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Book Report /Lit. Climate Change Essay? Analysis of Anna Karenina. Anna Karenina Humanitarian and philosophical insight is Essay, usually the intent and achievement of and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example both classic and about Implications Breaches, modern literature. Tolstoys drama Anna Karenina embodies this sentiment flawlessly. It is inspired in its depth and Climate and Carbon (CO2) Essay, intricacy, daring in Louise the complexity of Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) example its characters, and powerful in its commentary on the influence of sociality and Funa Benkei or Benkei Aboard, propriety in Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay contrast to human nature and intrinsic behavior. We will write a custom essay sample. on Book Report /Lit.

Analysis of Arts Contact Zone, Essay Anna Karenina or any similar. Climate And Carbon Dioxide Example? topic specifically for tri state you. Oblonsky, a Moscow man of high society, cheats on his wife and Change and Carbon Dioxide, nearly disbands his family; Anna, his sister from Petersburg, intercedes on his behalf with his wife and in the process meets the count Vronsky. Constantine Dmitrich Levin, a childhood friend of Oblonskys, comes to Moscow to propose to Arts Mary Katya (Kitty) Scherbatsky, whom Vronsky has been courting, and is consequently turned down by Kitty. Change And Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Example? Vronsky abandons Kitty to follow Anna home, as he has fallen in love with her, and gene bbc bitesize, persuades her (without much difficulty) to Climate Dioxide (CO2) example cheat on her husband; resultantly, they enter into essay, a passionate love affair that eventually becomes destructive. Almost directly after being rejected, Levin retreats to his home in Climate (CO2) example the country to continue his book on farming techniques, completely unaware of Kittys situation, while she is devastated. Benkei Ship, By Kanze Nobumitsu? Karenin, Annas husband, begins to Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay example suspect of her affair; when he confronts her about it, she denies it completely and The Golden Turtle, makes him feel foolish for suggesting it, and his suspicions are therefore confirmed. Change And Carbon Essay Example? When Anna finally declares her fallacy to 1925 tri state him, Karenin unsurprisingly becomes despondent and Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay, is determined to have revenge on Anna by The Golden forcing her to come back to him and keep up old pretences and appearances. Meanwhile, Dolly (Oblonskys wife) goes out to live in the country while Oblonsky is away on Climate Change (CO2) Essay business, and 1925 tri state, convinces Levin that Kitty, in Climate and Carbon Essay truth, does love him. He eventually proposes to 1925 tri state tornado her again, and is this time accepted. In Petersburg, Karenin evicts Anna when she breaks his conditions of magnanimity, and is about to divorce her formally when she falls deathly ill during and following childbirth and Change Dioxide example, he miraculously forgives her for Cell Cycles and Proliferation everything; unfortunately for him, once she recovers, she still hates him, and (without letting Karenin divorceher) she leaves with Vronsky and Climate Change Essay example, begins traveling abroad with him. Page 2 Book Report /Lit.

Analysis of Contact Zone, Essay Anna Karenina Essay. And Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example? Vronsky and Cell Cycles Essay, Anna eventually make it back to Russia, and Climate and Carbon Essay example, find a place in the country, and she obtains a divorce from Karenin; Vronsky and Turtle, Anna as a couple are deteriorating and she eventually kills herself out of despair.Levin and and Carbon Dioxide example, Kitty, despite an initially rocky marriage, financial hardship, and Kittys near death in Implications childbirth, live happily ever after. Anna is kind, beautiful, compassionate, and Climate and Carbon (CO2), full of life she is altogether perfect, and Essay Implications Breaches, thus she is false. The selfish (occasionally to the point of Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay cruelty) element of her nature begins to display itself after she meets Vronsky. Louise? When she is informing her husband of her affair, she is Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay, blunt and brutal enough to say, I was, and I could not help being in gene bbc bitesize despair [in my love for Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay example you]. []. I love him. I am his mistress; I cannot endure you, I am afraid of you and a narrative essay, I hate you. (231) However, she cant be completely condemned; she is an extremely complex character, and Climate and Carbon Essay, one cant help but to sympathize with and pity her for her plight. Through the about Implications for Data Breaches, kindness she shows to Climate Change Essay those around her, both above and below, and her touchingly profound love of her son, we, as an audience, come to Funa Benkei or Benkei Aboard Ship, by Kanze Nobumitsu Essay appreciate the ambiguity and convolution of her character and position. On the Climate Change and Carbon Essay, one hand, she demonstrates definite cruelty to Essay Implications for Data and hatred for her human and injured, if somewhat insensitive and slightly contemptible, husband and on the other, her beatific and untainted love for her son and and Carbon Dioxide, the kindness and compassion she shows to her brothers wife.

Vronsky is shallow and fashionable, the epitome of Tolstoys commentary on reputedly high society. In the beginning of the novel, he is courting young Kitty, believing himself to be quite in love with her (as she is with him), and yet [m]arriage had never presented itself to him as a possibility. Bbc Bitesize? 71) Even from the beginning, Vronsky possesses no desire to be tied down in Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay any way: he is the bachelor, through and through. Pratt Essay? Especially given Vronskys superficial disposition, it is by no means difficult to ascertain the original source of his fascination with Anna: It was as though her nature was so brimming over with something that against Climate and Carbon (CO2) her will expressed itself now in gene a radiant look, now in a smile. Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example? She deliberately shrouded the light in her eyes but in spite of herself it gleamed in the faintly perceptible smile. 71) However, this vivaciousness and Funa Benkei by Kanze Nobumitsu, beauty, and Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay, particularly her consciousness of it, began to grate on The Golden him; he would feel, sometimes, that she would use her loveliness to Change Dioxide example manipulate him and soften him. Now that he knows her completely and her element of mystery is lost, Vronsky realizes his ebbing appreciation for gene bbc bitesize her charm and mystique: But he felt utterly different towards her beauty now. In his feeling for her now there was no element of Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay example mystery, and so her beauty, though it attracted him even more than before, gave him now a sense of and Proliferation Essay injury.

575) As Annas jealousy, misery, and craving for Change (CO2) example love grows, Vronsky becomes progressively more estranged from his initial sentiments, eventually ending in what's Annas ultimate despair at Climate and Carbon example, losing both the man she loves and the son she loved so dearly. Gene Bbc Bitesize? Though somewhat awkward and Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) example, uncomfortable around members of Benkei Ship, Nobumitsu sophisticated society, Levin is a kind-hearted man with a strong sense of morality and Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay, high ideals. His brother, Koznyshev, is a philosopher highly educated and positively revered in Cycles and Proliferation Essay urbanity, respected throughout many circles as a brilliant man of the Climate Change (CO2) example, world. Levin, too, is extremely intelligent, and Turtle, also possesses a distinctive philosophical streak: he, however, is Change Dioxide (CO2) example, far more comfortable in the natural world of what's a narrative essay which his brother so extols but does not legitimately partake. All the same, he is Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2), highly successful in his own right. Levin is driven by Implications for Data Breaches constant introspective questioning in Change Dioxide (CO2) example relation to what's a narrative essay his work on Dioxide Essay the farm, and later his love and familial life with Kitty. A rather unconventional book exploring the relationship of the Russian peasant to farming techniques occupies most of Turtle his time, but he occasionally finds solace in Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) manual labor with the Essay about for Data Breaches, peasants. As a result of his general avoidance of Climate Change Dioxide Essay societal conventions, Levins surprise at figuring out that his and Kittys relationship was not in fact totally unique in its interactions, altercations among those, was an interesting baring of 1925 tri state tornado Levins naivete. The novel closes with Levins finally contented and closed philosophical musings, tying together Tolstoys illustration of the goodness of a life close to the earth. (CO2) Example? Although Tolstoy isnt particularly coy about the time-frame surrounding Anna Karenina, neither does he take any great pains to Bay Colony Essay elucidate it. There is a general impression of many ideas present around the time of the American Industrial Revolution and the First World War, but very few direct references.

A slightly skewed allusion, however, is Change and Carbon (CO2), made by Levins brother (Nikolai the sickly) to symbols of Fascism, a possible indication of for Data time-period and yet another hint of the Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay example, atmosphere: He pointed to a bundle of iron bars tied together with string, lying in a corner of the room. Do you see that? Thats the beginning of gene bbc bitesize a new enterprise were embarking upon, a productive association []. You know that capitalism is strangling the worker. Climate Change (CO2)? (102) This underlying tone of political instability is personified nicely by 1925 tri state tornado the confused court-election proceedings that Levin attends, and Climate Change and Carbon Essay, further captured by the consistent, subtle hints at a recent transition from the in Massachusetts, medieval institution of and Carbon serfdom. The most effective insertions of these hints occur almost unnoticeably, such as when Levin and the peasants are mowing, and Essay Implications Breaches, they had cut the whole of the big meadow, which used to Dioxide take thirty men in the time of Arts of the Contact Mary Louise Pratt Essay serf labor. (274) Moscow and Petersburg are the representatives of the high society and the busy but fairly frivolous lifestyles of the Climate Dioxide, members of that society. Funa Benkei Aboard By Kanze Essay? In the and Carbon Dioxide, city, we find that the Essay, characters within, especially those that originate from elsewhere, experience hardship and unhappiness within. Levin and Kitty, when they go to Moscow for Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay Kitty to give birth, provide an unexpected exception to The Golden this general rule: though they nearly go bankrupt and Kitty almost loses her life to Climate Change (CO2) Essay her unborn child, the Funa Benkei or Benkei by Kanze Nobumitsu, city (at first) gives respite from Levins previous fits of jealous unreasoning. Climate And Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example? The idea of a peace attained through agriculture and a connection to Essay Implications natural world He thought of nothing, wished for nothing, except not to be left behind and to do his work as well as possible. 273) seems to Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example crop up rather frequently in Karenina. The dangers and disadvantages of social, economic, and Implications Breaches, industrial progress are well-characterized by the constant aversion of Levins hired laborers to and Carbon Dioxide Essay work with new methods and tools, the general unhappiness of those who are progressives like brother Nikolai and of the Contact Zone, Louise, Golenishchev, and Climate (CO2) Essay, the railroads as perpetrators of harmful events (such as the bad omen of the Arts of the Louise Essay, killed railway worker at Vronsky and Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example, Annas first meeting, Vronskys initial stalking of Anna, and Annas eventual suicide).

The peace and or Benkei Aboard by Kanze Essay, happiness that can be achieved by Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay surrendering to Mary a higher power, whether it be religion like Karenins, in Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay his newfound Christian fervor, the acceptance of the inevitable, where Levin comes to acknowledge death and determines to The Puritans in Massachusetts live as though he had no purpose but to perpetrate goodness. Conversely, Anna is utterly destroyed when she tries to fight against her own nature and against propriety. Tolstoy expresses a somewhat conformist message for and Carbon (CO2) Essay example his time, but communicates it in 1925 tornado a rather profound manner nonetheless. Tolstoys overall commentary of the high and noble society he illustrates seems to Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay be critical, but he captures it thoroughly in all its intricacy, uncertainty, and bewilderment.

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Has anyone paid to have a resume written for them? gatorfanatic in Orange Park, Florida. I thought about having someone write mine but I found this link and decided to do it myself. Change And Carbon (CO2) Example? I do believe it is better to write your own because only Funa or Benkei Nobumitsu, you know yourself best: K.C. in Seattle, Washington. I have posted before that I strongly believe having your resume written (or simply reviewed) by a qualified professional is extremely valuable. I don't say this simply because I offer resume writing services but because my years in HR and recruiting have made it very clear that most people are not objective enough to present themselves in Climate and Carbon (CO2) Essay the most favorable way. I really believe that crafting a resume is a completely different skill than being a great writer. A good resume writer will not create a document that is their conception of you. 1925 Tri State? Anyone worth the Change Dioxide (CO2), money will take an individualized approach; working with you to Arts of the Contact Mary Louise Pratt, uncover talents, skills and and Carbon example, competencies that you may not even be aware you posses.

A professional resume writer will take the Turtle, time to make certain the resume is an Climate and Carbon (CO2), accurate depiction of you and also make certain that the final product is what's a narrative one to which you can speak. vicque fassinger in Cleveland, Ohio said: . Climate Change And Carbon (CO2)? For a resume, especially today - in The Golden these times, you do NOT have the luxury or time to WASTE trying to put an and Carbon Essay, amazing, jaw-dropping, goosebump-inflicting professional profile together yourself, do you? If the first one you write doesn't get a response, will you then redesign it and send it back to the SAME potential employer who originally ignored you? How long will you keep doing that (and passing up all those family gatherings) until you decide that hiring a professional to help you is the only choice?[/QUOTE. Extremely well put Vicque! hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. Bean counter in San Jose, California said: Can't believe one cannot write a decent resume himself, who knows better than yourself of or Benkei Aboard Ship,, what you actually do in Climate Change and Carbon your job?

One can also copy-and-paste some of the job description that match yours so that the scanner can pick up the key words/phrases resulting in your resume made the cut for HR to review. I don't know why the you have to do it yourself attitude persists when it comes to writing your resume. A Narrative Essay? It's essentially like saying you should do your own taxes because nobody knows your finances better than you. For people who are comfortable writing their own resume and and Carbon Essay example, can produce an outstanding one fantastic. What's A Narrative Essay? For those whose strengths lie elsewhere, there is no reason not to hire a professional. And Carbon (CO2) Essay? In fact, I would say that recognizing where you can benefit from others' expertise is a far more valauble skill than being able to Cell and Proliferation Essay, write your own resume. You are correct that one needs to take automated screening systems into account.

However, while cutting and Change (CO2) Essay, pasting pieces of a job description may get your resume through the automated scanning process, but what happens when you resume is in the hands of a human? Is that person going to be engaged and Turtle Essay, compelled to Change Dioxide Essay example, move based on a resume that parrots their company's job description? Not likely. Again, if you can create an accomplishment focused resume that clearly highlights your impact, do it. Tornado? But there is Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) example no shame if you need to Benkei or Benkei by Kanze Essay, partner with someone to identify your strengths, uncover your acomplishments and present that info in the best light possible. jenab in Austin, Texas. caela in Cardiff, United Kingdom said: Jenab, do you know if there is anyway we can private message on here? I'm fairly new to this forum, but I'd definitely like to chat with you guys. JD I would love to Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay example, make contact, just not sure how to do it! Let me know and Cycles Essay, I will get in touch!

I don't think there is at this time, at least not that I can see. But I've noticed that some people (like me) have their screen name linking back to and Carbon Dioxide Essay, a profile, so I'm wondering if that may change in the future. You might want to Cell Cycles, go to www.indeed.com/support and make a suggestion under forums and ask for it. If enough people are asking for Climate and Carbon Dioxide example, it they may add that feature. I know just a couple weeks ago I couldn't see my own comments in one place and made a suggestion and now I can (it may be they were planning on tri state tornado that, but it was great to be able to see that now). JD in Yerington, Nevada. caela in Climate (CO2) Essay Cardiff, United Kingdom said: JD I would love to make contact, just not sure how to do it! Let me know and I will get in touch! They haven't removed my post to Erik (on page 1) yet; my e-mail is there. And by the by, for anyone who may be wondering, I'm not trying to spam, and The Golden Essay, I'm not selling anything - just a guy who wants to help, no strings attached. jenab in Austin, Texas.

JD in Yerington, Nevada said: They haven't removed my post to Erik (on page 1) yet; my e-mail is there. And by and Carbon Dioxide example the by, for anyone who may be wondering, I'm not trying to spam, and I'm not selling anything - just a guy who wants to in Massachusetts Bay Colony, help, no strings attached. I don't think anyone in Climate Change this particular discussion is trying to spam; just the opposite. I think several people have been caught up in trying to be helpful. (and that's quite refreshing since some threads have a lot of what's a narrative essay, negativity in them) Since so many people were including their emails I wanted to make sure everyone was aware in Essay example case the comments disappeared. It seems to take a a few days for non-flagged comments to Cycles and Proliferation Essay, disappear if there are links or email addresses. I don't think Indeed has the no-contact information in and Carbon (CO2) example forum comments rule just to curb ads, but to Arts of the Zone, Mary Louise Essay, protect privacy, as it can be seen by anyone looking at the forums.

jenab in Austin, Texas. HR Uncovered in Seattle, Washington said: I don't know why the you have to do it yourself attitude persists when it comes to Change example, writing your resume. Because no one knows your experience better than you do, and a standard resume is not complex. And in a less obvious way, it helps you validate what's on in Massachusetts your resume for each position you submit it to; you can tie in Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) your best relevant CAR or STAR stories. jenab in Austin, Texas. Burnt Toast in Champaign, Illinois said: I have paid $50 for someone to 1925 tri state, rewrite my resume. It helped me let go of an old resume that I had grown emotionally attached to. Good points.

It took me 6 months to and Carbon (CO2) example, finally get around to overhauling my own resume, and it looks so much better. I keep a master doc of what's a narrative essay, all my experience (and other info useful for applications). It made it easier to let go of certain things in the resume itself, especially knowing if it was relevant I could easily switch it out and not have to recreate it from memory. hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. jenab in Austin, Texas said: Because no one knows your experience better than you do, and a standard resume is not complex. And in a less obvious way, it helps you validate what's on your resume for each position you submit it to; you can tie in your best relevant CAR or STAR stories. Just because no one knows your experience better than you does not mean that one is able to market themselves effectively. Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example? The process of having your resume professionally done should be very collaborative. As a professional resume writer and HR consultant, I can assert that a true professional will take his or her time to build a comprehensive understanding of your background and motivations, as well as help you uncover strengths and achievements. They then use the information they have gathered and their expertise in the job search process (automated resume screeners, HRIS, etc.) to present you in the best way possible. Like I said before, if you are confident that you can create an tornado, outstanding resume, that is and Carbon example wonderful.

But many people find it very difficult to see themselves objectively and market themselves effectively. That is why it can be extremely smart investment to employ a professional resume writer. JD in Fernley, Nevada. HR Uncovered, I can certainly see your point; some people aren't comfotable or able to market themselves, andin that case, a pro from Dover may be a good idea. If I gave the Arts of the Mary Louise, impression in any of Climate Change and Carbon example, my posts that prfessional resume writers should never be used, I apologize; that was never my point. Cell Essay? I just see may people who go instantly to a pro and assume that they're going to make the best resume in Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) the world - which is not always the case.

If one is wanting a resume, I believe they should first consider whether they can make a good one on Bay Colony Essay their own first: that's where I believe know thyself comes into play, so far as resumes. If that individual doesn't think they can do a good job after researching resume writing, then by all means use a pro if it's affordable. And you're right in another area as well - if a pro Change Essay example is called upon, it should be a collaboration, not just a give me your work history and Cycles and Proliferation Essay, I'll tell you when it's done. It needs to Change (CO2) example, be an ongoing back-and forth between both people to get the best possible result. hruncovered in Seattle, Washington. JD in Fernley, Nevada said: HR Uncovered, I can certainly see your point. Yes. And I have to put an exclamation point behind do your research! because there are plenty of professional resume writers who will simply reformat your information. Funa Benkei Ship, Nobumitsu? There is little value in that. And while affordable is Change Dioxide Essay example likely important to many, I would caution people from Cell Cycles and Proliferation Essay simply evaluating professionals on price.

BTW I had to Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide example, Google A Pro From Dover. 1925 Tri State? Thank you for a new term. :) JD in Fernley, Nevada. HR Uncovered in Seattle, Washington said: Yes. And I have to put an exclamation point behind do your research! because there are plenty of professional resume writers who will simply reformat your information. There is little value in Change and Carbon Dioxide example that. I agree, to a point - sometimes, all a resume needs is a little reformat to change it from decent to great, especially for electronic submissions.

BUT, in of the Contact Zone, Louise Pratt my opinion, if that's all a pro and Carbon is seeing wrong with an existing resume, then they should be upfront and say so, either showing the individual the needed changes or charging a reduced amount or doing it for free. In any case, with it being a collaboration, the writer should be honest and explain what they're doing and why, whether it's a simple reformat or a complete overhaul. Jacalyn in Mumbai, India. I paid for The Golden Turtle, CV Writing from a company called dubai-forever.com. They specialize in customizing International resumes according to Middle East standards. They delivered quite on time and Change and Carbon (CO2) example, am happy with the results, since I got the job I was looking for in Dubai, UAE. I received personal attention too, as they are a small firm. Linda in Cell Cycles and Proliferation Essay Wake Forest, North Carolina. I used beach resume based in nc. Change Example? I went from no calls for 1925 tornado, interviews to 5 in two weeks time.

i have used more expensive services in the past, but didnt have the results that i did with rukia. Maybe coincidence, but i dont think so. She's affordable and fast, and did a great job. Change (CO2)? I am getting interviews (about to go on a second interview!!), and tri state, am very happy with her and my results. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. I used a service and Dioxide example, have been very pleased.

I'm sure it depends on your background and the writer. There's good resume services and bad ones out there. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. Stillsmiling in Saint Marys, Georgia said: I have no idea why someone would pay to have a resume written for them. With all the ones you can find online. FOR FREE. where you just put in The Golden Essay your information? Very easy to do. If you aren't sure how to use those key words, read someone elses resume that has a job or some from online. Change (CO2) Essay Example? They give pretty good examples of what to do.

Save your money and do it yourself. Then you will also be very sure of what is on your resume. well, i did it that way for a year with no results. at least now im getting calls, which is more than i used to be able to say. A Narrative? if i could interview better i might actually get a job :/ Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Not only that, by writing your resume yourself you will be sure it will present what you want to present, in Climate (CO2) Essay your own words. It will reflect YOU, not some resume writer's overly hyped and/or ill conceived impression of you. I regard resume writing as a first step for Arts Contact Pratt, interview prep. Climate Change (CO2)? By reviewing your work history and educational background and forcing yourself to of the Contact Essay, set it forth on paper, you lay the foundation for your presentation. You also lay the foundation for designing answers to common interview questions. Joe Gagill in Monticello, New York.

I had my resume done years ago. Climate Dioxide Essay? At first I thought the writer emailed me the wrong person's resume. I didn't know I had those skills! Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Spamming resume services violates forum rules. KL in London, Kentucky. I have used one before.

I paid $32 for a resume. Later on 1925 I went back and ordered a cover letter too, that was $36 but they ended up cutting me a deal since I was a returning customer and they had a package which included a resume and cover letter. Change And Carbon (CO2) Essay Example? The guy who wrote it was really nice. 1925 Tri State Tornado? I spoke to Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, him on the phone and through email to tell him what I was looking for. I would definitely recommend it because I got phone calls for interviews literally within a week after being unemployed for about 6 months. What's Essay? If I ever decide to Change and Carbon example, leave my current job, I'd order another one. Benkei Aboard Essay? It was more than worth it for $32. Look up coverletterpros.com that's who I went with. The owner runs a blog too with a lot of good career advice. gatorfanatic in Orange Park, Florida said: I thought about having someone write mine but I found this link and decided to (CO2) Essay, do it myself. I do believe it is better to write your own because only you know yourself best:

Agree 100% - I probably would never pay anyone. A Narrative Essay? I'm happy to design or help someone, if they need help. No matter what, bare minimum, someone else who spells good and Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide, has a logical mind needs to review my resume because I often don't see my own mistakes. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Shilling services violates forum rules. ptkattak in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Dear Friend. I am 45years old . i changed my profession at Arts of the Contact Zone, Mary Louise Pratt the age of 34 years.As far resuem is concern believe me there is Change Dioxide Essay example nothing as resume in Arts of the Contact Zone, Mary Pratt Essay job market. it is all just like draw. if your luck works your resume is picked up and Climate and Carbon (CO2) Essay, there will be no question in interview about the resuem becase the HR people and the managers know that all resume is written from some books. Secondly if there is Cell sever demand for Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay, employees and what's a narrative, there is pressure on HR from the top so your luck will work. I spend hunderds of dollars on resume experts and nothing had come out. Once i wrote a letter to company and they call me on phone as one of their employee lift at the neck of time and they have complet the fourm and Climate (CO2) Essay example, they hired me.I modified my resuem thousand of time from job to Essay, job . at the last I was thinking to open a buisness of Change and Carbon Dioxide example, Resume service.

So the bottom line is Funa or Benkei by Kanze keep on trying and drop your resume every where and keep on trying one day luck will work. Job Hunting in Dioxide (CO2) example Brooklyn, New York. Jenab Can you please provide me this good resume writter email or phone number. The price look really good! Job Hunting in Essay Brooklyn, New York. can you plese, give me his number or email? KL in London, Kentucky said: I have used one before. I paid $32 for a resume. Later on I went back and ordered a cover letter too, that was $36 but they ended up cutting me a deal since I was a returning customer and Climate Dioxide Essay, they had a package which included a resume and Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu, cover letter. The guy who wrote it was really nice. I spoke to him on the phone and through email to Change Dioxide, tell him what I was looking for.

I would definitely recommend it because I got phone calls for interviews literally within a week after being unemployed for about 6 months. If I ever decide to Turtle, leave my current job, I'd order another one. It was more than worth it for $32. Look up coverletterpros.com that's who I went with. The owner runs a blog too with a lot of Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, good career advice.

Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Shilling services violates forum rules. Besides, enough free resume writing is available online, from job centers and even in books found in The Golden Essay the good old public library. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. wow -- i know i recommended one on here (the same one as a couple of others on and Carbon (CO2) example here) but the amount of Cycles Essay, self promotion on here is insane! does indeed even delete the Change and Carbon (CO2) example, ones that are blatantly self promotional? Former AsstMgr in Oakland, California. This post has become an Turtle Essay, advertisement for resume writing services. I personally would not use the service just because of the high cost, vulture tactics and Climate and Carbon Essay, probability of Zone, Louise Pratt, failure. There is no guarantee that the service will work, get you noticed and guarantee an Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, interview with an employer. Such services are starting to pop-up in this weak job market, offering desperate job seekers a spotlight on Funa Benkei Aboard Ship, by Kanze Nobumitsu an employer's radar.

I'm starting to think I should just come up with a venture providing resume and cover letter services because it seems like all the job websites are offering the service. Change (CO2) Example? It's too easy to Arts of the Zone, Louise Pratt, do, especially seeming all these HR talking heads praising the look of the professional resumes. Climate Change Dioxide? What did you HR talking heads do years ago when resume writing services wasn't the rage and an prospect employees wrote and of the Zone,, sent their own resume? I would suggesting if possible looking into services provided at and Carbon (CO2) example the career center at universities and/or community colleges. They have one-stop career centers that offer resume writing classes. If, your network included someone in HR, get them to review your resume. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Oh, and network, job application services and Cycles, review of resume and Dioxide example, cover letter should not be capitalized. The last thing I'm gonna do is tri state have someone like you who doesn't know basic rules of capitalization review my resume. Meg in Climate Change San Jose, California. Check out Turtle, some good profiles in Change Essay example l-i-n-k-e-d-i-n and copy the styles that may suit you. The Puritans In Massachusetts? especially those who already made it to Climate and Carbon Dioxide example, the company or job they applied.

Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. You see, Melissa, all anyone has to Arts Mary Louise Pratt, do is view your Indeed profile. Viewing it reveals how patently obvious your shill is and your purpose for posting. NOYB in Saint Louis, Missouri. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado said: Sorry, babes, but you have posted the same or similar post on Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay several forums. That is spamming. Why don't you do the Essay, right thing and ask Indeed to Climate and Carbon Dioxide example, pull your posts and then ask how to in Massachusetts Essay, purchase a paid ad for your little scheme?

I agree with UP-your @#$% stinks and no one's buying it. The fact you've tried to post it on multiple forums classifies you as a spammer. Hopefully the mod will delete your posts. As far as reviews go, all the places I have worked have provided me a copy of Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide, my preformance reviews after my review meetings and I have them available for potential employers to a narrative, review if they are asked for. Unemployed Paralegal in Denver, Colorado. NOYB in Saint Louis, Missouri said: As far as reviews go, all the places I have worked have provided me a copy of my preformance reviews after my review meetings and I have them available for potential employers to review if they are asked for. That is different. Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example? If the 1925 tri state, employer volunteers your reviews or other parts of Climate Essay example, your employment file, IMO it has waived any privilege. So use them if they are favorable. JobSearcher84 in Benkei Atlanta, Georgia.

Go to the work force agency in Dioxide (CO2) Essay your town. Ask for a specialist. They help you tweak your resume for free. CF in Los Angeles, California. Career Hunter in Denver, Colorado said: A few questions: * How much did you pay for it? TOO MUCH - I think is The Puritans in Massachusetts Essay was around $300.

* What was unique about it? I am still trying to figure out (CO2) Essay example, what they felt their service had to offer. Arts Of The Contact Zone, Louise? After having them rewrite my resume, I had another service review and got the same negative response from my original resume. * Was it more effective than your old resume? NO - NOT AT ALL. In fact, I got fewer hits on Climate Change example my resume after spending the Arts Zone, Pratt Essay, money to have them redo it.

* Would you do it again? NO - I actually ended up having it rewritten, so their resume writing service was NOT useful at all in my case. It is best to take the time and research what employers are looking for in a resume, use the 100 most powerful words in a resume and know your market. Change (CO2)? There are tons of new online options that will provide you with FREE info and resources. resumelady in in Massachusetts Essay Metro Atlanta, Georgia. I write résumés professionally and Change and Carbon (CO2) example, I would like to state that many people who seek my services seem to 1925 tri state, believe that the Change (CO2), résumé is the magic document that will do all the work for them. A résumé is a professional introduction of you to a potential employer. It's important to realize that your interview starts when you submit your résumé, NOT when you shake a hiring manager's hand for the first time. Employers pay attention to how a candidate submits their credentials as well as how (or if) they follow up with the initial contact, and so on. It's a process. One of the best things a candidate can do for his or her job search is to what's a narrative essay, professionally NETWORK with potential employers, with colleagues in the field, and Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, others who might share insight or additional value.

Résumés cannot do the networking and interviewing for what's a narrative essay, you. you have to and Carbon Essay, do that. It's been my experience that candidates who frequently network see more positive responses from tornado their résumés than those individuals who rely on just simply submitting their résumé and Climate Change Essay, waiting for feedback. Anyone considering a professional résumé writer should realize the Turtle, purpose and capabilities of the Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2), actual document and should not hold the résumé writer accountable for poor results that are due to their own lack of motivation to The Golden Essay, professionally network and market themselves. The clients with whom I work are able to get career coaching and Change (CO2) Essay, advice pertaining to their industry and where they are in the process. If your résumé writer is not making himself or herself available for tornado, questions you have about your job search or résumé, you might consider using someone else. A good writer will be genuinely interested in Climate Dioxide learning about what's you, your industry, field, and your career goals. Climate Change And Carbon Dioxide (CO2)? Demand great service and ask for references. I agree that it's best not to pay for something you can get for free. Writing your own resume actually helps you study for your interview.

There are lots of online tips. Here's the process I suggest: [URL Advertisement removed by Indeed Moderator] It's a lot of work the The Golden, first time around, but worth it thereafter as you end up having a very strong resume that can be tweaked quickly to target each job. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. thought i had done this but i guess im losing my mind. How much did you pay for Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay, it? $100 (from beach resume) What was unique about it? it simplified what i had and really focused it to what's a narrative essay, the jobs i wanted, and looked a lot better to boot. it also still sounded like me. i was worried i was going to get something back that i had to get a dictionary to know what the heck was being said, but i think she did a good job of Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, using my words and phrases and just focusing them a little better. Was it more effective than your old resume? seeing as i got more interviews and a job offer, yes. Would you do it again? in 1925 tri state tornado a heartbeat and ive referred several friends and family to Dioxide (CO2), her and all have been happy.

Joe Gagill in Poughkeepsie, New York. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey said: way to spam your own company there. You have always come across as a good person. So, I hope everything is working out. Tri State Tornado? Remember to Dioxide Essay example, start building those important contacts for your next job. Unemployed Sap in Asbury Park, New Jersey. Joe Gagill in Poughkeepsie, New York said: You have always come across as a good person. So, I hope everything is working out. Remember to start building those important contacts for your next job.

hey Joe! Everythings going good, im tired but at least its from working and not from looking for a job. Essay? noticed several of the old timers have found jobs recently, too. the other thread is so long and hard for me to and Carbon Dioxide Essay, keep up with now. The Golden? wish there was a like button so i could just acknowledge stuff more often. dont think i ever mentioned, my name is joe to- so anytime someone addresses you i have to look to make sure its not me (Even though subconsciously i know its not, since my name isnt on Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay example here LOLOL) Flightless in Charles Town, West Virginia. Career Hunter in Denver, Colorado said: A few questions: * How much did you pay for it? * What was unique about it? * Was it more effective than your old resume? * Would you do it again?

Resumes are DEAD. And if they aren't, we should get rid of them! People spend a lot of time creating a quality resume only to have it barely glanced at. Resume = too much work for too little pay off. Bluetea in Texas. HR Uncovered in Seattle, Washington said: While the candidate evaluation process can extend well beyond a resume, the The Golden Turtle Essay, truth is that the resume remains a critical part of that process. You might appreciate this post about why the resume is not dead and and Carbon Dioxide Essay, why that is a good thing for job seekers (here's a hint, consider the alternatives!): www.tandemresumes.com/no-the-resume-is-still-not-dead/

You can walk into almost any library today and buy a Killer Resume book off their discard pile for a buck. The resume, except for small companies is dying. Many large companies say that in lieu of an application, a resume will not be accepted. Bluetea in Texas. Flightless in Charles Town, West Virginia said: Resumes are DEAD. Cell Cycles? And if they aren't, we should get rid of them! People spend a lot of time creating a quality resume only to have it barely glanced at.

Resume = too much work for too little pay off. Many large companies don't even want them anymore. Bluetea in Texas. Flightless in Charles Town, West Virginia said: Resumes are DEAD. Climate Change? And if they aren't, we should get rid of them! People spend a lot of time creating a quality resume only to have it barely glanced at. Resume = too much work for too little pay off.

My sister said that her company that an opening last year for The Golden Essay, a part time receptionist with benefits. They received over Dioxide, 1,200 applications. You don't seriously think anyone is tornado actually reading all that do you? No, they use ATS software to thin out the herd. hruncovered in Change example Seattle, Washington. Bluetea in Texas said: My sister said that her company that an Turtle, opening last year for a part time receptionist with benefits. They received over Climate Change example, 1,200 applications.

You don't seriously think anyone is actually reading all that do you? No, they use ATS software to Arts of the Contact Pratt, thin out the herd. Your are absolutely correct about applicant tracking systems. Most large organizations are employing ATS to deal with the crush of resumes they receive (this is Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay example why it is so critical to target your resume toward each specific positon). But those applicant tracking systems need something to scan, and a narrative essay, that something is still commonly candidates' resumes. Essay? Even in the case where a company does not accept resumes (which is fairly uncommon), the content of your resume can be repurposed for the application process. Then, when you are asked in for an interview, you can bring your actual resume. All of that is to say that, while the landscape is a narrative essay certainly evolving, the resume still plays a critical role in the job search and hiring process. Bluetea in Texas.

HR Uncovered in (CO2) Seattle, Washington said: But those applicant tracking systems need something to scan, and that something is still commonly candidates' resumes. All of that is to say that, while the landscape is 1925 tri state tornado certainly evolving, the resume still plays a critical role in the job search and hiring process. You are still using Windows 3.1. The ATS systems of today are not your Momma's old keyword scanner. They are very sophisticated today. Oracle bought Taleo last year for 1.9 BILLION. This is definitely not your Momma's keyword scanner. Now if you are applying to something off of Craigslist, a resume will probably be required and since each one wants something different you have to have a .Doc version, A PDF version, a TXT version and and Carbon example, who knows what else.

AMSto in Clayton, North Carolina. I used a company called Resume Edge (I think that's the name?) and I was disappointed for how much I paid. I'm embarrassed to say I paid over Bay Colony Essay, $300 for Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, a resume, cover letter, and linked in profile. What's Essay? They paired me with a person who had a Human Services degree and apparently worked in Change that field. I have a Master's in Public Health- not the same field or training. I know it doesn't have to be an exact match but I was looking for a research job and have technical skills that the writer was unfamiliar with and unfamiliar with how to address. They simply looked at the fact that I had a health-related degree and they stuck me with someone with a health-related degree. What they should have done is Funa Nobumitsu paired me with a PhD or someone who has done research, the field doesn't matter as much. I had to re-do a lot of the resume because she made me sound like I didn't understand my own skills. She also misspelled words AND when she sent my cover letter, she had just used a template that had been previously used because she had accidentally taken out Dioxide Essay, a part that identified a skill I didn't even have. Talking about it makes me mad all over again.

As for the Linked In profile, she just cut and pasted what she put on my resume and left a lot of the profile blank. Funa Or Benkei? I am kicking myself because I think that was one of the only popular sites that didn't offer a money back guarantee. Climate And Carbon Dioxide Essay? I've had one interview in 2 months. I'm not blaming it on my resume because I am applying for jobs in a very competitive city. One more thing, I have enough solid information to fit on what's 2 pages. She returned to Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) example, me a 1.5 page resume. Not acceptable. So I added an extra part and made it 2. Everyone knows you don't turn in 1.5 pages.

It's either 1 or 2 pages unless you have a ridiculous amount of experience and then you can do more. But you don't do HALF pages. Ok, thanks for letting me blow off steam. :) Sorry for the rant! Back to the job-hunt! I had to re-do a lot of the resume because she made me sound like I didn't understand my own skills. Tornado? She also misspelled words AND when she sent my cover letter, she had just used a template that had been previously used because she had accidentally taken out a part that identified a skill I didn't even have. Talking about it makes me mad all over again.

As for Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2), the Linked In profile, she just cut and pasted what she put on Benkei or Benkei Ship, Nobumitsu my resume and Climate Essay, left a lot of the profile blank. Cell Cycles And Proliferation Essay? I am kicking myself because I think that was one of the only popular sites that didn't offer a money back guarantee. I've had one interview in 2 months. I'm not blaming it on my resume because I am applying for jobs in a very competitive city. One more thing, I have enough solid information to fit on Climate Dioxide Essay example 2 pages. A Narrative? She returned to me a 1.5 page resume. Climate Change And Carbon Dioxide? Not acceptable. So I added an extra part and made it 2. Everyone knows you don't turn in Cell Cycles and Proliferation 1.5 pages. It's either 1 or 2 pages unless you have a ridiculous amount of Essay, experience and then you can do more. But you don't do HALF pages.

Ok, thanks for letting me blow off steam. :) Sorry for the rant! Back to Arts of the Contact Essay, the job-hunt!

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500 Word Essay: How to Write It in One Day. Change Dioxide. Do you need to write a 500 word essay and don't know where to start? Maybe before, you wrote only long essays consisting of 1000 words or more and what's now you don't know how to cram all the information so it would fit the limit. For many reasons, you may think that writing a 500 word essay is complicated. Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay. Don't worry, your task is not as difficult as it seems. Stop searching for 500 word essay is how many pages and panicking because we are going to The Golden Turtle Essay help you. In this article, we collected the most frequently asked questions about a 500 word essay and Climate Dioxide Essay responded to them in details. You will learn how many pages is in Massachusetts Bay Colony, a 500 word essay and even see some examples of such papers. Now you are saved as you can find all the answers you need below! Some students can't even imagine how long is a 500 word essay.

In fact, 500 word essay length in many ways depends on your writing style: if your writing is detailed, it might even feel like the limit is Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2), not enough. The good thing about this type of Benkei or Benkei Aboard Essay, essay is that it doesn't require you to go deeper into Climate Essay the topic, so the research itself may be quite superficial. Cycles And Proliferation. How many pages is a 500 word essay? Of course, some students want a clear answer to the question how many pages is a 500 word essay? We hasten to inform you that if you complete it in accordance with all standards (12pt Times New Roman, 1-inch margins, etc.), then your essay will take 1 - 1.5 pages. As you can see, the amount of 500 word essay pages is Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay example, not so frightening but for some students, the task of being brief can be a serious obstacle. Short essays like a 500 word essay are a very common writing task in universities and Cycles and Proliferation Essay colleges. They can be a part of the Climate Change and Carbon example syllabus in many courses.

Before writing you should look over the examples of a 500 word essay and Arts of the Contact Mary understand what exactly is Climate and Carbon, expected from Cycles and Proliferation you. Here you can find the right 500 word essay example and carefully study it. What does a 500 word essay look like? You can't start writing until you decide on the type of your essay. Once you understand how your 500 word essay should look like and what it should consist of, it will be much easier for you to start working. Let's take a look at and Carbon the common essay types to help you find the right one. This is the most common type of academic essay.

Your 500 word essay should consist of a thorough analysis of your topic. You should provide necessary research and experiments and clearly explain your position. In this type of 1925 tri state tornado, essay, you describe a situation, a person, a place or an experience. Dioxide Example. It gives you an opportunity to demonstrate your creative abilities. You can choose this type of in Massachusetts Bay Colony Essay, essay if you want to Dioxide example tell the story and make your text more personal. A narrative essay can be emotional and reflect the author's personal views regarding a particular topic or a situation. This essay is like an expository essay, but an argumentative essay requires you to go deeper into your research. An argumentative essay allows to look at the topic from all sides, so you need to The Puritans Bay Colony prepare it carefully. Climate And Carbon Dioxide Example. How long does it take to write a 500 word essay? Planning a short essay does not require a lot of time but writing a 500 word essay can take much more time than a regular essay.

While writing your 500 word essay, you need to focus on Funa or Benkei Ship, Nobumitsu Essay only one main idea. This will make your task easier and will help you avoid unnecessary sentences. Generally, researching and Climate Change Essay writing a 500 word essay takes about 2-3 hours. Of course, everything depends on Benkei or Benkei Aboard Ship, Nobumitsu Essay a topic you choose and your ability to find all the necessary information quickly. However, your research might take much longer or you might run out of ideas. In these cases, prepare to spend more time to complete your essay. If you don't have the time or need some essay help, you can always turn to an essay writing service. What topics are suitable for Change Essay example 500 word essays?

As you probably know, not every topic is easy to write about. The choice of a topic in many ways depends on what type of essay you need to a narrative write. Also, it is Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay, important to Cell Cycles and Proliferation Essay consider the word limit: it will be quite difficult to fully cover a serious topic in a 500 word essay. If the topic is and Carbon Dioxide (CO2), not specified, there are many different things you can write about. Research papers may seem boring, but you can study many new and interesting things in the process of completing it. You just have to choose the The Puritans right topic and Climate Dioxide example it will fascinate you. Tri State. How can we protect the Climate Change and Carbon Essay example environment? Equal pay and The Golden Essay ways to achieve equality.

Nowadays, educational institutions use special types of essays which are meant to teach students a system of causes and effects. Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example. What are the Bay Colony Essay effects of Change Dioxide (CO2) example, spending too much time on the Internet? What causes people to spend so much during the Funa or Benkei by Kanze Nobumitsu sales? Every day we make many different choices. Why not choose comparison and Change Essay contrast as a fundamental idea for your essay?

What is your choice - textbooks or eBooks? What is Essay, more convenient - Twitter or Facebook? If you are good at proving your point of view and are ready to treat facts subjectively, then this type of essay suits you best. Are sugar substitutes healthy for you? Should marijuana be used as a medical treatment? Words can have a huge impact on people. If you can speak persuasively, you can make people follow you and adopt your point of view. This is a very valuable practice that will be useful throughout your life. Should army service be obligatory? Should parents be certified first to have children? Therefore, 500 word essay writing can be hard.

To make this process easier, you can pay attention to the following points: Keep it brief. Don't use meaningless words. Develop your writing style by using synonyms. Use powerful and Climate (CO2) example active words for convincing your audience. Be consistent with paragraphs. Always use only one style while writing your essay. Divide long sentences into short ones. Use clear sentence structures for your arguments. How to create a 500 word essay structure? Every essay writer knows that structure is one of the most important things to consider when writing an what's essay, essay. The standard structure includes: An introduction of Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, your essay should state your opinion very clearly, give background information or describe the current situation.

In the The Golden Turtle Essay body of a 500 word essay, you should point out all of your arguments and give supporting evidence. The conclusion should improve the effect that your arguments had on the audience. What are the critical points for 500 word essay editing? When you're done with your 500 word essay, don't forget to Change Dioxide Essay example proofread it. Pay special attention to your writing style, the repetition of 1925 tri state, words, the consistency of sentences, and the persuasiveness of the arguments.

If you are still asking yourself: 'How should I edit my paper?', you can turn to companies that provide proofreading and Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) editing services. 500 word essay format may be a challenge because it is hard to share your thoughts briefly. But now you are armed with the tips that can make it easier. Remember that writing a 500 word essay is a skill that can be built only with practice. Good luck with your essays!

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essay on news media Robert G. Kaiser. I n 1998, Ralph Terkowitz, a vice president of The Washington Post Co., got to (CO2) Essay example, know Sergey Brin and Larry Page, two young Silicon Valley entrepreneurs who were looking for backers. Tri State Tornado. Terkowitz remembers paying a visit to the garage where they were working and keeping his car and driver waiting outside while he had a meeting with them about the idea that eventually became Google. An early investment in Google might have transformed the Post 's financial condition, which became dire a dozen years later, by which time Google was a multi-billion dollar company. Climate Change And Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example. But nothing happened. “We kicked it around,” Terkowitz recalled, but the 1925 tri state then-fat Post Co. had other irons in other fires.

Such missteps are not surprising. People living through a time of revolutionary change usually fail to (CO2), grasp what is Essay going on around them. The American news business would get a C minus or worse from any fair-minded professor evaluating its performance in the first phase of the Digital Age. Big, slow-moving organizations steeped in their traditional ways of doing business could not accurately foresee the next stages of and Carbon (CO2) Essay example a technological whirlwind. Obviously, new technologies are radically altering the ways in which we learn, teach, communicate, and are entertained.

It is impossible to know today where these upheavals may lead, but where they take us matters profoundly. How the digital revolution plays out over time will be particularly important for journalism, and therefore to the United States, because journalism is the Essay craft that provides the lifeblood of a free, democratic society. The Founding Fathers knew this. They believed that their experiment in self-governance would require active participation by an informed public, which could only be possible if people had unfettered access to information. James Madison, author of the First Amendment guaranteeing freedom of speech and Change Dioxide example of the press, summarized the proposition succinctly: “The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty.” Thomas Jefferson explained to his French friend, the Marquis de Lafayette, The only of the Mary security of all is in a free press. The force of public opinion cannot be resisted when permitted freely to be expressed.” American journalists cherish another of Jefferson's remarks: “Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.” The journalistic ethos that animated many of the Founders was embodied by a printer, columnist, and editor from Philadelphia named Benjamin Franklin. The printing press, which afforded Franklin his livelihood, remained the Change and Carbon Dioxide engine of Bay Colony American democracy for more than two centuries. But then, in the second half of the 20th century, new technologies began to Climate Change (CO2) Essay example, undermine long-established means of sharing information. First television and then the Arts of the Zone, Mary Louise computer and the Internet transformed the way people got their news.

Nonetheless, even at Climate and Carbon (CO2) Essay, the end of the century, the business of providing news and analysis was still a profitable enough undertaking that it could support large organizations of professional reporters and editors in print and broadcast media. Now, however, in the first years of the 21st century, accelerating technological transformation has undermined the business models that kept American news media afloat, raising the possibility that the Cell Cycles Essay great institutions on which we have depended for news of the world around us may not survive. These are painful words to write for Change and Carbon Essay example someone who spent 50 years as a reporter and editor at The Washington Post . For the first 15 years of my career, the tri state Post 's stories were still set in lead type by linotype machines, now seen only in museums. Change (CO2) Essay. We first began writing on computers in the late 1970s, which seemed like an unequivocally good thing until the rise of the Internet in Turtle Essay, the 1990s. Then, gradually, the ground began to shift beneath us. By the Change and Carbon time I retired earlier this year, the Graham family had sold the Cell Essay Post to Jeff Bezos, the founder of Climate Dioxide (CO2) example Amazon, for tri state $250 million, a small fraction of its worth just a few years before. Donald Graham, the chief executive at and Carbon Dioxide, the time, admitted that he did not know how to save the newspaper. In fact, digital technology has flummoxed the owners of traditional news media, especially newspapers, from the beginning. For example, in 1983, in the early years of computerized production of newspapers when almost no one knew what was coming, The New York Times almost committed digital suicide. The Times decided it only needed to Cell Cycles and Proliferation, retain the rights to the electronic versions of its stories for Essay 24 hours after publication. Arts Zone, Louise Pratt Essay. To make a little extra money, the Times sold rights to everything older than 24 hours to Mead Data Central, owners of the Lexis-Nexis service.

Mead Data Central then sold electronic access to Times stories to law firms, libraries, and the public. Climate And Carbon Dioxide. By the early 1990s, as the Internet was becoming functional and popular, this arrangement was a big and growing problem: newspapers, including the Times , were planning “online,” computerized editions, but the The Golden Essay Times had sold control of its own product to Mead Data. Luckily for Change Essay the country's best newspaper, the Anglo-Dutch firm Reed Elsevier bought Mead Data in 1994. The sale triggered a provision in the original Times -Mead contract that allowed the Cycles Times to reclaim the electronic rights to its own stories. That enabled the Times to Climate Change (CO2), put its journalism online in 1995. But putting newspapers online has not remotely restored their profitability. For the moment, The New York Times is making a small profit, but its advertising revenues are not reassuring. The Washington Post made profits of more than $120 million a year in the late 1990s, and what's essay today loses moneylast year more than $40 million.

Newsweek magazine failed, and Time magazine is teetering. Once-strong regional newspapers from Los Angeles to Miami, from Chicago to Philadelphia, find themselves in desperate straits, their survival in doubt. News divisions of the major television networks have been cutting back for more than two decades, and Dioxide are now but a feeble shadow of their former selves. Overall the economic devastation would be difficult to exaggerate. One statistic conveys its dimensions: the advertising revenue of all America's newspapers fell from $63.5 billion in Funa Benkei or Benkei Aboard by Kanze Essay, 2000 to about $23 billion in 2013, and Climate (CO2) Essay is still falling. Traditional news organizations' financial well-being depended on the willingness of advertisers to pay to reach the mass audiences they attracted. Advertisers were happy to pay because no other advertising medium was as effective. But in the digital era, which has made it relatively simple to target advertising in very specific ways, a big metropolitan or national newspaper has much less appeal. Internet companies like Google and Facebook are able to sort audiences by 1925 tri state tornado, the most specific criteria, and thus to offer advertisers the possibility of spending their money only on ads they know will reach only people interested in what they are selling. So Google, the Change (CO2) example master of targeted advertising, can provide a retailer selling sheets and towels an audience existing exclusively of people who have gone online in The Puritans, the last month to shop for Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay sheets and towels. This explains why even as newspaper revenues have plummeted, the ad revenue of Google has leapt upward year after yearfrom $70 million in 2001 to an astonishing $50.6 billion in 2013.

That is a narrative more than two times the Climate Change Dioxide Essay combined advertising revenue of every newspaper in America last year. And the situation for proprietors of newspapers and Cycles and Proliferation magazines is likely to get worse. One alarming set of statistics: Americans spend about 5 percent of the time they devote to media of all kinds to Climate (CO2), magazines and newspapers. But nearly 20 percent of advertising dollars still go to print media. So print media today are getting billions more than they probably deserve from advertisers who, governed by the inertia so common in what's a narrative essay, human affairs, continue to buy space in publications that are steadily losing audience, especially among the young. When those advertisers wake up, revenues will plummet still further. King County Journal. Union City Register Tribune. Halifax Daily News. Rocky Mountain News.

News organizations have tried to adapt to Change and Carbon Essay, the new realities. As the Internet became more popular and more important in what's a narrative, the first decade of the Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example 21st century, newspaper proprietors dreamed of paying for their newsrooms by mimicking their traditional business model in the online world. Their hope was to Cycles and Proliferation, create mass followings for their websites that would appeal to advertisers the way their ink-on-paper versions once did. But that’s not what happened. The news organizations with the most popular websites did attract lots of eyeballs, but general advertising on their sites did not produce compelling results for Climate Dioxide (CO2) advertisers, so they did not buy as much of it as the papers had hoped. Funa Or Benkei Aboard Ship, By Kanze Nobumitsu. And the price they paid for it steadily declined, because as the Internet grew, the number of sites offering advertising opportunities assured that “supply” outstripped “demand.” Advertising revenues for the major news sites never amounted to Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay, even a significant fraction of the revenues generated by printed newspapers in the golden age. Tri State. There seems little prospect today that online advertising revenues will ever be as lucrative as advertising on paper once was. The other online innovation that has devastated newspapers is Craigslist, the free provider of what the Climate Change and Carbon newspapers call “classified advertising,” the small items in small print used by individuals and businesses for generations to buy and sell real estate and Benkei Aboard Ship, Nobumitsu Essay merchandise, and to Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay, hire workers.

Twenty years ago classifieds provided more than a third of the revenue of The Washington Post . Craigslist has destroyed that business for the Post and Cell Cycles and Proliferation every major paper in the country. The Philadelphia Inquirer/Daily News headquarters building on Broad Street in Philadelphia, October 6, 2005. The paper is one of many major newspapers facing cutbacks and dwindling circulation. D espite two decades of trying, no one has found a way to make traditional news-gathering sufficiently profitable to assure its future survival. Serious readers of America's most substantial news media may find this description at odds with their daily experience.

After all, The New York Times , The Wall Street Journal , and The Washington Post still provide rich offerings of good journalism every morning, and they have been joined by numerous online providers of both opinion and newseven of classic investigative reporting. Digital publications employ thousands of reporters and editors in new and sometimes promising journalistic enterprises. Is this a disaster? Of course notyet. But today's situation is probably misleading. The laws of Climate Change and Carbon Essay example economics cannot be ignored or repealed. Nor can the actuarial tables.

Only about a third of Americans under 35 look at what's a narrative, a newspaper even once a week, and the percentage declines every year. A large portion of today's readers of the few remaining good newspapers are much closer to the grave than to high school. Today's young people skitter around the Internet like ice skaters, exercising their short attention spans by looking for fun and, occasionally, seeking out serious information. Audience taste seems to be changing, with the Dioxide (CO2) Essay result that among young people particularly there is a declining appetite for the sort of Bay Colony information packages the great newspapers provided, which included national, foreign and local news, business news, cultural news and criticism, editorials and opinion columns, sports and obituaries, lifestyle features, and science news. Alas for those who continue to want access to (CO2) example, that kind of product, there is no right to reliable, intelligent, comprehensive journalism. We only in Massachusetts Bay Colony Essay get it when someone provides it. And if it doesnt pay someone a profit, its not likely to be produced. New York City. Climate (CO2) Example. 1959. TV news anchorman Walter Cronkite.

Dennis Stock/Magnum Photos. B efore digital technology changed the world, the news was quite orderly and predictable. To find out what was happening, you bought a paper, listened to 1925 tornado, the radio, or watched television. Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay Example. Most people relied on one or two sources for all their newsa newspaper and a TV network, for example. Arts Of The Contact Zone, Pratt. A few institutions and a few individuals dominated the provision of news: Walter Cronkite and John Chancellor; The New York Times and The Washington Post ; Time and Newsweek . The universe of news providers was small and also remarkably homogeneous. (CO2) Essay Example. David Brinkley could move from NBC to Cycles, ABC without causing much of a stir. Climate Change And Carbon Dioxide (CO2). When Roone Arledge, whose first big accomplishment was to make ABC the leading network for sports, was empowered to build a new ABC News, he did it by raiding the staffs of Turtle NBC and CBS.

Similarly, when Ted Turner launched CNN, he poached talent from the networks. Climate And Carbon Essay Example. This small, nearly-closed world rarely provided any surprises. Politically, the 1925 big news organizations cast themselves as fair-minded and even-handed, never partisan. And Carbon (CO2) Essay. Time magazine may have been somewhat more conservative, The New York Times more liberal, but none drifted far from the The Puritans center of the political spectrum. Dioxide (CO2) Example. For nearly four decades after World War II, mainstream journalism was notably non-ideological. At the height of their success, all the what's a narrative essay best news organizations shared two important qualities: a strong sense of responsibility about their roles as providers of news and analysis, and plenty of money to Climate and Carbon Essay example, spend on those missions. In their heyday, roughly the last third of the 20th century, these institutions tended to Cycles and Proliferation Essay, unify American society. News anchors like Cronkite, Chancellor, Tom Brokaw, Dan Rather, and Peter Jennings were reassuring, avuncular figures with whom millions of Americans shared the dramas of the day.

All the Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay mainstream print and broadcast media sought to provide an information supermarket whose aislesfrom sports to business to politics, foreign affairs, entertainment news, and gossipwould hopefully attract mass audiences across all classes of society. And they made moneya lot of itby selling those mass audiences to advertisers. NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images. The money allowed for an extravagant approach to news. Editors and producers could put their news instincts ahead of other considerations, including profitsat least occasionally. What's A Narrative. I did this myself, dispatching reporters around the country and the world with something awfully close to Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) example, abandon when I was a senior editor of The Washington Post . The best newspapersthe best of a much more crowded field than exists todayinvested in what's a narrative, Washington bureaus, foreign correspondents, and Climate Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay example investigative reporting teams, not to mention luxuries almost unheard of Cell Cycles Essay now. For years, for example, no reporter for the Los Angeles Times had to suffer the indignity of flying in coach; business or first class was the norm. The broadcast media enjoyed even more extravagance.

In the 1970s the three television networks each maintained large corps of foreign correspondents stationed in bureaus across the globe, and also domestic bureaus in the major American cities. They all did serious documentaries and showed them in prime time. Editors and producers pursued stories that interested them, without much concern for Climate and Carbon how readers or viewers might react to the journalism that resulted. Members of this tribe of journalists shared a sense of what “the news” was. The most influential of them were the editors and reporters on the best newspapers, whose decisions were systematically embraced and echoed by Benkei or Benkei Aboard by Kanze Nobumitsu, other editors and writers, as well as by the producers of television news. As many have noted now that their power has declined, these news executives were gatekeepers of and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example a kind, deciding which stories got the most attention. The most obvious examples of their discretionary power came in the realm of investigative reporting. One of the cardinal events of 1925 this era was Walter Cronkite's decision in late October 1972 to report in detail on the CBS Evening News the Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay findings of two young Washington Post reporters, Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, on the developing Watergate scandal. Cronkite’s decision highlighted the Funa or Benkei Ship, Essay strength of the news culture, while also helping to put the Post then still emerging as a leading newspaperat the center of national attention. This was a golden era in journalism, a time when a prosperous and widely-respected press demonstrated an Change and Carbon (CO2) example unprecedented willingness to confront a sitting president.

Watergate and the Vietnam War both made it much easier to challenge authority. Newspapers especially began to in Massachusetts Essay, show increasing self-confidencesometimes it felt like arroganceby moving away from Climate Change (CO2) Essay reactive journalism that focused on the events of the previous day and devoting more space and energy to “enterprise” journalism, which included not just in-depth investigations, but stories about trends in society, profiles, and feature stories. Thanks to this new boldness, the relationship between reporters and government deteriorated and became quite contentious. Cell. Deference gave way to Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay example, skepticism and, often, cynicism about the believability of public officials and Turtle Essay government agencies. One of the great symbolic moments of this era was the Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay decision by the Nixon administration to seek a court order to stop The New York Times from publishing details of a secret Pentagon history of the Vietnam war that a disgruntled official had leaked to the paper. Essay. Initially a federal district court accepted the (CO2) government’s argument that publication endangered “national security,” and issued an order to the Times to cease publication of stories based on the “Pentagon Papers.” The Times 's source, Daniel Ellsberg, then leaked another set of the papers to The Washington Post , which hurriedly began preparing stories about them. Arts Of The Pratt. The government sought court action to Climate Change Dioxide Essay example, block the Post as well. The Supreme Court agreed to take the case. The Times and Post hired some of the Arts of the Contact Mary Louise Pratt best (and most expensive) lawyers in the country to Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay, argue for publication. The court quickly decided in favor of the newspapers' right to publish. Nixon's attempt to impose “prior restraint” on the American press had failed.

Two private corporations, the Times and 1925 tri state Post companies, had defied the Change Dioxide Essay example government and then persuaded the Supreme Court to Turtle, let them get away with it. Change Dioxide Example. Journalists still remember this as a critical moment in the history of their business. 1902-03: Ida Tarbell profiles John D. Contact Zone, Louise Pratt Essay. Rockefeller and Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay example the Standard Oil Company The progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was a time of social activism as Americans and their president, Theodore Roosevelt, fought corruption and monopolistic practices in government and industry. What's. Tarbell, a former school teacher, wrote a series of articles for McClure’s Magazine about the giant Standard Oil Company and Climate (CO2) example its owner John D. Rockefeller. The series was published in book form in 1904, and in 1911 the U.S. Supreme Court found the Arts of the company to be in Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay example, violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, causing its breakup.

Ironically, Tarbell didn’t like the term “muckraker,” which was applied to her and other reform-minded journalists of the era. 1906: Upton Sinclair exposes conditions in Chicago's meatpacking plants Chicago was America’s center of meat processing and packing around the turn of the century in 1900. Although Sinclair’s famous 1906 work, The Jungle , was a novel, he based it on seven weeks in disguise working in Chicago’s meatpacking plants. His exposé of Essay conditions that immigrant workers faced in the stockyards and the unsanitary practices of the industry coincided with passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 and the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906. Sinclair later focused on American journalism itself, calling attention in 1920 to Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay, the practice of “yellow journalism” in his book The Brass Check . 1953: Murrey Marder dogs Sen. Joseph McCarthy's witch hunt In February 1950, U.S. Senator Joe McCarthy declared that more than 200 Communists were working at the U.S. What's A Narrative. State Department.

After his re-election in 1952, McCarthy conducted a series of hearings on the matter and implicated Army personnel in espionage. In 1953, Murrey Marder, writing for The Washington Post , began full-time coverage of Sen. McCarthy and his hearings. Marder investigated the senator's accusations against Army personnel stationed at Fort Monmouth in New Jersey, finding that the senator's charges against them were all false. Marder later opened the London bureau of the The Post , and Climate and Carbon Essay example after his retirement, helped create the Nieman Watchdog Project. 1962-64: David Halberstam calls foul on the U.S. military's rosy Vietnam claims In October 1963, President John F. Contact Essay. Kennedy was so upset about David Halberstam’s reporting from Saigon that he asked Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, the publisher of The New York Times , to Change and Carbon Essay example, transfer David Halberstam out of Vietnam. Since the previous year, Halberstam had offered dogged and skeptical coverage of U.S. government officials’ optimistic portrayals of their and the South Vietnamese government’s efforts against North Vietnam. “The job of the reporters in 1925, Vietnam,” Halberstam wrote in 1965, “was to report the Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay news, whether or not the news was good for America.” In 1964, Halberstam earned a Pulitzer Prize for his Vietnam reporting.

1969: Seymour Hersh exposes the My Lai massacre and cover-up In March 1968, U.S. Army soldiers massacred hundreds of civilians in My Lai, a South Vietnamese village. In the months following, Army commanders downplayed the incident, keeping it hidden from the public. Funa Or Benkei Aboard Essay. However, due to pressure on the chain-of-command from a soldier in the infantry company involved, Lieutenant William Calley, Jr. was court martialed in September 1969 for his role. Climate Change Dioxide. The public wouldn't learn of My Lai until Hersh, acting on a tip, interviewed Calley and his lawyer.

Hersh's story was published by Dispatch, a small news agency with a tiny staff, and then picked up nationally. Calley was the only soldier convicted in relation to the massacre. Hersh won the 1970 Pulitzer Prize for his reporting. 1971: The Pentagon Papers leaked and published. In 1971, with the Vietnam War still going after almost a decade, a military analyst named Daniel Ellsberg leaked a seven-thousand page history of U.S.-Vietnam relations that had been prepared for internal use by the Pentagon. Lengthy sections of these “Pentagon Papers” were published in in Massachusetts Bay Colony, The Washington Post and The New York Times , revealing the covert origins of a war that was exceedingly unpopular at home. The Nixon administration ordered the newspapers to cease publication of Essay any of the documents. This led to a Supreme Court case ( New York Times Co. v. United States ) that eventually ruled in 1925 tornado, favor of the press. 1972: Woodward and Bernstein expose the Watergate break in In June 1972, five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate Complex in Washington, DC. Two young reporters at The Washington Post , Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, were intrigued that one of the burglars was on Climate Change and Carbon example the payroll of President Richard Nixon’s reelection committee and began digging further. In Massachusetts Bay Colony Essay. Woodward and Climate Bernstein uncovered a series of political crimes and “dirty tricks” that connected the burglary back to 1925 tornado, the White House.

Their reporting led to indictments of 40 administration officials and the eventual resignation of President Nixon. The paper won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for the investigative reporting. 1992: Florence Graves reveals sexual misconduct in Congress In 1992, shortly after the Anita Hill controversy, Florence Graves, founder of Common Cause magazine, began an and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example investigation into sexual misconduct on Capitol Hill. She quickly found a pattern of The Golden Essay charges pointing to Senator Bob Packwood. In the fall of 1992, The Washington Post published Graves'story detailing allegations from 10 women of sexual misconduct by the Oregon senator. Climate Change And Carbon (CO2) Essay Example. The story not only led to the first-ever Senate Ethics Committee investigation of sexual misconduct and the eventual resignation of Senator Packwood, but also to the passage of the landmark Congressional Accountability Act, subjecting Congress to the same discrimination laws as the rest of the nation. 2010: Dana Priest and William Arkin detail secret government organizations On July 19, 2010, Washington Post reporters Dana Priest and William Arkin published “Top Secret America,” a series of investigative articles revealing the massive and what they characterized as mismanaged post-9/11 growth of the U.S. intelligence community. The series, benefiting from the work of more than a dozen other journalists at Contact Louise, The Post , compiled hundreds of and Carbon Dioxide example thousands of records over two years, identifying 45 government organizations (1,271 sub-units) and 1,931 private companies engaged in top-secret intelligence work. The series highlighted the oversight challenges facing such a fast-growing and secretive system with such an important agenda: maintaining the safety of American citizens. Reuters/Jason Reed JIR.

2013: The Washington Post and The Guardian report on NSA surveillance In early June 2013, The Post and The Guardian broke nearly-simultaneous stories about National Security Agency surveillance activities being conducted on U.S. citizens and foreign officials. Both sets of articles, led by Turtle Essay, Barton Gellman at The Post and and Carbon (CO2) example Glenn Greenwald at The Guardian , along with Laura Poitras and Ewan MacAskill, initially relied on a confidential source who was a former NSA analyst and then-employee at The Puritans in Massachusetts Bay Colony, a private sector consulting firm. The source had told Gellman that he was operating out of conscience and Dioxide (CO2) Essay knew that he would be exposed. That person was Edward Snowden. Both newspapers shared the Pulitzer Prize this year for their articles. Washington Post reporters Carl Bernstein (center) and Bob Woodward (left), the team who broke the Watergate story. Washington, D.C., 1974. Wayne Miller/Magnum Photos. T he golden era had its shortcomings, to be sure.

A herd mentality too often prevailed, especially in Benkei or Benkei Aboard Ship,, Washington coverage. Self-important journalists were too common. And both the conventional wisdom and conventional attitudes remained strong. So, for example, when confronted by a story like the Climate and Carbon (CO2) Essay example AIDS epidemic, the great news organizations reacted slowly and clumsily. Few journalists paid serious attention to the rising disparities in of the Contact Zone, Pratt Essay, American society. Climate Change Dioxide Essay Example. Toward the end of the 1925 tri state tornado era, in the first years of the 21st century, the news media succumbed to the national anxieties produced by the 9/11 attacks and failed to challenge effectively the Bush administration's rush to war in and Carbon Dioxide, Iraq. Tri State Tornado. Many journalists joined the Climate Change Essay rush. This was an embarrassment for our major journalistic institutions and what's a narrative essay a disservice to the country. Nevertheless, America's best news organizations have proved their value again and again, even in recent years, as their fortunes have declined. The culture of Change (CO2) example journalistic skepticism born in Arts Zone, Mary Louise, the 1960s and 1970s has continued to serve the country well.

Repeatedly, journalists have broken significant news stories that government officials hoped would never be revealed, from accounts of Americans torturing terror suspects to revelations of the Change (CO2) Essay example systematic mistreatment of veterans at Walter Reed Hospital; from accounts of the government's eavesdropping programs to descriptions of its vast, post-9/11 intelligence apparatus. The major journalistic revelations of the last decade altered the country's image of 1925 tri state itself. Change And Carbon Dioxide Essay. They mattered. And society has benefited in less tangible ways, too. “How would this look on the front page of what's The Washington Post ?” has been a question asked in Change (CO2), offices in Washington ever since the time of Watergate, to a narrative, good effect. Of course this deterrent to illegal, unethical, or embarrassing behavior is Change and Carbon Dioxide unevenly effective; many miscreant public officials have ignored it, and The Golden Essay will in the future, whether or not there continues to be a front page of The Washington Post . But this sense of accountability has had a salutary effect. The best journalism has most often been produced by Climate Change and Carbon example, those news organizations that have both the resources and the courage to defend their best work when it offends or alarms powerful institutions and individuals. The public may perceive journalism as an individualistic enterprise carried out by lone rangers of rectitude, but this is Turtle Essay rarely the case. The best work is usually done by a team that has the backing of an organization committed to maintaining the highest standards of seriousness and integrity, and to nurturing talented reporters and editors. In the trickiest realms of investigative reporting on matters that touch on “national security,” the teamincluding the writers and editors as well as the lawyers and often the publisher toocan be critically important. News organizations that can afford to support such teams are now at Climate and Carbon (CO2) example, risk. A healthy democratic society requires refereesauthority figures with whistles they can blow when they perceive infringements of the what's a narrative rules.

Prosecutors and judges fulfill this role in matters of law enforcement, but their writ is limited by the scope of the law. “I am not a crook,” insisted Richard Nixon, and perhaps he wasn't, but he was a kind of political criminal nevertheless, and he was first called to account by journalists. Will such whistle blowers be on the job to Climate Change and Carbon (CO2), confront the next Nixon? Paul Starr, the distinguished Princeton scholar, has put the 1925 tornado matter succinctly: “By undermining the economic basis of Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay example professional reporting and by fragmenting the public, [the digital revolution] has weakened the ability of the Essay press to act as an effective agent of public accountability. If we take seriously the idea that an independent press serves an essential democratic function, its institutional distress may weaken democracy itself. And that is the danger that confronts us.” Bill O'Reilly vs. Jon Stewart 2012: The Rumble In The Air-Conditioned Auditorium at George Washington University on October 6, 2012. Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images for The Rumble 2012.

I f today's providers of the best journalismoften referred to these days, somewhat ominously, as “legacy media,” meaning the old stuffcannot survive their continuing tribulations, what will take their place? Predicting the future is a fool's errand, but some trends are clear. The Internet promotes fragmentation by encouraging the development of like-minded communities, from you and Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example your Facebook friends to avid Tea Party supporters who love Breitbart News, a highly readable, relentlessly ideological right-wing news site. Surveys by the Pew Research Center for the People the Press show that increasing numbers of American get their “news” from ideologically congenial sources. The news media are fragmenting just as American society is fragmentingby class, by region, by religious inclination, by generation, by ethnic identity, by politics and more.

The rise of the fragmented news media is quite a recent phenomenon. It really became significant after the inauguration of Barack Obama in January 2009. President Obama came into the White House in the midst of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. He had run as a unifier who would bring a new era of bipartisan collaboration: “Yes we can!” But no, he couldn't. Contact Zone, Mary Louise Pratt Essay. Republicans in Congress decided at the outset of his administration that they would try to deny the new president any victories. Obama's early legislative successes, based on the big Democratic majorities in the House and Senate produced by the 2008 election, disguised the fact that partisan gridlock lay just around the corner. After 2010, when Republicans regained control of the House, the gridlock set in. Climate Change And Carbon Dioxide. The politicians made an uneasy peace with the idea of perpetual partisan warfare. What's A Narrative. Voters also took increasingly ideological positions, and looked with increasing suspicion on those who disagreed with them. Today's politicians, especially on the right, communicate to “their” voters through “their” media, most notably, of course, Fox News.

Similarly, liberal Democrats like to appear on MSNBC. More ideological politicians like a world without Cronkiteswithout recognized gatekeepers and arbiters. So “the news” that once helped unify the country is now just another source of division. Daniel Patrick Moynihan used to argue that “everyone is Climate and Carbon Essay example entitled to his own opinion, but not to a narrative essay, his own facts.” No longer. Politicians and commentators now seem perfectly happy inventing their own reality when it suits their political or ideological purposes. Fox News's determination to ridicule the Affordable Care Act”Obamacare”had nothing to do with traditional journalistic truth-seeking. Rather, it was part of a propaganda campaign.

The MSNBC cable network, part of Climate Change (CO2) example NBC, which used to be a serious news organization, saw a business opportunity in making itself a liberal alternative to Ship,, Fox, the example most profitable cable news network, and now unabashedly propagates a liberal view of the news. Fox and MSNBC have both decided to cater to their audiences not with original reporting of the news (which is expensive), but with commentary on the news interspersed with broadcasts of Arts Zone, Louise set-piece events like presidential news conferences. Curiously, or revealingly, there is little outrage in the culture about these developments. We seem to have adapted to the demise of the old expectations about accuracy, fairness, and reporting without much of a fight. Some of the new online products produce interesting and informative journalism, but none has the ambitions or the sense of responsibility of the Climate Change Essay best publications. They couldn't afford those luxuries. A great news organization is Turtle expensive. The newsroom of The New York Times costs about $230 million a year.

The news operation of The Washington Post , already substantially diminished from the height of its profitability and influence, still costs more than $90 million a year. Without the revenues to Climate (CO2), support them, newsrooms all over the country have been decimated. Newspapers employed 59,000 journalists in 1925 tri state, 1989, and Change (CO2) 36,000 in 2012 (and fewer since then). Once-formidable institutions including The Baltimore Sun , Chicago Tribune , Los Angeles Times , and Miami Herald are vastly diminished. Of The Contact Zone, Mary Louise. Others have gone out of business altogether. The significant news organizations that have survived are under terrific pressure now. A revealing document emerged this spring from The New York Times , a 96-page report written by Climate Essay, a committee of Times employees on the digital future. Reading it makes clear the extent to which even Times reporters and editors now see the what's a narrative essay demands of the digital age as incompatible with their traditional pursuits.

The committee argues that The New York Times must become a “digital first” organization. “That means aggressively questioning many of our print-based traditions and their demands on our time, and determining which can be abandoned to Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay, free up resources for digital work.” One example cited in the report: “Packaging, promoting and Aboard Ship, Nobumitsu Essay sharing our journalism” on the Internetthree activities that have nothing to Change Dioxide example, do with reporting and writing news storiesmust become a priority for of the Zone, Louise the newsroom. Even when journalists are allowed to pursue traditional reporting, the requirements of online journalism limit their opportunities to do so. Before the Change Dioxide big papers had websites, a reporter could take all day to cover an what's event, talk to sources to get background information, consider the Change and Carbon Dioxide implications of the tri state new developments, and write a story for the next day's paper. Today the same reporter has to file multiple versions of the (CO2) example same story as the day progresses, adding new tidbits as she acquires them. There is much less time available to dig into a story and discover its ramifications. The quantity of original reporting has surely declined as the importance of the Internet has grown.

One immediate effect of 1925 tri state all these changes and and Carbon (CO2) Essay cutbacks is that there's no paper in America today that can offer the same coverage of Essay its city, suburbs, and state that it provided 20 or even 10 years ago, and scores of city halls and state legislatures get virtually no coverage by any substantive news organizations. Climate Dioxide Essay Example. Television remains the primary source of news for most Americans, but local stations have dramatically reduced their reporting staffs, and the networks no longer try to cover the world and the country as they once did. It’s true that the federal government in Arts Contact Louise, Washington still gets a lot of attention from reporters. But one large category of Essay example Washington coverage has virtually disappeared: journalism about members of Congress by news organizations “back home.” A generation ago scores of local newspapers and television stations employed Washington correspondents who kept an Louise Pratt Essay eye on the members of the House and Senate from their cities and states. Senator Christopher Dodd recalls that in his early years in the Senate, in the 1980s, a dozen reporters from Connecticut outlets were based in Washington and reported regularly on and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay his activities. Tornado. By the time he retired in and Carbon Dioxide Essay, 2010, that number had fallen to zero.

No Connecticut newspaper or television station had a reporter in the nation's capital. Facade of The Newseum, incorporating the Arts Contact Zone, Pratt text of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. David Monack/Wikimedia Commons. A re there no grounds for Climate and Carbon optimism, or even hope? Of course there are. In this age of creative destruction, the destruction is more obvious than the creativity, but some of the a narrative essay new, online providers of news are doing interesting work that helps compensate for the shrinkage of traditional outlets' reporting staffs. For example, in Connecticut there are now several bloggers reporting on the state's members of Congress, and CT Mirror, a non-profit news site, has a full-time Washington reporter.

Around the Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) country dozens of news websites have sprung up to provide some local coverage, many of them employing their own reporters, and a few of them are quite good. There are also several web-based operations that sometimes break important national stories. The very best of them is ProPublica, a non-profit organization founded by Paul Steiger, the former managing editor of The Wall Street Journal , that is devoted to The Golden, investigative reporting, an Change and Carbon expensive specialty that has suffered in the era of disappearing newspaper profits. ProPublica provides pro bono journalism of the Arts Contact Mary highest quality, as good as the investigative projects of the Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay major newspapers. Its budget of $12 million a year, nearly all raised from donors, funds a staff of 45 reporters and editors. Benkei Or Benkei Aboard Ship, Nobumitsu. But as its journalists acknowledge, the ProPublica stories that have the greatest impact are those done in collaboration with legacy news media that publish or broadcast them. Its own excellent website has a relatively small audience. AP Photo/Jason DeCrow. Other non-profit organizations are also providing reporting at a level that only the major news organizations used to offer. The winner of the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting was Chris Hamby of the Center for Public Integrity in Climate (CO2) Essay, Washington, a non-profit watchdog organization that maintains vast electronic files tracing the flow of money into our politics.

Marcus Brauchli, who has served as the Funa Benkei or Benkei Aboard Nobumitsu Essay senior editor of both The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post , observed recently that thanks to Internet offerings, the quantity of American journalism has never been greater. It used to be the case that newspapers like the Times and Post offered their readers what was usually the very best coverage available in Change, a wide range of news categoriesthere were no serious competitors. Today there are competitors in every one: ESPN in sports, Politico in essay, Washington coverage, BuzzFeed in the world of popular culture, and so on. We at Change Dioxide (CO2) Essay, the Post used to have a corner on the market in Washingtonno competitor could challenge us in Cell Cycles, any of our major categories. No corners are available now. New York Times Building. Jleon/ Wikimedia Commons. I f there is Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay some good news, it's hardly enough to be reassuring. Something more substantial has to happen to sustain the kind of journalistic excellence that a democracy requires. The Puritans In Massachusetts Bay Colony. Of course there can be technological surprises. A group of young people could be working in a Silicon Valley garage right now on an idea that could re-establish a healthy revenue stream for major news organizations.

I certainly hope so. Efforts to save serious journalism enjoy one natural advantage: smart people playing influential roles in society know that they need good information about many subjects. It is conceivable that these citizens, who are a significant audience albeit a small fraction of the Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) example total population, will be willing to Cycles and Proliferation Essay, pay the full cost of the journalism they consume. At first blush this may sound painfully obvious. Don't people usually pay for the services they use?

Not the Climate Dioxide (CO2) Essay example news. Before websites, readers paid a pittance for their news in newspapers that were deliberately priced below the cost of a cup of coffee to try to Turtle, maximize circulation (and therefore advertising dollars). And then for Climate and Carbon (CO2) Essay the better part of two decadesthe first decades of the World Wide Webonline consumers got used to the idea that news was not just cheap but free. In the what's essay United States The Wall Street Journal was the only major publication that charged for online access to its journalism. Everyone else gave their work away on the theoryor hopethat this was the way to build the Climate Dioxide Essay audiences that advertisers would eventually pay to reach.

Then in March 2011, The New York Times announced a paywall that required regular online readers to pay for of the Mary Louise its journalism, a risky gambit that has proven remarkably successful. At the beginning of April the Times had 800,000 “digital subscribers,” people paying to Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay, read the paper on electronic devices only. (The daily ink-on-paper Times is bought by 680,000 people, and essay 1.2 million on Sundays.) Digital subscriptions currently bring in more than $150 million a year, money that has saved the company from the grave financial crisis caused by declining revenues for the print edition. The Washington Post and and Carbon Essay most other large newspapers followed the Times , if they were not already charging for online access. Though none of the Aboard Nobumitsu Essay others has had as much success signing up digital subscribers as the Times , the Climate Dioxide (CO2) newspaper’s ability to persuade online readers to pay is heartening. Or Benkei Aboard By Kanze Essay. It suggests at least the possibility that over time, consumers of news might follow the path of television viewers, who once thoughtbefore the arrival of Climate and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) cable televisionthat TV was free, but eventually got used to paying substantial monthly cable bills. Some version of that transition could save the traditional news businessif some clever inventor can figure out how to The Golden Essay, make it happen. Until now no one has, and even the Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) example Times 's encouraging numbers fall short of a solution that could save its $235 million-a-year newsroom. A morning edition of the Washington Post- August 6, 2013. Amazon.com Inc founder Jeff Bezos bought the newspaper in a surprise deal that ended the Graham family's 80 years of ownership. Design the electronic classifieds now. see the full memo.

L ast fall, when he met the staff of The Washington Post soon after buying the paper, Jeff Bezos of Amazon spoke about the importance of “the bundle,” as he called the variety of news, opinion, useful information, and entertainment that the Post offers each day. The goal in the digital age, Bezos said, had to be to make the 1925 tri state bundle attractive to Climate (CO2) example, a lot of Essay peopleso attractive that they would be willing to pay for it. The average age of the readers of the printed paper, Bezos noted, goes up “about one year every year.” It's no secret where that leads, he quipped. Now that he owns the money-losing Post , Bezos faces the challenge of how to sell that bundle. Michael Moritz of Sequoia Capital, one of the country's most successful venture capitalists, summarized the problem: “How [can] an Internet property, dedicated to Change and Carbon Dioxide Essay example, broad-based news and information, ever generate a lot of money? Without solving that riddle, there is no path to prosperity.” Of course, a large organization offering “broad-based news and information” is not the a narrative only conceivable model. Personally I am convinced that our society will be best served by the survival of a few distinguished news organizations committed to holding powerful people accountable for the ways they use their power. This view is Climate Dioxide example certainly a product of my lifetime's service in one such organization.

But there are other possibilities. 1925 Tri State Tornado. The news supermarkets we are used to may not survive, but “disaggregated” news organizations specializing in specific subjects might, over time, provide the Climate and Carbon Dioxide Essay accountability journalism we need. One interesting example is the what's a narrative essay SCOTUS blog, which provides excellent coverage of the Supreme Court. It makes no profit, but is Change Essay supported by Bloomberg. Politico's coverage of Washington and 1925 tornado politics, though uneven, is Climate better than that of any but the very best news organizations.

And Politico, thanks to revenue from its Capitol Hill newspaper edition, actually makes money. It is also possible that “prosperity” won't be necessary. The $250 million Bezos paid for The Washington Post was a tiny sliver of his $30 billion net worth. For him to cover the Aboard Ship, Nobumitsu Essay Post 's losses now costs the equivalent of lunch money for Climate Change Essay example an ordinary mortalsomething Bezos could easily afford for decades to come, if he chooses to The Golden Turtle Essay, play the angel's role indefinitely. Change. The money-losing Boston Globe , sold at a huge loss by The New York Times in 2013, has a deep-pocketed new owner in John Henry, principal owner of the Boston Red Sox, who similarly could keep the paper afloat indefinitely if he wants to. There might be comparable angels in the futures of other news organizations. New Yorkers have speculated for of the Contact Pratt years that their former mayor, Michael Bloomberg, worth $34 billion, might play that role some day for The New York Times . The wealthiest giants in Climate Change (CO2) example, this brave new world are companies that did not exist 20 years ago, inventive outfits that have capitalized on digital technologies most effectively. Facebook and Google, for 1925 example, bestride the globe like modern-day King Kongs, catering to billions of people and Climate Dioxide (CO2) example earning scores of billions of Contact Zone, dollars. Both exploit the work of traditional providers of news that create information useful to Facebook friends and Google searchers. They lead large numbers of readers to the journalism of the legacy media.

But they contribute relatively little to the survival of those providers. These firms were created by a new generation of young people whose self-interest may lead them either to Change, realize the importance of the Essay legacy institutions, or figure out how to create new ways to Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Essay example, do what the Arts Louise old news organizations did in the past. Financially, it would be easy for Google to rescue The New York Times . The annual cost of the Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) Essay Times 's newsroom represents less than 2 percent of Google's 2013 profits. Google, or someone else, could also create new news organizations dedicated to excellent coverage of tri state narrow fields. The future, in Climate and Carbon (CO2) example, Mort Sahl's wise words, lies aheadbut remains invisible. News as we know it is at risk. Turtle. So is democratic governance, which depends on an effective watchdog news media.

Both have been undermined by changes in society wrought by digital technologiesamong the most powerful forces ever unleashed by mankind. We have barely begun the Digital Age, and there is no point in trying to predict just where it will take us. News certainly has a future, but what that will be is unclear. All that we know for Change Dioxide (CO2) example certain is that we are lighting out for new territory. Join the conversation on Twitter using #BrookingsEssay or share this on Facebook . This Essay is also available as an The Golden Essay eBook from Climate Change and Carbon (CO2) example these online retailers: Amazon Kindle, Barnes Noble, Apple iTunes, Google Play, and on Kobo. Like other products of the Institution, The Brookings Essay is what's a narrative essay intended to contribute to discussion and stimulate debate on important issues. The views are solely those of the author. Graphic Design: Marcia Underwood and Jessica Pavone. Research: Fred Dews, Thomas Young, Jessica Pavone, Kevin Hawkins. Editorial: Beth Rashbaum and Fred Dews. Web Development: Marcia Underwood.

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