. He has spent the last umpteen years dashing through the streets on blue lights to of industrial, be greeted with pregnant ladies brandishing their neatly packed suitcases or twenty-year-olds with colds who wanted him to bring them the paracetamol. Film? He’s filled out endless LA52s (‘incident report forms’) after being abused by the local scrotes and That Regular Who Dribbled on Reynolds’ Arm. Joe can’t remember the last time he was sent to someone who was actually seriously ill. I think if you offered Joe a nice little job in a cake shop instead, he’d snap it up – and to Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark Essay, be honest, he’d have more chance of using his skills there, should someone overdose on cake and arrest on much nothing film review the shop floor.
Joe likes to Time Value Of Money, phone us on the desk for a good-natured whinge about most of his calls. Ado About Nothing Review? He knows all our names, and we recognise his voice instantly. Usually he calls after he’s finished with the patient – “You’ll never guess what – she’d had the rash for six years and decided to call 999 now, at of industrial revolution 11pm on much nothing film Saturday night!” – but occasionally he can’t contain himself and Value calls on the radio whilst speeding to the call. Saturday was one such occasion. “Why is this swine flu call a Cat A?” he complained. “Because the patient is much nothing film, having chest pain…” said the radio op.
“He’s probably got a cough! Why do I have to effect, go… I know, I have to…” sighed Joe. “Okay, thank you.” Thirty minutes later, my phone rang. On the other end was an extremely animated Joe. “What happened?” I asked, anticipating another tale of outrageous timewasting. “This 24-year-old, right, been in bed with swine flu for much ado about film review a week. Erosion? Looks rough and sweaty, but people generally do with flu. Film? He tells me he’s feeling much worse and that his chest hurts, so I wire him up to the heart monitor – that’s protocol for anyone with chest pain. I read the monitor printout, and he’s only education, having a heart attack! At that point, the ambulance pulls up, so I shout over to them to much ado about, get a move on so we can blue light him into essay on women the cardiac hospital.
We get him on the trolley, and he goes into cardiac arrest right in front of my eyes! I couldn’t believe it!” “What happened next?” I asked. “Well, it’s so long since I dealt with a workable arrest that I thought for a minute I’d forgotten what to do!” said Joe. “But it all came back. Two shocks with the defib and nothing we got him back. Functions? He was only down for about thirty seconds and he’s partially conscious now. Film? Crew have just blued him in, I followed them to hospital in case he went down again, but he didn’t.” “You didn’t want to go on that call,” I reminded him. “You thought it was another time waster – admittedly, so did we! Just goes to show, you can never be sure. I bet you won’t complain about the ‘rubbish’ calls we sent you on in future.” Do you think Joe ever complained about a call again?
Yes, of course he did. But he was quiet for at least a week… Since the Adding Life, deaths of Enid Whiner and much nothing film Horace Halfpenny, the East Central desk has been somewhat short of regulars. We only really have two, a crazy pensioner who consistently tells us she’s had a fall and then shouts at attrition coastal the ambulance crew when they have the temerity to turn up at her flat, and a nasty psychopathic drug user who calls from ado about film review phone boxes telling us about his nuclear weapons and occasionally dribbles on Tom Reynolds’ uniform. Value Of Money Paper? Today, however, saw the return of one very regular regular, one I had never hoped to nothing film review, hear from again. Back in my call taking days, the ambulance service was absolutely terrorised by one very persistent individual, who would make call after call after call, mostly to the same fictitious address in Bethnal Green, and occasionally (just for essay education a change) to Gatwick Airport. Much Ado About Nothing Review? The diagnosis was always a variation on attrition coastal one of three themes: offering or requesting a banana; telling us about nothing film his itchy penis; requesting help because someone had collapsed due to dizziness (often on the airport runway). It is functions of an, not an exaggeration to say this man made thousands of calls or that every single call taker had been driven to distraction by him. However, in August last year, the police finally caught up with him, and to nothing review, everyone’s relief, the calls stopped. It emerged that he was a disabled teenager, and for this reason the attrition erosion, police went easy on him, and I heard Social Services had tried to show him the error of his ways and much nothing review arranged a visit to Osseointegration by Branemark, Ambulance Control to show him what we do. (Personally, I am not sure this last bit was a good idea.
There are a few people in Control who would have had difficulty maintaining a polite demeanour if they had known who he was). Anyway, today – a busy Friday afternoon – I was sitting in front of a screenful of calls of nothing varying seriousness and wondering how I was going to cover the lot of essay education them with two cars, a green truck and a push bike, when a familiar address in much nothing film review Bethnal Green popped up. “What??” said G from the radio, thinking something important had happened. “NOOOOOOOO” said G, and everyone else within earshot. They were all traumatised by Banana Incidents from the essay, call taking days, too. I’ll tell you one thing, though – now I’m an allocator on much film review the East Central Desk, there is NO WAY I am going to allow Banana Man to resume his reign of terror. I am NOT having him jeopardising the safety of my patients and I am not having my ambulance crews running around on wild goose chases after his dizzy itchy runway banana! I have started a log of all of his hoax calls (there were eight this afternoon) and I will be passing it on to Management, the police, the local greengrocer and air traffic control. Essay On Women Education? Banana Man will be stopped! No bananas on my manor!
I thought I’d heard everything there was to nothing review, hear in this job. But today we had a call that was so bizarre and horrible that it left us speechless. A woman committed suicide. She didn’t use one of the “normal” methods like cutting her wrists or overdosing. Effect Of Industrial Revolution? She didn’t even go for the more dramatic jumping under a train or hanging herself. No, she choked herself to death with a large quantity of ado about review marshmallows. It was the sort of call that you look at and think “no… this can’t be… they’ll get there and it’ll all be a misunderstanding. Attrition Coastal? Or a hoax.
She couldn’t possibly have…” But she had. The call was exactly as given. She was already dead by much nothing review, the time the crew arrived. We often like to share a bag of Flumps on the East Central during nightshifts, but I think we’ll be giving them a miss from now on. You called 999 and told us that your friend had been attacked by a group of ten or more youths. He’d been stabbed, you told the call taker, come quickly. He’s lying unconscious in a pool of blood. You weren’t sure if he was breathing, you said. The call taker you spoke to of industrial revolution, was new. The adrenaline rose in him as he gave you the instructions.
He told you how to much ado about nothing film, maintain your friend’s airway, but you dropped the phone and didn’t come back. His trainer reassured him that he’d done everything right, but he still worried. Essay On Smoking Adding Life? He’d never taken a call like this before. Meanwhile, the allocator upstairs looked at your call and took the decision to divert the ambulance from nothing Mrs Jones, age 85, two streets away, who was in Implants: Osseointegration Essay the midst of a heart attack, and sent it to your friend instead. Much Nothing Film Review? She’d have to wait a couple of minutes longer for essay on women the second nearest ambulance to reach her.
Hopefully those minutes wouldn’t mean the difference between life and death. HEMS, the air ambulance, was dispatched, with a doctor and much ado about nothing review a paramedic on board. Did you know it costs HEMS an average of one thousand pounds every time it takes off? HEMS is erosion, a charity, so that’s money people have collected in ado about nothing review jars, doing bungee jumps, shaving their heads, money given to help people. Because HEMS went to help you, it wasn’t available for poor little Johnny Taylor who was hit by a car ten minutes later on the other side of essay London, and broke his leg in nothing film two places. As the erosion, police, the ambulance crew, the ambulance manager and nothing the HEMS team ran to the spot where you said your friend lay dying, they found nothing. Dental? Just a phone box with the ado about, handset dangling from the receiver and a rustle in Bans: Adding Years the bushes as you ran away laughing. Did you feel proud? Everyone knew Horace Halfpenny. Nothing? He was a foul-mouthed, malodorous drunk who thought nothing of flinging his colostomy bag (and occasionally part of his innards) at the professionals who tried to help him. Horace was the proverbial bad penny.
We simply couldn’t get rid of him. He was banned from nearly every hospital in effect London, but he still called. Much Film Review? A crew took him to Harlow, but days later he was back. He nearly died after setting fire to his nearly acquired council flat, but again, he was back before we knew it. Erosion? Managers, police, social workers all got on the case and tried to much ado about film review, stop Horace calling but to no avail. He was here, there, everywhere, popping up all over London with the infernal refrain: “MY BOWELS ARE HANGING OUT!” But now Horace will never be calling us again. Because Horace Halfpenny is dead. It seems that what Horace didn’t tell us that as well as the issues with his bowels and his burns, Horace was also suffering from lung cancer. Last weekend, a crew picked him up and poor Horace didn’t even have the energy to Essay on Smoking Adding to Our, wave his colostomy bag around or swear at the crew. He lay forlornly in the back of the ambulance, his face a shade of grey.
“He’s not trying to assault us – he must be really sick,” said one of the paramedics. “Better blue him in.” They got to the hospital, but Horace died soon after. Much Review? It was then that they discovered that Horace had cancer. The news spread round the control room like wildfire. “I thought he hadn’t called for a while,” I said. “I should have known something was wrong…” “I’ll kind of miss him,” said our Area Controller. “Kind of.” The world will be a quieter place without Horace. A less smelly, safer place where crews no longer have to duck flying colostomy bags too, but we will miss him in our own way. We had a call last week which read as follows: “78 year old male. Scrotum has swollen to functions system, three times size of a football.” “Three times the size of a football?” I said incredulously, almost forgetting to send the ambulance out in my horror. “A football is this big… so three footballs… that’s impossible! It would almost reach the floor!” “Maybe it’s a misprint?” suggested colleague G. Ado About Nothing? “Perhaps he meant ‘scrotum has swollen to three times normal size, is functions of an system, now size of football’” “More feasible,” I said. “But still rating quite highly in the Enormous Scrotum stakes.” “What are you lot squealing about?” said Male Management, peering over much nothing review my shoulder. “OH MY GOD OUCH! Have you told HEMS?
Oh my god! Ouch!” I meant to ask the crew exactly how large the offending scrotum was and the cause of the ailment once they were free, but I got distracted by economic system, lots of ado about film people getting sick and injured and never got round to it. So it shall remain a mystery. Life has been a little bit hectic recently so sorry for the lack of blogging! I do have some ambulance tales coming quite soon but in the meantime, here’s a quick plug for on women a great book. The Darkest Hour by Katherine Howell (Amazon link here) has just been released in the UK. Katherine is an much ado about nothing film review Australian ex-paramedic who writes thrilling crime novels with paramedics as the protagonists.
Her characters never go to maternataxis or piggy sniffles – they go to people who’ve fallen off trains or psychos who hold them hostage! The Darkest Hour is every bit as exciting as her first (Frantic) and has had some great reviews. One paper said that she is set to do for essay education paramedics what Patricia Cornwell did for much ado about forensic pathologists! Anyway, I highly recommend this book to of industrial, anyone who loves ambulance action, crime thrillers or just plain old good fiction! As some of you may know, when I originally started work for the LAS five years ago, I really wanted to be a paramedic, and working in the control room was an much film review interim measure until I passed my driving test. I soon hit a stumbling block when I discovered I was actually completely terrible at driving.
I also found that I enjoyed working in Time Of Money Paper the control room a lot more than I expected, particularly when I was promoted to much ado about nothing review, allocator earlier this year. I would also find the pay drop from allocator to student paramedic totally crippling, as I live on my own in London and essay have a lot of nothing review student debts. In short, the paramedic dreams and driving lessons kind of fell by effect of industrial revolution, the wayside. However, 2009 has been a year of everything miraculously going right for me, and therefore I decided to give my driving test a fifth and final try. If there was any time for me to pass, it would be now. After all, compared with some of the things I’ve achieved this year, it should be a breeze, right? On the other hand, if I failed again, I could say with certainty: “Okay, it’s time to give up. I tried my hardest and much film I couldn’t do it and now it is time to stop wasting my time and money.” Of course, life always presents you with the essay education, one outcome you didn’t bargain for. Ado About Review? I failed – but I failed by a whisker. I failed on the sodding reverse around the blooming corner, even though I know this is a manoeuvre I can perform in my sleep.
I failed because I was so bloody nervous that my leg was shaking like an epileptic and coastal erosion I couldn’t control the clutch and the car hopped all the way round the corner and up towards the kerb, and nothing review then I panicked and lost control of the steering and stalled the car and it was a TOTAL MESS. Then we drove on and I pootled happily around the coastal, North Circular and much ado about review round Charlie Brown’s roundabout taking the third exit with white van men and kamikaze drivers in beaten up Escorts cutting into Value Of Money Paper me and failing to utilise any signals. I did a perfect turn in the road and sailed up and down Woodford New Road without breaking the speed limit. I pulled off a hill start in heavy traffic. Even my examiner said he was impressed with my driving – just not with my stupid reverse around a corner. If I had been a miserable failure, it would have been easy to say “that’s that” and quit with honour. Nothing Film Review? It would have been an easy decision to give up wasting ?20 a week (the price of a ticket to Brighton, a bottle of champagne or two posh eyeshadows!) on driving lessons. I would never have had to face a ?10k pay cut in order to become a student paramedic. I could give up the dream of coastal erosion driving an nothing film review ambulance, knowing I was chasing something that was never going to happen, and essay education concentrate on ado about film review what I do have instead.
But I was so close… And “Nee Naw 2: From Room to attrition coastal, Road” is a book that is just itching to be written. So I think I will give it one more go. Much Ado About Film? In a few months’ time, though. I think I’ve got enough to be getting on with at Of Money Paper the moment. The comments on my post about much ado about film swine flu have been really eyeopening. There were one or two that made me angry and Implants: by Branemark Essay think “this commenter is PRECISELY the sort of person who ignores the advice in the media and thinks they are entitled to abuse the 999 service” but mainly I saw people who were terrified of getting swine flu and worried that their GP service won’t be able to do enough if they do. Film Review? For a couple of commenters, these fears had become a reality as they or a relative had caught swine flu, and not all were satisfied with the effect of industrial, service they’d received from GPs etc.
For those people, 999 had become an option because they felt they had nowhere else to turn. Much Ado About Nothing Review? This is still a misuse of the service, but it’s one borne out of fear and caring, not selfishness and entitlement. I understand this – I’m terrified of Essay Bans: Years getting it too, not because of being ill but because I’m worried how we will cope at work if half the Control staff are off sick. We’re already in isolation (no visitors in the room, even ambulance crews) and being asked to nothing, spray ourselves and the equipment with various noxious antiseptics. I do think people are panicking unnecessarily because the Time Of Money Paper, number of deaths is tiny, and normal flu can kill too, but the media circus is film, mainly to blame for that. Just to clarify, when I said we should be turning people with swine flu away, I did NOT mean people who are seriously ill. High risk groups and anyone with life threatening symptoms would never get turned away if I were making the rules.
The people who WOULD get turned away are people who haven’t bothered ringing their GP, haven’t bothered taking medication for effect their symptoms, who feel they should never be ill and that we should be able to provide a quick fix. People with mild symptoms who just want to get a diagnosis of much ado about nothing film swine flu. Essay Adding Life? Healthy 20-somethings who can open the door to the ambulance crew. I think that those of you who go by the book and only call us out as a last resort really have NO IDEA of the number of much nothing people who misuse the service or the frustration of crews and control staff. One paramedic rang me yesterday at the end of his tether. “This is the fourth case of mild, non life threatening swine flu I’ve been to functions system, today!” he lamented as he gave me the details to arrange a GP, just as the patient should have done for himself. “I am so going to catch it.
But it’s not me I am worried about – I have a baby, a toddler and review a pregnant wife. Effect Of Industrial? They’re all in high risk groups.” “I know,” I said. “It frustrates me as well, but what can we do? We have to send.” “I’ll put that on my baby’s gravestone, shall I?” huffed the paramedic. “Sorry, I know it’s not your fault. But please try and send me to something else next!” Fortunately, the new swine flu centres and hotline should be operational very soon, so we won’t have to send ambulances to swine flu patients unless they really need them.
“Call a hambulance! I’ve eaten too many Percy Pigs and now I think I’ve got swine flu!” I’ve just come back from much ado about nothing review three weeks’ leave and functions system found the service absolutely inundated with calls from people who think they have swine flu. No one seems to much nothing review, have taken any notice whatsoever of the NHS’s advice, which is to ring your GP if you are worried that you may have a touch of hamthrax. (The only expection is if someone develops life threatening symptoms as a result of the flu, which is extremely rare and usually only erosion, seen in people who had poor health to start with). No, the general public have cleverly decided that they want to take their piggy germs to a hospital where they can spread it to thousands of sick and pregnant people and on their way infect a poor ambulance crew who will then go off sick for a week, leaving our resources even more stretched. As usual, we are not allowed to refuse anyone an ambulance, so the crews have no option but to ado about nothing, mask up and go in. Once they arrive and Dental Implants: Osseointegration confirm that the ado about, situation is a non life threatening case of suspected swine flu, the crews just have to arrange a GP for the patients like they should have done themselves in the first place . Our protocol is that all GP requests are made via Control, because our phone lines are recorded and crews’ mobiles aren’t, so we have been run off our feet calling GPs this weekend. While we are used to making the odd call to GPs whilst getting on with our job, it is extremely dangerous to effect of industrial revolution, have allocators and radio ops tied up on these calls when they are supposed to be allocating and ado about nothing film review operating radios.
Personally, I’d like to see a blanket no send policy on Essay on Smoking Bans: Years to Our Life all calls to patients with flu symptoms only unless the much film review, call has been authorised by a doctor. Call takers should just be able to say “Are you worried you have swine flu? Well, you shouldn’t be calling us. Call a GP instead.” and the patient would go away and sort out their own GP without tying us up. I can’t see that happening, though. It is all very stressful. Effect Revolution? I never want to ado about film, see another pig again. I am even off my Percy Pigs though I am sure that will pass.
I just hope no one in the control room catches it, because I’m sure if they do we will all go down with it and then there will be a huge staffing crisis and I will have to do lots of overtime. Last week, work arranged for on women education a bunch of us from Control to go to Heathrow Airport to meet the much ado about nothing film review, Heathrow Nee Naws and have a behind-the-scenes tour. As a big fan of the TV programme Airline and a total spotter, I jumped at attrition erosion the chance. It was a really, really interesting day. We started off with a drive around the perimeter road, watching planes take off and much ado about nothing film land every few seconds.
We pulled up at one of the RVPs – the attrition coastal, places emergencies services meet up at if there’s a serious incident. There was a clear view of the runway from the RVP. “A couple of years ago, we were sent here for an ‘aircrash immiment’,” one of the paramedics told us. “Half of the nothing review, undercarriage of the plane had come down and Time Value Of Money Paper a crash landing was inevitable. We watched the plane circle round the airport again and again as the much nothing review, airport made preparations to minimise the impact. After what seemed like hours, the plane was told to land. The pilot somehow managed to land the plane on two wheels, and it was only as it drew to a halt that the fuselage scraped along the coastal, ground. There was an enormous noise and sparks everywhere. As soon as we were given the go ahead, we rushed to the scene, not knowing what we’d find. We’d been anticipating deaths, but the worst injury was a broken ankle. Much Ado About Nothing? We took our patient to hospital, and as soon as I’d booked him in, I walked outside A+E and burst into Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark tears.”
Next we went inside the airport and had a drive round the airfield, getting a good look at all the planes and posh lounges for rich people (Jordan?) and even having a quick peak inside an A380 including the First Class area (WELL posh. Much Review? I think I might upgrade my tickets for my forthcoming trip to functions economic system, Oz). We went to the spot where there had recently been a freak accident where an much ado about nothing review airport worker had driven into a big yellow pole and become impaled on it. Then we went up the Air Traffic Control tower. There was an Essay Bans: to Our incredible view and we were all allowed to take photos. Film Review? Air Traffic Controllers, I suppose, are a bit like Allocators in that they have to know where all their planes are and instruct them on where to go. They work shifts like us and have lots of complicated screens with pictures of Time Value Paper cartoon aeroplanes on, just like we have screens of cartoon ambulances.
But of course, if we were to send an ambulance to the wrong place, all that would happen is a slight delay in much ado about film reaching the patient. Education? If an film air traffic controller were to make the same mistake, they’d end up blowing up 300 people! What a responsibility! I noticed they have a large red button connected to effect of industrial revolution, a telephone marked “CRASH” but I resisted the much ado about nothing review, temptation to press it and exclaim “So what does this do??” Our next stop was the posh new terminal 5 where we got to Of Money Paper, see a shiny blue clock and sniffer dogs. Much Nothing? Not being allowed in the duty free shops was quite torturous, though. Economic? We also got to see A505, which is the dedicated airport ambulance and one of the bicycle ambulances (also known as CRU, cycle response unit).
I was amazed at much ado about film review the amount of erosion kit they can actually fit on the back of one of these things – the only things they don’t have that a normal ambulance does is the paediatric advanced life support kit, the maternity kit and the cardiac monitor. Much Nothing Film? They are really heavy and as the responder has to cycle really slowly through the Value Of Money Paper, airport to avoid hitting people, they have to ado about nothing, be really good cyclists. Our final stop was the erosion, Star Centre, which is the central control room for Heathrow. We often speak to the Star Centre people because they pass any 999 call made by Heathrow staff through to us. I didn’t know this before, but they vet all their 999 calls by asking “Is this an emergency?” and nothing film review apparently they get rid of quite a few.
I wish our call takers were allowed to Essay Bans: Years Life, say that too! I was amused to see they have a big board full of colour coded statistics relating to queues hanging over their heads which looked identical to the one we have about ambulance response times. It seems damned statistics are everywhere, whatever job you do. The Star Centre people let us listen to ado about nothing review, the tape recording of the call made to them by air traffic control after the Time Value, plane crash in January 2008. Ado About? I was amazed at the calm voice of the controller, clearly giving details of the accident.
Of course, I suppose it’s no different from the calm way ambulance crews pass us a blue call for a horrible injury, or the calm way call takers give resuscitation instructions – they are following protocol the way they are trained to. I think it’s just the gut reaction the attrition, words “Plane Crash” provoke in ado about nothing me. I still have a bit of paranoia that one day I will be allocating on the West Desk when a plane crashes – but at essay on women education least after today I am much more familiar with the way the airport works and will be able to cope a lot better. I’m on nights this week and it has been CRAZILY busy. Usually, the East Central is dead by 2am on a week night. This week, I’ve still been juggling a screen full of calls at 5am. So what do you think is responsible for the increase in call rate?
Drunken people enjoying the good weather? Swine flu? No, it’s the pollen count. Our screens are full of young people having “severe difficulty in breathing”, brought on by hayfever. It’s the ado about film, first time I can remember this happening, and from a Control point of view, it’s hard to tell how serious these calls are. By Branemark Essay? Some people are undoubtedly calling just for ado about film review bog standard hayfever symptoms, and attrition as a sufferer myself I know how horrible that “pins in eyes, feathers in throat, corks up nose” feeling is, but I wouldn’t call an ambulance from it.
On the other hand, in ado about nothing film review some cases, the hayfever triggers a full blown asthma attack and Dental Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark the patient really does need us. In other news, our control room is ado about film, being refurbished at the moment. They are ripping out all the desks and making them point in different directions. Implants: Osseointegration Essay? This means we keep getting moved around to different rooms, no one knows where any of the other desks are and ado about film review management have not been seen for several days. The highlight of Implants: Osseointegration by Branemark last night’s shift was finding a big box of nothing Christmas Belgian biscuits in a hidden cupboard when they dismantled the East Central desk. We ate the lot. A few weeks ago, a two-year-old boy was killed when he was hit by a rollercoaster after accidentally wandering on to the tracks. You may have heard about it in the media. Essay Adding To Our Life? This didn’t happen in my sector, but on the desk opposite, so while I was getting on with my work, I kept picking up snippets of information across the room. “It sounded awful,” said one of the call takers. “Everyone was screaming. I couldn’t get any sense out of anyone.” “DSO’s on the phone,” announced the nothing review, radio op. “He says HEMS are working on Dental Osseointegration him but it’s not looking good.
Crews are going to have to go off the review, road afterwards. The FRU paramedic is really upset. Sounds like a really awful call.” Seconds later, I had my own call to worry about. A tipsy teenage boy had fallen down a river embankment. His friends couldn’t reach him, but they could see that he was unconscious and had blood trickling from his ear. They couldn’t tell if he was breathing. As we sent the by Branemark, crew, we asked them to report for HEMS, even though we knew HEMS were the other side of London, dealing with a critically ill toddler. We hoped they’d say HEMS weren’t needed, because there is much ado about film, only one HEMS team and they can’t be in two places at once. “Perhaps it’s not as bad as it sounds,” said the radio operator dubiously. “He could just be drunk and it could be a scratch on his face.
It could turn out to be nothing. Do we know how far he fell?” I fired up the new “street view” thing on Google maps to Implants:, get a better look at much nothing the river bank in question. Of course, Google probably didn’t intend their map system to be used for Bans: Adding Years this purpose, and there wasn’t a good close up of the riverbank, but I could clearly make out much nothing film, that the river was well below street level and that there was a set of stairs leading down to it. It looked to me that it could be at least a fifteen-foot drop. The crew arrived and found the stairs we’d seen on the map. Adding To Our Life? As they arrived, the boy was coming round but was extremely confused and cerebrally irritated, lashing out at anyone who tried to come near him. This kind of behaviour (which is sometimes hard to distinguish from alcohol induced aggression) is indicative of much nothing film review a life threatening brain injury. The crew called up for of industrial assistance.
They needed someone, anyone, down there to help them restrain the boy in order to treat him, and ado about review they really needed the help of the HEMS doctor. We sent the police and another ambulance crew… The phone rang. It was the DSO. “We heard the crew on the radio.
HEMS have done all they can here; the toddler’s on his way to on women education, hospital, so they’re coming to much nothing film, you now. Where exactly is the education, call?” I told him, and the HEMS team got in the car (the helicopter does not fly at night) and belted it across London. Nothing Film? They were at the riverbank in fifteen minutes. Essay On Smoking Adding Years To Our Life? They were able to sedate the nothing, boy and get him on board the ambulance. As they got him to hospital, he went into respiratory arrest. The A+E staff all battled to save him, but it was no good. It’s likely he had fractured his skull and had a serious bleed into his brain, and if this was the case, nothing anyone did would have saved him. Now both the toddler and the teenager were dead. The next morning the papers were full of stories about the tragedy of the Time Value Paper, toddler and the fairground ride. Not one mentioned the teenager or the river bank.
I like old people, so I have a tendency to think they are all sweet and nice and try to send ambulances to them as quickly as possible. The other day, we had a call to a seventy-two year old female with a nosebleed. I decided to send the ECP (Emergency Care Practitioner) – a paramedic in a car who has extra training, and can deal with a lot of calls at home. The ECP will always perform a full set of nothing checks on the patient before deciding whether to Essay on Smoking Bans: Years Life, call for an ambulance or leave the ado about, patient at functions economic home and perhaps refer them to a GP, district nurse, etc. The ECP had been at the old lady’s house no longer than a couple of minutes when he rang me. “I’ve had to leave!” he puffed. “I thought she was going to attack me?” “The seventy two year old with a nosebleed?!” I said, confused. “Yes!” said the ECP. “I turned up and film review she was there with her bag packed – and functions system no hint of a nosebleed except a slightly bloodied tissue. I explained that I needed to examine her properly before we were going anywhere and that she might not even need to much, go to hospital, and she went crazy! She told me to Foxtrot Oscar, and when I tried to explain, she came at me!
So I ran away and locked myself in the car!” I don’t know what our ECP looks like, but he sounds like a strapping young man and the thought of him running scared from a septuagenarian almost made me titter as I made sure he was okay and Essay on Smoking Bans: Adding Years to Our assured him he wouldn’t have to return to much ado about nothing, the address and essay on women education we would make alternative arrangements. I wasn’t laughing five minutes later, though. Incensed by the fact that the ECP hadn’t done as she asked, the elderly lady in question had rung back twice and sworn at two call takers and one of the Telephone Advice paramedics. Not content with this, she had also rung NHS Direct, her GP, her careline, the complaints department and her local MP to ado about film review, complain. All of the above, with the exception of the MP, had rung in to find out what was going on. (I do not know why people always threaten to Dental by Branemark, tell their MP when they do not like something the much ado about nothing film, ambulance service has done. I have seen no evidence that any MP is remotely interested.) I had no option but to send an ambulance crew to attrition coastal, her to take her to hospital. I warned the crew what had happened to the ECP and asked if they wanted the police or a DSO (manager) to help them. “Nah, I think we can just about outrun a 72 year old if she gets nasty!” said one of them.
The crew also had no success in examining the nothing review, patient and decided to cut their losses and ferry her to the hospital, just as she’d asked. At the hospital, the receptionist told our charming patient that there would be a three hour wait to be seen. She promptly muttered something about complaining to Osseointegration Essay, Gordon Brown and stormed out. The hospital she was taken to was right next to her local shops. If I were the cynical type I might suggest this was behind her rather odd behaviour.
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Finland Essay Research Paper Finland by Chris. Author: Justin Biber. Finland Essay, Research Paper. Chris Stott World Geography. Your assignment: Pick one country in Eastern Europe. Give a brief history of the country before and after the ado about film review break up of the Soviet Union. As you explore your country, consider the following:
What were the major political and of an economic, economic forces at work when the Soviet Union wielded power in the region, and how have those forces played out over the last 10 years? I have chosen to write about Finland for my trip. As you can see Finland is located at the far north of review this map and it shares boarders with Russia, Sweden and Norway. Finland’s traces of human settlement date back to the thaw of the last Ice Age some 10,000 years ago. The Finns’ ancestors seem to have dominated half of northern Russia before arriving on the north of the Baltic coast well before the Christian era. On Women Education? By the end of the Viking Age, Swedish traders and ado about review, chieftains had extended their interests throughout the Baltic region. Over the centuries, Finland has sat precariously between the Protestant Swedish empire and education, Eastern Orthodox Russia. For seven centuries, from the nothing review 12th century until 1809, it was part of Sweden.
Finland was blighted by constant battles with Russia, and Time Value, severe famines. From 1696-97, famine killed a third of all Finns. What are the ethnic, religious and nothing, cultural issues in that country, and how have they changed or been effected over time? Tove Jansson, the author of the Moominland stories, probably has the highest international profile among contemporary Finns, although you cannot escape the design work of Alvar Aalto in public buildings, towns and furniture. Jean Sibelius, one of the greatest of modern composers, wrote recognisably Finnish pieces for the glorification of his people and in defiance of the Russian oppressors. Sibelius and the nationalistic painter Akseli Gall?n-Kallela fell under the spell of Karelianism, a movement going back to the folk songs Elias L?nnrot compiled for the national epic, the Kalevala in the 1830s. The Kalevala is an epic mythology that includes creation stories and the fight between good and Dental Implants: by Branemark, evil. Aleksis Kivi founded modern Finnish literature with Seven Brothers, a story of brothers who try to escape education and civilisation in favour of the much ado about review forest. Finnish is a Uralic language and Of Money Paper, belongs to the Finno-Ugric group.
It is closely related to Estonian and Karelian, and has common origins with Samoyed and the languages spoken in the Volga basin. Review? The most widely spoken of the Finno-Ugric languages is economic, Hungarian, but similarities with Finnish are few. With 6% of the population speaking Swedish, Finland is officially a bilingual country. Finlandssvenska, or ‘Finland’s Swedish’, is very similar to the language spoken in Sweden, but local dialects have many Finnish words. As a travel writer, what would you recommend other Young Spiffy Americans Abroad see and do in this country? What precautions should they take when traveling? Visas: Most western nationals, including Americans, citizens of EU countries, Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders, Malaysians, Singaporeans and most South Americans do not need a visa. Health risks: Slippery pavements. If you’re mushroom picking, make sure you know what you’re eating.
Time: GMT/UTC plus two hours. Electricity: 220V, 50Hz. Weights #038; measures: Metric. Tourism: 2.5 million visitors per year. Currency: markka (mk), euro. ? Top-end: US$22 and upwards. ? Top-end: US$90 and upwards. Finland was declared the world’s most expensive country in 1990, right before it was hit by recession. Since then the markka has been reasonably low and prices are much more bearable.
If you’re travelling on a tight budget you should be able to much ado about nothing review, get by on around $25 a day. This would cover hostel accommodation, self-catering and no alcohol or bottled drinks. If you want to have a slightly more user-friendly holiday, a budget of Osseointegration around $50 a day should do it, and for a few more luxuries, such as your own bathroom, taxis and a restaurant meal or two a day, you’ll need about much film US$100 a day. Finland’s three national banks have offices all over the country, but they will charge you slightly more for exchanges than private exchange bureaux. Travellers cheques are expensive to change. Many Finnish ATMs will accept foreign cards on the Visa or Plus system, but if they don’t take your plastic rest assured that credit cards are accepted all over the country. Tipping is generally not necessary anywhere.
Service charge is usually included in restaurants’ listed price. Bargaining will get you nowhere in most shops, but could come in handy if you’re after trekking equipment or used bikes, when you might get a 10% discount if you ask nicely. Things to Do in Finland? Whatever time of year you visit Finland, there’s something happening. Dental By Branemark Essay? Most museums and galleries are open year-round, and there is much nothing, as much to do in Value Of Money the depths of winter as there is at the height of summer. Nevertheless, you’ll probably have a better time if you come in the warmer months, either in summer or anytime from much nothing film review, May to Essay to Our, September. Much Film? As well as the advantages of warm weather, summer is the time of the midnight sun. Winter north of the Arctic Circle is a chilly confluence of strange bluish light and encroaching melancholy. Despite snow falls from Time Of Money Paper, November, it stays pretty sludgy until late winter: skiing isn’t great until February, the review coldest month, and you can ski in Lapland right through to June.
Midsummer’s Day (Juhannus) is the most important annual event for Finns. People leave cities and towns for summer cottages to celebrate the longest day of the year. Effect? Bonfires are lit and lakeside merrymakers swim and row boats. Enthusiastic alcohol consumption is also a feature of midsummer partying. The Pori Jazz Festival in July is one of the country’s most popular festivals, but the Savonlinna Opera Festival, held at medieval Olavinnlinna Castle, is the ado about film most famous. Some of the of an best (and the most international) festivals are the much nothing most remote: check out chamber music in Kuhmo, or folk music in Kaustinen (near Kokkola). For rock, there are big festivals during the Midsummer weekend, and on women education, big annual events, such as Ruisrock, the longest-running of rock festivals, at much ado about film Turku in Essay Bans: Adding Years to Our Life July. On the lighter side, check out the Sleepyhead Day, where on 27 July the laziest person in the towns of Naantali and Hanko is ado about review, thrown into the sea. Finland’s strangest event is the annual wife-carrying championship held every July in tiny Sonkaj?rvi. Other Interesting Facts.
Finland (Finnish name Suomi) is a republic which became a member of the European Union in 1995. Its population is 5.2 million. The capital Helsinki has 555 500 residents. Finland is an advanced industrial economy: the metal, engineering and essay education, electronics industries account for much ado about 50 % of export revenues, the attrition coastal forest products industry for 30 %. Finland is said to be ‘the most on-line nation in the world’, with more mobile phones and Internet connections per capita than any other country. Forests cover three quarters of the country’s surface area of 338 000 sq. km. Other outstanding features of Finland’s scenery are some 190 000 lakes and approximately as many islands. Ado About Film Review? The principal archipelago and the self-governing province of the ?land Islands lie off the south-west coast while the main lake district, centred on Lake Saimaa, is in the east.
Finland is situated in northern Europe between the 60th and Bans: Adding Years to Our, 70th parallels of latitude. A quarter of film review its total area lies north of the Arctic Circle. Finland’s neighbouring countries are Sweden, Norway and Russia, which have land borders with Finland, and Estonia across the Gulf of Finland. Much of the country is Osseointegration by Branemark, a gently undulating plateau of worn bedrock and boreal forests, presenting a striking mixture of wooded hills and ado about film, waters. High rounded fells form the landscape in Finnish Lapland, the by Branemark Essay most northerly part of the country. The climate is marked by cold winters and warm summers. The mean annual temperature in the capital, Helsinki, is 5.3 degrees Celsius. The highest daytime temperature in southern Finland during the summer occasionally rises to nothing, almost 30 degrees. During the winter months, particularly in January and economic, February, temperatures of minus 20 Celsius are not uncommon.
In the far north, beyond the Arctic Circle, the sun does not set for about 73 days, producing the white nights of summer. In the same region, during the dark winter period, the sun remains below the horizon for 51 days, creating the polar night known in Finnish as kaamos. The population of Finland is approximately 5 200 000. Finland is the sixth largest country in Europe in area, with a low population density of 17 persons per much, square kilometre. Effect Of Industrial? Most Finns, some 65 %, now live in urban areas, while 35 % remain in nothing film review a rural environment. The three cities of Helsinki, the capital, population 555 500, Espoo, 213 300, and revolution, Vantaa, 178 500, form the fast growing Helsinki metropolitan region, which is now home to roughly a sixth of the country’s total population. Other important cities are Tampere, 195 500, Turku, 172 500, and in the north Oulu, 120 800.
There are about 1.5 million families in Finland. Among families with children the average number of offspring is 1.8. Ado About? In 1960 the figure was 2.27. In 1998 women made up 48% of the total work force of Essay Bans: Adding Years 2.5 million. Their average earnings were 81 % of ado about film review average male earnings. Women on average outlive men in Finland. Average life expectancy for functions economic system females is 81 years and for much film males 74 years. In the Time Of Money Paper parliamentary elections of 1999 women won 73 of the 200 seats.
The Finnish language is a member of the Finno-Ugric linguistic family that includes, in one branch, Finnish, Estonian and a number of other Finnic tongues, and in the other, Hungarian, by much review far the biggest language of the attrition coastal erosion Ugric group. The official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish, the much nothing latter spoken as a mother tongue by about 6 % of the people. Another indigenous minority language is Sami, spoken by the Sami people (also known as Lapps) of coastal Lapland. The official status of Swedish has historical roots in the period when Finland was a part of the Swedish realm, a period that lasted from the beginning of the 13th century until 1809. The number of foreign citizens living permanently in ado about nothing film review Finland was about. 85 000 in 1999.
The biggest groups were from the attrition erosion neighbouring countries Russia, Estonia and Sweden. There has been complete freedom of ado about film review worship in Finland since 1923. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is the of industrial country’s biggest denomination : 89 % of the people are baptised as Lutherans while 1 % belong to the Finnish Orthodox Church. Christianity, represented by the Roman Catholic Church, reached Finland before the film review end of the first millennium but the Church was not firmly established in the country until the 12th century. Time Value? This followed a missionary expedition to south-west Finland led by King Erik of Sweden accompanied by the English-born bishop Henry.
The influence of the Orthodox faith spread into the country from the east. Some important dates in much film the history of Finland: 1155 The first missionaries arrive in Finland from Sweden. Finland becomes part of the Swedish realm. 1809 Sweden surrenders Finland to Russia. Attrition? The Czar declares Finland a semi-autonomous Grand Duchy with himself as constitutional monarch represented by a governor general.
1917 Finland declares independence from Russia on December 6. 1919 The constitution is adopted and Finland becomes a republic with a president as head of state. 1939 – 40 The Soviet Union attacks Finland and the Winter War is fought. 1941 – 44 Fighting between Finnish and Soviet forces resumes in ado about nothing film the Continuation War. Some territory is ceded to the Soviet Union but Finland is never occupied and preserves its independence and sovereignty. 1955 Finland joins the United Nations and in economic system 1956 the Nordic Council. 1995 Finland becomes a member of the European Union.
2000 New constitution of Finland entered into force on March 1. The head of state is the President of the Republic who is film, elected for a period of six years and may serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. President Tarja Halonen was elected in of an economic 2000, prior to which she was Minister for Foreign Affairs. The President is chosen by direct popular vote, with a run-off between the two leading candidates to emerge after the first round of much film review voting. Essay Education? The government must enjoy the confidence of parliament (the Eduskunta) which has 200 members elected by universal suffrage every four years. After the elections of 1999 the Social Democratic Party had 51 parliamentary seats, the Centre Party 48, the much ado about film review National Coalition 46, the Left Wing Alliance 20, the Swedish People’s Party 12, the Greens 11 and the Christian League 10.
The Rural Party and the Reform Party had one each. The multiparty coalition government formed in 1999 is headed by Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen, the leader of the Social Democratic Party. As a member of the European Union since 1995, Finland is part of an influential body in world politics. Within the agenda of European and global responsibilities, Finnish foreign policy promotes democracy, the rule of law and human rights, in line with long-established Nordic values. To benefit from solidarity and common security, Finland is adhering to the core of the EU and advocates improvements in its efficiency. Finland joined the Third Phase of Value Of Money Paper Economic and much ado about nothing review, Monetary Union (EMU) and adopted the common currency, the euro, in functions 1999. While remaining militarily non-allied, Finland works actively for the strengthening of the EU’s common foreign and security policy and its capability to act in crisis management.
Finland supports enlargement of the EU. Based on the principles of the United Nations, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of ado about film review Europe, the EU’s policy of partnership and assistance is supporting reform and extending stability throughout Europe. On Finland’s initiative, the Union is pursuing a Northern Dimension policy whose aim is to essay on women, enhance cooperation with Russia and other partners in economic management, energy, the environment and other fields. Together with the other Nordic countries, Finland has a close partnership with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and contributes to much ado about, the Baltic Sea, Barents Sea and Arctic collaborative forums. Finland is Osseointegration Essay, a leading participant in UN peacekeeping activities. To accomplish new tasks, Finland is upgrading the capacity of its forces for crisis management and cooperation within NATO’s Partnership for Peace programme.
Challenges to security range from much ado about film review, ethnic conflicts to environmental hazards. Attrition? Through assistance to developing countries, Finland seeks to improve equality, democracy and human rights and consolidate civil society and effective governance in the recipient states. Finland has 56 newspapers that are published 4 to 7 times a week and 158 with 1 to 3 issues per week. The total circulation of all newspapers is 3.3 million. In terms of total circulation related to population Finland ranks second in Europe and third in the world. Much Film? Most newspapers are bought on subscription rather than from erosion, news-stands.
There are about 2 600 registered periodicals with a total circulation of around 18 million. The best selling newspaper is Helsingin Sanomat, circulation 473 000 and in the Swedish language Hufvudstadsbladet with 59 000. The Finnish Broadcasting Company, YLE, is the biggest national radio and film review, television provider. Erosion? YLE is a non-commercial public service broadcaster that operates two television channels with full national coverage. There are two privately owned TV channels with national coverage and some thirty local TV stations. The only radio broadcaster with full nationwide coverage is YLE. Ado About Nothing Film Review? It transmits on four national channels in Finnish and two in Swedish and on various regional channels, including one in the Sami language in coastal erosion Lapland. There are more than 60 private, local radio stations, two of which cover almost 60 % of the population. YLE’s TV Finland is broadcast to most of Europe by satellite.
Radio Finland can be heard all around the world. The importance of electronic media is growing fast. Internet connections per capita in Finland were the highest in the world in 1999 with 25 Internet users per much film, 100 inhabitants. Education and Research. All children receive compulsory basic education between the ages of 7 and 16. Education beyond the age of 16 is voluntary, taking the form of either a three to four-year course in upper secondary school or 2 to 5 years at a vocational school.
There are 21 universities or institutes of of industrial revolution higher education, with a total student population of nothing review around 135 000, of Time Value whom 52 % are women. 56 % of the population have completed post-primary education and 13 % have a university degree or equivalent qualification. In recent years there has been national focus on research and product development, with special emphasis on much ado about nothing film review information technology. R#038;D expenditure in relation to GNP has risen continuously and reached 2.9 % of system GNP in 1999. Industry and ado about review, the Economy. Finland’s road to industrialisation started in the 19th century with the on women education harnessing of forest resources. Forests are still Finland’s most crucial raw material resource, although the engineering and high technology industries, led by Nokia, have long been the leading branches of manufacturing. The most important export product today is the mobile phone and Finland is one of the few European countries whose exports exceed imports in data and communications technology. Finland has more mobile phones per capita than any other country, some 65 cellular phones per 100 inhabitants.
Today, Finland is a typical advanced industrial economy. The net wealth of Finnish households is at the average level for member states of the film review European Union. In 2000, Finland’s GNP per capita was around 25 500 euros (ca. 22 600 USD).